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Objects and Artifacts - Archeological Artifacts - Artifact Type - Projectile Point - Side-notched

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Arrow Point from 14AT327

Arrow Point from 14AT327
Date: 1-1000 CE
This arrow point was collected from an Early Ceramic period site in Atchison County and donated in 2018 to the Kansas Historical Society. The side-notched point made of Permian chert, is nearly complete. The site had been heavily collected and highly disturbed in the past.


Arrow Point from 14DN423

Arrow Point from 14DN423
Date: 1-1000 CE
This arrow point was recovered from an Early Ceramic period archeological site in Dickenson County. It is side-notched with serrated edges. The notches aided in hafting the point to the arrow shaft.


Arrow Point from the Ehmke Site, 14LA311

Arrow Point from the Ehmke Site, 14LA311
Date: 1000-1500 CE
This arrow point was recovered from a camp and kill site in Lane County during excavation by Kansas Historical Society Archeologists. The site seems to have had multiple occupations from the Paleoindian period through the Late Ceramic period. The feature this arrow point was recovered in was believed to be associated with an Upper Republican occupation. The side-notched point is possibly made of Alibates flint, a silicified or agatized dolomite from the Canadian River valley in the Texas panhandle.


Arrow Points from 14AT405

Arrow Points from 14AT405
Date: 1-1000 CE
These three arrow points were collected from an Early Ceramic period archeological site in Atchison County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1979. All three arrow points are side-notched. The notches and the stem aided in hafting the point to the arrow shaft.


Arrow Points from 14CF416

Arrow Points from 14CF416
Date: 1-1800 CE
This assortment of five arrow points was recovered from site 14CF416, in Coffey County, and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 2015. The two corner notched points on the left date to the Early Ceramic Period (1-1000 CE). The two side notched points in the middle date to the Middle Ceramic Period (1000-1500 CE) and the Fresno point of the far right dates to the Late Ceramic Period (1500-1800 CE). The pinkish color of two of the points indicates they have been heat treated to improve their knapping qualities.


Arrow Points from 14CS355

Arrow Points from 14CS355
Date: 1695-1745 CE
These two arrow points were recovered from 14CS355, a multicomponent (multiple occupations) Native American site in Chase County. Two radiocarbon dates are associated with the site: a hearth that was dated to 500 - 1055 CE and some charcoal dated to 1695 - 1745 CE. The pinkish color of the arrow points is a result of the flintknapper heat treating the material to improve the chert's knapping qualities.


Arrow Points from 14MY349

Arrow Points from 14MY349
Date: 1000-1800 CE
These six arrow points were collected from a multicomponent site in Montgomery County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1972, 1973, and 1975. Shown are side-notched, corner-notched, and triangular arrow points.


Arrow Points from 14SA402

Arrow Points from 14SA402
Date: 1000-1500 CE
These four arrow points recovered in 1963 from the surface of a Saline County site and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 2017. All are side notched arrow points, two of which are complete. Two are missing their tips and both have a concave base.


Arrow Points from 14SA416

Arrow Points from 14SA416
Date: 1000-1500 CE
These three arrow points recovered in 1971 from the surface of a Saline County site and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 2017. The camp site was occupied during the Middle Ceramic period by Smoky Hill phase peoples. Shown are two side notched arrow points and a single triangular arrow point. One of the side notched points has multiple notches.


Arrow Points from 14SA424

Arrow Points from 14SA424
Date: 1 CE-1500 CE
Shown are six of the many arrow points collected from a multicomponent (multiple occupations) camp site in Saline County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 2017. Five of the arrow points are corner notched, typically used during the Early Ceramic period. The last arrow point is side notched, more typical of the Middle Ceramic period. The pink color of four of the arrow points is the result of having been heat-treated prior to their completion in order to make a better knappable chert.


