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A.J. Anthony's home, Ford County, Kansas

A.J. Anthony's home, Ford County, Kansas
Date: 1873
This is an exterior image of A. J. Anthony's home, one mile west of Dodge City in Ford County, Kansas.


Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad time table number 28

Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad time table number 28
Creator: Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railway Company
Date: April 20, 1873
This timetable was for the exclusive use of the employees of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad and included the eastern, Arkansas Valley and Wichita divisions.


Atlas of Douglas County, Kansas

Atlas of Douglas County, Kansas
Creator: Beers, F. W. (Frederick W.)
Date: 1873
Atlas of Douglas County, Kansas, from recent and actual surveys and records under the superintendence of F.W. Beers. Published by F.W. Beers and Co., New York.


Atlas of Shawnee County, Kansas

Atlas of Shawnee County, Kansas
Creator: Beers, F. W. (Frederick W.)
Date: 1873
This atlas shows maps of each township with the names of landowners. It has plats of towns as of the year of publication, a map of Shawnee County. It has a Table of Distances and business notices.


August Schulz diary

August Schulz diary
Date: 1872-1878
This diary was written by August(us) Schulz, who resided in McPherson County, Kansas. The diary describes the work and events that took place on the family farm in Canton Township, McPherson County. Schulz and his wife Luisa were born in Germany, according to the 1880 U. S. census. Augustus's age was listed as 54 and Luisa was 58. The first two pages of content labeled 1872 and 1873 are in German. They have four children, The two girls were Agnes, 24 years old, and Ottilie, age 16. The two boys were Alexander (23) and Hugo (20). In 1880 they were all living at home. Schulz provides details about the crops he is planting and several entries describe planting several hundred trees. The diary also mentions establishing land claims for the older children.


Band of Kansa men

Band of Kansa men
Creator: Baugh, John
Date: 1873
An informal portrait of a group of Kansa men who were photographed on the steps of an unidentified building after their removal to Indian Territory. The men are identified as: Albert Taylor, William Jones, Tony Butler, Roy Monroe, Elmer Franklin, Forest Chouteau, and Jesse Me-ho-ja.


Barber county organization records

Barber county organization records
Creator: Kansas. Secretary of State
Date: 1872 to 1873
In order for an unorganized county to be recognized by the state of Kansas, a certain number of householders/legal electors had to petition the governor. The governor would appoint a census taker. Initially, unorganized counties were required to document that they had at least 600 inhabitants in order to be recognized as a county by the state legislature. Over time the number of residents needed to organize a county changed to 1500 and later to 2500 residents. The census was submitted to the governor who then issued a proclamation indicating that the requirements had been met, appointing county commissioners and a county clerk, and naming a county seat. Not all of these documents are available for each county. Included in this file is the memorial to Governor Osborn asking for a census to be taken of Barber County, an affidavit by H.T. McCarty to be the census taker, the completed census, and the proclamation by the governor naming county officials and designating Medicine Lodge as the temporary county.


Bender family house

Bender family house
Creator: Tresslar Brothers
Date: 1873
This is a stereographic photo of the Bender house in Labette County, Kansas. The "Bloody Benders" as the family would later be known, killed at least eleven people and buried them in the surrounding yard. A massive manhunt for them stretched over several states but the Benders were never caught.


Bender farm

Bender farm
Creator: Gamble, G. R.
Date: 1873
This photograph shows the graves found behind the Bender farm, Labette County, Kansas. The Bender family operated a remote road house on a farm near Cherryvale, Kansas. When several travelers disappeared, local residents became suspicious of the Benders. A search of the property revealed eleven bodies buried in the yard and all of them died of injuries consistent with blows to the head. The Bender family members escaped and were never found.


Bender murder graves, Labette County, Kansas

Bender murder graves, Labette County, Kansas
Creator: Ploetz, Julius
Date: May 9, 1873
A photograph showing a large group of men looking at the graves of those murdered by the Bender family, Labette County, Kansas.


Bird's eye view of Junction City, Kansas

Bird's eye view of Junction City, Kansas
Creator: Glover, E. S. (Eli Sheldon), 1844-1920
Date: 1878
A color lithograph of Junction City, Kansas, looking northwest with insets of the town and Fort Riley, Kansas. One inset is dated 1867. The lithograph shows the location of buildings, churches, hotels, railroad and structures on Fort Riley. A legend is provided to identify some of the buildings.


Bird's eye view of Paola, Miami County, Kansas

Bird's eye view of Paola, Miami County, Kansas
Creator: Glover, E. S. (Eli Sheldon), 1844-1920
Date: 1873
This colored lithograph is a bird's eye view of Paola, Miami County, Kansas. The references at the bottom identify the Paola High School; two railroad depots for the Missouri, Kansas and Texas and the Missouri River, Fort Scott, and Galveston; a cemetery; and several churches including an African American Baptist church. The business district is distinct but specific businesses are not identified. Steet names are shown. It was drawn by E. S. Glover and published by Strobridge & Co. Lithograph, Cincinnati, Ohio.


Blockhouse, Fort Hays, Kansas

Blockhouse, Fort Hays, Kansas
Creator: Van Vliet
Date: 1873
This is a photograph of the blockhouse at Fort Hays, Kansas.


