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Kansas Memory has been created by the Kansas State Historical Society to share its historical collections via the Internet. Read more.

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Objects and Artifacts - Archeological Artifacts - Artifact Type - Pipe

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Arapaho Pipe

Arapaho Pipe
Date: Unknown
The records indicate that this pipe was made by someone from the Arapaho tribe on the Wind River Reservation in Wyoming. It was purchased by two different museums, before finally being purchased by the Kansas Historical Society in 1956. The soft, fine-grained material of the stone enabled the carver to shape and smooth the pipe and drill holes for the bowl and stem. It was likely never smoked as no traces of dottle (tobacco residue) remain within the bowl or on the rim.


Artifact Collection from 14MY395

Artifact Collection from 14MY395
Date: 1-1900 CE
These three artifacts were collected from an archeological site in Montgomery County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1975. The site was listed as an Early Ceramic period site, but with the inclusion of the Historic pipe it shows that people were at the site long after that time period. Shown are a small scraper made on Permian chert, a corner notched dart point made on heat treated Permian chert, and a fragment of a molded ceramic pipe bowl.


Carved Pipestone Pipe

Carved Pipestone Pipe
Date: Unknown
This pipestone pipe, possibly Apache in origin, was donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1959. The soft pipestone enabled the pipe's maker to carve it into its finale shape and incise a deep line 3/4 of the way around the stem end of the pipe. Pipes were used during trade negotiations and to mark special occasions.


Catlinite Pipe from Jefferson County

Catlinite Pipe from Jefferson County
Date: 1350-1850 CE
This Catlinite pipe was found in Jefferson County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1925. In Kansas, these pipes generally were made by American Indians between 1350 CE to 1850. The soft fine grain material of Catlinite enabled the pipe's maker to carve it into its rectangular shape. Pipes were used during trade negotiations and to mark special occasions.


Ceramic Pipe Bowl from 14SA409

Ceramic Pipe Bowl from 14SA409
Date: 1-1500 CE
This pipe bowl was recovered from the surface of a Saline County camp site and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 2017. The site was occupied during the Upper Republican and Smoky Hill phases during the Early and Middle Ceramic periods. The pipe retains faint traces of dottle (tobacco residue) within the bowl. The rim of the bowl was molded so as to flare outward.


Ceramic Pipe Bowl from the Paint Creek Site, 14MP1

Ceramic Pipe Bowl from the Paint Creek Site, 14MP1
Date: 1500-1800 CE
This ceramic pipe bowl was found at the Paint Creek village in McPherson County, Kansas. There are no traces of tobacco residue within the bowl. The pipe bowl was donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1971. The Paint Creek site is part of the Little River focus of the Great Bend aspect (ancestral Wichita), whose people practiced fishing, hunting, gathering, and agriculture.


Ceramic Pipe Fragment from 14AT405

Ceramic Pipe Fragment from 14AT405
Date: 1-1000 CE
This ceramic pipe stem was collected from an Early Ceramic period camp site in Atchison County and donated in 1979 to the Kansas Historical Society. The pipe bowl is missing.


Ceramic Pipe Fragment from El Cuartelejo, 14SC1

Ceramic Pipe Fragment from El Cuartelejo, 14SC1
Date: 1650-1750 CE
This ceramic pipe fragment was recovered from the El Cuartelejo site in Scott County. The site, unique in Kansas, is the location of a seven room pueblo occupied by refugees from the Taos and Picuris pueblos in New Mexico in addition to Dismal River aspect groups (Apache). El Cuartelejo, also called the Scott County Pueblo, has been excavated and studied by many archeologists since 1898. The pipe was recovered during the 1976 Kansas Archeology Training Program. The fragment possibly represents a mouthpiece for a pipe or a fragment of a tubular style pipe called a "cloud blower."


Ceramic Pipe Fragments from the Baker House, 14MO701

Ceramic Pipe Fragments from the Baker House, 14MO701
Date: 1862
These four pipe fragments were recovered during excavations in 1972-1973 by the Kansas State Teacher's College (now Emporia State University). It was donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1993. The archeological site, along the Santa Fe Trail in Morris County, was the location of the Baker House, which burned in 1862, along with the nearby store, during the murder of A.I. Baker. Two are pipe bowls decorated in a series of vertical flutes, Another is a pipe stem manufactured from a mold with two rings encircling the edge. The final artifact is a pipe stem and bowl fragments with traces of dottle, tobacco residue, in the bowl and a brass band as a connector.


