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Abbie Bright diary

Abbie Bright diary
Creator: Bright, Abbie, 1848-1926
Date: 1868-1921
Born in Pennsylvania in 1848, Abbie Bright traveled to Kansas in 1870 as a young woman and her diary is primarily an account of this trip. It gives excellent accounts of daily life and settlement activities. The "diary" is actually composed of two different manuscripts and both are presented here. The first is an eighty-six page loose-leaf diary with consistent entries from September 2, 1870 - December 20, 1871. The second is a bound composition book with 129 written pages. This book begins with a childhood reminiscence written in Iowa in 1914 (p1-23), followed by a reminiscence of her Kansas trip written in Iowa in 1921 (p24-36) that covers Aug 23, 1870 - Jan 30, 1871. The book then includes some recipes dated 1868-1871 and a receipt dated 1884 (p37-41), and finally consistent diary entries from February 2, 1871 - December 21, 1871 (p41-129). A complete, revised transcription of both manuscripts is available by clicking on "Text Version" below. A previous, annotated transcription that combines the 1870-1871 entries from both manuscripts was published in the Kansas Historical Quarterly in 1971 and is available through a link below.


A map of  the route and land grant of the Missouri, Kansas and Texas Railway

A map of the route and land grant of the Missouri, Kansas and Texas Railway
Creator: Missouri, Kansas and Texas Railway Company
Date: 1871
A large, sectional map of the central United States showing the Missouri, Kansas and Texas Railway with its land grants plus the connecting railroads. The Missouri, Kansas and Texas railroad runs from Junction City, Kansas, and Sedalia, Missouri, to meet at Parsons, Kansas, and continue on to the Mexican border and Houston, Texas. There is also a small, inset map of the entire United States with the Missouri, Kansas and Texas Railway and its connecting lines shown.


Bird's eye view of Chetopa, Kansas

Bird's eye view of Chetopa, Kansas
Date: 1871
This black and white lithograph is a bird's eye view of the city of Chetopa, Kansas. The lithograph shows the location of churches, banks, mills, and railroad depots. A legend below the image identifies some of the buildings.


Bird's eye view of Neosho Falls, Woodson County, Kansas

Bird's eye view of Neosho Falls, Woodson County, Kansas
Creator: Glover, E. S. (Eli Sheldon), 1844-1920
Date: 1871
This colored lithograph is a bird's eye view of Neosho Falls, Kansas. The county court house, churches, a school, a railroad depot and land office for the Missouri, Kansas, and Texas Railroad, and several hotels have been identified in the bottom reference area. The Neosho River runs through the community. The Crescent Lake is in the lower left corner. The image was drawn by E. S. Glover and published by the Merchants Litho Company, Chicago, Illinois.


Board of Agriculture Treasurer's Annual Reports

Board of Agriculture Treasurer's Annual Reports
Creator: State Board of Agriculture
Date: 1871-1873, 1876
These records include the treasurer's annual reports of the State Board of Agriculture and related vouchers. The January 10, 1872 report, written by treasurer Thomas Murphy, itemizes the proceeds of the Kansas State Fair. Murphy's reports were audited by J.K. Hudson and E.S. Niccolls. The 1873 report was prepared by treasurer George N. Veale and the 1876 report by J.C. Wilson. Additional auditors include A.J. Burdick, W.A. Johnston, J.P. Davis, C.H. Graham, and D.W. Finney.


Capitol, Topeka, Kansas

Capitol, Topeka, Kansas
Date: 1871
This sepia colored photograph shows an early view of the capitol in Topeka, Kansas. Located on twenty acres of land, once owned by Cyrus K. Holliday, work began on the capitol October 17, 1866, when the cornerstone was laid for the east wing. Thirty-seven years later, the statehouse a reflection of French Renaissance architecture and Corinthian details, was completed at a total cost of $3,200,588.92.


