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Advertisement for Nicodemus, Kansas

Advertisement for Nicodemus, Kansas
Creator: Hill, W. R.
Date: April 16, 1877
This advertisement for Nicodemus, Graham County, Kansas, describes the location of the colony near the Solomon River and the town company's plans to build more houses, businesses, and other public buildings. The trustees were quick to note that they will not build any saloon or "houses of ill fame" during the first five years of settlement. Nicodemus was settled in 1878 and is the oldest surviving all-black settlement west of the Mississippi River founded by former slaves. Today the town is a National Parks Service site and is open to visitors.


A geographically correct map of the Kansas Pacific Railway showing the only direct route to Denver and all the popular Rocky Mountain resorts . . .

A geographically correct map of the Kansas Pacific Railway showing the only direct route to Denver and all the popular Rocky Mountain resorts . . .
Creator: Kansas Pacific Railway Company
Date: May 1877
This large brochure contains a full map on one side of Kansas, Colorado, and portions of surrounding states including the Black Hills of South Dakota. The reverse side has a myriad of information encouraging immigration to Kansas with the purchase of Kansas Pacific Railway lands; freighting between the Missouri River and Denver; $45.00 round trip tickets for tourists between Kansas City and Denver; enjoying the Switzerland of America and its many resorts; the railway line with Pullman sleepers, steel tracks and Westinghouse brakes; gold and silver mining in the San Juan and Black Hill regions; health resorts with pure air for weak lungs, sulfur springs, iron springs and hot springs; and a time table for the Kansas Pacific Railway. All of this was meant to promote travel on the Kansas Pacific Railway. NOTE: Because of the design of the brochure, pages 2 and 3 are duplicates but the right side up of the text is in the lower half of each image.


All colored people that want to go to Kansas

All colored people that want to go to Kansas
Creator: Nicodemus Town Company
Date: 1877
This broadside advertises the availability of land in Nicodemus, Graham County, Kansas encouraging African-American immigration to Kansas. As noted on the poster, some African-American residents of Lexington, Kentucky, were moving to Nicodemus and consolidating themselves with the Nicodemus Town Company. Nicodemus was settled in 1877, and is the only surviving all-black settlement west of the Mississippi that was settled by former slaves during the post-Civil War Reconstruction period. It is now a historic site administered by the National Parks Service.


An article concerning the death of Jason Clarke Swayze in Topeka, Kansas

An article concerning the death of Jason Clarke Swayze in Topeka, Kansas
Creator: Emporia News
Date: March 30, 1877
This is an article concerning the death of newspaper publisher Jason Clarke Swayze published in the Emporia News on June 15, 1877. Jason Swayze moved to Topeka in 1873 and began publishing "The Topeka Blade", which later became "The Topeka State Capitol". In 1877 Jason was murdered outside his office in downtown Topeka after publishing articles in his paper implicating prominent local men in a lottery scandal.


Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad time table no. 12

Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad time table no. 12
Creator: Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railroad Company
Date: 1877
This time schedule or time table shows the west bound and east bound times for the Atchison Division, Kansas City Division and Cottonwood Valley Division of the ATSF rail way.


August Schulz diary

August Schulz diary
Date: 1872-1878
This diary was written by August(us) Schulz, who resided in McPherson County, Kansas. The diary describes the work and events that took place on the family farm in Canton Township, McPherson County. Schulz and his wife Luisa were born in Germany, according to the 1880 U. S. census. Augustus's age was listed as 54 and Luisa was 58. The first two pages of content labeled 1872 and 1873 are in German. They have four children, The two girls were Agnes, 24 years old, and Ottilie, age 16. The two boys were Alexander (23) and Hugo (20). In 1880 they were all living at home. Schulz provides details about the crops he is planting and several entries describe planting several hundred trees. The diary also mentions establishing land claims for the older children.