Ceramic Pipe Stem and Bowl from 14EK309

Ceramic Pipe Stem and Bowl from 14EK309
Date: 1850-1920
This pipe fragment was recovered from the surface of a multicomponent (multiple occupations) site in Elk County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1975. This historic period artifact has a faint mark, perhaps a maker's mark, on one side of the stem.


Ceramic Pipe from Leavenworth County

Ceramic Pipe from Leavenworth County
Date: 1000 - 1600 CE
This ceramic (clay) pipe was commonly manufactured by Plains and Eastern Native Americans in North America. This one was found in Leavenworth County. These pipes were used for smoking tobacco and were introduced and traded to Europeans during the American Colonial period. Early European trade pipes were modeled on the Native American designs. The bowls were often decorated with intricate lines and patterns below the rim and on the body.


Ceramic Pipe from the Ade Site, 14MP311

Ceramic Pipe from the Ade Site, 14MP311
Date: 1850-1900
This pipe fragment was collected from a multicomponent site in McPherson County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 2004. Most of the artifacts from this site dated to the Middle Ceramic and Late Ceramic periods, but this artifact is firmly into the Historic Period. Only the stem end of the pipe remains. It shows no traces of having been smoked.


Ceramic Pipe from the Kansas River Valley

Ceramic Pipe from the Kansas River Valley
Date: Unknown
This pipe was found in the Kansas River Valley and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1925. A raised band surrounds the stem attachment and a series of lines run perpendicular to the band. Traces of dottle (tobacco residue) remains in the pipe bowl's interior.


Ceramic Pipe from the Living the Dream Site, 14CO382

Ceramic Pipe from the Living the Dream Site, 14CO382
Date: 1400-1725 CE
The clay pipe fragment was recovered from a Phase IV salvage project in 1994 at the Living the Dream site by Kansas Historical Society archeologists and crew. The site, in Cowley County, was a Great Bend aspect village that had been much impacted by modern activities. The pipe retains faint traces of dottle (tobacco residue) within the bowl. Scratches on the outer surface may have been intentional.


Ceramic Pipe from the Minneapolis Site, 14OT5

Ceramic Pipe from the Minneapolis Site, 14OT5
Date: 1232-1409 CE
This ceramic pipe was recovered from excavations during the 1973 Kansas Archeology Program at the Minneapolis site in Ottawa County. The Minneapolis site was a Smoky Hill aspect village site, with this pipe being recovered from one of the many house mounds. The plain pipe was fashioned from clay. Traces of dottle (tobacco residue) remain within the pipe bowl's interior. Pipes were used during trade negotiations and to mark special occasions.


Ceramic Pipe from the Quindaro Site, 14WY314

Ceramic Pipe from the Quindaro Site, 14WY314
Date: 1850-1859
This ceramic pipe was recovered during excavations at the Quindaro townsite in 1986. It was first associated with a feature at the site that was discovered to be a late 19th to early 20th century farmstead. However, as it was recovered deeply buried in a trench the Archaeologist determined that it dated from the 1850s. The pipe has a faint mark, perhaps a maker's mark, on either side of the stem. A small amount of charcoal-like residue is at the base of the pipe bowl's interior, though there are no other signs that it had been smoked.


Ceramic Pipe from the Radio Lane Site, 14CO385

Ceramic Pipe from the Radio Lane Site, 14CO385
Date: 1400-1725 CE
This ceramic pipe fragment was excavated at the Radio Lane site in Cowley County. The site was a large Great Bend aspect village. Kansas Historical Society archeologists and crew excavated there during a Phase IV archeological investigation in 1995. Incised lines and triangles surround the bowl fragment. Traces of dottle (tobacco residue) remains in the pipe bowl's interior.


