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Objects and Artifacts - Archeological Artifacts - Artifact Type - Projectile Point - Side-notched

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Arrow Point from 14AT327

Arrow Point from 14AT327
Date: 1-1000 CE
This arrow point was collected from an Early Ceramic period site in Atchison County and donated in 2018 to the Kansas Historical Society. The side-notched point made of Permian chert, is nearly complete. The site had been heavily collected and highly disturbed in the past.


Arrow Point from 14DN423

Arrow Point from 14DN423
Date: 1-1000 CE
This arrow point was recovered from an Early Ceramic period archeological site in Dickenson County. It is side-notched with serrated edges. The notches aided in hafting the point to the arrow shaft.


Arrow Point from the Ehmke Site, 14LA311

Arrow Point from the Ehmke Site, 14LA311
Date: 1000-1500 CE
This arrow point was recovered from a camp and kill site in Lane County during excavation by Kansas Historical Society Archeologists. The site seems to have had multiple occupations from the Paleoindian period through the Late Ceramic period. The feature this arrow point was recovered in was believed to be associated with an Upper Republican occupation. The side-notched point is possibly made of Alibates flint, a silicified or agatized dolomite from the Canadian River valley in the Texas panhandle.


Arrow Point from the Kermit Hayes Site, 14RC306

Arrow Point from the Kermit Hayes Site, 14RC306
Date: 1450-1700 CE
This arrow point was recovered from an archeological site in Rice County during the 1981 Kansas Archeology Training Program field school. Archeologists often refer to side notched arrow points as Washita points. The notches aided in hafting the arrow point to the arrow shaft. The site was a small Great Bend aspect, Little River focus grass-covered pit house that included an entryway, storage pits, post molds and a hearth. The people that inhabited Great Bend aspect sites are ancestral to the Wichita and Affiliated Tribes.


Arrow Point from the Tobias Site, 14RC8

Arrow Point from the Tobias Site, 14RC8
Date: 1400-1700 CE
These arrow points were recovered from excavations during the 1977 and 2019 Kansas Archeology Training Program field schools at the Tobias site in Rice County. One arrow point is side-notched and one is triangular. The Tobias site is a Great Bend aspect village that has dense artifact deposits, house remains and numerous deep trash-filled storage pits. The people that inhabited Great Bend aspect sites are ancestral to the Wichita and affiliated tribes. The site is listed in the National Register of Historic Places.


Arrow Points from 14AT405

Arrow Points from 14AT405
Date: 1-1000 CE
These three arrow points were collected from an Early Ceramic period archeological site in Atchison County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1979. All three arrow points are side-notched. The notches and the stem aided in hafting the point to the arrow shaft.


Arrow Points from 14CF416

Arrow Points from 14CF416
Date: 1-1800 CE
This assortment of five arrow points was recovered from site 14CF416, in Coffey County, and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 2015. The two corner notched points on the left date to the Early Ceramic Period (1-1000 CE). The two side notched points in the middle date to the Middle Ceramic Period (1000-1500 CE) and the Fresno point of the far right dates to the Late Ceramic Period (1500-1800 CE). The pinkish color of two of the points indicates they have been heat treated to improve their knapping qualities.


Arrow Points from 14CS355

Arrow Points from 14CS355
Date: 1695-1745 CE
These two arrow points were recovered from 14CS355, a multicomponent (multiple occupations) Native American site in Chase County. Two radiocarbon dates are associated with the site: a hearth that was dated to 500 - 1055 CE and some charcoal dated to 1695 - 1745 CE. The arrow points get their pinkish color as a result of the material being carefully heated before manufacturing to improve the chert's knapping qualities.


Arrow Points from 14LY414

Arrow Points from 14LY414
Date: 1-1000 CE
These five arrow points were collected from a multicomponent (multiple occupations) site in Lyon County and donated in 1958 to the Kansas Historical Society. The projectile points date approximately to the Early and Middle Ceramic periods. All five are made of Permian chert. Shown are two corner-notched, two side-notched, and one triangular shaped arrow points. Two of the arrow points get their pinkish color as a result of the material being carefully heated before manufacturing to improve the chert's knapping qualities.


