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Artifact Collection from 14OB302

Artifact Collection from 14OB302
Date: 1000-1500 CE
Sometimes even a small collection of artifacts can help Archeologists learn about what activities occurred at a site. For example, the artifact collection from 14OB302 only contains three artifacts: a flake, an endscraper and a pottery rim. The flake is of Smoky Hill silicified chalk, which outcrops in western Kansas. The endscraper, however, is made Florence chert, which outcrops in the Flint Hills to the east of Osborne county. Finally, a rim sherd from a ceramic vessel was also recovered. The collared rim was cord marked on the exterior and had a series of parallel lines on the interior. Archeologists can use the rim sherd to date the site to the Middle Ceramic period. Perhaps the people at the site used (or lost) the endscraper to process a hide, in addition to making and discarding a large flake of the local material.


Artifact Collection from 14SF301

Artifact Collection from 14SF301
Date: 1975
Shown is a slide, taken in 1975, of artifacts collected at the Comanche Archeological Site in Stafford County. The site was the location of a camp in a blowout (a depression created by wind erosion) within stabilized sand dunes. Archeologists consider the site to be multicomponent (multiple occupations) that was occupied periodically through the Early to Late Ceramic Periods (1 CE - 1800). Artifacts shown on the slide include bone, pottery sherds, chert knives and arrow points.


Artifact Collection from the Krob Site, 14RP319

Artifact Collection from the Krob Site, 14RP319
Date: 1-1500 CE
Shown here are artifacts collected from the surface of the Krob site in Republic County. The site was occupied both in the Early and Middle Ceramic periods. Artifacts shown here include a corner notched arrow point fragment and two pottery sherds, both with sand temper and one with a cord marked surface treatment. One additional pottery sherd, the largest, was donated to the Kansas Historical Society. It also has a cord marked surface treatment.


Basket Impressed Pottery from the County Club Site, 14CO3

Basket Impressed Pottery from the County Club Site, 14CO3
Date: 1400-1725 CE
This small pottery body sherd has an interesting story to tell. This sherd was impressed with basketry, either as a decorative technique or to serve as a basket liner. The sherd was excavated from a Great Bend aspect (ancestral Wichita) village in Cowley County during Phase IV archeological investigations in 1995. The site had been much impacted by a water line, golf greens, roads, and highways. Excavations had been occurring at the site since 1916.


Cedar Creek Site Rim Sherds from The Cedar Creek Site, 14DP1318

Cedar Creek Site Rim Sherds from The Cedar Creek Site, 14DP1318
Date: 2100 BCE-750 CE
Shown are three of many pottery sherds collected from the Cedar Creek site, in Doniphan County. They were donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1925. The Cedar Creek site was a multicomponent site, having both Kansas City Hopewell and Nebraska Aspect/Upper Republican occupations. The site had the remains of at least one house. The rim sherd on the far left is decorated with a cord wrapped stick impressed design with four bosses below. The rim sherd in the center has a crenellated rim and is like pottery of the Late Woodland or post-classic Kansas City Hopewell. The rim sherd on the right has a zoned area of cord marking. All the rim sherds are sand tempered.


Central Plains tradition Vessel from 14OT1

Central Plains tradition Vessel from 14OT1
Date: 1050-1400 CE
When the individual sherds of this vessel were reconstructed it showed it to be a typical Central Plains tradition pot. It was found in the remains of an earthlodge in an Indian village in Ottawa County. Vessels of this sort tend to be rounded or globular in shape, have a restricted neck and grit temper. A cord-wrapped paddle was used by the American Indians to make the roughened surface treatment of this otherwise undecorated pot. Archeologists used plaster to fill in the missing portions of the vessel.


Central Plains tradition Vessel from 14OT1

Central Plains tradition Vessel from 14OT1
Date: 1050-1400 CE
When the individual sherds of this vessel were reconstructed it showed it to be a typical Central Plains tradition pot. It was found in the remains of an earthlodge in an Indian village in Ottawa County. Vessels of this sort tend to be rounded or globular in shape, have a restricted neck and grit temper. A cord-wrapped paddle was used to make the roughened surface treatment of this otherwise undecorated pot. Archeologists used plaster to fill in the missing portions of the vessel.