Cigar store Indian

Cigar store Indian
Creator: Hen, Edward
Date: 1871
Painted wooden cigar store Indian. Brought to Topeka in 1871 by Henry Moeser (1837-1876), who operated a cigar store in the 100 block of Kansas Avenue from about 1870 to 1876. The figure was reportedly also later displayed at the Windsor House Hotel, which operated at the corner of Kansas Avenue and 7th Street from 1882 to 1889. Moeser is believed to have acquired the carving from the New York tobacco supply house of Edward Hen.


Custer's dumbbell

Custer's dumbbell
Creator: Kennedy, Thomas
Date: between 1869 and 1871
This dumbbell was forged by Fort Hays blacksmith Thomas Kennedy around 1869. It was used by General George Armstrong Custer during his time at Fort Hays. Custer stayed at the fort periodically throughout the time he was stationed in Kansas from 1867 to 1871. He camped outside the fort for part of the summers of 1869 and 1870.


Emigrants' guide to the Kansas Pacific Railway lands : best and cheapest farming and grazing lands in America

Emigrants' guide to the Kansas Pacific Railway lands : best and cheapest farming and grazing lands in America
Creator: Kansas Pacific Railway Company
Date: 1871
Promotional advertisement pamphlet by the Kansas Pacific Railway Company offering 6,000,00 acres of land for sale in Kansas.


George Grant

George Grant
Date: 1871
This is a photograph of George Grant, founder of the Victoria Colony located in Ellis County, Kansas.


Group of people at the Kansa Indian Agency

Group of people at the Kansa Indian Agency
Date: 1871
A photograph of a group at the Kansa Indian Agency located in Council Grove, Kansas. Included in the group are back row: fifth from left Irvin Stubbs, ninth from left A. W. Stubbs, and front row seated third from left Mahlon Stubbs and wife, and Mahlon Hockett Newlin and family. Mahlon Stubbs came to Kansas on March 1, 1863 and located on the Kansas Indian Reserve where he served as a missionary, teacher and agent among the Kaw Indians. Mahlon Hockett Newlin moved from Indiana to Council Grove, Kansas to work at the Quaker Mission. The 1870 Federal Census indicates the Stubbs and Newlin families lived in close proximity. It is possible the other people and children in the photo are members of Joseph Newson's family. They lived near the Newlins and Stubbs, and Joseph Newson was involved in Indian missionary work in Kansas.


Howard County organization records

Howard County organization records
Creator: Kansas. Secretary of State
Date: 1869-1871
In order for an unorganized county to be recognized by the state of Kansas, a certain number of householders/legal electors had to petition the governor. The governor would appoint a census taker. Initially, unorganized counties were required to document that they had at least 600 inhabitants in order to be recognized as a county by the state legislature. Over time the number of residents needed to organize a county changed to 1500 and later to 2500 residents. The census was submitted to the governor who then issued a proclamation indicating that the requirements had been met, appointing county commissioners and a county clerk, and naming a county seat. Not all of these documents are available for each county. Included in this file is the memorial to the governor, miscellaneous letters about organization, the 1869-1870 census of Howard County, and the official vote for the location of the county seat.


Industrial resources of western Kansas and eastern Colorado

Industrial resources of western Kansas and eastern Colorado
Creator: Kansas Pacific Railway Company
Date: 1871
This pamphlet conducts a geological, demographic and distance analysis of western Kansas and eastern Colorado for future economic development.


Isaac Tichenor Goodnow diary

Isaac Tichenor Goodnow diary
Creator: Goodnow, Isaac T. (Isaac Tichenor), 1814-1894
Date: 1871
Diary belonging to Isaac Goodnow, a free-state supporter and the founder of Bluemont College (predecessor to Kansas State University) in Manhattan, Kansas Territory. Although many of the entries are somewhat mundane, dealing with weather, illness, neighbors, etc., others describe political and military activities in Kansas, as well as the land speculation. Goodnow's diary makes mention of the details of his daily life and community activities, such as home maintenance and crop harvests.