Arrow Points from El Cuartelejo, 14SC1

Arrow Points from El Cuartelejo, 14SC1
Date: 1650-1750 CE
Shown are three of the many side notched arrow points that were recovered from the El Cuartelejo site in Scott County. The site, unique in Kansas, is the location of a seven room pueblo occupied by refugees from the Taos and Picuris pueblos in New Mexico in addition to Dismal River aspect groups (Apache). El Cuartelejo, also called the Scott County Pueblo, has been excavated and studied by many archeologists since 1898. These arrow points were recovered during the 1976 Kansas Archeology Training Program. The notches aided in hafting the point to the arrow shaft.


Arrow Points from Kearny County

Arrow Points from Kearny County
Date: 1-1800 CE
These eleven arrow points collected from Kearny County were donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 2016. They are made from assorted materials in different styles: triangular, side-notched, corner-notched, single corner-notched, and miniature. The dates for the different styles range from the Early Ceramic Period (corner notched points) to the Middle Ceramic Period (side notched points) to the Late Ceramic Period (triangular).


Arrow Points from Lyon County

Arrow Points from Lyon County
Date: 1-1800 CE
These eight arrow points were found in Lyon County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1958. They are made from assorted materials in different styles: triangular, side-notched, corner-notched, and one single corner-notched or preform. The dates for the different styles range from the Early Ceramic Period (corner-notched points) to the Middle Ceramic Period (side-notched points) to the Late Ceramic Period (triangular).


Arrow Points from the Albert Bell Site, 14SD305

Arrow Points from the Albert Bell Site, 14SD305
Date: 1220-1400 CE
These seven arrow points were excavated at a Middle Ceramic period site in Sheridan County, during the 1990 and the 2002 Kansas Archeology Training Program field schools with Kansas Historical Society archeologists and volunteers. All of the arrow points are side notched. Five are made of Smoky Hill silicified chalk, which outcrops near the site, and two are made of basalt. The Upper Republican earthlodge site had a single radiocarbon date of 1220 to 1400 CE.


Arrow Points from the Ryan/Disney Site, 14PO601

Arrow Points from the Ryan/Disney Site, 14PO601
Date: 1000-1500 CE
These six arrow points were all recovered from the Ryan/Disney site and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1925. 14PO601 is a Middle Ceramic period site in Pottawatomie County. All of the arrow points were made on Permian cherts. The three on the top row are side-notched while the three on the bottom row are corner-notched.


Arrow Points from the Thompson Site, 14RC9

Arrow Points from the Thompson Site, 14RC9
Date: 1500-1800 CE
These arrow points were among the many collected and excavated from the Thompson site in Rice County. The site, listed in the National Register of Historic Places, was a Great Bend aspect village occupied by ancestral Wichita people. The arrow point on the top right was excavated during the 1986 Kansas Archeology Training Program field school. All others were donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1971. The arrow point on the left of the top row is side-notched. The others are triangular or Fresno arrow points. Archeologists identify Fresno arrow points as being unnotched with a triangular shape. Though small and thin, they would have been extremely effective on the hunt.


Chipped Stone Tools from the Pratt/Wing Site, 14PT1

Chipped Stone Tools from the Pratt/Wing Site, 14PT1
Date: 1300-1500 CE
Shown in this slide is some of the chipped stone tools that were recovered from the Pratt/Wing Archeological Site. The Pratt site was a Pratt Complex Middle Ceramic Period village in Pratt County. The slide shows an assortment of chipped stone tools including side notched arrow points, drills, scrapers, hafted knives, alternately beveled knives and Harahey knives.


Corner-Notched and Side-Notched Arrow Points from Meade County

Corner-Notched and Side-Notched Arrow Points from Meade County
Date: 1000-1850 CE
These two arrow points were found near Fowler, in Meade County, and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1967. The smaller, corner-notched point, is of a type considered by Archeologists to be the earliest form of arrow points found on the Great Plains. The larger, side-notched point is an example of those used by Native Americans from about 800 years ago until they changed to metal arrow points in the 18th- and 19th-centuries. The notches aided in hafting the points to the arrow shaft.


