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A Plan to Place the Business of Farming Upon a Paying Basis

A Plan to Place the Business of Farming Upon a Paying Basis
Creator: Geary County Farmer's Alliance and Industrial Union
Date: 1891
At its meeting in Junction City on December 17, 1890, the Geary County Farmer's Alliance and Industrial Union appointed a committee of John Hay, J. L. Hulse and Jas. H. Gabby to report to the group on how farmers might be more profitable. They reported on Jan. 10, 1891, and their plan was adopted by the Geary County Farmer's Alliance and Industrial Union. It calls for farmers to work together to impact prices and supplies rather than being at the mercy of purchasers and speculators. It encouraged an effort to jointly hold back cattle from the Kansas City market for one day in an effort to increase the prices paid to farmers.


A hand-book devoted mainly to the money question

A hand-book devoted mainly to the money question
Creator: Maxson, Perry Burdick, 1826-1920
Date: 1891
This handbook presents a discussion about what is wrong in the economic system, according to the Populist perspective. It was written by P. B. Maxson and J. C. Hebbard, both Kansans, who were active in the Alliance and Populist causes. It deals primarily with financial issues, but contains some information on the price of crops, railroads, etc.


An act regulating the diversion, appropriation, storage and distribution of water for industrial purposes

An act regulating the diversion, appropriation, storage and distribution of water for industrial purposes
Creator: Kansas. Legislature
Date: 1891
In this bill (H.B. 602), the House Committee on Irrigation drafted legislation to control and regulate the rights of water in Kansas. Articles within the bill include, Diversion and Appropriation of water for industrial purposes, rights of use of water, right of way, disposal of seepage water, creation of irrigation ditches, construction and maintenance and operation of works, regulation of rates and compensation, and unlawful interference. The bill passed both the house and senate and was signed into law March 10, 1891.


Anderson County, Kansas, fair

Anderson County, Kansas, fair
Creator: Anderson County Fair Association
Date: September 25 - 28, 1891
This poster announces the Anderson County fair. The poster includes a color illustration of a fair scene with livestock and exhibit buildings. Fair officers are R. T. Stokes, president, and M. L. White, secretary.


Anderson County, Kansas, fair

Anderson County, Kansas, fair
Date: August 25 - 28, 1891
This poster announces a fair to be held in Anderson County, Kansas. The poster includes a color illustration of a sulky race with horses and riders. Fair officers are R. T. Stokes, president, and M. L. White, secretary.


A party of patches

A party of patches
Creator: Judge Magazine
Date: June 6, 1891
This political cartoon drawn by Bernard Gilliam was copied from the satirical magazine Judge presents the Republican perception of the People's (Populist) Party. The artist depicts the People's Party as a hot air balloon made up of a patchwork of pieces, with each piece labeled with the name of the political organization or party that has been subsumed under the banner of the Populists. Some of the more recognizable "patches" include the Prohibition Party, the Greenback Party, the Farmer's Alliance, and the Knights of Labor Party. Inside the balloon's basket are two leading Populists from Kansas, William Peffer and "Sockless" Jerry Simpson.


A practical step toward solving the relations of producer and consumer, taken by the Alliance Produce Company, at Topeka, Kansas

A practical step toward solving the relations of producer and consumer, taken by the Alliance Produce Company, at Topeka, Kansas
Creator: Alliance Produce Company
Date: 1891
This pamphlet explains how the Alliance Produce Company proposed to allow the producer to eliminate steps in getting products to the consumer and, thus, increasing the producer's profits. The company was an attempt to put Populist principles into action. The company was located in Topeka, Kansas. Its secretary and general manager was Loren L Hopkins. The pamphlet also includes a stamp for Jas. H. Lathrop, a general agent of the Alliance Produce Company.


Augusta Bruchmiller memorandum book

Augusta Bruchmiller memorandum book
Creator: Bruchmiller, Augusta
Date: Between January 1890 and March 1896
Augusta Bruchmiller recorded income and expenditures for the family farm from 1890 through 1896 in this ledger book. Otto (husband) and Carl (son) may also have made entries. Expenditures are very detailed and illustrate the types of products and supplies purchased by this farm family. Items purchased include fabric, furniture, magazines, shoes, toothpicks, photographs, soap, starch, and numerous other items. Food supplies that were purchased include baking powder, soda, cranberries, coffee, tea, chocolate, etc. According to the donor, in November 1895, daughter Vera died of "inflammation of the stomach" and entries in the book reflect expenses for a doctor and the graveyard. Income came from the sale of butter, eggs, and other items grown on the farm as well as money earned by the children. The family lived in Sarcoxie Township, Jefferson County, ten miles north of Lawrence, Kansas. Brookmiller was an alternate form of the surname Bruchmiller. This book was loaned for copying by family members.