James Butler "Wild Bill" Hickok

James Butler "Wild Bill" Hickok
Creator: Blakeslee, W.
Date: 1871
This studio portrait shows James Butler "Wild Bill" Hickok in buckskins (1837-1876). The legendary lawman and gun-slinger began his career in 1858 as peace officer of the Monticello Township in the Kansas Territory of Johnson County. For a number of years Hickok also worked as a government scout, guide and deputy U.S. marshal across the Great Plains. His reputation as a skilled marksman proceeded him wherever he went. In 1869 Hickok was elected marshal of Hays, Kansas and sheriff of Ellis County, Kansas. A role he served until 1870. In 1871, he was hired as Abilene, Kansas' town marshal. As marshal he earned fame for being a quick draw and for spending most of his time playing cards. Hickok was killed on August 01, 1876 while playing a game of poker at a saloon in the Deadwood, Dakota Territory.


Kansas Adjutant General general correspondence, 1871

Kansas Adjutant General general correspondence, 1871
Creator: Kansas. Adjutant General's Office
Date: 1871
This correspondence includes letters received by the Kansas Adjutant General on a variety of topics but most of the letters request arms or troops to protect settlers from feared raids by Indians in the area. Many letters also inform the state of the enrollment of local militias for such protection in absence of assistance by state units. Requests for information on filing claims for damage from Indian raids are also included, as are requests on Price Raid claims. The correspondents often identify groups of Indians and their location. Tribes mentioned include the Cheyenne, Sioux, Comanche, Kiowa, Pawnee, Otoe, and Omaha. March 31st correspondence from the Department of the Missouri commander John Pope at Leavenworth informs Governor James Harvey of Indians given permission by the Indian Bureau to hunt buffalo between the Solomon and Arkansas rivers, particularly Red Cloud and other bands of Sioux. An April 4th letter from Governor Harvey orders Adjutant General David Whittaker to proceed to the frontier to inform the settlements of such permission and to avoid conflict.


Kansas Valley National Bank, Topeka, Kansas

Kansas Valley National Bank, Topeka, Kansas
Date: July 25, 1871
An engraving copied from a check showing the Kansas Valley National Bank, 601 Kansas Avenue, Topeka, Kansas.


Kansas, her resources and developments

Kansas, her resources and developments
Creator: Griswold, Wayne
Date: 1871.
A guide containing information on living in the state of Kansas. This booklet reports on various topics that include but are not limited to, emigration, population and education in Kansas.


Ledgers from Zodoc Lewellen Wichita, Kansas 1869-1872, part 1

Ledgers from Zodoc Lewellen Wichita, Kansas 1869-1872, part 1
Creator: Lewellen, Zodac
Date: 1869-1872
This is the first of a four-part ledger from Zodac "Doc" Lewellen during his time in Wichita, Kansas from 1869-1872. These ledgers itemize the many products that Lewellen sold to area settlers from his store located on North Waco Street and are organized by customer. This first book has several loose pages. Some of his customers included Darius Munger, James R. Mead, Mike Meagher, William Greiffenstein, and Milo B. Kellogg. After coming to Wichita in 1867 from Butler County, Kansas, Doc Lewellen bought Jesse Chisholm's trading post in 1868. Doc Lewellen operated what many consider Wichita's first "store". His two-story building had the store on the main level and an upstairs known as "Lewellen's Hall". Lewellen left the Wichita area in 1872 after the death of his wife. He died in 1901. Funded by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission through the Kansas State Historical Records Advisory Board.