Arrow Points from 14MY349

Arrow Points from 14MY349
Date: 1000-1800 CE
These six arrow points were collected from a multicomponent site in Montgomery County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1972, 1973, and 1975. Shown are side-notched, corner-notched, and triangular arrow points.


Arrow Points from 14PT420

Arrow Points from 14PT420
Date: 1300-1500 CE
Shown are two arrow points recovered y Kansas Historical Society archeologists at a Middle Ceramic period Pratt complex village in Pratt County. The complete side-notched arrow point is made of an unknown chert. The corner-notched obsidian fragment was sent for X-ray-florescence (XRF) testing, a chemical analysis that indicates the original source of the obsidian. The flake was found to be from a lava flow in the Jemez Mountains near Taos, New Mexico. This type of analysis helps archeologists learn about ancient trade patterns, suggesting either trade with people further southwest or travel by Pratt complex people to the Jemez Mountains.


Arrow Points from 14SA402

Arrow Points from 14SA402
Date: 1000-1500 CE
These four arrow points recovered in 1963 from the surface of a Saline County site and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 2017. All are side notched arrow points, two of which are complete. Two are missing their tips and both have a concave base.


Arrow Points from 14SA416

Arrow Points from 14SA416
Date: 1000-1500 CE
These three arrow points recovered in 1971 from the surface of a Saline County site and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 2017. The camp site was occupied during the Middle Ceramic period by Smoky Hill phase peoples. Shown are two side notched arrow points and a single triangular arrow point. One of the side notched points has multiple notches.


Arrow Points from 14SA424

Arrow Points from 14SA424
Date: 1-1500 CE
Shown are six of the many arrow points collected from a multicomponent (multiple occupations) camp site in Saline County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 2017. Five of the arrow points are corner notched, typically used during the Early Ceramic period. The last arrow point is side notched, more typical of the Middle Ceramic period. Four arrow points get their pinkish color as a result of the material being carefully heated before manufacturing to improve the chert's knapping qualities.


Arrow Points from El Cuartelejo, 14SC1

Arrow Points from El Cuartelejo, 14SC1
Date: 1650-1750 CE
Shown are three of the many side notched arrow points that were recovered from the El Cuartelejo site in Scott County. The site, unique in Kansas, is the location of a seven room pueblo occupied by refugees from the Taos and Picuris pueblos in New Mexico in addition to Dismal River aspect groups (Apache). El Cuartelejo, also called the Scott County Pueblo, has been excavated and studied by many archeologists since 1898. These arrow points were recovered during the 1976 Kansas Archeology Training Program. The notches aided in hafting the point to the arrow shaft.


Arrow Points from Kearny County

Arrow Points from Kearny County
Date: 1-1800 CE
These eleven arrow points collected from Kearny County were donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 2016. They are made from assorted materials in different styles: triangular, side-notched, corner-notched, single corner-notched, and miniature. The dates for the different styles range from the Early Ceramic Period (corner notched points) to the Middle Ceramic Period (side notched points) to the Late Ceramic Period (triangular).


Arrow Points from Lyon County

Arrow Points from Lyon County
Date: 1-1800 CE
These eight arrow points were found in Lyon County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1958. They are made from assorted materials in different styles: triangular, side-notched, corner-notched, and one single corner-notched or preform. The dates for the different styles range from the Early Ceramic Period (corner-notched points) to the Middle Ceramic Period (side-notched points) to the Late Ceramic Period (triangular).


Arrow Points from the 102 Steel Point Site, 14MO414

Arrow Points from the 102 Steel Point Site, 14MO414
Date: 1847-1874
These arrow points were recovered from an archeological site in Morris County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 2020. The side-notched arrow point on the left is made of Smoky Hill silicified chalk, which outcrops in western Kansas and Nebraska. The corner-notched arrow point on the right is made of local Flint Hills chert that was heated prior to its completion to make it easier to knap. The notches aided in hafting the points to the arrow shafts. The site had multiple occupations from the Archaic period (8000 to 2000 years ago) to the late 1800s and may have been one of three large Kansa sites along the Neosho River occupied during the mid-19th century.


