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Grant Harrington's Shawnee Baptist Mission correspondence

Grant Harrington's Shawnee Baptist Mission correspondence
Creator: Harrington, Grant W
Date: January 01, 1934-January 02, 1934
This correspondence focuses on Grant W. Harrington's work at the Shawnee Baptist Mission near Kansas City, Kansas. In particular, Harrington's goal was correct rumors regarding the Shawnee Baptist Mission. Harrington's letter of January 1, 1934, indicates that he was well-versed on the Shawnee Baptist Mission, and the many locations that had been proposed as the site of the once busy Mission.


Johnston Lykins

Johnston Lykins
Date: Between 1840 and 1860
Johnston Lykins was a well-known missionary, physician, and translator who worked with the Pottawatomi and Shawnee Indians who had moved to Indian Territory (present-day Kansas) after the passage of the Indian Removal Act in 1830. In 1831, after serving as a missionary to the Indian tribes in Indiana and Michigan, Lykins and his first wife Delilah (McCoy) Lykins moved to Indian Territory. Lykins and his father-in-law, Isaac McCoy, established the Shawnee Indian Baptist Mission in present-day Johnson County, Kansas. In addition to his responsibilities as a physician, Lykins worked as a translator and developed a system of Indian orthography that allowed the Shawnee people to read and write in their native language. He edited and published the first paper printed in Shawnee, called the Sinwiowe Kesibwi (Shawnee Sun). In the spring of 1843, Lykins founded a mission among the Pottawatomi near what is today Topeka. Due, perhaps, to inter-denominational conflicts and other problems with the mission, Lykins left the Pottawatomi mission and moved to Kansas City, Missouri. He served as the second mayor of Kansas City in 1854, and he remained in residence there until his death in 1876.


Johnston Lykins' Shawnee verb conjugations

Johnston Lykins' Shawnee verb conjugations
Creator: Lykins, Johnston, 1800?-1876
Date: 1842
In his journal Johnston Lykins, a missionary to the Shawnee Indians in Kansas Territory, jotted down verb conjugations for the Shawnee alphabet he had developed while working at the Shawnee Mission. The notes include both singular and plural forms of the verb "to strike" in English and in Shawnee.


Johnston Lykins Journal Entries

Johnston Lykins Journal Entries
Creator: Lykins, Johnston, 1800?-1876
Date: February 23, 1842-March 5, 1842
Dr. Johnston Lykins, a Baptist missionary to the Shawnee Indians in Indian Territory (present-day Kansas), edited the Shawnee Sun, a newspaper printed in the Shawnee language. In these journal entries from 1842, Lykins wrote about his efforts to teach Shawnee pupils how to read under this alphabet (the Shawnee language had no written system). Lykins also spent some time traveling to visit and treat the sick.


Johnston Lykins journal entry, October 27, 1832

Johnston Lykins journal entry, October 27, 1832
Creator: Lykins, Johnston, 1800?-1876
Date: October 27, 1832
According to this journal entry, Johnston Lykins and his fellow missionaries at the Shawnee Mission in Indian Territory (now northeast Kansas) had written to the school board requesting permission to provide meals for the students. Their request was denied, and the missionaries feared that their students would no longer attend classes.


Johnston Lykins journal entry, undated

Johnston Lykins journal entry, undated
Creator: Lykins, Johnston, 1800?-1876
Date: Between 1826 and 1842
In this undated journal entry, Johnston Lykins, a Baptist missionary to the Shawnee of northeast Kansas, gives his perspective on how the U.S. government and Indian agents have treated emigrant Indians in Kansas. He also discusses how many of these Indian tribes are suffering from starvation.


Jotham Meeker

Jotham Meeker
Date: Between 1850 and 1855
Portrait of Jotham Meeker, a Baptist missionary, who came to Kansas in the autumn of 1833. He brought the first printing press to Kansas. Employing 23 letters for translating Indian languages, Meeker's system enabled him to print in many Native American languages, including Delaware, Shawnee, Potawatomi, Otoe, Choctaw, Muscogee (Creek), Wea, Kansas, and Ioway.


Jotham Meeker journals

Jotham Meeker journals
Creator: Meeker, Jotham, 1804-1855
Date: September 10, 1832-January 4, 1855
The journals of Jotham Meeker, in three volumes, describe his daily activities as an Indian missionary, printer, and minister in Michigan and Kansas territories. In 1825 Meeker served as a teacher and preacher among the Pottawatomis, the Ottawas, and later the Chippewas in Michigan. The Board of Baptist Missions sent Meeker to Indian Territory in 1833 in an area that would later become Kansas. Due in part to the Indian Removal Act of 1830, the U.S. government was relocating many Eastern tribes west of the Mississippi River. Meeker was assigned to the Shawnee tribe as a printer-missionary. By February 1834 he had set up his printing press at the Shawnee Baptist Mission in present Johnson County, Kansas. In May 1837 Meeker began his own mission among the Ottawas near present Ottawa, Kansas. Meeker died at the Ottawa mission in January 1855. A full transcription (PDF) is available below under "External Links." Images of the original journals are followed by images of the typescript copies. Funding to digitize these journals was donated by Dr. A. Allan Schmid.


