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Objects and Artifacts - Archeological Artifacts - Artifact Type - Celt

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Axe or Celt from the Trowbridge Site, 14WY1

Axe or Celt from the Trowbridge Site, 14WY1
Date: 1-250 CE
This partial axe or celt was found at the Trowbridge archeological site in Wyandotte County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1973. Trowbridge is a Kansas City Hopewell site from the Early Ceramic Period. During this time archeologists find evidence of houses, cultivated plants, and decorated pottery. Without the poll end of the artifact it is impossible to tell if it was an axe or a celt. Either way, this woodworking tool would have been made by grinding or pecking it into a general shape followed by polishing. It would have been hafted onto a handle and required periodic resharpening.


Celt from 14AT410

Celt from 14AT410
Date: 1-1000 CE
This celt was recovered from the surface of an Early Ceramic period camp site in Atchison County. This woodworking tool would have been manufactured by grinding or pecking it into a general shape followed by polishing. It would have been hafted onto a handle and required periodic resharpening.


Celt from 14DP318

Celt from 14DP318
Date: 1-1000 CE
This celt was found in an Early Ceramic period camp site in Doniphan County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1925. This woodworking tool would have been manufactured by grinding or pecking it into a general shape followed by polishing. It would have been hafted onto a handle and required periodic resharpening.


Celt from 14EK309

Celt from 14EK309
Date: Unknown
This celt was recovered from the surface of a multicomponent (multiple occupations) American Indian camp site in Elk County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1972. Celts such as this one were made by pecking a hard stone into a rough shape then grinding and polishing it into its final state. The finished celt was socketed into a handle and each time it was used it would have seated itself more firmly into the handle. The polish on the ends of the celts are the result of use contact with plant materials, such as wood. Celts often date to the Late Archaic period through the Late Ceramic period, when they were replaced by iron axes.


Celt from 14LN344

Celt from 14LN344
Date: Unknown
This large celt was recovered from the surface of a multicomponent site in Linn County. Archeologists use the word multicomponent to indicate that a site has been occupied intermittently throughout time. This site was occupied by various groups of people from the Archaic to the Historic periods. This woodworking tool would have been manufactured by grinding or pecking it into general shape, followed by polishing. The finished celt was socketed into a handle and each time it was used it would have seated itself more firmly into the handle. The polish on the ends of the celts are the result of use contact with plant materials, such as wood. Celts often date to the Late Archaic period through the Late Ceramic period, when they were replaced by iron axes.


Celt from 14ML306

Celt from 14ML306
Date: 1000-1500 CE
This celt was recovered from a Mitchell County archeological site in 1975. This woodworking tool would have been made by grinding or pecking the stone into a general shape, followed by polishing. It would have been hafted onto a handle and required periodic resharpening.


Celt from 14MY359

Celt from 14MY359
Date: 1000-1500 CE
This celt was collected from a Middle Ceramic period site in Montgomery County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1973. Celts are woodworking tools and would have been manufactured by grinding or pecking it into a general shape followed by polishing. It would have been hafted onto a handle and required periodic resharpening. This artifact has not been polished so appears to be unfinished.


Celt from 14OS1308

Celt from 14OS1308
Date: 6000 BCE-1500 CE
This celt was recovered from a multicomponent site in Osage County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 2014. Archeologists use the word multicomponent to indicate that a site has been occupied intermittently throughout time. This woodworking tool would have been manufactured by grinding or pecking it into a general shape followed by polishing. It would have been hafted onto a handle and required periodic resharpening.


Celt from 14OT402

Celt from 14OT402
Date: 1000-1500 CE
This granite celt was recovered from the surface of a Middle Ceramic period camp site in Ottawa County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 2017. The site may have had the remains of a least one house. This celt was made by pecking a hard stone into a rough shape then grinding and polishing it into its final shape. Most likely it would have been inserted into a wooden handle.


Celt from 14SA431

Celt from 14SA431
Date: 8000 BCE-1000 CE
This large celt was recovered from a multicomponent camp site in Saline County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 2017. Archeologists use the word multicomponent to indicate that a site has been occupied intermittently throughout time. This woodworking tool would have been manufactured by grinding or pecking it into a general shape, followed by polishing. It would have been hafted onto a handle and required periodic resharpening.


Celt from 14WY308

Celt from 14WY308
Date: 1-1500 CE
This celt was collected from a multicomponent (multiple occupations) site in Wyandotte County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1973. This woodworking tool would have been manufactured by grinding or pecking it into a general shape followed by polishing. It would have been hafted onto a handle and required periodic resharpening.


Celt from Anderson County

Celt from Anderson County
Date: Unknown
This small celt was collected from Anderson County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society. This woodworking tool would have been made by grinding or pecking it into a general shape, followed by polishing. It would have been hafted onto a handle and required periodic resharpening.