Beautiful Oklahoma and the Santa Fe Route

Beautiful Oklahoma and the Santa Fe Route
Creator: Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railway Company
Date: 1891
A brochure promoting immigration to Oklahoma and the Indian territories using the Santa Fe route. Information about various cities, mineral resources, the Homestead Law, and the raising of cotton are included. Detailed maps of Oklahoma and the southwestern United States are also included.


Capitol, Topeka, Kansas

Capitol, Topeka, Kansas
Creator: Cone, William Whitney
Date: 1891
This sepia colored photograph shows construction on the capitol dome at Topeka, Kansas. Located on twenty acres of land once owned by Cyrus K. Holliday, work began on October 17, 1866 when the cornerstone was laid for the east wing. Thirty-seven years later, the statehouse, an example of French Renaissance architecture and Corinthian details, was completed at a total cost of $3,200,588.92.


Dance at McCarty's skating rink in Dodge City, Kansas

Dance at McCarty's skating rink in Dodge City, Kansas
Date: 1891
This is a photograph showing a dance at Dr. Thomas McCarty's skating rink in Dodge City, Kansas. Dr. McCarty's roller rink opened in 1885 and also served as an opera house.


Dance card

Dance card
Date: 1891
Multi-page dance card from the Second Annual Ball of the Topeka Police Relief Association, January 22, 1891. Belonged to John W. Gardiner, who was Topeka's Chief of Police from 1889 to 1892.


Declaration of principles, platform, constitution and by-laws of the National Citizens' Industrial Alliance and proceeding of the National Assembly held at Topeka, January 13 to 17, 1891

Declaration of principles, platform, constitution and by-laws of the National Citizens' Industrial Alliance and proceeding of the National Assembly held at Topeka, January 13 to 17, 1891
Creator: National Citizen's Industrial Alliance
Date: 1891
This pamphlet provides information about the efforts to organize the National Citizens' Industrial Alliance. The organization was trying to unite farmers and laborers into one reform organization to promote issues such as the abolition of national banks, unlimited coinage of silver and gold, and federal laws prohibiting alien ownership of land, dealing in agricultural futures, fair taxation, etc. The group was organized at a meeting January 13--17, 1891, in the Knights of Labor Hall, Topeka, Kansas. Many of these ideas were adopted by the Populists and Populist supporters mentioned in the pamphlet include W. F. Rightmire, S.N. Wood, Mary E. Lease, and Annie Diggs. The constitution and by-laws deal with procedures rather than issues.


Eighth biennial report of the Kansas State Board of Agriculture, 1891-1892

Eighth biennial report of the Kansas State Board of Agriculture, 1891-1892
Creator: Kansas State Board of Agriculture
Date: 1893
This biennial report from the Kansas State Board of Agriculture contains two parts and the page numbering starts over at the beginning of Part II. The volume contains a section on each county, providing summary information about the history of the county, a description of the landscape, crops, livestock, schools, and churches. A large number of tables with statistics about Kansas residents and crop yields, broken down by county, are also included. Other chapters are devoted to interesting subjects such as apiculture, artificial forests, loco weeds, and chinch bugs.


Fair at Garnett, Kansas

Fair at Garnett, Kansas
Date: August 25 - 28, 1891
This poster announces a fair to be held at Garnett, Kansas, in Anderson County.


Farm equipment on the R.B. Snell farm, Thomas County, Kansas

Farm equipment on the R.B. Snell farm, Thomas County, Kansas
Date: 1891
This is a photograph of a group of adults and children in their best clothes posing with various pieces of farm equipment on the R.B. Snell farm in Thomas County, Kansas.