Ledgers from Zodoc Lewellen Wichita, Kansas 1869-1872, part 2

Ledgers from Zodoc Lewellen Wichita, Kansas 1869-1872, part 2
Creator: Lewellen, Zodac
Date: 1869-1872
This is the second book of a four-part ledger from Zodac "Doc" Lewellen during his time in Wichita, Kansas from 1869-1872. These ledgers itemize the many products that Lewellen sold to area settlers from his store located on North Waco Street and are organized by customer. Some of his customers included Darius Munger, E.B. Allen, Andrew Fabrique, Charles Hill, Ida May, and William Finn. After coming to Wichita in 1867 from Butler County, Kansas, Doc Lewellen bought Jesse Chisholm's trading post in 1868. Doc Lewellen operated what many consider Wichita's first "store". His two-story building had the store on the main level and an upstairs known as "Lewellen's Hall". Lewellen left the Wichita area in 1872 after the death of his wife. He died in 1901. Funded by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission through the Kansas State Historical Records Advisory Board.


Ledgers from Zodoc Lewellen Wichita, Kansas 1869-1872, part 3

Ledgers from Zodoc Lewellen Wichita, Kansas 1869-1872, part 3
Creator: Lewellen, Zodac
Date: 1871-1873
Zodac "Doc" Lewellen kept ledgers of his store sales during his time in Wichita, Kansas from 1869-1872, and this is the third of a four-part ledger series. These ledgers itemize the many products that Lewellen sold to area settlers from his store located on North Waco Street and are organized by customer. One of his customers included Darius Munger. After coming to Wichita in 1867 from Butler County, Kansas, Doc Lewellen bought Jesse Chisholm's trading post in 1868. Doc Lewellen operated what many consider Wichita's first "store". His two-story building had the store on the main level and an upstairs known as "Lewellen's Hall". Lewellen left the Wichita area in 1872 after the death of his wife. He died in 1901. This ledger also has a co-author named John Ward, who would later become a judge. This edition has several missing pages. Funded by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission through the Kansas State Historical Records Advisory Board.


Ledgers from Zodoc Lewellen Wichita, Kansas 1869-1872, part 4

Ledgers from Zodoc Lewellen Wichita, Kansas 1869-1872, part 4
Creator: Lewellen, Zodac
Date: 1868-1872
Zodac "Doc" Lewellen kept ledgers of his store sales during his time in Wichita, Kansas from 1869-1872, and this is the third of a four-part ledger series. These ledgers itemize the many products that Lewellen sold to area settlers from his store located on North Waco Street and are organized by customer. One of his customers included Darius Munger and WIlliam Greiffenstein. After coming to Wichita in 1867 from Butler County, Kansas, Doc Lewellen bought Jesse Chisholm's trading post in 1868. Doc Lewellen operated what many consider Wichita's first "store". His two-story building had the store on the main level and an upstairs known as "Lewellen's Hall". Lewellen left the Wichita area in 1872 after the death of his wife. He died in 1901. This ledger also has a co-author named John Ward, who would later become a judge. This edition has several missing pages. Funded by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission through the Kansas State Historical Records Advisory Board.


Ma-ja-ho-ga

Ma-ja-ho-ga
Date: 1871
A studio portrait of a young Kansa boy named Ma-ja-ho-ga. A second person, possibly his mother, is visible seated in a chair in the left margin of the photograph .


Map of the Missouri, Kansas and Texas Railway showing land grants and connections

Map of the Missouri, Kansas and Texas Railway showing land grants and connections
Creator: Missouri, Kansas and Texas Railway Company
Date: 1871
This map indicates land grant lands available from the Missouri, Kansas and Texas Railway, in an area from Junction City, Kansas, to Preston, Texas. It is also a map of all connecting railroads from the states of Nebraska, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Tennessee, Missouri, Kentucky, Illinois, Iowa and Indiana. Major rivers, cities, and military installations are shown.


McDanield family papers

McDanield family papers
Creator: Rottluff, Blanche
Date: 1852-1871
This is folder 23 of the Rottluff Family papers collection. The papers relate to the establishment of present-day Bonner Springs, Kansas. This file comes from box 1 of the collection.


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