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1876 Penny from the Kaw Mission, 14MO368

1876 Penny from the Kaw Mission, 14MO368
Date: 1876
The 1876 penny was recovered during excavations at the 2018 Kansas Archeology Training Program Field School at the Kaw Mission. The penny, sometimes called an Indian Head cent or Indian Head penny shows Liberty with a head dress on the obverse side. The reverse side shows an oak wreath and shield surrounding the words "ONE CENT." The Mission was built over the winter of 1850 - 1851 by the Methodist Episcopal Church South as a school for boys in the Kaw (or Kansa) tribe. The site was acquired by the state of Kansas in 1951 and it was listed in 1971 to the National Register of Historic Places.


A New Home in an Old Settlement:  Come  and see the "New Land in an Old Country"

A New Home in an Old Settlement: Come and see the "New Land in an Old Country"
Date: May 1, 1876
This paper advertises for sale land, formerly owned by the Pottawatomie Nation, from 1837 to 1868, and then purchased by the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Rail Road Company. On the reverse side of the paper is a sectional map showing the area and identifying those lands that were still for sale by the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Company. The text gives brief descriptions of the cities and towns in the area; the railroads available; fuel and lumber that are native to the area; and, descriptions and prices of the land.


A new home in an old settlement

A new home in an old settlement
Date: May 1, 1876
This paper advertises for sale land formerly owned by the Pottawatomie Nation from 1837 to 1868, and then owned by the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Rail Road Company. On the reverse side of the paper is a sectional map showing the area and identifying those lands that were still for sale by the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad company. The text gives brief descriptions of the cities and towns in the area; the railroads available; fuel and lumber that are native to the area; descriptions and prices of the lands.


Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad Timetables

Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad Timetables
Date: May 7, 1876
Two timetables for the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad between Kansas City and Denver, Pueblo, Colorado Springs, Canon City and all points in Colorado. Includes a map of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad line from "the river to the Rockies".


August Schulz diary

August Schulz diary
Date: 1872-1878
This diary was written by August(us) Schulz, who resided in McPherson County, Kansas. The diary describes the work and events that took place on the family farm in Canton Township, McPherson County. Schulz and his wife Luisa were born in Germany, according to the 1880 U. S. census. Augustus's age was listed as 54 and Luisa was 58. The first two pages of content labeled 1872 and 1873 are in German. They have four children, The two girls were Agnes, 24 years old, and Ottilie, age 16. The two boys were Alexander (23) and Hugo (20). In 1880 they were all living at home. Schulz provides details about the crops he is planting and several entries describe planting several hundred trees. The diary also mentions establishing land claims for the older children.


Battle of Little Big Horn

Battle of Little Big Horn
Creator: Coffeen & Schnitger Trading Company
Date: 1876
These five postcards show scenes from the Battle of Little Big Horn after the June 25, 1876 incident between the U.S. Army's 7th Cavalry Regiment and a coalition of Plains Indians.


Bedspread

Bedspread
Creator: Adolph, Henry
Date: 1876
Jacquard woven bedspread in red, green, and white. Title blocks in two corners read, "Made by H. Adolph. Clinton, Kansas. 1876." French born Henry Adolph (1815-1907) immigrated to Ohio around 1838. From there he slowed moved westward, living for several years in Indiana, Iowa, and then Missouri. By 1866 he had arrived in Douglas County, Kansas, where he stayed until around 1880, when he moved back to Missouri.


Benjamin "Pap" Singleton and S. A. McClure

Benjamin "Pap" Singleton and S. A. McClure
Date: 1876
This photograph depicts a steamboat containing freed people in Nashville, Tennessee, with Benjamin "Pap" Singleton and S. A. McClure superimposed in the foreground. Singleton, known as the "Father of the Exodus" for the Exoduster Movement in 1879, organized the Tennessee Real Estate and Homestead Association to facilitate black emigration from the South. His town company founded the Dunlap Colony in Morris County, and a short-lived settlement in Cherokee County, Kansas. His widespread use of advertisements encouraged thousands of former slaves to emigrate to Kansas. McClure was one of his associates and advocate for emigration.


Board of Agriculture Treasurer's Annual Reports

Board of Agriculture Treasurer's Annual Reports
Creator: State Board of Agriculture
Date: 1871-1873, 1876
These records include the treasurer's annual reports of the State Board of Agriculture and related vouchers. The January 10, 1872 report, written by treasurer Thomas Murphy, itemizes the proceeds of the Kansas State Fair. Murphy's reports were audited by J.K. Hudson and E.S. Niccolls. The 1873 report was prepared by treasurer George N. Veale and the 1876 report by J.C. Wilson. Additional auditors include A.J. Burdick, W.A. Johnston, J.P. Davis, C.H. Graham, and D.W. Finney.


Boston Corbett

Boston Corbett
Date: 1876
A ticket for the Centennial International Exhibition held in Philadelphia with a photograph of Boston Corbett in the middle. Thomas P. "Boston" Corbett was the Union Army soldier who killed Abraham Lincoln's assassin, John Wilkes Booth. Corbett, who homesteaded near Concordia, Kansas in the late 1870s, was hired as a doorkeeper for the Kansas House of Representatives in Topeka, Kansas. On February 15, 1887, while performing his doorkeeper duties, Corbett pulled a pistol and unofficially adjourned the House. He was disarmed by local police, declared insane, and committed to the State Insane Asylum in Topeka. He escaped a year later.


Buffalo Spring Ranch

Buffalo Spring Ranch
Creator: Hunnius, Ado, 1842-1923
Date: January 13, 1876
This pencil sketch of the "Buffalo Spring Ranch, Indian Territory, as seen from the north east" is taken form the Ado Hunnius diary.


