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Kansas Memory has been created by the Kansas State Historical Society to share its historical collections via the Internet. Read more.



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Objects and Artifacts - Archeological Artifacts - Material/Stone Type - Chalcedony

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Showing 1 - 6 of 6 (results per page: 10 | 25 | 50)

Arrow Points from the Stricker Site, 14DP1319

Arrow Points from the Stricker Site, 14DP1319
Date: 1-1800 CE
These four arrow points were collected from a multicomponent camp site in Doniphan County and donated in 2018 to the Kansas Historical Society. The site had occupations from the Archaic through the Historic periods. Three were made of Florence chert (gray) from the Flint Hills region and one was made of chalcedony. Two points are corner-notched, more typical of the Early Ceramic period. Two are unnotched with a triangular shape, what archeologists call Fresno arrow points. Though small, they all would have been extremely effective on the hunt.

Artifact Collection from 14SD341

Artifact Collection from 14SD341
Date: Unknown
Shown are four of the five items collected from the surface of a small lithic workshop site in Sheridan County. The site was discovered by Kansas Historical Society Archeologists in 1990. The artifact on the left is a large flake made from Smoky Hill silicified chalk, all of the others are modified flakes made of Smoky Hill silicified chalk, a chalcedony-like material, and Alibates flint from the Canadian River valley in the Texas panhandle.

Gunflint or Biface from the Union Pacific Railroad Depot, 14DO324

Gunflint or Biface from the Union Pacific Railroad Depot, 14DO324
Date: 1700-1869
This artifact was recovered during excavations at the Union Pacific Railroad Depot in Lawrence, Kansas. It is either a biface or a gunflint made from either a chalcedony or quarried and manufactured in France, as is indicated by it's honey-yellow or blonde color. The edges show crushing and retouch. Gunflints were used to generate a spark in a flintlock musket or pistol and as strike-a-lights for lighting a fire. This site served not only as a depot, but also had dwellings, a meat market, a saloon, a possible boarding house or hotel, a grain elevator and other commercial buildings located within the project area excavated in 1995 by Kansas Historical Society archeologists.

Projectile Points from 14AT445

Projectile Points from 14AT445
Date: 1-1000 CE
These two dart points were collected from an Early Ceramic period site in Atchison County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 2018. The larger dart point was made of chalcedony, white the smaller one was made of Smoky Hill silicified chalk, a good quality knapping material that is exposed in linear beds in northwestern Kansas and western Nebraska.

Scraper from the Van Diest Site, 14NT403

Scraper from the Van Diest Site, 14NT403
Date: 7000 BCE-1 CE
This scraper, made of opaque chalcedony, was likely hafted on a handle and used to scrape hides. It would have required periodic resharpening. It was collected from the surface of the Van Diest site, an Archaic campsite in Norton County.

Side-Notched Arrow Points from 14ML417

Side-Notched Arrow Points from 14ML417
Date: 690-790 CE
These arrow points were recovered from an archeological site in Mitchell County by Kansas Historical Society archeologists and volunteers in 1980. The arrow points are all side-notched and two also have basal notches. The notches aided in hafting the point to the arrow shaft. The site is a Central Plains tradition Solomon River phase habitation site dating approximately to 690 - 790 CE.

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