Central Plains tradition Vessel from Saline County

Central Plains tradition Vessel from Saline County
Date: 900-1450 CE
This ceramic pot was found in Saline County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1962. When the individual sherds of this vessel were reconstructed, it showed it to be a typical Central Plains tradition pot. Vessels of this sort tend to be rounded or globular in shape, have a restricted neck and grit temper. A cord-wrapped paddle was used to make the roughened surface treatment. The collared rim was decorated below the lip with a series of vertical tool impressions and finger pinching. Archeologists used plaster to fill in the missing portions of the vessel.


Central Plains tradition Vessel from Saline County

Central Plains tradition Vessel from Saline County
Date: 900-1450 CE
This ceramic pot was found in Saline County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1962. When the individual sherds of this vessel were reconstructed, it showed it to be a typical Central Plains tradition pot. Vessels of this sort tend to be rounded or globular in shape, have a restricted neck and grit temper. A cord-wrapped paddle was used to make the roughened surface treatment. The collared rim was decorated below the lip with a series o of vertical tool impressions and finger pinching. Archeologists used plaster to fill in the missing portions of the vessel.


Ceramic Handle Sherd from the Tobias Site, 14RC8

Ceramic Handle Sherd from the Tobias Site, 14RC8
Date: 1400-1700 CE
This ceramic handle sherd was recovered during the 2019 Kansas Archeology Training Program field school at the Tobias site in Rice County. The handle sherd is decorated with three horizontal rows of punctates. The Tobias site is a Great Bend aspect (ancestral Wichita) village that had dense artifact deposits, house remains, and numerous deep trash-filled storage pits. It is listed in the National Register of Historic Places.


Ceramic Handle from the Wullscheleger Site, 14MH301

Ceramic Handle from the Wullscheleger Site, 14MH301
Date: 1500-1800 CE
This vessel handle was collected from the Wullscheleger site in Marshall County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1961. The strap style handle has sand temper and was attached at the rim of the vessel. The village site was occupied periodically from the Early Ceramic to the Late Ceramic periods.


Ceramic Handles from the Fanning Site, 14DP1

Ceramic Handles from the Fanning Site, 14DP1
Date: 1500-1800 CE
Shown are four vessel handles collected from the Fanning site, a protohistoric period Kansa village in Doniphan County, and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1925. All four handles are strap style. Both of the handle sherds on the top row are attached below the rim. On one a crack lace can be seen, used to repair the vessel by the owner. The two handle sherds on the bottom row are attached at the rim.


Ceramic Handles from the Sharps Creek Site, 14MP408

Ceramic Handles from the Sharps Creek Site, 14MP408
Date: 1500-1800 CE
These four ceramic handles were just a few of the many recovered from the Sharps Creek village in McPherson County during the 1993 Kansas Archeology Training Program. The large loop style handle on the far left and the small strap handle next to it were both attached to the vessel using rivets. The rivets were made of clay, and created by inserting a portion of the handle into a hole in the pot and then smoothing over the interior. The two wide strap handles on the right may have been attached by being molded onto the lip and the body of their vessels.


Ceramic Pot Sherd from the Minneapolis site, 14OT5

Ceramic Pot Sherd from the Minneapolis site, 14OT5
Date: 1232-1409 CE
These two reconstructed pot sherds were recovered from House 1 at the Minneapolis site in Ottawa County in 1934 by the University of Nebraska. They and others from the collection were donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1987. The Minneapolis site is a Smoky Hill phase occupation during the Middle Ceramic Period. In addition to cord marking, the sherds retain evidence of fire clouding, the blackened area that indicates uneven firing temperatures.


Ceramic Pot Sherds from 14FR401

Ceramic Pot Sherds from 14FR401
Date: 1-1500 CE
These five ceramic body sherds, from difference vessels, were recovered from an archeological site in Franklin County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1984. The site was a multicomponent site, meaning there were multiple occupations there during the Early and Middle Ceramic periods. A cord-wrapped paddle was used by the American Indians to make the roughened surface treatment of this otherwise undecorated sherds.


Ceramic Pot Sherds from the Collins Site, 14DP1306

Ceramic Pot Sherds from the Collins Site, 14DP1306
Date: 1000-1500 CE
These ceramic pot sherds from an archeological site in Doniphan County and were donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1925. The Collins site is a possible village, perhaps either occupied by people of the Upper Republican or Nebraska Aspect cultures. The sherds are sand tempered and decorated with crenellations below the lip. The body of the vessels are cord marked, a technique where a cord-wrapped paddle was used by the American Indians to make the roughened surface treatment.


