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Damage to the Pike Pawnee monument in Republic County, Kansas

Damage to the Pike Pawnee monument in Republic County, Kansas
Date: 1946
Several views of damage to the Pike Pawnee monument in Republic County, Kansas. This monument is part of the Pawnee Indian Museum, the oldest historic site owned by the state of Kansas. In 1899 George and Elizabeth Johnson deeded to the state of Kansas most of the site upon which a large Kitkehahki (Republican) band Pawnee earth lodge village had stood in the late 1700's. The state accepted the site in 1901, put up an iron fence and erected a granite obelisk to mark the site where in 1806, United States explorer Zebulon Pike convinced the Pawnees to lower the Spanish flag, recently left there by a large Spanish force and raise the United States flag. Supposedly this was the first time the U.S. flag was raised west of the Missouri River. This flag raising episode was true except it happened about 40 miles up the Republican River at a village the Pawnees moved to after deserting this one. The portion of this site that was saved included 22 earth lodge depressions, numerous storage pit depressions, and remains of the fortification wall. Two house depressions were excavated in 1949 but intensive investigation of the site did not occur until 1965 under the direction of Kansas State Archeologist Tom Witty. In 1967 the museum was constructed around one of the largest of the lodge depressions before it was excavated. What the residents of the lodge left behind was uncovered by the archeologists and left in the exact same spots. Only eight of the 22 lodge depressions have been excavated. The site was listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 1971. Today the site is operated by the Kansas Historical Society as Pawnee Indian Museum State Historic Site.


First Pawnee Village celebration, Republic County, Kansas

First Pawnee Village celebration, Republic County, Kansas
Date: September 29, 1896
Four views of the first Pawnee Village celebration. The event took place near the site where once a large Kitkehahki (Republican) band Pawnee earth lodge village had stood in the late 1700's. This area was also where United States explorer Zebulon Pike convinced the Pawnees to lower the Spanish flag, recently left there by a large Spanish force and raise the United States flag. Supposedly this was the first time the U.S. flag was raised west of the Missouri River. This flag raising episode was true except it happened about 40 miles up the Republican River at a village the Pawnees moved to after deserting this one.


Front page of account of Major Zebulon M. Pike's exploration

Front page of account of Major Zebulon M. Pike's exploration
Date: 1807-1810
The beginning page of the report submitted by Major Zebulon M. Pike of his exploration of the western United States submitted to Congress and published in 1810. Zebulon Pike was an army lieutenant sent by the U.S. government to explore the southern part of the Louisiana Purchase in 1806. Upon his return, Pike prepared a report to the U.S. government in which he described the Plains as the "Great American Desert."


J.K. Barnd to Franklin G. Adams

J.K. Barnd to Franklin G. Adams
Creator: Barnd, J.K.
Date: December 9, 1895
In this letter to Franklin G. Adams, J.K. Barnd, editor of the Ness County News of Ness, Kansas, discusses his interest in the route that explorer Zebulon Pike took when visiting the Pawnees in 1806. Barnd explains that previous accounts of the path followed by Pike were inaccurate, and that the village was most likely "nine or ten miles further up the river and on its west bank."


Lieutenant Zebulon M. Pike

Lieutenant Zebulon M. Pike
Date: 1807-1810
This illustration of Lieutenant Zebulon M. Pike is taken from an account of his military expedition from western Louisiana to the interior parts of New Spain conducted between 1806 and 1807. Zebulon Pike was an army lieutenant sent by the U.S. government to explore the southern part of the Louisiana Purchase in 1806. Upon his return, Pike prepared a report to the U.S. government in which he described the Plains as the "Great American Desert."


