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Affidavit of John Smith

Affidavit of John Smith
Creator: United States. Congress. Senate
Date: January 15, 1865
This affidavit given by John Smith, an interpreter for the United States military, was presented to the military commission investigating the massacre of Cheyenne Indians at Sand Creek, Colorado, in 1864. Smith's account focuses primary on the events prior to the massacre, including the attitudes of the Cheyenne leaders One Eye and Black Kettle. The affidavit is part of a larger report containing evidence obtained at this hearing, titled Report of the Secretary of War, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate of February 4, 1867, a copy of the evidence taken at Denver and Fort Lyon, Colorado Territory, by a military commission, ordered to inquire into the Sand Creek massacre, November, 1864.


African American cowboys

African American cowboys
Date: Around 1865
This studio portrait from a tintype shows an African American cowboy (left). The ethnicity of the second man (right) is less clear. The location is unknown.


Agricultural College, Kansas State

Agricultural College, Kansas State
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1865-1868 : Crawford)
Date: 1865 - 1868
These letters, spanning 1865 to 1868, are from Joseph Denison, the Kansas State Agricultural College president; J. W. Davidson, a Military Science professor at the college; and the U. S. War Department to Kansas Governor Samuel Crawford regarding the Kansas State Agricultural College . The president wrote about the college's board of regents meetings. J. W. Davidson and the U. S. War Department wrote about supplying materials to the college and having the Ordinance Department be turned over to Davidson.


A Kansas Pacific Railway map of Kansas and Colorado

A Kansas Pacific Railway map of Kansas and Colorado
Creator: Kansas Pacific Railway Company
Date: Between 1865 and 1880
This map by the Kansas Pacific Railway Company features their "Golden Belt Route" from Kansas City to the "rich silver discoveries in Colorado." It advertises the "shortest and quickest, therefore the cheapest, route to Colorado." The map includes all of the counties of Kansas and eastern Colorado and most of the cities, towns and communities.


Andrew Amthauer

Andrew Amthauer
Date: 1865
A portrait of Andrew Amthauer, a Geary County pioneer, copied from a photograph panel.


Applications: Miscellaneous posts

Applications: Miscellaneous posts
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1865-1868 : Crawford)
Date: 1865-1867
These letters, spanning 1865 to 1867, are from Kansas citizens to Kansas Governor Samuel Crawford regarding appointments to various government offices. The positions they applied to included detective, state marshal, surveyist, and any positions available for a veteran with military qualifications.


Appointment register

Appointment register
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1865-1868 : Crawford)
Date: 1865-1867
This document is from Kansas Governor Samuel Crawford regarding appointments and other state affairs during his administration. Crawford wrote a list of names and dates of those who were appointed to various government offices. The dates range from January 1865 to April 1868, which are also the dates of Crawford's term as governor.


Autograph and State seal

Autograph and State seal
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1865-1868 : Crawford)
Date: 1865-1868
This document is from Kansas Governor Samuel Crawford regarding his autograph and the state seal. The document has Crawford's signature on it as well as a stamp of the state seal. There is no date on it, but Crawford's term was January 9, 1865 to November 4, 1868.


Battle of Platte River bridge in Wyoming

Battle of Platte River bridge in Wyoming
Creator: Playford, Jesse
Date: 1865
Here are two illustrations of the Platte Bridge Station drawn by Jesse Playford, a member of the 11th Kansas Cavalry, Company I. The station was established in 1858 as one of a series of fortified stations on the Oregon-California Trail. It was located on the south side of the North Platte River. Regular troops abandoned the station in 1859, the same year a 1,000-foot toll bridge was completed across the river. In 1862, during the Civil War, to counter increased Indian hostilities along the Oregon-California Trail and to guard the telegraph lines, volunteer regiments reoccupied Platte Bridge Station. The Indian threat reached a peak in the summer of 1865, when Lakota and Cheyenne descended on the trail from the Powder River country. At the time of the battle, the Platte Bridge Station was commanded by Major Martin Anderson of the 11th Kansas Cavalry. The garrison consisted of about 120 men of the Kansas Cavalry, detachments of Ohio Cavalry, and some volunteers. Following the battle, troops enlarged and rebuilt the fort in 1866, but the following year evacuated it and moved to Fort Fetterman, Wyoming. Almost immediately the Indians burned the buildings and the bridge.