Arrow Points from the Albert Bell Site, 14SD305

Arrow Points from the Albert Bell Site, 14SD305
Date: 1220-1400 CE
These seven arrow points were excavated at a Middle Ceramic period site in Sheridan County, during the 1990 and the 2002 Kansas Archeology Training Program field schools with Kansas Historical Society archeologists and volunteers. All of the arrow points are side notched. Five are made of Smoky Hill silicified chalk, which outcrops near the site, and two are made of basalt. The Upper Republican earthlodge site had a single radiocarbon date of 1220 to 1400 CE.


Arrow Points from the Arrowhead Island Site, 14CF343

Arrow Points from the Arrowhead Island Site, 14CF343
Date: 1-1000 CE
These complete and fragmented dart points were collected from the Arrowhead Island site in Coffey County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1984. Shown, from left to right, is a side and basal notched arrow point and four corner notched arrow points. The notches aided in hafting the point to the arrow shaft. The Arrowhead Island site was a village of the Early Ceramic Period and the Kansas City Hopewell culture.


Arrow Points from the Buresh Site, 14SR303

Arrow Points from the Buresh Site, 14SR303
Date: 1100-1500 CE
These vessel fragments were recovered from the Buresh site, a Middle Ceramic village in Sumner County. The two arrow points shown in the top row are identified as Harrell points by their single side and base notches. The three Washita points in the middle row are identified by their hafting notches that are generally high on the blade and the two unnotched, triangular arrow points on the bottom are identified as Fresno points. All are made of local Flint Hills region cherts, three with a pink cast indicating they were heat treated during an early stage of its manufacture to improve the chert's knapping qualities.


Arrow Points from the Malone Site, 14RC5

Arrow Points from the Malone Site, 14RC5
Date: 1432-1651 CE
These arrow points were collected from the Malone village site in Rice County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 2001 and 2005. The two on the top row are triangular points made of Smoky Hill silicified chalk, which outcrops in western Kansas and Nebraska. The three points on the bottom row are side-notched: the one on the left is made of Alibates flint, a silicified or agatized dolomite from the Canadian River valley in the Texas panhandle and the two on the right are made of local chert from the Flint Hills region. The Malone site is a Great Bend aspect (ancestral Wichita) village that had dense artifact deposits and numerous deep trash-filled storage pits.


Arrow Points from the Miller Site, 14MP403

Arrow Points from the Miller Site, 14MP403
Date: 1-1000 CE
These arrow points were collected from an Early Ceramic period archeological site in McPherson County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 2020. Shown are side and corner notched arrow points made from local Flint Hills region cherts. The notches aided in hafting the point to the arrow shaft.


Arrow Points from the Ryan/Disney Site, 14PO601

Arrow Points from the Ryan/Disney Site, 14PO601
Date: 1000-1500 CE
These six arrow points were all recovered from the Ryan/Disney site and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1925. 14PO601 is a Middle Ceramic period site in Pottawatomie County. All of the arrow points were made on Permian cherts. The three on the top row are side-notched while the three on the bottom row are corner-notched.


Arrow Points from the Thompson Site, 14RC9

Arrow Points from the Thompson Site, 14RC9
Date: 1500-1800 CE
These arrow points were among the many collected and excavated from the Thompson site in Rice County. The site, listed in the National Register of Historic Places, was a Great Bend aspect village occupied by ancestral Wichita people. The arrow point on the top right was excavated during the 1986 Kansas Archeology Training Program field school. All others were donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1971. The arrow point on the left of the top row is side-notched. The others are triangular or Fresno arrow points. Archeologists identify Fresno arrow points as being unnotched with a triangular shape. Though small and thin, they would have been extremely effective on the hunt.


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