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Date - 1861-1869 - 1862

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4th Kansas Infantry muster rolls

4th Kansas Infantry muster rolls
Date: 1862
These are the muster rolls of the 4th Kansas Infantry. The muster roll identifies the officers and enlisted men, their age, birthplace, the location from which they came to Kansas, and their Kansas residence.


8th Kansas Volunteer Infantry

8th Kansas Volunteer Infantry
Date: 1862
This tintype shows members of the 8th Kansas Volunteer Infantry, Company E. Soldiers in the tintype are: (standing) Elisha D. Rose, James Hunter, Volney Brown, Henry Davidson, (kneeling) Lewis V. Bryan, Richard Russell, William Wendall, and Cyrus Grant.


A Cup and a Bowl from the Baker House, 14MO701

A Cup and a Bowl from the Baker House, 14MO701
Date: 1862
This reconstructed cup and bowl was found in pieces during excavations in 1972-1973 by the Kansas State Teacher's College (now Emporia State University). The bowl has a red, black and green floral design, though difficult to see. The handless cup has a red, white and blue linear pattern. Both dishes were reconstructed by students at the 1972 - 1973 field school. It was donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1993. The archeological site, along the Santa Fe Trail in Morris County, was the location of the Baker House, which burned in 1862, along with the nearby store, during the murder of A.I. Baker.


Abraham Lincoln

Abraham Lincoln
Date: 1862
An engraving of Abraham Lincoln, sixteenth President of the United States. He successfully led the country through the Civil War, saving the Union and ending slavery, only to be assassinated as the war was virtually over. Before becoming the first Republican elected to the Presidency, Lincoln was a lawyer, an Illinois state legislator, and a member of the United States House of Representatives.


Aiken J. Sexton correspondence

Aiken J. Sexton correspondence
Creator: Sexton, A.J.
Date: 1862
Letters from Aiken J. Sexton to his wife, Catherine. Aiken was a private from Company E of the 12th Wisconsin Volunteers and wrote these letters as he traveled through Kansas during the Civil War.


An act regulating crimes and punishment of crimes against the persons of individuals

An act regulating crimes and punishment of crimes against the persons of individuals
Creator: Kansas Legislature.
Date: 1862
Chapter 33, Section 3 of the General Laws of the State of Kansas (1862) provides for punishment by death for persons convicted of murder in the first degree. The legislature passed the law at its second annual session ending March 6, 1862. The previous year, the legislature passed a death penalty law for persons convicted of treason against the state. These laws demonstrates the state's initial stance on capital punishment.


Bowie knife

Bowie knife
Date: 1862
"Arkansas Toothpick" bowie knife with wooden handle and metal blade. This type of knife was popular in the Civil War, especially with Confederates. The donor, John P.T. Davis was a 2nd Lieutenant in Company H of the 52nd Indiana Infantry Regiment. In addition to Kentucky, Mississippi, and Alabama, the regiment fought at the Battle of Fort Donelson, Tennessee, in 1862. Davis collected this knife from that battlefield on February 15, 1862.


Ceramic Pipe Fragments from the Baker House, 14MO701

Ceramic Pipe Fragments from the Baker House, 14MO701
Date: 1862
These four pipe fragments were recovered during excavations in 1972-1973 by the Kansas State Teacher's College (now Emporia State University). Two are pipe bowls decorated in a series of vertical flutes, Another is a pipe stem manufactured from a mold with two rings encircling the edge. The final artifact is a pipe stem and bowl fragments with traces of dottle, tobacco residue, in the bowl and a brass band as a connector. The collection was donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1993. The archeological site, along the Santa Fe Trail in Morris County, was the location of the Baker House, which burned in 1862, along with the nearby store, during the murder of A.I. Baker.


Charles and Sarah Robinson correspondence

Charles and Sarah Robinson correspondence
Creator: Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894
Date: 1861-1862
Correspondence between Charles Robinson, the first Governor of Kansas, his wife Sara, and others, mostly involving activities in the fight for a non-slavery Kansas. Some of the people discussed are Abraham Lincoln, James H. Lane, and Charles Jennison.


Civil War Valentine

Civil War Valentine
Creator: W. Momberger
Date: between 1861 and 1865
Joseph Forrest sent Valentines to Elizabeth Ehrhart during the Civil War. They were residents of Macon County, Illinois, and became engaged in 1858. Joseph enlisted on July 25, 1861 at Decatur, Illinois and fought as a private with Co. A of 8th Illinois Volunteer Infantry. The couple married Aug. 9, 1863. The Forrests moved to Jewell County, Kansas in 1872, where Joseph served as a Methodist Minister. In 1875, they moved to Minneapolis, Kansas.