Ceramic Rim Sherd from 14EK304

Ceramic Rim Sherd from 14EK304
Date: 4000-2000 BCE
This rim sherd was recovered from the surface of a Late Archaic camp site in Elk County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1975. The sherd is decorated with two zones of dentate stamping above and below a zone of triangular punctates. Dentate stamping is a decorating technique that leaves tooth-like impressions. Dentate stamping is associated with Cuesta phase, Kansas City Hopewell, and Schultz phase pottery.


Ceramic Rim Sherds from 14EK308

Ceramic Rim Sherds from 14EK308
Date: 1-1000 CE
These collared rim sherds were recovered from an Early Ceramic period camp site in Elk County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1972. The donor reconstructed the pottery before donating it, though two sherds have now broken apart. One rim is decorated with series of vertical and diagonal lines. The other rim is decorated with incised crosshatched marks, similar to those on Kansas City Hopewell pottery.


Ceramic Rim Sherds from the Fanning Site, 14DP1

Ceramic Rim Sherds from the Fanning Site, 14DP1
Date: 1500-1800 CE
Shown are two of the many rim sherds from the Fanning site, a protohistoric period Kansa village in Doniphan County. The larger sherd was collected around the turn of the century by a historian/collector and the other in the 1930s by the University of Nebraska archeologists. They were donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1925 and 1987. The sherd on the left is from a jar and has an outcurving rim with a series of crenellations below the lip. The sherd of the right is also from a jar and has a collared rim with three deeply incised lines below the lip and diagonal slash punctates on the lip interior.


Ceramic Rim Sherds from the Wullscheleger Site, 14MH301

Ceramic Rim Sherds from the Wullscheleger Site, 14MH301
Date: 1-1800 CE
These three rim sherds were collected from the Wullscheleger site in Marshall County and donated in 1960 and 1961 to the Kansas Historical Society. All three of the out-curving rim sherds have sand temper. The sherds are from three separate vessels, have horizontal lines on their necks that are representative of three distinct techniques (from left to right): parallel tool trails, fine tool trails, faint or smoothed-over tool trails. The site was occupied periodically throughout the Early, Middle and Late Ceramic periods, though this pottery may be more typical of the Middle to Late Ceramic periods.


Ceramic Sherd from 14CW314

Ceramic Sherd from 14CW314
Date: 1000-1500 CE
This ceramic body sherd was recovered from a Middle Ceramic period archeological site in Crawford County. The striking red color is a result of oxidation when the vessel was fired. The sherd has a cord-marked surface treatment, brush marks visible on the interior, and hematite inclusions in the clay.


Ceramic Sherds from 14EK307

Ceramic Sherds from 14EK307
Date: 4000-2000 BCE
These five body sherds were recovered from the surface of a multicomponent (multiple occupations) site in Elk County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1972. The sherds show a variety of decoration styles: dentate stamping, zoned dentate stamping, tool impressed lines, and bosses. Dentate stamping is a decorating technique that leaves tooth-like impressions. Dentate stamping is associated with Cuesta phase, Kansas City Hopewell, and Schultz phase pottery. The single small boss is most readily apparent by the indentation on the back of the sherd.


Ceramic Sherds from 14EK309

Ceramic Sherds from 14EK309
Date: 1-1000 CE
These body sherds were recovered from the surface of a multicomponent (multiple occupations) site in Elk County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1972 and 1975. Six of the sherds were repaired by the donor. The sherds show a variety of decoration styles: dentate stamping, zoned dentate stamping, punctates, tool impressed, and bosses. Dentate stamping is a decorating technique that leaves tooth-like impressions. Dentate stamping is associated with Cuesta phase, Kansas City Hopewell, and Schultz phase pottery. The single small boss is most readily apparent by the indentation on the back of the sherd.


Ceramic Sherds from 14JW304

Ceramic Sherds from 14JW304
Date: 1-1500 CE
These ceramic sherds were recovered from an archeological site in Jewell County with multiple occupations during the Early and Middle Ceramic periods. The two collared rim sherds and the neck sherd are all cord marked and have grit temper.


Ceramic Sherds from Arrowhead Island, 14CF343

Ceramic Sherds from Arrowhead Island, 14CF343
Date: 1-1000 CE
These nine rim and body sherds were collected from the Arrowhead Island site in Coffey County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1982. The Arrowhead Island site was a village of the Early Ceramic Period and the Kansas City Hopewell culture. The pottery, one with a repair hole, has a variety of decoration: bosses, diagonal and horizontal incised lines, diagonal tool trails, and dentate stamping. Some of the sherds were reconstructed by the donor.


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