Corner-Notched and Side-Notched Dart Points from 14CF411

Corner-Notched and Side-Notched Dart Points from 14CF411
Date: 1-1000 CE
Shown are five corner-notched and side-notched dart points among many that were recovered from 14CF411 and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 2015. The archeological site in Coffey County where they were found was occupied periodically in the Early and Middle Ceramic periods. Dart points were used to hunt game during the early occupations. Dart points would be mounted to the dart foreshaft, which would in turn be connected to the dart shaft. The assembled dart would then be thrown with an atlatl (spearthrower). The three dart points on the left are corner notched and the two on the right are side notched.


Cuesta Phase Projectile Points from 14LT326

Cuesta Phase Projectile Points from 14LT326
Date: 500-1000 CE
These six projectile points were excavated in 1973 by Kansas Historical Society Archeologists at a Cuesta phase site in Labette County. The site was occupied during the Early Ceramic period. The top row shows a corner-notched dart point and a corner-notched arrow point, both made of Permian chert. Dart points were attached to the fore shaft of a throwing spear and propelled by using a spear thrower or atlatl. The bottom row, from left to right, shows a corner notched-arrow point fragment made of Permian chert; a side- and basal-notched arrow point fragment made of heat-treated Permian chert; a complete corner-notched arrow point made of heat-treated Permian chert and a corner-notched arrow point fragment.


Dart Points from Greenwood County

Dart Points from Greenwood County
Date: 1000 BCE-500 CE
These six dart points were collected from Greenwood County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1984. They show some of the different styles of projectile points that were present during the late Archaic to Early Ceramic Periods. Archeologists often identify these points based on the stem type: contracting stemmed, parallel stemmed, expanding stem, corner-notched and side-notched. Dart points would be mounted to the dart foreshaft, which would in turn be connected to the dart shaft. The assembled dart would then be thrown with an atlatl (spearthrower).


Dart Points from the Shreve Site, 14DP1315

Dart Points from the Shreve Site, 14DP1315
Date: 7000 BCE-1 CE
These six dart points were collected from an Archaic period site in Doniphan County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1925. The top row shows two expanding stem dart points flanking a large basal-notched dart. The bottom row, from left to right, shows a corner- and side-notched dart point, an expanding stem dart point and a contracting stem dart point. Dart points would be mounted to the dart foreshaft, which would in turn be connected to the dart shaft. The assembled dart would then be thrown with an atlatl (spearthrower).


Dart and Arrow Points from 14MY342

Dart and Arrow Points from 14MY342
Date: 2000 BCE-1000 CE
These seven dart and arrow points were collected from a multicomponent site in Montgomery County with occupations in the Archaic, Early Ceramic, and Middle Ceramic periods. They were donated in 1972, 1975, and 1976 by the same donor. The top row shows two corner-notched dart points, one of which is pink colored as the result of heat treating to improve the chert's knapping qualities. The bottom row shows five arrow points with corner- or side-notches.


Fresno Arrow Points from the Sharps Creek Site, 14MP408

Fresno Arrow Points from the Sharps Creek Site, 14MP408
Date: 1500-1800 CE
These three Fresno arrow points were recovered from excavations at the Sharps Creek site in 1968 by Kansas Historical Society archeologists. Archeologists identify Fresno points as being unnotched with a triangular shape. The three points are made of Permian chert. All were heat-treated prior to their completion in order to make a better knappable chert. The Sharps Creek site is a Great Bend aspect (ancestral Wichita) village in McPherson County.


Fresno and Washita Arrow Points from the Saxman Site, 14RC301

Fresno and Washita Arrow Points from the Saxman Site, 14RC301
Date: 1500-1650 CE
Shown are five arrow points that were collected from the Saxman site in Rice County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 2017. Shown on the top row are two side-notched points that archeologists refer to as Washita. Washita arrow points have hafting notches that are generally high on the blade. On the bottom row are three Fresno points. Archeologists identify Fresno arrow points as being unnotched with a triangular shape. The two brown points were made on Smoky Hill silicified chalk, which outcrops in western Kansas. The other three points were made on Permian chert, the pink color of two indicating they had been heat treated to improve their knapping qualities. The Saxman site, a large Great Bend aspect village, was occupied by ancestral Wichita people.


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