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Arizona interests via the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad

Arizona interests via the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad
Creator: Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railway Company
Date: 1882
This brochure encourages travel and immigration to Arizona via the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe railroad. Arizona's history, its various mines, crops, cities, livestock and lumber are detailed. There is a large map of Arizona as well as one of the United States and Mexico showing the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad routes.


Arthur Bird Hittle photographs

Arthur Bird Hittle photographs
Date: 1882-1953
This series of photographs includes an individual photograph of Arthur Bird Hittle as a baby and young adult, a portrait of him with his wife Rosalie Hittle, and an image of him with three other men in uniform. Arthur Bird Hittle is the brother of Anna Hittle Rings.


A staff correspondent of the Chicago Inter Ocean, visits Kansas

A staff correspondent of the Chicago Inter Ocean, visits Kansas
Creator: Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railway Company
Date: April 06, 1882
One of a weekly series of booklets titled "The Inter Ocean" published by the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad to promote the settling of Kansas. The topics in this eight page booklet include A Sweet Subject (sugar cane), The Land O'Mutton, Silk Culture in Kansas, Stockman's Paradise and About Ditch Farming. A farm of one thousand acres could be purchased from the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad for $6,000 on eleven years time.


Ballot box fragment

Ballot box fragment
Date: 1882
Shallow rectangular pine ballot box with irregular sides and no lid. Portion of a ballot box used at the Stafford County seat election on Apr 5th, 1882. Before the polls closed, a tornado struck the building in which the election was held. The box was carried a half mile by the storm, and the ballots it contained were never found. Stafford was defeated by St. John in a follow-up election for the Stafford County seat. A white paper label adhered to the box's underside relates the story.


Biennial report of the State Reform School, 1882

Biennial report of the State Reform School, 1882
Creator: Kansas. State Charitable Institutions
Date: 1882
The Kansas State Reform School, also known as the Industrial School for Boys, was established in 1879 by a legislative act that appropriated $35,000 for the erection of buildings in Topeka, Kansas. Control and supervision of the school was placed in the hands of the Board of Trustees of Charitable Institutions. The school was located three miles north of the capitol building on an original tract of 170 acres that was given by the city of Topeka. The west wing of the main building was opened on June 1, 1881. The school taught boys the rudiments of useful employment as a means of supporting themselves after being discharged from the facility. The boys learned, among other things, tailoring, shoe and harness making, woodworking of various kinds, baking, and printing. Information included in this item is the superintendent's report, as well as tables listing the number of boys received, discharged, and escaped each month as well as another table listing what crimes the boys had committed before coming to the institution.


Bird's eye view of Dodge City, Ford County, Kansas

Bird's eye view of Dodge City, Ford County, Kansas
Creator: Beck & Pauli
Date: 1882
This black and white lithograph shows Dodge City, Kansas, from a bird's eye view in 1882. The population was given as 1200. Street names are printed on the lithograph. The key at the bottom identifes public building, churches, schools, businesses including two newspapers and five hotels, the Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railroad depot, and some industries. The Arkansas River is shown in the lower right corner of the image. The numbers and letters from the key can be difficult to locate on the lithograph. There is some damage in the lower left corner of the lithograph.


Bird's eye view of Dodge City, Kansas

Bird's eye view of Dodge City, Kansas
Date: 1882
A copy of a lithograph which provides an annotated "bird's eye view" of the streets and buildings of Dodge City, Kansas. The county seat of Ford County, Dodge City is identified as having a population of 1,200 in 1882.


Bird's eye view of Gunnison, Colorado

Bird's eye view of Gunnison, Colorado
Creator: Stoner, J. J.
Date: 1882
This lithograph is a bird's eye view of Gunnison, Colorado. The population was 5,500 in 1882. The legend identifies the following: Court House, Jail, schools, 2 railroad depots, 2 banks, The Gunnison Valley Planing Mill, the Post Office, Water works, Gas works, newspapers, hotels, and churches. Several mountain peaks in the background are identified. The insets on the lower left show a railroad round house and the Lewis House. The insets on the lower right show Buck's addition and the Georgia Avenue School. The street names are shown. The publisher of the lithograph was J. J. Stoner of Madison, Wisconsin, and the printer wa Beck & Paul Lithograph, Milwaukee, Wisconsin.


