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Kansas Memory has been created by the Kansas State Historical Society to share its historical collections via the Internet. Read more.

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Date - 1861-1869 - 1866

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B.F. Dawson to Colonel of the Second Kansas militia

B.F. Dawson to Colonel of the Second Kansas militia
Creator: Dawson, B.F.
Date: Between 1865 and 1866
This letter is from B.F. Dawson to the Colonel of the Second Kansas Militia, in Topeka, Kansas. The letter contains Dawson's recollections of the Battle of the Blue, which happened on October 22, 1864, in Jackson County, Missouri. Dawson wrote the letter in Topeka, Kansas.


Butterfield's Overland mail coach starting out from Atchison, Kansas

Butterfield's Overland mail coach starting out from Atchison, Kansas
Creator: Harpers Weekly
Date: January 27, 1866
A drawing of a Butterfield Overland mail coach copied from Harper's Weekly, January 27, 1866.


Cheyenne County organization records

Cheyenne County organization records
Creator: Kansas. Secretary of State
Date: April 01, 1886
In order for an unorganized county to be recognized by the state of Kansas, a certain number of householders/legal electors had to petition the governor. The governor would appoint a census taker. Initially, unorganized counties were required to document that they had at least 600 inhabitants in order to be recognized as a county by the state legislature. Over time the number of residents needed to organize a county changed to 1500 and later to 2500 residents. The census was submitted to the governor who then issued a proclamation indicating that the requirements had been met, appointing county commissioners and a county clerk, and naming a county seat. Not all of these documents are available for each county. Included in this file is Governor Martin's proclamation appointing county officials and designating Bird City as the temporary county seat.


Colonel Samuel N. Wood and his son David Wood

Colonel Samuel N. Wood and his son David Wood
Date: Between 1865 and 1867
This photograph of Colonel Samuel N. Wood and his son David Wood was taken shortly after the Civil War. It has been so heavily manipulated that it looks more like a hand drawing than a photograph.


Daily journal of Elisabeth S. Morse, teacher at Delaware Baptist Mission

Daily journal of Elisabeth S. Morse, teacher at Delaware Baptist Mission
Creator: Morse, Elizabeth Stevens
Date: February 13, 1866-July 14, 1866
This item is the 1866 daily journal for Elisabeth S. Morse who taught at the Delaware Baptist Mission near Edwardsville, Kansas. While a number of entries are fairly brief, the journal contains interesting information on Morse's daily activities at the Mission.


Electra J. Terry

Electra J. Terry
Date: 1866
Half cased ninth plate tintype portrait of Electra J. Terry, wife of Stewart Terry.


Fantasia on Lucy Long

Fantasia on Lucy Long
Creator: Worrall, Henry, 1825-1902
Date: 1866
A guitar instrumental by Henry Worrall is included here within a series of solo guitar pieces published by J.L. Peters & Bro. of St. Louis, Missouri. This copy of that collection includes only the "Fantasia on Lucy Long." In the early twentieth century, Worrall's popular guitar instrumentals played a key role in the development of the guitar styles of southern rural folk musicians and country and blues musical idioms. Worrall moved to Topeka, Kansas, in 1868 where he died in 1902.


Group of Pawnee warriors and palace cars on the Union Pacific Railroad

Group of Pawnee warriors and palace cars on the Union Pacific Railroad
Creator: Carbutt, John, 1832-1905
Date: October, 1866
This is a stereograph showing a group of Pawnee warriors posed in front of palace cars on the Union Pacific Railroad in Nebraska. The photograph was taken by John Carbutt, Chicago, Illinois, under the auspices of the Union Pacific Railroad Company. The series of stereographs is titled Union Pacific Rail Road Excursion to the 100th Meridian, October 1866.


Hugh A. Cook with his wife and children

Hugh A. Cook with his wife and children
Creator: Lamon, W. H.
Date: 1866
Portrait of Mr. & Mrs. Hugh A. Cook with three children and their dog. Cook was the second Sheriff of Franklin County, Kansas. Photo taken by W. H. Lamon of Lawrence, Kansas.


Immigration

Immigration
Creator: Manhattan Independent
Date: January 6, 1866
This article advertises the many reasons that settlers should come to Kansas, including the pleasant climate and rich natural resources. The unnamed author also promises that immigrants who are willing to work hard can make a good living. The author seems convinced that Kansas will experience a population boom, as there is an abundance of "unoccupied land" ripe for the taking.


