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An appeal for help in behalf of the colored refugees in Kansas

An appeal for help in behalf of the colored refugees in Kansas
Creator: Rust, Horatio Nelson, 1828-1906
Date: January 22, 1881
This flyer, distributed by the Southern Refugee Relief Association of Chicago, Illinois, describes the dire situation of the African-American refugees relocated in Kansas. The secretary of this association, Horatio N. Rust, had taken this opportunity to pass along information relayed to him by Elizabeth Comstock, an aid worker in Topeka. Comstock was thankful for the donations of food and other goods, but asked for more assistance in feeding, clothing, and sheltering these refugees. The flyer also includes short excerpts of letters by agents of the refugee association who had direct knowledge of the emigrants' situation.


Anderson County fair

Anderson County fair
Creator: Anderson County Fair Association
Date: October 4, 1881
A poster for the Anderson County fair. Poster viewers are encouraged to "Develop our Resources; Promote Home Interests; and Encourage Home Industries." Highlights include a speed ring, cattle show, and moderate gate fees. Fair officers are D. D. Judy, president, and A. C. Messenger, secretary.


Andrew Atchison to John P. St. John

Andrew Atchison to John P. St. John
Creator: Atchison, Andrew
Date: August 22, 1881
In this letter, Andrew Atchison updates Kansas governor St. John on the condition of the Exoduster settlement near Dunlap, Kansas. Benjamin Singleton had established this colony in May, 1878, and according to Atchison, the black refugees (numbering around 200 families) were thriving. Another goal of Atchison's letter was to investigate the "practicability" of establishing a Business and Literary Academy in addition to their free public school. Atchison and some other white residents of the area had formed the Dunlap Aid Association to assist the Exodusters' efforts to obtain land and employment.


A state camp meeting will be held by the Kansas State Association of the M.E. Church

A state camp meeting will be held by the Kansas State Association of the M.E. Church
Creator: Holloway, S.S.
Date: August 10, 1881-August 21, 1881
A circular announcing a state camp meeting held by the Kansas State Association of the Methodist Episcopal Church at Riverside Park in Winfield, Kansas. Governor John St. John was to be present during the entire meeting along with other speakers and prominent temperance workers.


Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway Company's carpenter shop, El Paso, Texas

Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway Company's carpenter shop, El Paso, Texas
Date: March 17, 1931
This photograph shows the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway Company's carpenter shop in El Paso, Texas. The structure was built in 1881 and had dimensions 24' x 48'.


Barbwire section

Barbwire section
Date: 1881
Harbaugh's Torn Ribbon, patented June 7, 1881 by Joseph W. Harbaugh of Lawrence, Kansas.


Biennial report of the State Reform School, 1882

Biennial report of the State Reform School, 1882
Creator: Kansas. State Charitable Institutions
Date: 1882
The Kansas State Reform School, also known as the Industrial School for Boys, was established in 1879 by a legislative act that appropriated $35,000 for the erection of buildings in Topeka, Kansas. Control and supervision of the school was placed in the hands of the Board of Trustees of Charitable Institutions. The school was located three miles north of the capitol building on an original tract of 170 acres that was given by the city of Topeka. The west wing of the main building was opened on June 1, 1881. The school taught boys the rudiments of useful employment as a means of supporting themselves after being discharged from the facility. The boys learned, among other things, tailoring, shoe and harness making, woodworking of various kinds, baking, and printing. Information included in this item is the superintendent's report, as well as tables listing the number of boys received, discharged, and escaped each month as well as another table listing what crimes the boys had committed before coming to the institution.


Bird's eye view of Fort Leavenworth, Kansas

Bird's eye view of Fort Leavenworth, Kansas
Creator: United States Army, Department of Missouri
Date: 1881
This black and white (brown) lithograph of Fort Leavenworth was created by Wilhelm Dannmeier, an architect, engraver, and lithographer who was top assistant to the Chief Engineer, Department of Missouri, United States Army. The names of the various buildings and areas are identified in the lower margin below the location of the building. The structures are not directly identified with numbers of letters. The major buildings on the post are listed. The Missouri River is on the right side of the lithograph.


