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Objects and Artifacts - Archeological Artifacts - Artifact Type - Projectile Point - Triangular

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Arrow Point from 14DN302

Arrow Point from 14DN302
Date: 1500-1800 CE
This arrow point was collected from an archeological site in Dickinson County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 2010. The small, triangular arrow point with a slightly concave base is made of Florence chert from the Flint Hills region. Archeologists identify this projectile point style as Fresno arrow points: unnotched with a triangular shape. Though small and thin, they would have been extremely effective on the hunt.


Arrow Point from 14DP315

Arrow Point from 14DP315
Date: 1-1000 CE
This arrow point was recovered from an Early Ceramic period archeology site in Doniphan County. The nearly triangular arrow point has very slight side notches. The notches aided in hafting the point to the arrow shaft.


Arrow Points from 14CF416

Arrow Points from 14CF416
Date: 1-1800 CE
This assortment of five arrow points was recovered from site 14CF416, in Coffey County, and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 2015. The two corner notched points on the left date to the Early Ceramic Period (1-1000 CE). The two side notched points in the middle date to the Middle Ceramic Period (1000-1500 CE) and the Fresno point of the far right dates to the Late Ceramic Period (1500-1800 CE). The pinkish color of two of the points indicates they have been heat treated to improve their knapping qualities.


Arrow Points from 14MY316

Arrow Points from 14MY316
Date: 700-1500 CE
These four arrow points were recovered from an archeological site along the Elk River in Montgomery County. All are made of Florence chert which outcrops in the Flint Hills of Kansas and Oklahoma. All were heat treated, a method to improve the knapping qualities of a chert which results in a pinkish color. Two of the arrow points are triangular and two are corner-notched. The site had house remains and is considered to be part of the Pomona focus of the Early and Middle Ceramic periods. Pomona focus sites are located in eastern Kansas and western Missouri.


Arrow Points from 14MY349

Arrow Points from 14MY349
Date: 1000-1800 CE
These six arrow points were collected from a multicomponent site in Montgomery County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1972, 1973, and 1975. Shown are side-notched, corner-notched, and triangular arrow points.


Arrow Points from 14SA416

Arrow Points from 14SA416
Date: 1000-1500 CE
These three arrow points recovered in 1971 from the surface of a Saline County site and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 2017. The camp site was occupied during the Middle Ceramic period by Smoky Hill phase peoples. Shown are two side notched arrow points and a single triangular arrow point. One of the side notched points has multiple notches.


Arrow Points from Harvey County

Arrow Points from Harvey County
Date: Unknown
Little is known regarding these four arrow points that were donated in 2012 to the Kansas Historical Society. They were collected from an archeological site in Harvey County, but the location of the site was not recorded. Shown are two contracting stemmed points, a corner-notched point and a triangular arrow point made of Smoky Hill silicified chalk. The other three points were made of Permian chert and two were heat treated to improve their knapping qualities.


Arrow Points from Kearny County

Arrow Points from Kearny County
Date: 1-1800 CE
These eleven arrow points collected from Kearny County were donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 2016. They are made from assorted materials in different styles: triangular, side-notched, corner-notched, single corner-notched, and miniature. The dates for the different styles range from the Early Ceramic Period (corner notched points) to the Middle Ceramic Period (side notched points) to the Late Ceramic Period (triangular).


Arrow Points from Lyon County

Arrow Points from Lyon County
Date: 1-1800 CE
These eight arrow points were found in Lyon County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1958. They are made from assorted materials in different styles: triangular, side-notched, corner-notched, and one single corner-notched or preform. The dates for the different styles range from the Early Ceramic Period (corner-notched points) to the Middle Ceramic Period (side-notched points) to the Late Ceramic Period (triangular).


Arrow Points from the Stricker Site, 14DP1319

Arrow Points from the Stricker Site, 14DP1319
Date: 1-1800 CE
These four arrow points were collected from a multicomponent camp site in Doniphan County and donated in 2018 to the Kansas Historical Society. The site had occupations from the Archaic through the Historic periods. Three were made of Florence chert (gray) from the Flint Hills region and one was made of chalcedony. Two points are corner-notched, more typical of the Early Ceramic period. Two are unnotched with a triangular shape, what archeologists call Fresno arrow points. Though small, they all would have been extremely effective on the hunt.


Arrow Points from the Thompson Site, 14RC9

Arrow Points from the Thompson Site, 14RC9
Date: 1500-1800 CE
These arrow points were among the many collected and excavated from the Thompson site in Rice County. The site, listed in the National Register of Historic Places, was a Great Bend aspect village occupied by ancestral Wichita people. The arrow point on the top right was excavated during the 1986 Kansas Archeology Training Program field school. All others were donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1971. The arrow point on the left of the top row is side-notched. The others are triangular or Fresno arrow points. Archeologists identify Fresno arrow points as being unnotched with a triangular shape. Though small and thin, they would have been extremely effective on the hunt.


Arrow Points from the Tobias Site, 14RC8

Arrow Points from the Tobias Site, 14RC8
Date: 1400-1600 CE
These three Fresno arrow points were recovered from excavations at the 2019 Kansas Archeology Training Program field school at the Tobias site in Rice County. Archeologists identify Fresno arrow points as being unnotched with a triangular shape. Though small and thin, they would have been extremely effective on the hunt. The Tobias site is a Great Bend aspect (ancestral Wichita) village that has dense artifact deposits, house remains, and numerous deep trash-filled storage pits. The site is listed in the National Register of Historic Places.


Fresno Arrow Point from 14DP312

Fresno Arrow Point from 14DP312
Date: 1-1000 CE
This Fresno arrow point was recovered from an Early Ceramic period archeological site in Doniphan County. Archeologists identify Fresno points as being unnotched with a triangular shape, Fresno points are generally considered to come from a later time period. This artifact could be an arrow point preform.