Charles Chadwick to Hiram Hill

Charles Chadwick to Hiram Hill
Creator: Chadwick, Charles
Date: February 4, 1865
Charles Chadwick of Lawrence, Kansas, writes to Hiram Hill of Massachusettes detailing many of the events surrounding Confederate General Sterling Price's invasion and the steps Kansans took in preparation for an expected attack. In particular, Chadwick discusses the back and forth battles along the Missouri/Kansas border between Price and Union commander, General Alfred Pleasonton, that took place in the Fall of 1864.


Civil War Valentine

Civil War Valentine
Date: between 1861 and 1865
Joseph Forrest sent Valentines to Elizabeth Ehrhart during the Civil War. They were residents of Macon County, Illinois, and became engaged in 1858. Joseph enlisted on July 25, 1861 at Decatur, Illinois and fought as a private with Co. A of 8th Illinois Volunteer Infantry. The couple married Aug. 9, 1863. The Forrests moved to Jewell County, Kansas in 1872, where Joseph served as a Methodist Minister. In 1875, they moved to Minneapolis, Kansas.


Civil War Valentine

Civil War Valentine
Date: between 1861 and 1865
Joseph Forrest sent Valentines to Elizabeth Ehrhart during the Civil War. They were residents of Macon County, Illinois, and became engaged in 1858. Joseph enlisted on July 25, 1861 at Decatur, Illinois and fought as a private with Co. A of 8th Illinois Volunteer Infantry. The couple married Aug. 9, 1863. The Forrests moved to Jewell County, Kansas in 1872, where Joseph served as a Methodist Minister. In 1875, they moved to Minneapolis, Kansas.


Civil War Valentine

Civil War Valentine
Creator: W. Momberger
Date: between 1861 and 1865
Joseph Forrest sent Valentines to Elizabeth Ehrhart during the Civil War. They were residents of Macon County, Illinois, and became engaged in 1858. Joseph enlisted on July 25, 1861 at Decatur, Illinois and fought as a private with Co. A of 8th Illinois Volunteer Infantry. The couple married Aug. 9, 1863. The Forrests moved to Jewell County, Kansas in 1872, where Joseph served as a Methodist Minister. In 1875, they moved to Minneapolis, Kansas.


Claims

Claims
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1865-1868 : Crawford)
Date: 1865-1867
These letters, spanning 1865 to 1867, are from Kansas company officials to Kansas Governor Samuel Crawford regarding various claims. The company officials wrote asking for instructions for the purchase of houses on Native American territory, about a bill for the payment and taxes of a claim, and asking for a signature to approve an account.


Coins from Cottonwood Ranch, 14SD327

Coins from Cottonwood Ranch, 14SD327
Date: 1878-1909
These coins were recovered during the 1990 Kansas Archeology Training Program field school at the Cottonwood Ranch in Sheridan County. The pennies, sometimes called an Indian Head cents or Indian Head pennies, shows Liberty with a head dress on the obverse side. The reverse side shows an oak wreath and shield surrounding the words "ONE CENT." The coin on the left was minted in 1865 and coin on the right in 1890. The sheep ranch was established by Abraham Pratt, from Yorkshire, England, in 1878. Pratt's son, John Fenton Pratt and his family continued to raise sheep at the ranch until 1904. Cottonwood Ranch is now listed in the National Register of Historic Places.