Bird's eye view of Ogden, Riley County, Kansas

Bird's eye view of Ogden, Riley County, Kansas
Date: 1881
This lithograph is a bird's eye view of Ogden, Riley County, Kansas. It is a small community. There are only a few streets, houses, and businesses. There is a railroad depot, but the railroad is not identified. The two insets in the upper corners are grocery stores. The lower left inset is the Pacific House, a hotel. The lower right inset is not identified.


Capitol, Topeka, Kansas

Capitol, Topeka, Kansas
Creator: Cone, William Whitney
Date: 1880
This black and white photograph shows the east and west wing of the capitol in Topeka, Kansas. Located on twenty acres of land, once owned by Cyrus K. Holliday, work began on October 17, 1866 when the cornerstone was laid for the east wing. Thirty-seven years later, the statehouse, an example of French Renaissance architecture and Corinthian details, was completed at a total cost of $3,200,588.92.


Constitution of the Assemblies of the Order of Equal Rights of America

Constitution of the Assemblies of the Order of Equal Rights of America
Creator: Register Print
Date: January 1, 1887
This document describes the tenets of the People's Party's political platform. It has been crafted into a constitutional presentation format for broad popular appeal.


Convention of the United Colored Links

Convention of the United Colored Links
Creator: United Colored Links
Date: August 1 - 2, 1881
An advertisement for the convention of the United Colored Links, held in Topeka, Kansas. The convention aimed to "consolidate our race" and bring unity to the people. Listed are the callers of the convention, the executive committee, secretary, and president, Benjamin Singleton.


Crane's Book Bindery, Topeka, Kansas

Crane's Book Bindery, Topeka, Kansas
Date: 1881
This photograph shows Crane's Book Bindery, located at 137 Kansas Avenue, Topeka, Shawnee County, Kansas. It shows the exterior of a two story building with several unidentified people in front and also looking out the windows from inside the building. A horse and wagon is in the street.


Custer's Last Rally chromolithograph

Custer's Last Rally chromolithograph
Creator: Mulvany, John
Date: 1881
John Mulvany took this chromolithograph of Custer's Last Rally from a painting. Mulvany created the painting around 1880, and it turned out to be so popular, he painted a second smaller painting from which to create the print of the Battle of the Little Big Horn.


D.R. Dungan to Governor John St. John

D.R. Dungan to Governor John St. John
Date: May 28, 1881
In this letter, editor D.R. Dungan, news editor for the Davenport, Iowa Northwestern News, writes Kansas Governor St. John and encloses an article from a rival newspaper, regarding a particular Kansas temperance law legal decision. Dungan asks to be included when such matters are published and distributed.


E. B. Porter to Honorable J. M. Brown

E. B. Porter to Honorable J. M. Brown
Date: April 25, 1881
Letter written to Honorable J. M. Brown from E. B. Porter, Indianapolis, April 25, 1881, offering to lease his land in Wabaunsee County to establish an Exoduster colony. E. B. Porter was the son of Albert Gallatin Porter, Governor of Indiana from 1881-1885. A searchable transcription is available by clicking "Text Version" below.


Eighth annual fair of the Morris County Agricultural Society, Parkerville, Kansas

Eighth annual fair of the Morris County Agricultural Society, Parkerville, Kansas
Creator: Morris County Agricultural Society
Date: September 13 - 15, 1881
This poster announces the eighth annual fair at Parkerville, Kansas, sponsored by the Morris County Agricultural Society. Highlights of the fair include trials of speed, a good band, and $1,200 in premiums. The poster includes several illustrations of livestock.


Elam Bartholomew diary

Elam Bartholomew diary
Creator: Bartholomew, Elam
Date: January 1, 1881-December 31, 1881
Elam Bartholomew was a resident of Rooks County and Hays, Kansas. He was a horticulturalist, internationally known for his work with fungi. His diary reflects his active participation in Republican Party politics, local government, the United Presbyterian Church, farm organizations, and experimental farming. Elam Bartholomew settled in Rooks County, Kansas, in 1874. He was born in Pennsylvania and his family moved to Ohio and then Illinois. In 1873 he became engaged to Rachel Montgomery and returned to Illinois to marry her in June 1876. They returned to Kansas in September of 1876. The Bartholomews lived on their farm on Bow Creek until 1929 when they moved to Hays, where he served as curator of the mycological museum at Fort Hays Kansas State College. He died in 1934.