Board of Agriculture Treasurer's Annual Reports

Board of Agriculture Treasurer's Annual Reports
Creator: State Board of Agriculture
Date: 1871-1873, 1876
These records include the treasurer's annual reports of the State Board of Agriculture and related vouchers. The January 10, 1872 report, written by treasurer Thomas Murphy, itemizes the proceeds of the Kansas State Fair. Murphy's reports were audited by J.K. Hudson and E.S. Niccolls. The 1873 report was prepared by treasurer George N. Veale and the 1876 report by J.C. Wilson. Additional auditors include A.J. Burdick, W.A. Johnston, J.P. Davis, C.H. Graham, and D.W. Finney.


Cavalry stables, Fort Hays, Kansas

Cavalry stables, Fort Hays, Kansas
Date: 1873
This is a view of the cavalry stables for one company at Fort Hays, Kansas.


Coins from the Plowboy Site, 14SH372

Coins from the Plowboy Site, 14SH372
Date: 1853-1918
These coins were collected from the Plowboy site in Shawnee County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 2017. The Plowboy site was home to the Kansa, the Potawatomi, and Euro-Americans. At various times, the site contained a farm, a trading post, and a post office with nearby military trails, Mormon routes, a railroad and the California-Oregon trail. On the top row is a shield nickel minted in 1873 and a wheat penny minted in 1916. On the bottom row are two half-dimes with a seated Liberty with stars and arrows, both minted in 1853, and a mercury dime minted in 1918.


Colorado, and its relations to Kansas

Colorado, and its relations to Kansas
Creator: Copley, Josiah, 1803-1885
Date: 1873
A small booklet that focuses on the relationship between Colorado and Kansas. From the agriculture of the territory, the limitations of irrigation, to the fruit supply, both states had an interest in the other's activities.


Colorado, its resorts and attractions to the pleasure-seeker, tourist and invalid

Colorado, its resorts and attractions to the pleasure-seeker, tourist and invalid
Creator: Kansas Pacific Railway Company
Date: Reprinted 1873 (Original 1870)
This promotional pamphlet produced by the Kansas Pacific Railway promotes Colorado tourism and highlights resorts and attractions along the company's Colorado rail transportation line.


Commissary and pest house, Fort Hays, Kansas

Commissary and pest house, Fort Hays, Kansas
Date: 1873
These two photographs represent the commissary warehouse and pest house at Fort Hays, Kansas. A commissary is a building used as a general store and serves food. The pest house, which may have been it's more commonly referred name as compared to the hospital, was located on the south side of the Fort and later moved to the north side. In 1904, part of the pest house, was moved to the Fort Hays State University campus. Fort Hays was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1971.


Cover letter for a prospectus and subscription list for an expansion of the Kansas Pacific Railway Company.

Cover letter for a prospectus and subscription list for an expansion of the Kansas Pacific Railway Company.
Creator: Kansas Pacific Railway Company. Land Department
Date: June 1, 1873
This letter solicits subscription of funds to advance the expansion of the Kansas Pacific Railway Company by fifty-two miles to reach Fort Lyon, Colorado. It says that Fort Lyon will become the major military distribution center west of the Missouri River. The claim is that this expansion will "practically place the Kansas Pacific beyond danger of competition from new lines for the future business of the Valley, between Fort Lyon and Pueblo, Colorado." They "...propose to secure a sufficient tract of land on either side of the Arkansas River at the terminus of the fifty-two miles first constructed, to establish a town" From there it goes on the describe expected financial benefits to the subscribers.


Cowley County Courthouse, Winfield, Kansas

Cowley County Courthouse, Winfield, Kansas
Date: Bulk 1873-1909
This series of postcards represents the original courthouse in Cowley County, Kansas and the rennovated court house in 1909.


Dead soldiers, Hays, Kansas

Dead soldiers, Hays, Kansas
Creator: Wood, W. J.
Date: September 6, 1873
This photograph documents two dead soldiers, Privates George H. Sumner and Peter Welsh. They are in front of a saloon in Hays, Kansas.


Deserted Kansas Town

Deserted Kansas Town
Creator: Tavernier, Jules
Date: 1873
Grisaille watercolor sketch of a deserted town street with ramshackle buildings. The sketch is titled "Deserted Kansas Town" and was executed by Jules Tavernier. Tavernier was born in Paris in 1844 and trained as an artist in France. He served as a soldier in the Franco-Prussian War, and his drawings of war-torn Paris were flown by hot air balloon to London for publication. After the war he worked as an illustrator in London and then in New York for Harper's Weekly. In 1872, Harper's sent him on a trip across the United States on an assignment to document the American West. He arrived in San Francisco in 1874. This sketch is most likely a scene that Tavernier saw while in Kansas on that trip. Tavernier went on to be a well-known artist in California before moving to Hawaii, where he was part of a group of artists known as the Volcano School. He died in Honolulu in 1889.


Drug Store, Mound Valley, Kansas

Drug Store, Mound Valley, Kansas
Date: 1873
This photograph shows an exterior view of the Drug Store in Mound Valley Kansas. The signs on the store also advertise groceries and provisions. This store is identified as the first store building erected in Mound Valley in 1873. Several people are seen posing in front of the store for the photograph, including seven men and four women. The third woman from the left is also holding a small child. The man second from the left appears to be holding a rifle. Two saddled horses are also visible in the picture.


Enlisted men barracks, Fort Hays, Kansas

Enlisted men barracks, Fort Hays, Kansas
Creator: National Park Service
Date: 1873
This photograph represents the enlisted men barracks at Fort Hays in Ellis County, Kansas. Included in the barracks is the mess hall and kitchen used by the men. Fort Hays was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1971.


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