Colonel Samuel N. Wood and his son David Wood

Colonel Samuel N. Wood and his son David Wood
Date: Between 1865 and 1867
This photograph of Colonel Samuel N. Wood and his son David Wood was taken shortly after the Civil War. It has been so heavily manipulated that it looks more like a hand drawing than a photograph.


Commissioners of deeds

Commissioners of deeds
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1865-1868 : Crawford)
Date: 1865-1867
These letters, spanning 1865 to 1867, are from government officials, out of state officials, and other individuals regarding the Commissioners of Deeds to Kansas Governor Samuel Crawford. They wrote about re-appointments, resignations, recommendations, and applications to the commissioner positions.


Correspondence, General

Correspondence, General
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1865-1868 : Crawford)
Date: 1865-1868
These letters, spanning 1865 to 1868, are from government officials and other individuals regarding general correspondence to Kansas Governor Samuel Crawford. They wrote about legislation, universities, the Paris Exposition, requesting interviews with Crawford, companies, the appointment of officials, and mining.


County affairs: Allen

County affairs: Allen
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1865-1868 : Crawford)
Date: 1865-1868
These letters, spanning 1865 to 1868, are from county officials regarding Allen County Kansas affairs to Kansas Governor Samuel Crawford. The county officials wrote resignations from the sheriff and probate judge offices. Most individuals recommended others to fill their vacancy. Allen County was organized in 1856.


County affairs: Davis

County affairs: Davis
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1865-1868 : Crawford)
Date: 1865-1868
These letters, spanning 1865 to 1868, are from county officials regarding Davis County Kansas affairs to Kansas Governor Samuel Crawford. Some county officials tendered their resignation as either sheriff or probate judge, while others discussed the appointment of a sheriff. Davis County was renamed to Geary County and was one of the first 33 counties organized by the Territorial Legislature in 1855.


County affairs: Greenwood

County affairs: Greenwood
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1865-1868 : Crawford)
Date: 1865
This letter, dated August 1, 1865, is from a Greenwood County Kansas official regarding the county's affairs to Kansas Governor Samuel Crawford. The letter lists the recommended individuals for sheriff and Justices of the Peace. Greenwood County was one of the original 33 counties organized by the Territorial Legislature in 1855, but because of an oversight and reorganization of county lines, Greenwood County was not officially organized until March 14, 1862.


County affairs: Morris

County affairs: Morris
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1865-1868 : Crawford)
Date: 1865
These two letters, dated April 18 and September 11, 1865, are from R. B. Lockwood, the Morris County Kansas clerk, regarding the county's affairs to Kansas Governor Samuel Crawford. Lockwood wrote complaining about disloyal transient men and asking for the re-appointment of Joseph Dunlap as sheriff. Morris County was organized on June 21, 1855.


County affairs: Wilson

County affairs: Wilson
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1865-1868 : Crawford)
Date: 1865
This letter, dated March 29, 1865, is from county officials regarding Wilson County Kansas affairs to Kansas Governor Samuel Crawford. The officials wrote, with a signed petition, a list of recommended individuals for various county offices. Wilson County was one of the original 33 counties organized by the Territorial Legislature in 1855.


Criminal matters

Criminal matters
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1865-1868 : Crawford)
Date: 1865-1868
These letters, spanning 1865 to 1868, are from government officials regarding criminal matters to Kansas Governor Samuel Crawford. The officials wrote about individual cases, pardons, hangings, and requisitions.


Deaf and Dumb, Kansas Academy for the

Deaf and Dumb, Kansas Academy for the
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1865-1868 : Crawford)
Date: 1865 - 1867
These letters, spanning 1865 to 1867, are from the warden, professors, and board members of the Kansas Academy for the Deaf and Dumb to Kansas Governor Samuel Crawford regarding the academy's affairs. They wrote either complaints about a professor, Joseph Mount, or to discuss board meetings. The academy opened in 1861 and was located in Baldwin City, Douglas County, Kansas.


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