Indian battle and massacre near Fort Philip Kearney, Dacotah Territory

Indian battle and massacre near Fort Philip Kearney, Dacotah Territory
Creator: Harpers Weekly
Date: March 23, 1867
This illustration portrays an Indian battle taking place on December 21, 1866 at Fort Phil Kearny on the Bozeman Trail in Dakota Territory. This illustration was published in Harper's Weekly on March 23, 1867. Funds for digitization provided by Mr. Steve Peckel in memory of William Chalfant.


Isaac Tichenor Goodnow diary

Isaac Tichenor Goodnow diary
Creator: Goodnow, Isaac T. (Isaac Tichenor), 1814-1894
Date: 1866
Diary belonging to Isaac Goodnow, a free-state supporter and the founder of Bluemont College (predecessor to Kansas State University) in Manhattan, Kansas Territory. Although many of the entries are somewhat mundane, dealing with weather, illness, neighbors, etc., others describe political and military activities in Kansas, as well as the land speculation. Goodnow's diary makes mention of the details of his daily life and community activities, such as home maintenance and crop harvests.


J. G. Haskell to Cyrus K. Holliday

J. G. Haskell to Cyrus K. Holliday
Creator: Haskell, John Gideon, 1832-1907
Date: February 04, 1866
This is a letter from J. G. Haskell to Cyrus K. Holliday requesting the opportunity to revise and add to the existing architectural plans for the pending Kansas state capitol in Topeka, Kansas. The initial set of plans were created by Edward Townsend Mix.


John M. Cain to Charles L. Mosley

John M. Cain to Charles L. Mosley
Creator: Cain, John M.
Date: March 12, 1866
A letter written by John M. Cain, late Captain Co. G and formerly 1st Lieutenant Co. B, 83rd US Colored Infantry, late 2nd Kansas Colored Infantry, Atchison, Kansas, dated March 12, 1866, to Charles L. Mosley, McFall, Gentry County, Missouri. The letter reports the death of Sergeant John P. Mosley, who was a member of Company D, 13th Regiment Kansas Volunteers and later assigned to duty with the 2nd Kansas Colored Infantry. When Mosley entered the military on August 21, 1862, he was 22 years old, married, a resident of Atchison, Kansas, and employed as a blacksmith. He was promoted to corporal on September 29, 1862, and sergeant on September 1, 1863. On November 16, 1863, Mosley was assigned to the 2nd Kansas Colored Volunteers. While serving with the 2nd Kansas Colored, he was wounded, left on the field, and taken prisoner by the Confederates at the Battle of Jenkin's Ferry, Arkansas. Mosley died at Princeton, Arkansas, while a prisoner of war on May 9, 1864.


Kansas Adjutant General general correspondence

Kansas Adjutant General general correspondence
Creator: Kansas. Adjutant General's Office
Date: 1866
Correspondence received by the Adjutant General's Office. Colonel Thomas J. Anderson served as the Kansas Adjutant General from April 1, 1865-August 18, 1867. Some of the topics discussed include the newly elected officials of the Mission Creek township militia in Wabaunsee County, residents of Baxter Springs seeking militia protection from bushwhackers, correspondence with E.B. Taylor, Superintendent of Indian Affairs for the Northern Superintendency in Omaha, relating to testimony given by Pawnee Indians on charge of murder at Solomon's Fork, monthly enlistment reports for the 13th U.S. Infantry and 18th U.S. Infantry, and a letter from Clara Barton on behalf of the Office of Correspondence with the Friends of the Missing Men of the United States Army.


Laying the Rails of the Union Pacific

Laying the Rails of the Union Pacific
Date: 1866
Union Pacific Railroad-Activity; Promotional excursion to the 100th meridian; 1866; laying the rails of the U.P.; Robert Taft Estates-1970; Nebraska


Laying the Union Pacific rails

Laying the Union Pacific rails
Creator: Carbutt, John, 1832-1905
Date: 1866
A view of men laying the rails of the Union Pacific Rail Road at the rate of two miles a day,


Lucy Hobbs Taylor's diploma

Lucy Hobbs Taylor's diploma
Creator: Ohio College of Dentistry
Date: February 1866
This is Lucy Hobbs Taylor's diploma from Ohio College of Dentistry. In 1866 she became the first woman in the world to receive a doctorate in dentistry. She married Civil War veteran James Myrtle Taylor and began to teach him dentistry. The couple moved to Lawrence in 1867 and established a joint practice. The Taylors purchased an empty lot in Lawrence (now 809 Vermont Street) and built a combination office and residence. Here they created one of the most successful dental practices in Kansas. They built a home on Ohio Street and moved their practice to a commercial building at 8th and Massachusetts streets. A year after her husband died in 1886, Taylor retired and devoted her time to charity and social causes, namely women's rights.