Ceramic Pipe from the Woods Site, 14CY30

Ceramic Pipe from the Woods Site, 14CY30
Date: 989-1436 CE
Ceramic (clay) pipes, such as this one, were commonly manufactured by Plains and Eastern Native Americans in North America. This pipe was recovered from the Woods site, a Smoky Hill phase village in Clay County, occupied during the Middle Ceramic period. This tubular pipe was used for smoking tobacco.


Decorated Pipestone Pipe

Decorated Pipestone Pipe
Date: Unknown
This pipestone pipe was donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1956. The stem end of the pipe has been carved into an octagonal shape and seven of the eight sides are decorated with a floral and crosshatch motif. In Kansas, these pipes generally were carved by American Indians between 1350 CE to 1850, though they continue to be made today. The soft, fine-grained material of the pipestone enabled the carver to shape, smooth, and decorate the pipe.


Decorated Pipestone Pipe Stem from the Paint Creek Site, 14MP1

Decorated Pipestone Pipe Stem from the Paint Creek Site, 14MP1
Date: 1500-1800 CE
The pipestone pipe stem was excavated in 1935 by avocational archeologists and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1971. The pipe has an incised line encircling the pipe 1.5cm from the stem edge. It was never smoked and was likely broken during manufacture. Pipes like this one were used during trade negotiations and to mark special occasions. The pipe was located in a cache at the Paint Creek site, a village in McPherson County. The Paint Creek site is part of the Little River focus of the Great Bend aspect (ancestral Wichita), whose people practiced fishing, hunting, gathering, and agriculture.


Diminutive Pipe from the Mem Site, 14MN328

Diminutive Pipe from the Mem Site, 14MN328
Date: 1500 CE-1800
This pipestone pipe, extremely small yet quite refined, was excavated in 1986 during a highway salvage project undertaken by Kansas Historical Society archeologists and Kansas Anthropological Association volunteers. The Mem site, in Marion County, is a Great Bend aspect, protohistoric Wichita village site. The pipe shown here is made of Kansas pipestone and was not well cleaned as it was hoped that the material inside the pipe might be analyzed in the future. The soft fine grained material of pipestone enabled the pipe's maker to carve it into its elbow-like shape. Pipes were used during trade negotiations and to mark special occasions. In Kansas, these pipes are generally made by American Indians between 1650 to 1850.


Effigy Pipe

Effigy Pipe
Date: 1200 CE-1400 CE
This broken fragment was once part of a stone pipe that had a carved portion that resembled an animal. It was found at the Curry site, a village site in Greenwood County, and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1984.


Effigy Pipe

Effigy Pipe
Date: 1350 CE-1850
This partial effigy pipe was found in Atchison County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1925. In Kansas, these pipes generally were carved by American Indians between 1350 CE to 1850, though they continue to be made today. The soft, fine-grained material of the pipestone enabled the carver to shape and smooth the pipe, carve the effigy on the bottom and drill holes for the bowl and stem. The bowl and part of the effigy have been broken off. Pipes were used during trade negotiations and to mark special occassions.


Effigy Pipe Fragment from the Minneapolis Site, 14OT5

Effigy Pipe Fragment from the Minneapolis Site, 14OT5
Date: 1232 CE-1409 CE
This broken fragment of a possible pipestone effigy pipe was recovered from the Minneapolis site in Ottawa County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1993. The village site was occupied during the Middle Ceramic period and had several Smoky Hill aspect house mounds. In Kansas, pipes like this generally were carved by American Indians between 1350 CE to 1850, though they continue to be made today. The soft, fine-grained material of the pipestone enabled the carver to shape and smooth the pipe. This pipe broke near the bowl portion and has a series of curved carved lines across the bottom and onto the side. Pipes were used during trade negotiations and to mark special occasions.


Elbow Pipe Bowl from a Kansa Site

Elbow Pipe Bowl from a Kansa Site
Date: 1820-1848
This pipestone pipe bowl was collected from 14SH302 and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in the 1920s. 14SH302 is the possible location of American Chief's Village, the smallest of three Kansa Indian Villages in Shawnee County. The soft fine grain material enabled the carver to shape and smooth the piece and incise a line around the stem end of the bowl.


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