Birthday programs for Benjamin "Pap" Singleton

Birthday programs for Benjamin "Pap" Singleton
Date: August 1882-August 1883
Here are two announcements for the programs held on Benjamin "Pap" Singleton's birthday. For his 73rd birthday in 1882, the city of Topeka hosted a celebration at Hartzell Park with music, prayer, and speeches. For his 74th birthday in 1883, the city again hosted a celebration which included barbeque, skating, boating, and croquet.


Bismark Grove, Lawrence, Kansas

Bismark Grove, Lawrence, Kansas
Date: September 18, 1882-September 23, 1882
This is a colored lithograph of Bismarck Grove, Lawrence, Kansas. It served as the site of the Western National Fair Association. The upper image shows the exposition grounds including the agricultural hall, the main exhibition hall, the machinery hall, and tracks, stands, and stables for racing. The view in the lower lift depicts the "Art Hall and Vicinity." The entrance to the fair grounds, including a depot and main gate is shown at the lower right of the image. The legend at the bottom of the lithograph states that there are 258 acres in the fiar grounds, the cost of improvements was $100,000, the distance from the Union Pacific Depot in Lawrence was one mile, and the seating capacity in the Tabernacle is 5000. It also gives the distance from Lawrence to Leavenworth, Kansas City, and Topeka. Ramsey, Millett, & Hudson Lithograph, Kansas City (no state given) produced the lithograph.


Clyde, Kansas fair

Clyde, Kansas fair
Date: September 5 - 8, 1882
This is a poster for the Clyde, Kansas, fair. Highlights include races, liberal purses, and a speech by Schuyler Colfax. An illustration of a sulky race is included.


Constitution, bylaws and rules of order of Topeka Typographical Union No. 121

Constitution, bylaws and rules of order of Topeka Typographical Union No. 121
Creator: Topeka Typographical Union No. 121 (Kan.)
Date: October 5, 1884
The typographical union in Topeka chartered December 29, 1869 was re-chartered May 19, 1892. This document includes the constitution of the local charter and rules of business.


Crowd gathered to see James Gillespie Blaine in Topeka, Kansas

Crowd gathered to see James Gillespie Blaine in Topeka, Kansas
Date: September 15, 1882
This is a stereograph showing a crowd gathered in Topeka, Kansas to see James Gillespie Blaine, United States Secretary of State and Senator from Maine.


Des Moines School, Wabaunsee County, Kansas

Des Moines School, Wabaunsee County, Kansas
Date: 1882
Photograph of a large group of unidentified school children standing in front of the Des Moines School in Wabaunsee County, Kansas.


Dodge City Peace Commission

Dodge City Peace Commission
Date: Between 1882 and 1884
These three photos show different versions of the Dodge City Peace Commission as variations of a single photo negative. The first photo shows the commission with Wm. Tilghman (back right). The second photo shows the commission with W. F. Petillon (also back right). The third photo shows the commission without either Tilghman or Petillon. The other seven members left-to-right include (back row) Will Harris, Luke Short, and W. B. Masterson; (front row) Charles Bassett, Wyatt Earp, Frank McLain, and Neal Brown.


Evans Brothers bull train in Caldwell, Kansas

Evans Brothers bull train in Caldwell, Kansas
Date: 1882
This is a photograph showing the Evans Brothers bull train in Caldwell, Kansas.


Farmers in politics

Farmers in politics
Creator: Kansas Farmer Magazine
Date: February 8, 1882
This article from The Kansas Farmer (edited by Populist William Peffer) discusses the need for "cleaner politics." According to the unidentified author, it is the people's responsibility to hold politicians accountable and to reform the government. The article also describes the "party machinery" that is responsible for government corruption, calling for the people to organize and effect change.


Fifth annual fair of the  Cherokee County Agricultural and Stock Association

Fifth annual fair of the Cherokee County Agricultural and Stock Association
Creator: Cherokee County Agriculture and Stock Association
Date: September 26 - 29, 1882
This poster announces a fair to be held at Columbus, Kansas, sponsored by the Cherokee County Agricultural and Stock Association. Highlights include races, exhibitions, and a good band of music. Fair officers are John Henderson, president, and H. C. Pursel, secretary.