Medley of airs

Medley of airs
Creator: Worrall, Henry, 1825-1902
Date: 1866
Several instrumental pieces by Henry Worrall are included here within a series of solo guitar pieces published by J.L. Peters & Bro. of St. Louis, Missouri. This copy of that collection includes only Worrall's "Medley of Airs" and is from his personal music collection. The medley includes the following songs: "Whal be King but Charlie," "Spanish Dance," "Gliding Jessy," "Fisher's Hornpipe," "Celebrated Spanish Serenade," and "Smith's West End Serenade." The title page includes the inscription "From Mama [Mary E. Harvey Worrall], March 9th, 1903, 715 Polk St, Topeka." In the early twentieth century, Worrall's popular guitar instrumentals played a key role in the development of the guitar styles of southern rural folk musicians and country and blues musical idioms. Worrall moved to Topeka, Kansas, in 1868 where he died in 1902.


Muster out roll, miscellaneous units and individuals, Kansas Civil War Volunteers, volume 12

Muster out roll, miscellaneous units and individuals, Kansas Civil War Volunteers, volume 12
Creator: Kansas. Adjutant General's Office
Date: 1865-1866
The muster out roll for Civil War miscellaneous units and individuals,. The lists may include name, rank, age, when and where they mustered in, last date of pay, and remarks. The index to the Kansas Adjutant General's Report, 1861-1865, (see link below) also gives the regiment and company the soldier served in.


Notice concerning stock killed by the Union Pacific Railway

Notice concerning stock killed by the Union Pacific Railway
Creator: Union Pacific Railway, Eastern Division
Date: October 15, 1866
This notice of the Union Pacific Railway Company concerns restitution to the owners of stock killed on railroad tracks by trains. W. W. Wright, General Superintendent, Wyandotte, Kansas, issued the notice. This document demonstrates the close, but difficult, relationship that existed between railroad companies and farmers and ranchers in the late nineteenth century.


Orren Arms Curtis

Orren Arms Curtis
Creator: Wolfe, Harold B., 1898-1966
Date: Between 1861 and 1868
This photograph shows Orren Armas Curtis (1829-1898), Civil War veteran and father of Charles Curtis. He served as captain of Company F,15th Regiment Cavalry, Kansas Volunteers. In April of 1865 Curtis was court martial and sent to the military prison in Joplin, Missouri. He was paroled in May of 1865. Curtis resumed his military career by joining Company H, 19th Regiment Kansas Cavalry. In October of 1868, he was appointed to the ranks of quartermaster sergeant before mustering out of service on April 18, 1869.


Osawatomie State Hospital

Osawatomie State Hospital
Date: 1866-1966
Four photographs relating to the Osawatomie State Hospital in Osawatomie, Kansas. The first image shows the building listed as the first "Insane Asylum" in Kansas, known as "The Lodge," in Osawatomie in 1866. The photograph of the man with the phonograph is from 1886, and the last two photographs are from open house displays in May 1966. The man with the phonograph is Frank Smith, the first music therapist at Osawatomie State Hospital.


Ottawa County organization records

Ottawa County organization records
Creator: Kansas. Secretary of State
Date: 1866
In order for an unorganized county to be recognized by the state of Kansas, a certain number of householders/legal electors had to petition the governor. The governor would appoint a census taker. Initially, unorganized counties were required to document that they had at least 600 inhabitants in order to be recognized as a county by the state legislature. Over time the number of residents needed to organize a county changed to 1500 and later to 2500 residents. The census was submitted to the governor who then issued a proclamation indicating that the requirements had been met, appointing county commissioners and a county clerk, and naming a county seat. Not all of these documents are available for each county. Included in this file are several letters pertaining to the county population, and the proclamation from the governor appointing county officers and designating Ayersville as the county seat.


Plymouth Congregational Church, Lawrence, Kansas

Plymouth Congregational Church, Lawrence, Kansas
Creator: Knight, J. Lee
Date: 1866
A composite photograph showing the Plymouth Congregational Church, Lawrence, Kansas, and Reverend and Mrs. Richard Cordley and Reverend and Mrs. S. Y. Lum.


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