Jotham Meeker to Rev. Crosby

Jotham Meeker to Rev. Crosby
Creator: Meeker, Jotham, 1804-1855
Date: January 10, 1834
In this letter to Rev. Crosby, of the Baptist Board of Foreign Missions, missionary Jotham Meeker expressed his interest in bringing the Christian gospel to the Ottawa Indians. Meeker was currently stationed at the Shawnee Baptist Mission in Indian Territory (today part of northeast Kansas). He was particularly concerned about their opposition to missionaries. Meeker also wrote about the influx of Indian tribes who were embracing agriculture.


Jotham Meeker to Rev. Lucius Bolles

Jotham Meeker to Rev. Lucius Bolles
Creator: Meeker, Jotham, 1804-1855
Date: November 29, 1833
In this letter Jotham Meeker, a Baptist missionary to the Shawnee in Indian Territory, discussed the Ottawa Indians who were residing on Shawnee lands. Meeker spoke to several Ottawa chiefs about spreading the Christian gospel, and he hoped that he could work among them as a missionary. Also, Meeker discussed how the Ottawa may be forced to move once other tribes take possession of land in Indian Territory. He also mentioned the Methodist mission established among the Potawatomi. Reverend Lucius Bolles, the recipient of this letter, was Meeker's contact at the Baptist Board of Foreign Missions.


Jotham Meeker to Rev. S. Peck

Jotham Meeker to Rev. S. Peck
Creator: Meeker, Jotham, 1804-1855
Date: August 15, 1849
Jotham Meeker, misionary and printer, arrived in Kansas in 1833 and set up a printing press at Shawnee Baptist Mission. Meeker joined the Ottawa Indians in 1837 and founded a mission on the Marais des Cygnes River where present day Ottawa stands. The Ottawa Indians began moving to Kansas from Ohio in the early 1830s. Meeker opened his letter with personal matters and them turned to affairs concerning the Indians in Kansas. He talked about cholera, which killed many Indians in the summer of 1849.


Notes for Old Settlers Meeting

Notes for Old Settlers Meeting
Date: September 04, 1926
This item, which was prepared for the Old Settlers Meeting of 1926, provides details regarding the arrival of the Shawnee tribe, the prominent Shawnee missions, Mormon missionary work, and also addresses other items that were discussed at the meeting.


Reverend J.T. Crawford to George A. Root

Reverend J.T. Crawford to George A. Root
Creator: Crawford, Reverend J.T.
Date: January 20, 1934
In this letter to George A. Root of the Kansas Historical Society, Reverend J.T. Crawford discusses the location of the Shawnee Baptist Mission in Kansas. Rev. Crawford states that the Shawnee Baptist Mission "was located on part of what is now the SW 1/4 of the SE 1/4 of the NE 1/4 of Section 5m in Township 12, Range 25 E Johnson County, Kansas." The accompanying newspaper entries were compiled by Grant W. Harrington, and sent to the Daughters of the American Revolution in January 1934.


Shawnee Baptist Mission, 1908

Shawnee Baptist Mission, 1908
Creator: Shawnee Baptist Mission
Date: February 28, 1908
This item, a hand-drawn map of the Shawnee Baptist Mission premises, depicts the Mission's layout as recalled by someone who had lived there while it was active.


Shawnee Sun (Siwinowe Kesibwi)

Shawnee Sun (Siwinowe Kesibwi)
Creator: Lykins, Johnston, 1800?-1876
Date: November 1841
This photo static copy of the Shawnee Sun represents the first newspaper printed in Kansas (then known as Indian Territory). The paper was written in the Shawnee alphabet created by Johnston Lykins, a Baptist missionary to the Shawnee Indians. The newspaper lists John Gill Pratt as publisher. The original paper copy of this issue is held by the LaBudde Special Collections Department, Miller Nichols Library, University of Missouri-Kansas City.


Wa fa fe (Wa sha she) wa gry sy (book)

Wa fa fe (Wa sha she) wa gry sy (book)
Creator: Lykins, Johnston, 1800?-1876
Date: 1837
This Washashe (Osage) Indian language grammer was created by Johnston Lykins and printed at the Shawnee Baptist Mission.


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