George Harrouff account book

George Harrouff account book
Creator: Harrouff, George, 1848-1944
Date: January 1879 - July 1887
A McPherson County farmer, George Harrouff of Lone Tree Township near King City (now Elyria), records his cash received and paid out in a ledger book. The entries include the date, item purchased or other transaction, and the amount paid or received. In the late nineteenth century, many farmers organized under the Farmers' Alliance and later the Peoples' Party against big business due to heavy indebtedness and an unstable economy.


Governor John St. John, Exoduster received correspondence

Governor John St. John, Exoduster received correspondence
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1879-1883 : St. John)
Date: April 1879 - October 1882
Kansas Governor John P. St. John (1879-1883) received these letters from persons concerned with the migration of southern blacks to Kansas, commonly known as the Exodus or Exoduster movement. The letters come from blacks considering a move to Kansas, persons assisting with or monitoring the migration, officials of cities along the route, and persons providing for the relief of the migrants upon their arrival. The letters proceed in rough chronological order. Most include remnants of abstracts that were attached to the letter and then partially removed. The top of the abstract includes a reference to the letterpress book and page number of the governor's response. The governors' letterpress books are a separate collection. This collection comprises box 13 folders 13-15 and 20, box 14 folders 1-9, and box 15 folders 1-5 of the John St. John governor's records. The 1879-1880 correspondence was filed under "Immigration, Negro Exodus." The 1881-1882 correspondence was filed under "Freedman's Institute, Relief Association." A link to an inventory of St. John's entire governor's collection is available below. A full transcription is also available under "External Links."


Governor John St. John prohibition received correspondence

Governor John St. John prohibition received correspondence
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1879-1883 : St. John)
Date: January 1879-December 1882
Republican politician John St. John complied this series of correspondence on temperance and prohibition issues from letters received while governor of Kansas from 1879-1882. The correspondence includes letters supporting and opposing the prohibition of liquor, petitions of civic organizations, newspaper articles, and various other forms. St. John persuaded the Kansas Legislature to pass a constitutional amendment for prohibition that voters approved in 1880. In 1881, the legislature passed the Prohibitory Law making Kansas the first state to prohibit alcohol under its constitution. The national Prohibition Party nominated St. John for President of the United States in 1884. A transcription of this collection is not yet available. This collection includes all prohibition correspondence from boxes 19-24 of the John St. John Governor's Papers. An inventory of the entire St. John collection is included as a link below.


Grand Regatta in Lawrence, Kansas

Grand Regatta in Lawrence, Kansas
Date: September 19, 1882-September 20, 1882
This colored lithograph is promoting the Grand Regatta by the Eastern Rowing Crews that is to take place as part of the Great Bismarck Fair, September 19-20, 1882. There are three scenes on the poster. The image on the upper half is the "Bridge and Dam." It is looking north from downtown at the various industries on the north side of the Kansas River. The names of various companies are visable. The view in the lower left is looking south on Massachusetts Street, the main street in the Lawrence business district. Again, names of various businesses are visible. The image in the lower right shows the "Regatta" with numerous rowing boats on the river as well as a sail boat and other vessels. This is looking north across the river with a crowd of people on the shore, an Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railraod train, and identified business/industires in the background. The lithograph was published by Ramsey, Milletta, & Hudson Lithograph, Kansas City (state not given).


Great fair of the West, Bismark Grove, Lawrence, Kansas

Great fair of the West, Bismark Grove, Lawrence, Kansas
Creator: Western National Fair Association
Date: September 18 - 23, 1882
This poster announces the third annual exposition of the Western National Fair Association to be held in Lawrence, Kansas. Highlights of the fair include an Indian encampment,a Grand Army of the Republic (GAR) encampment, a rowing regatta, $25,000 in premiums, and trials of speed.


Greenwood County fair

Greenwood County fair
Creator: Greenwood County Fair
Date: September 19, 1882-September 21, 1882
A poster for the Greenwood County fair in Eureka, Kansas. Highlights of the fair include: unusual attractions in the speed ring, exhibitions of sheep, pigs, cattle, and horses; and a new exhibit hall.


Historical Atlas of Sedgwick County, Kansas

Historical Atlas of Sedgwick County, Kansas
Creator: Edwards, John P.
Date: 1882
Historical Plat Book of Sedgwick County, Kansas, containing histories, maps, and views of residences, schools, businesses, and other structures. The atlas also contains a 'History of Sedgwick County, Kansas' by D.B. Emmert and 'List of patrons'.


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