Civil War Valentine

Civil War Valentine
Date: between 1861 and 1865
Joseph Forrest sent Valentines to Elizabeth Ehrhart during the Civil War. They were residents of Macon County, Illinois, and became engaged in 1858. Joseph enlisted on July 25, 1861 at Decatur, Illinois and fought as a private with Co. A of 8th Illinois Volunteer Infantry. The couple married Aug. 9, 1863. The Forrests moved to Jewell County, Kansas in 1872, where Joseph served as a Methodist Minister. In 1875, they moved to Minneapolis, Kansas.


Civil War Valentine

Civil War Valentine
Date: between 1861 and 1865
Joseph Forrest sent Valentines to Elizabeth Ehrhart during the Civil War. They were residents of Macon County, Illinois, and became engaged in 1858. Joseph enlisted on July 25, 1861 at Decatur, Illinois and fought as a private with Co. A of 8th Illinois Volunteer Infantry. The couple married Aug. 9, 1863. The Forrests moved to Jewell County, Kansas in 1872, where Joseph served as a Methodist Minister. In 1875, they moved to Minneapolis, Kansas.


Constitution and By-Laws of the Trade Association of Journeymen Cordwainers, of the City of Leavenworth, Kansas

Constitution and By-Laws of the Trade Association of Journeymen Cordwainers, of the City of Leavenworth, Kansas
Creator: Journeymen Cordwainers
Date: October 22, 1862
A pamphlet containing the Constitution and By-Laws of the Trade Association of Journeymen Cordwainers, of Leavenworth, Kansas. The Journeymen formed this association to benefit their members and to protect their business.


Correspondence between Samuel Lyle Adair, Florella Brown Adair, and their children

Correspondence between Samuel Lyle Adair, Florella Brown Adair, and their children
Date: 1860-1862
Correspondence between Samuel Lyle Adair, his wife Florella Brown Adair, and their children, Charles, Emma, and Addie. Florella was the half- sister of abolitionist John Brown and Samuel was a minister and established the First Congregational Church of Osawatomie. Their cabin was a station on the Underground Railroad and John Brown's headquarters.


Crockery from the Baker Store, 14MO701

Crockery from the Baker Store, 14MO701
Date: 1862
This crock, which was reconstructed in the Archeology lab at the Kansas Historical Society, is made of glazed stoneware and was used for storing food. It is labeled as a three-gallon crock and has a leaf decoration. The crock fragments were recovered from the Baker Store in Morris County by Emporia State Teacher's College (now Emporia State University) archeological field school in 1973. They were donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1993. The Baker store and nearby house, situated along the Santa Fe trail, were burned in 1862 by "Bloody Bill" Anderson and his cohorts. The owner, A. I. Baker, was murdered during the event.


Cyrus Leland letters

Cyrus Leland letters
Creator: Leland, Cyrus, 1841-1917
Date: 1862-1864
These letters were written by Cyrus Leland, primarily, during his time in the Civil War. Leland served in the 4th Kansas and later the10th Kansas Infantry, after the 3rd and 4th Kansas were consolidated to form the 10th. Many of the letters concern his efforts to be appointed as an aide-de-camp to General Thomas Ewing, Jr, and another mentions Preston Plumb and his actions during a charge by William Quantrill. Leland writes letters from Kansas City, Leavenworth, St. Louis, Rolla, and other places the regiment went. In a letter from Kansas City, MO, dated June 29, 1863, he asks his mother to send him $25 and to make him two white shirts. He also writes that he is staying at the Union House, along with some female prisoners. On stationery printed with "Headquarters District of the Border," he writes that General Schofield "has issued an order preventing the military of either Missouri or Kansas from crossing the state line without permission." A short letter written in pencil on October 12, 1863, about a military engagement near Booneville, Missouri, presents a contrast of letters written in the field to those written at Headquarters. Another letter written October 18, 1863, from "Camp near Carthage, MO, describes the capture of thirty Confederate troops. The letter written November 14th, 1863, describes an incident at a dance near Neosho, MO, that end with shooting. Leland ejected a soldier from "Blunts scouts" that was "a little more noisy than the rest" but when the soldier returned to Fort Scott, he told people he had been bushwhacked. Leland was from Troy, Doniphan County, KS. After the war, he served several terms in the Kansas House of Representatives.


Daniel L. Chandler to James H. Buxton

Daniel L. Chandler to James H. Buxton
Creator: Chandler, Daniel L.
Date: May 5, 1862
This letter, written by Daniel L. Chandler "on the prairie five miles west of Ft. Scott," was addressed to James H. Buxton, a young soldier who had been under Chandler's care as army hospital steward. Chandler expressed joy that Buxton's health continued to improve in Lawrence and that he was being educated. Chandler also related news of Buxton's fellow soldiers and discharge from the Union army.