C.B. Schmidt to Colonel A.S. Johnson

C.B. Schmidt to Colonel A.S. Johnson
Creator: Schmidt, C. B.
Date: June 09, 1877
This letter is from C.B. Schmidt, foreign agent for the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad to Colonel A.S. Johnson, Acting Land Commission for the Santa Fe Railroad. Schmidt writes about the prospect of foreign immigration coming to the United States in the near future, mostly focusing on the number of Mennonites and other Russo-Germans expected to immigrate. Page 7 of the letter contains a statement of land sales to "Foreigners from the U.S. and Canada" and "Foreigners from Europe Direct. It covers the time period February 15, 1873, through May 30, 1877. Sales are grouped by Germans, Austrians, Scandinavians, French, Russo-Germans, Dutch, and Swiss. It shows the number of acres and the amount of income by group.


Charles Miller to Kansas Adjutant General

Charles Miller to Kansas Adjutant General
Date: October 21, 1877
Letter from Charles Miller at the National Soldier's Home in Dayton, Ohio to the Kansas Adjutant General's Office in Topeka. Miller seeks information on the whereabouts of three officers: Capt. John Nelson, 1st Lt. Robert Nelson, and Sgt. George Cowger, from Nashville, Washington County, Illinois who moved to Kansas. These men belonged to Company H of the Fifth Regiment of the Illinois Volunteer Cavalry.


Circular letter regarding Silkville, Kansas

Circular letter regarding Silkville, Kansas
Date: August 01, 1877
This circular letter encourages farmers to add the culture of silk to their general farming. The picture is of several multi-storied buildings in Silkville.


Correct sectional map of eastern Kansas showing the belt of 5,000 acres of land for sale by the Missouri, Kansas & Texas Railway Co. in the Neosho Valley

Correct sectional map of eastern Kansas showing the belt of 5,000 acres of land for sale by the Missouri, Kansas & Texas Railway Co. in the Neosho Valley
Date: 1877
This map also includes a miniature railroad map of Kansas.


Drouthy Kansas, How Crops In Kansas Panned Out In 1877

Drouthy Kansas, How Crops In Kansas Panned Out In 1877
Creator: Worrall, Henry
Date: 1877
The illustration, Drouthy Kansas, How Crops In Kansas Panned Out In 1877, was drawn by Henry Worrall and published in The Kansas Farmer.


Eagle Plume

Eagle Plume
Creator: Bell, Charles Milton
Date: September 1877
A studio portrait of Kansa Chief Quyulange, also known as Eagle Plume, Eagle Headdress and Eagle Bonnet. He is photographed holding a tomahawk and wearing a headdress.


Elam Bartholomew diary

Elam Bartholomew diary
Creator: Bartholomew, Elam
Date: From January, 1877 to December, 1878
Elam Bartholomew was a resident of Rooks County and Hays, Kansas. He was a horticulturalist, internationally known for his work with fungi. His diary reflects his active participation in Republican Party politics, local government, the United Presbyterian Church, farm organizations, and experimental farming. Elam Bartholomew was born in Pennsylvania, and his family moved first to Ohio and then Illinois. In 1873, he became engaged to Rachel Montgomery. Bartholomew settled in Rooks County, Kansas, in 1874, and returned to Illinois to marry Montgomery in June, 1876. The Bartholomews returned to Kansas in September, 1876, and lived on their farm on Bow Creek in Rooks County until 1929. They then moved south to Hays, Kansas, in Ellis County, where he served as curator of the mycological museum at Fort Hays Kansas State College until his death in 1934.


From the river to the mountains via the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad

From the river to the mountains via the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad
Creator: Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railway Company
Date: July 15, 1877
A brochure detailing the many reasons to travel the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad from Kansas through Colorado and on to Mexico and Arizona. This brochure promoted immigration, freight, mining and tourism.


General store and post office, Waseca, Kansas

General store and post office, Waseca, Kansas
Date: Between 1877 and 1878
A photograph of a general store and post office in Waseca, Johnson County, Kansas. Owner of the store was Henry F. Hodges. The people in the photo are unidentified.


Governor George Anthony crime and criminals received correspondence, Bender case

Governor George Anthony crime and criminals received correspondence, Bender case
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1877-1879: Anthony)
Date: 1877-1878
Governor George Anthony compiled this series of correspondence on crime and criminals, specifically the Bender case, from letters received while in office from 1877-1879. The Bender family operated a remote road house near Cherryvale, Kansas. When several travelers disappeared, local residents became suspicious of the Benders. A search of the property revealed eleven bodies buried in the yard, all of them dead from severe blows to the head. The Bender family members escaped and were never found. A complete transcription is available by clicking "Text Version" below.