Franklin George Adams'  Residence, Topeka, Kansas

Franklin George Adams' Residence, Topeka, Kansas
Date: May 1891
A sepia colored photo of Franklin George Adams' residence on the S.W. corner of Fifteenth and Mulvane streets in Topeka, Kansas. F. G. Adams, one of Kansas' most prominent settlers, was a free-stater and member of the Leavenworth Constitutional Convention of 1858. In 1862, he drafted the law providing for the organization of the state's agriculture society and served for three years as the society's secretary. In addition to his appointment as agriculture secretary, Adams was Clerk of the United States District Court from 1863 to 1864. Following this position, Adams was appointed United States Indian Agent to the Kickappos from 1865 to 1869. Adams' greatest and lasting contribution as a public servant was his appointment, in 1875, as secretary of the Kansas Historical Society. During his tenure as secretary, Adams dedicated his time and effort to build the society's collection of original documents for future generations to study and interpret the state's history.


Graduates from Bethany College, Topeka, Kansas

Graduates from Bethany College, Topeka, Kansas
Creator: Leonard, J. H.
Date: 1891
These two photographs show seven women who graduated in 1891 from Bethany College, Topeka, Kansas.


Gulliver bound down by the Democratic Lilliputians

Gulliver bound down by the Democratic Lilliputians
Creator: Judge Magazine
Date: Between 1890 and 1895
This political cartoon from the satirical magazine Judge illustrates the Republican perception of the Democratic Party and Peoples' (Populist) Party by adapting a classic story from Gulliver's Travels. The cartoon depicts politicians, activists, and wealthy Americans tying down a giant man who symbolizes industrial prosperity. The ties stretching across his lower body represent "tariff tinkering" and "free silver," political issues where many Democrats and Populists were in agreement. William Peffer, a Kansas Populist, stands on a podium near the center giving a speech about silver. Judge magazine, created by artists who had previously worked for the well-known magazine Puck, began in 1881.


Hand book of the Kansas Legislature

Hand book of the Kansas Legislature
Creator: George W. Crane & Co. Printers and Publishers
Date: 1889-1893
This bound volume contains hand books for the Kansas Legislature for the years 1889, 1891, and 1893. It includes a directory of elected officials, a roster of members of the Senate and House of Representatives listed by district, districts indexed by county, and lists of Senate and House of Representatives committees. The hand book explains the organization of the Kansas Legislature, how officers are elected, leave of absences, and compensation. The years are in reverse order in the volume--1893, 1891, and 1889.


Hew to the line.  A master : or : a slave.  Awake you must, or lose your place

Hew to the line. A master : or : a slave. Awake you must, or lose your place
Creator: Fish, G. H.
Date: 1891
This lengthy pamphlet appears to be written by G. H. Fish of Wellington, Kansas. It describes the inequities in the U.S. economy, focusing on the poor. It contains many Populist principles but only the Appendix (following page 34) mentions the People's party. The pamphlet also contains many religious references.


House Bill 602, Committee on Irrigation, Kansas Legislature

House Bill 602, Committee on Irrigation, Kansas Legislature
Creator: Kansas. Legislature
Date: 1891
An act providing for and regulating the diversion appropriation, storage and distribution of waters in Kansas for industrial purposes within prescribed limits and the construction, maintenance, and operation of creating and providing for water districts.


Isaac Tichenor Goodnow diary

Isaac Tichenor Goodnow diary
Creator: Goodnow, Isaac T. (Isaac Tichenor), 1814-1894
Date: 1891
Diary belonging to Isaac Goodnow, a free-state supporter and the founder of Bluemont College (predecessor to Kansas State University) in Manhattan, Kansas Territory. Although many of the entries are somewhat mundane, dealing with weather, illness, neighbors, etc., others describe political and military activities in Kansas, as well as the land speculation. Goodnow's diary makes mention of the details of his daily life and community activities, such as home maintenance and crop harvests.


Johnson County fair

Johnson County fair
Date: September 22 - 25, 1891
This poster announces a fair to be held at Edgerton, Kansas, in Johnson County. Events include horse racing, arts and trades, and other amusements. Illustrations of a fair scene and livestock are included.


Johnson County fair

Johnson County fair
Date: September 22 - 25, 1891
This poster announces a fair to be held at Edgerton, Kansas. Highlights of the fair include reduced rail rates, racing, and all of the arts and trades. The poster includes color illustrations of horse racing and livestock.


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