Daniel L. Chandler to John Stillman Brown

Daniel L. Chandler to John Stillman Brown
Creator: Chandler, Daniel L.
Date: April 22, 1862
This letter was written by Daniel L. Chandler from Paola, Kansas, to John Stillman Brown, a Unitarian minister who lived west of Lawrence. The first portion of Chandler's letter describes a young soldier named James, apparently recuperating from illness and under Brown's care and supervision in Lawrence. Chandler speaks of promotions and new officers in the army and his contentment with his "humble position" as hospital steward. He also writes of his popularity with the troops and his efforts to obtain "comforts" for them.


Daniel L. Chandler to John Stillman Brown

Daniel L. Chandler to John Stillman Brown
Creator: Chandler, Daniel L.
Date: April 26, 1862
A letter written by Daniel L. Chandler from Mound City, Kansas, to John Stillman Brown, a Unitarian minister who lived west of Lawrence. Chandler described promotions and staff changes in the regiments at Mound City, as well as a petition to prevent his removal as hospital steward. Chandler also wrote of the deaths of soldiers and a new order that would discharge soldiers who spent two months in the hospital.


Daniel Read Anthony correspondence

Daniel Read Anthony correspondence
Creator: Anthony, D. R. (Daniel Read), 1824-1904
Date: 1858-1862
Daniel Read Anthony letters covering 1858, 1861 and 1862. Daniel was an abolitionist and free stater, and served two terms as mayor of Leavenworth, Kansas. These letters focus on the struggles between the Border Ruffians and the Free State men, military matters, politics, and speaks of freed slaves he has met who want to incite insurrection among other blacks.


Decorated Buttons from the Baker Store, 14MO701

Decorated Buttons from the Baker Store, 14MO701
Date: 1862
These three china buttons were recovered from the Baker Store in Morris County by Emporia State Teacher's College (now Emporia State University) in 1973. Shown is a black and white calico button in a daisy pattern and two dish buttons with different shades of brown trim. All are 4-hole sew through type buttons. The Baker Store artifact collection was donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1993. The Baker store and nearby house, situated along the Santa Fe trail, were burned in 1862 by "Bloody Bill" Anderson and his cohorts. The owner, A. I. Baker, was murdered at that time.


Descriptive roll, Eighth Regiment, Infantry, Kansas Civil War Volunteers, volume 7

Descriptive roll, Eighth Regiment, Infantry, Kansas Civil War Volunteers, volume 7
Creator: Kansas. Adjutant General's Office
Date: 1861-1863
This is the descriptive roll for Civil War soldiers in the Eighth Regiment, Kansas Volunteer Infantry. Information includes description, marital status, nativity, residence, muster information, and remarks. The index to the Kansas Adjutant General's Report, 1861-1865, (see link below) also gives the regiment and company the soldier served in.


Descriptive roll, Fifteenth Regiment, Cavalry, Kansas Civil War Volunteers, volume 6

Descriptive roll, Fifteenth Regiment, Cavalry, Kansas Civil War Volunteers, volume 6
Creator: Kansas. Adjutant General's Office
Date: 1861-1863
This is the descriptive roll for Civil War soldiers in the Fifteenth Regiment, Kansas Volunteer Cavalry. Information includes description, marital status, nativity, residence, muster information, and remarks. The index to the Kansas Adjutant General's Report, 1861-1865, (see link below) also gives the regiment and company the soldier served in.


Descriptive roll, Fifth Regiment, Cavalry, Kansas Civil War Volunteers, volume 4

Descriptive roll, Fifth Regiment, Cavalry, Kansas Civil War Volunteers, volume 4
Creator: Kansas. Adjutant General's Office
Date: 1861-1863
This is the descriptive roll for Civil War soldiers in the Fifth Regiment, Kansas Volunteer Cavalry. Information includes description, marital status, nativity, residence, muster information, and remarks. The index to the Kansas Adjutant General's Report, 1861-1865, (see link below) also gives the regiment and company the soldier served in.


Descriptive roll, Fourteenth Regiment, Cavalry, Kansas Civil War Volunteers, volume 2

Descriptive roll, Fourteenth Regiment, Cavalry, Kansas Civil War Volunteers, volume 2
Creator: Kansas. Adjutant General's Office
Date: 1861-1863
This is the descriptive roll for Civil War soldiers in the Fourteenth Regiment, Kansas Volunteer Cavalry. Information includes description, marital status, nativity, residence, muster information, and remarks. The index to the Kansas Adjutant General's Report, 1861-1865, (see link below) also gives the regiment and company the soldier served in.


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