Governor George Anthony grasshoppers received correspondence

Governor George Anthony grasshoppers received correspondence
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1877-1879: Anthony)
Date: 1877
Governor George Anthony compiled this series of correspondence on grasshoppers from letters received while in office from 1877-1879. A complete transcription is available by clicking "Text Version" below.


Governor George Anthony immigration received correspondence

Governor George Anthony immigration received correspondence
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1877-1879: Anthony)
Date: 1877-1878
Governor George Anthony compiled this series of correspondence on immigration from letters received while in office.


Hard Rope, Osage Indian Chief

Hard Rope, Osage Indian Chief
Creator: Concannon, Thomas M.
Date: 1877
This is a portrait of Hard Rope, or Wa-He-Sa-Ki, a prominent Osage tribal leader.


History of Woodson County

History of Woodson County
Creator: Jones, Mrs. S.E. Chase
Date: 1877
A history of Woodson County, Kansas, written by Mrs. S.E. Chase Jones.


Ho! For the new Kansas!  The Upper Arkansas Valley

Ho! For the new Kansas! The Upper Arkansas Valley
Creator: Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railway Company
Date: July 1877
This large circular published by the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad lists many reasons for immigrating to the Upper Arkansas Valley in Kansas. It describes in detail the process for acquiring land. On the reverse side is a detailed map of Kansas showing the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad line with information regarding soil, climate, livestock, crops, fruit, schools, and price of land.


Isaac Tichenor Goodnow diary

Isaac Tichenor Goodnow diary
Creator: Goodnow, Isaac T. (Isaac Tichenor), 1814-1894
Date: 1877
Diary belonging to Isaac Goodnow, a free-state supporter and the founder of Bluemont College (predecessor to Kansas State University) in Manhattan, Kansas Territory. Although many of the entries are somewhat mundane, dealing with weather, illness, neighbors, etc., others describe political and military activities in Kansas, as well as the land speculation. Goodnow's diary makes mention of the details of his daily life and community activities, such as home maintenance and crop harvests.


Jackson County, Kansas

Jackson County, Kansas
Creator: Rand, McNally & Co.
Date: 1878
This map, from the Kansas State Board of Agriculture's First Biennial Report, shows the townships and towns in Jackson County, Kansas. Some points of interest include: schools, creeks and the Kansas Central Railway Company.


James G. Blunt to the Secretary of the Historical Society of the State of Kansas

James G. Blunt to the Secretary of the Historical Society of the State of Kansas
Creator: Blunt, James G. (James Gillpatrick), 1826-1881
Date: October 12, 1877
This letter to the Secretary of the Historical Society, James G. Blunt is writing about several incidents in which he encountered John Brown. Blunt became acquainted with Brown in 1857, and in one particular meeting, Blunt writes about Brown's connection to the anti-slavery movement and his earnest and firm conviction to emancipate all slaves.


John Brown medal

John Brown medal
Creator: J. Wurden
Date: 1874
Gold medal showing a bust-length relief of John Brown on one side and an inscription in French on the reverse. The inscription translated reads, "In memory of John Brown, legally assassinated at Charlestown (sic), 2 December 1859, and to those of his sons and his companions, who died victims of their devotion to the cause of freedom for blacks." Members of the John Brown Association, a French abolitionist group, presented this medal to Mary Day Brown, the widow of John Brown, in 1877. Victor Hugo was a prominent member of this group and an outspoken supporter of Brown's activities. The Paris-based association explained its actions in a letter to the George Anthony, the Kansas governor, dated Feb. 2, 1878: "Just before the recent Franco-German war, a subscription committee was organized of French Republicans, for the purpose of presenting to the widow of John Brown a golden medal commemorative of the memory of her husband, of his sons, and of his companions, who died victims to their devotion to the cause of freeing the Blacks. The sending of this medal, delayed by political events, was effected on the 21st of October, 1874." The descendants of John Brown, represented by his son John Brown, Jr., donated the medal to the Kansas Historical Society in 1888.


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