Celt from Anderson County

Celt from Anderson County
Date: Unknown
This celt was collected from Anderson County and donated in 1980 to the Kansas Historical Society. This woodworking tool would have been manufactured by grinding or pecking it into a general shape, followed by polishing. It would have been hafted onto a handle and required periodic resharpening.


Celt from Doniphan County

Celt from Doniphan County
Date: 2000 BCE-1700 CE
A celt, such as this one, was made by pecking a hard stone into a rough shape then grinding and polishing it into its final state. The finished celt was socketed into a handle and each time it was used it would have seated itself more firmly into the handle. The polish on the ends of the celts are the result of use contact with plant materials, such as wood. Celts often date to the Late Archaic period through the Late Ceramic period, when they were replaced by iron axes. This celt was collected from Doniphan County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 2008.


Celt from Johnson County

Celt from Johnson County
Date: Unknown
This celt was collected from Johnson County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society. This woodworking tool would have been made by grinding or pecking it into a general shape, followed by polishing. It would have been hafted onto a handle and required periodic resharpening.


Celt from Leavenworth County

Celt from Leavenworth County
Date: Unknown
This celt was found in the Pilot Knob area of Leavenworth County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1879. This woodworking tool would have been manufactured by grinding or pecking it into general shape, followed by polishing. It would have been hafted onto a handle and required periodic resharpening.


Celt from Riley County

Celt from Riley County
Date: Unknown
This celt was made by pecking a hard stone into a rough shape and then grinding and polishing it into its final shape. Following that it could have been inserted into a handle or simply hand-held and used as a woodworking tool. The celt was donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1925.


Celt from the Davitz Farm Site, 14AT428

Celt from the Davitz Farm Site, 14AT428
Date: 1-1000 CE
This celt was collected from the Davitz Farm site and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1925. The site was an Early Ceramic period camp site in Atchison County. This woodworking tool would have been manufactured by grinding or pecking it into a general shape followed by polishing. It would have been hafted onto a handle and required periodic resharpening.


Celt from the Foltz Site, 14WB386

Celt from the Foltz Site, 14WB386
Date: 7000 BCE-1500 CE
This small, unfinished celt was collected from the Foltz site, a Native American camp site in Wabaunsee County with multiple occupations from the Archaic to the Middle Ceramic periods. The celt was donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 2018. This woodworking tool would have been manufactured by grinding or pecking it into a general shape followed by polishing. It would have been hafted onto a handle and required periodic resharpening.


Celt from the Hayes-23-2 Site, 14AT434

Celt from the Hayes-23-2 Site, 14AT434
Date: 1-1000 CE
This celt was collected from an Early Ceramic period site in Atchison County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 2018. This woodworking tool would have been manufactured by grinding or pecking it into a general shape followed by polishing. It would have been hafted onto a handle and required periodic resharpening.


Celt from the Iwig Site, 14SH389

Celt from the Iwig Site, 14SH389
Date: Unknown
This celt was found at the Iwig site and donated to the Kansas Historic Society in 1957. The Iwig site was a muticomponent (multiple occupations) site in Shawnee County. This woodworking tool would have been manufactured by grinding and pecking it into a general shape, followed by polishing. It would have required periodic resharpening.


Celt from the Leary Site, 14BN1336 and 25RH1

Celt from the Leary Site, 14BN1336 and 25RH1
Date: 1194-1477 CE
This complete celt was collected from the Leary site and donated to the Kansas Historical Society. The Leary site was a large Oneota village that likely was periodically occupied by other groups. The site straddles the state line between Kansas and Nebraska, with a large portion on the Richardson County, Nebraska side and a smaller portion on the Brown County, Kansas side. The site was primarily occupied during the Late Prehistoric Period, with a few radiocarbon dates suggesting 1194 to 1477. This woodworking tool would have been manufactured by grinding or pecking it into a general shape followed by polishing. It would have been hafted onto a handle and required periodic resharpening.


Celt from the Mallow Site, 14DP1312

Celt from the Mallow Site, 14DP1312
Date: Unknown
This nearly complete celt was collected from the Mallows site, an American Indian camp site in Doniphan County, and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1925. This woodworking tool would have been manufactured by grinding or pecking it into a general shape followed by polishing. It would have been hafted onto a handle and required periodic resharpening.


Celt from the Radio Lane Site, 14CO385

Celt from the Radio Lane Site, 14CO385
Date: 1400-1725 CE
This celt fragment was recovered at the Radio Lane site, a large Great Bend aspect (ancestral Wichita) village in Cowley County. The celt was shaped by both chipping and abrading or grinding. Celts are generally thought to be woodworking tools, though this one may have served other functions as it has hematite stains on each side. Kansas Historical Society archeologists and crew excavated at the site during 1995.


Celt from the Stanley Site, 14DP1310

Celt from the Stanley Site, 14DP1310
Date: Unknown
This celt was collected from an American Indian camp site in Doniphan County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1925. This woodworking tool would have been manufactured by grinding or pecking it into a general shape followed by polishing. It would have been hafted onto a handle and required periodic resharpening.


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