Fresno Arrow Point from 14DP380

Fresno Arrow Point from 14DP380
Date: 1000-1500 CE
This Fresno arrow point was collected from the surface during a survey by a Kansas Historical Society archeologist from a Middle Ceramic period camp site. Archeologists identify Fresno points as being unnotched with a triangular shape.


Fresno Arrow Point from the Baker Store, 14MO701

Fresno Arrow Point from the Baker Store, 14MO701
Date: 1500-1800 CE
This Fresno arrow point was recovered from the Baker Store in Morris County by the Emporia State Teacher's College (now Emporia State University) archeology field school in 1973. Archeologists identify Fresno points as being unnotched with a triangular shape. This projectile point likely predates the occupation of the Baker Store. The Baker Store artifact collection was donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1993. The Baker Store and nearby house, situated along the Santa Fe trail, were burned in 1862 by "Bloody Bill" Anderson and his cohorts. The owner, A. I. Baker, was murdered at that time.


Fresno Arrow Point from the Mem Site, 14MN328

Fresno Arrow Point from the Mem Site, 14MN328
Date: 1500-1800 CE
Archeologists identify Fresno arrow points as being unnotched with a triangular shape. Though small and thin, it would have been extremely effective on the hunt. The Mem site, in Marion County, was a Great Bend aspect (ancestral Wichita) site occupied periodically from late in the Late Ceramic Period to the Protohistoric Period.


Fresno Arrow Point from the Sharps Creek Swenson Site, 14MP301

Fresno Arrow Point from the Sharps Creek Swenson Site, 14MP301
Date: 1450-1700 CE
This Fresno arrow point was collected from the Sharps Creek Swenson site in McPherson County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 2018. Archeologists identify Fresno points as being unnotched with a triangular shape. This one is made of Permian chert. The site was a large Great Bend aspect village site with a council circle.


Fresno Arrow Point from the Tobias Site, 14RC8

Fresno Arrow Point from the Tobias Site, 14RC8
Date: 1400-1600 CE
This Fresno arrow point was recovered from excavations during the 1977 Kansas Archeology Training Program field school at the Tobias site in Rice County. Archeologists identify Fresno arrow points as being unnotched with a triangular shape. This one is made of Alibates flint, a silicified or agatized dolomite from the Canadian River valley in the Texas panhandle. The Tobias site is a Great Bend aspect (ancestral Wichita) village that had dense artifact deposits, house remains, and numerous deep trash-filled storage pits. The site is listed in the National Register of Historic Places.


Fresno Arrow Points from 14MP2

Fresno Arrow Points from 14MP2
Date: 1000-1800 CE
These Fresno arrow points were collected at an archeological site in McPherson County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 2012. Archeologists identify Fresno points as being unnotched with a triangular shape.


Fresno Arrow Points from 14SA406

Fresno Arrow Points from 14SA406
Date: 1000-1500 CE
These three Fresno arrow points were recovered from the surface of a Smoky Hill aspect village and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 2017. Archeologists identify Fresno arrow points as being unnotched with a triangular shape. Though small and thin, they would have been extremely effective on the hunt. The site, in Saline County, was occupied during the Middle Ceramic period.


Fresno Arrow Points from Sharps Creek, 14MP408

Fresno Arrow Points from Sharps Creek, 14MP408
Date: 1500-1800 CE
These three Fresno arrow points were collected from the Sharps Creek site in McPherson County and donated in 2018 to the Kansas Historical Society. Archeologists identify Fresno points as being unnotched with a triangular shape. The three points are made of Permian chert. The Sharps Creek site is a Great Bend aspect (ancestral Wichita) village site in McPherson County.


Fresno Arrow Points from the Country Club Site, 14CO3

Fresno Arrow Points from the Country Club Site, 14CO3
Date: 1400-1725 CE
These five arrow points were excavated from a Great Bend aspect (ancestral Wichita) village in Cowley County during Phase IV archeological investigations in 1995. Archeologists identify Fresno arrow points as being unnotched with a triangular shape. One point (upper left) was made of an unknown type of chert. The others were all made of Permian chert from the Flint Hills and were heat treated prior to manufacture to improve their knapping qualities. The site had been much impacted by a water line, golf greens, roads, and highways. Excavations had been occurring at the site since 1916.


Fresno Arrow Points from the Hallman Site, 14HP524

Fresno Arrow Points from the Hallman Site, 14HP524
Date: 1100-1300 CE
These two Fresno arrow points were recovered from the Hallman village in Harper County during excavations in 1988. Archeologists identify Fresno points as being unnotched with a triangular shape. Both of the points were heat-treated prior to their completion in order to make a better knappable chert. The site dates to the Bluff Creek complex in the Middle Ceramic period and it's people practiced a mixed economy of hunting, gathering, and some horticulture.


Fresno Arrow Points from the Markley Site, 14OT301

Fresno Arrow Points from the Markley Site, 14OT301
Date: 1000-1500 CE
These Fresno points were recovered from House 1 at the Markley site, a Smoky Hill Phase occupation site containing two or more houses. Archeologists identify Fresno points as being unnotched with a triangular shape. They are made of Permian chert.


Fresno Arrow Points from the Paint Creek Site, 14MP1

Fresno Arrow Points from the Paint Creek Site, 14MP1
Date: 1500-1800 CE
These Fresno arrow points were collected at the Paint Creek site, a village in McPherson County, Kansas. They were donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1971. Archeologists identify Fresno points as being unnotched with a triangular shape. The Paint Creek site is what archeologists call part of the Little River Focus of the Great Bend Aspect (ancestral Wichita), whose people practiced fishing, hunting, gathering, and agriculture.


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