Elizabeth Comstock to John P. St. John

Elizabeth Comstock to John P. St. John
Creator: Comstock, Elizabeth
Date: June 16, 1881
In this letter Elizabeth Comstock, a former agent of the Kansas Freedmen's Relief Association, relates her experiences during her visit to the East coast in 1881. Comstock and some of her New York colleagues had the opportunity to speak with President James Garfield, giving him four main points to consider regarding the Exodus movement. According to her letter, Garfield was devoted to aiding black refugees. She also wrote of other matters, including how some blacks in southern Kansas were displeased about the dissolution of the Kansas Freedmen's Relief Association; in contrast, Comstock believed the demise of this association had some positive repercussions.


First stone house built in New Town Albuquerque, New Mexico Territory

First stone house built in New Town Albuquerque, New Mexico Territory
Date: Between 1880 and 1881
This is a photograph showing the first stone house built in New Town Albuquerque, New Mexico Territory. It was occupied by F. W. (Frank William) Smith and family, General Superintendent of the Atlantic and Pacific Railroad. It is still standing and is located at 1023 Second Street SW in Albuquerque, New Mexico.


Flood at Atchison, Kansas

Flood at Atchison, Kansas
Creator: Conklin & Kleckner
Date: April 28, 1881
A stereograph view of people (on rafts or seated on an elevated walkway) in the flooded streets of Atchison, Kansas, in the aftermath of the April, 1881, flood.


Free Texas land excursion tickets

Free Texas land excursion tickets
Creator: Missouri, Kansas & Texas Railway Company
Date: 1881
This broadside promotes settlement in Texas and passage there through the Missouri Pacific Railway. It also promotes the landscape of the Indian territory as a scenic route, and addresses Texas land laws, the people of Texas, and the climate. The agent is listed as C. E. Styles, Sixth Street Depot, Atchison, Kansas. This item demonstrates the considerable involvement of railroad companies in immigration and land settlement in the American West, and the promotion of the West as a tourist destination.


George Harrouff account book

George Harrouff account book
Creator: Harrouff, George, 1848-1944
Date: January 1879 - July 1887
A McPherson County farmer, George Harrouff of Lone Tree Township near King City (now Elyria), records his cash received and paid out in a ledger book. The entries include the date, item purchased or other transaction, and the amount paid or received. In the late nineteenth century, many farmers organized under the Farmers' Alliance and later the Peoples' Party against big business due to heavy indebtedness and an unstable economy.


Governor John St. John, Exoduster received correspondence

Governor John St. John, Exoduster received correspondence
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1879-1883 : St. John)
Date: April 1879 - October 1882
Kansas Governor John P. St. John (1879-1883) received these letters from persons concerned with the migration of southern blacks to Kansas, commonly known as the Exodus or Exoduster movement. The letters come from blacks considering a move to Kansas, persons assisting with or monitoring the migration, officials of cities along the route, and persons providing for the relief of the migrants upon their arrival. The letters proceed in rough chronological order. Most include remnants of abstracts that were attached to the letter and then partially removed. The top of the abstract includes a reference to the letterpress book and page number of the governor's response. The governors' letterpress books are a separate collection. This collection comprises box 13 folders 13-15 and 20, box 14 folders 1-9, and box 15 folders 1-5 of the John St. John governor's records. The 1879-1880 correspondence was filed under "Immigration, Negro Exodus." The 1881-1882 correspondence was filed under "Freedman's Institute, Relief Association." A link to an inventory of St. John's entire governor's collection is available below. A full transcription is also available under "External Links."


Governor John St. John prohibition received correspondence

Governor John St. John prohibition received correspondence
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1879-1883 : St. John)
Date: January 1879-December 1882
Republican politician John St. John complied this series of correspondence on temperance and prohibition issues from letters received while governor of Kansas from 1879-1882. The correspondence includes letters supporting and opposing the prohibition of liquor, petitions of civic organizations, newspaper articles, and various other forms. St. John persuaded the Kansas Legislature to pass a constitutional amendment for prohibition that voters approved in 1880. In 1881, the legislature passed the Prohibitory Law making Kansas the first state to prohibit alcohol under its constitution. The national Prohibition Party nominated St. John for President of the United States in 1884. A transcription of this collection is not yet available. This collection includes all prohibition correspondence from boxes 19-24 of the John St. John Governor's Papers. An inventory of the entire St. John collection is included as a link below.


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