Caldwell, Kansas

Caldwell, Kansas
Date: 1876
This pencil sketch of Caldwell, Kansas is taken from the Ado Hunnius dirary and depicts the Caldwell House Hotel from the north east end of the street.


Carl "Ado" Hunnius diary

Carl "Ado" Hunnius diary
Creator: Hunnius, Ado, 1842-1923
Date: January 10 - 24, 1876
Carl J. A. "Ado" Hunnius kept this diary while visiting the Cheyenne and Arapaho tribes in Indian Territory. The diary contains detailed information about the trip and sketches (drawn illustrations) of some of the things he saw during the course of his travels. A complete transcription is available by clicking on Text Version below.


Centennial, 1776-1876:  Declaration of Principles

Centennial, 1776-1876: Declaration of Principles
Creator: Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railroad Company
Date: 1876
This Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad Company advertisement promotes the railroad line in the context of the centennial celebration of the establishment of the United States. The poster's language mimics the Declaration of Independence.


Centennial, 1776 - 1876; Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Rail Road

Centennial, 1776 - 1876; Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Rail Road
Creator: Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railway Company
Date: 1876
This poster celebrates the centennial year 1876, by urging all people to travel west via the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Rail Road. "When in the course of human events" it becomes necessary for the people of Eastern, Northern and Southern States, of our great Republic to visit the Rocky Mountains, Colorado, New Mexico and Arizona ... (select the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Rail Road.)


Charles Tucker's residence, Delaware District, Cherokee Nation, Indian Territory

Charles Tucker's residence, Delaware District, Cherokee Nation, Indian Territory
Creator: Cornatzer, Samuel M.
Date: April 10, 1876
This item concerns the legal heirs of the estate of Wah-na-se. In council, the Shawnee leaders decided that the land owned by Wah-na-se would be given to her sole heir, Mary Rodgers. The item is signed by Head Chief Charles Tucker, Assistant Chief Dudley Tucker, and Shawnee "Councillors" James Kyser, Hiram Johnson, and Charles Tucker, Jr.


Cheyenne Agency, Indian Territory

Cheyenne Agency, Indian Territory
Creator: Hunnius, Ado, 1842-1923
Date: January 16, 1876
This pencil sketch of the New Post of Cheyenne Agency, Indian Territory, is taken from the Ado Hunnius diary and depicts the post from "east of square." The drawing shows the post trader, C. S. store house, Adj. office, Q.M.[x]. House, and stables.


Fourth annual fair and exposition, Paola, Kansas

Fourth annual fair and exposition, Paola, Kansas
Creator: Miami County Agricultural and Mechanical Association
Date: September 27- 30, 1876
This is an advertisement for the Fourth Annual Fair and Exposition of the Miami County Agricultural and Mechanical Association at Paola Kansas. Highlights include a list of premiums, a reunion of farmers, and no charge for entries.


From the river to the mountains via the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe R. R.

From the river to the mountains via the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe R. R.
Creator: Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railway Company
Date: May 7, 1876
This table concerns the new direct route from Kansas City and Atchison to various destinations in Colorado. The route was known as the "Great Southern Route through Kansas." This early time table demonstrates the Santa Fe Railroad's promotion of Colorado as a tourist destination and recreation area for outdoor enthusiasts. The table specifically promotes the Arkansas [River] Canyon.


From the river to the mountains via the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad

From the river to the mountains via the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad
Date: 1876
Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad promotional advertisement encouraging travel on its western line to the Rocky Mountains from the east. Includes timetable and illustrations by Topeka artist Henry Worrall.


George W. Baird to Kansas Adjutant General

George W. Baird to Kansas Adjutant General
Creator: Baird, George W., fl. 1874-1891
Date: July 29, 1875-August 24, 1876
Two letters written by First Lieutenant and Adjutant Fifth Infantry George W. Baird in Fort Leavenworth to the Kansas Adjutant General in Topeka. In one letter, he expresses the "great distrust of claim agents" felt by the heirs of deceased soldiers. In the other letter, he writes that he is now enlisting men, in his position as recruiting officer, for the regular cavalry regiments engaged in the Sioux Wars.


Hallie and Eva Lanning

Hallie and Eva Lanning
Date: 1876
Here is a photograph showing (left to right) Hallie Lanning, age 5, born February 5, 1871, and Eva Lanning, age 7, January 12, 1869. They are the daughters of Aaron Lane Lanning and Sarah Emma Preston Lanning and grew up near Melvern, Kansas.


Henry Worrall United States International Exhibition ticket

Henry Worrall United States International Exhibition ticket
Date: Between May 10, 1876 and November 10, 1876
This ticket was issued to Henry Worrall for one daily admission to the United States International Exhibition held in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The event celebrated the 100th Anniversary of the signing of the Declaration of Independence.


Ho! for the new Kansas! The Upper Arkansas Valley. The best thing in the west

Ho! for the new Kansas! The Upper Arkansas Valley. The best thing in the west
Creator: Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railroad Company
Date: September 1876
Promotional flier featuring a map of Kansas titled, "The Finest Climate and Most Prolific Soil in the West." Map depicts the land granted to the Atchison, Topeka, & Santa Fe Rail Road by the U.S. government to encourage the development of railroads in the West. Shaded areas on the map indicate lands for sale by the railroad along the Arkansas River valley. Promotional text on both front and back markets the land to farmers as "the best wheat land known." It also includes detailed information on towns, schools, lumber, fruit growing, and livestock raising in the region.


Hopkins Ranch

Hopkins Ranch
Creator: Hunnius, Ado, 1842-1923
Date: 1876
This pencil sketch of the "Hopkins Ranch on Pound Creek, Indian Territory" is taken form the Ado Hunnius diary.


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