Medicine Lodge pageant

Medicine Lodge pageant
Creator: Howes, Charles C.
Date: 1961
This is a motion picture film of the Medicine Lodge Indian Peace Treaty Pageant which commemorates the great Peace Council of 1867 between the U.S. Government and the Apache, Arapaho, Cheyenne, Comanche, and Kiowa Indians. The Medicine Lodge Peace Treaty re-enactment is staged in a natural amphitheater, near the actual site of the council where the Medicine River and Elm Creek converge near Medicine Lodge, Barber County, Kansas. The film also discusses early explorers, the extermination of the buffalo, the beginning of the cattle industry, and Carry Nation and the temperance movement.


Pike, Zebulon Montgomery

Pike, Zebulon Montgomery
This is a copy of a portrait of Col. Zebulon Pike that is in Kansas Museum of History.


Placing marker on the hill, Pawnee Village site, Republic County

Placing marker on the hill, Pawnee Village site, Republic County
Date: July 04, 1901
A photograph showing the placing of a marker on a hill at the Pawnee Village site in Republic County, Kansas. This area would become the Pawnee Indian Museum, the oldest historic site owned by the state of Kansas. In 1899 George and Elizabeth Johnson deeded to the state of Kansas most of the site upon which a large Kitkehahki (Republican) band Pawnee earth lodge village had stood in the late 1700's. The state accepted the site in 1901, put up an iron fence and erected a granite obelisk to mark the site where in 1806, United States explorer Zebulon Pike convinced the Pawnees to lower the Spanish flag, recently left there by a large Spanish force and raise the United States flag. Supposedly this was the first time the U.S. flag was raised west of the Missouri River. This flag raising episode was true except it happened about 40 miles up the Republican River at a village the Pawnees moved to after deserting this one. The portion of this site that was saved included 22 earth lodge depressions, numerous storage pit depressions, and remains of the fortification wall. Two house depressions were excavated in 1949 but intensive investigation of the site did not occur until 1965 under the direction of Kansas State Archeologist Tom Witty. In 1967 the museum was constructed around one of the largest of the lodge depressions before it was excavated. What the residents of the lodge left behind was uncovered by the archeologists and left in the exact same spots. Only eight of the 22 lodge depressions have been excavated. The site was listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 1971. Today the site is operated by the Kansas Historical Society as Pawnee Indian Museum State Historic Site.


The Old Shawnee Mission

The Old Shawnee Mission
Creator: Connelley, William Elsey, 1855-1930
Date: January 01, 1900-January 01, 1920
This item, written by William Elsey Connelley of the Kansas State Historical Society, provides a detailed history of the Old Shawnee Mission up until the early twentieth century. Connelley's history of the Mission covers the many events which placed European and European Americans in control of the land where the Mission was eventually built, as well as the many evolutions of the Old Shawnee Mission itself.


The Republican Pawnee Indian village

The Republican Pawnee Indian village
Creator: Price, J.C.
Date: 1900
This item, written and illustrated by J.C. Price, contains detailed information on the location of the Republican Pawnee Indian village in Republican County, Kansas.


Unveiling the Pike monument at Pawnee Village, Republic County, Kansas

Unveiling the Pike monument at Pawnee Village, Republic County, Kansas
Date: September 30, 1901
Three photographs showing the unveiling of the Pike monument at Pawnee Village in Republic County, Kansas. This monument commemorates the site where in 1806, United States explorer Zebulon Pike convinced the Pawnees to lower the Spanish flag recently left there by a large Spanish force and raise the United States flag. This flag raising episode was true except it happened about forty miles up the Republican River at a village the Pawnees moved to after deserting this one. The site was listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 1971 and today is operated by the Kansas Historical Society as Pawnee Indian Museum State Historic Site.


Views of the Pawnee Village monument, Republic County, Kansas

Views of the Pawnee Village monument, Republic County, Kansas
Date: Between 1906 and 1960
Views of the Pawnee Village monument in Republic County, Kansas, located near the Pawnee Indian Museum. This museum is the oldest historic site owned by the state of Kansas. The site was listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 1971. Today the site is operated by the Kansas Historical Society as Pawnee Indian Museum State Historic Site.


Zebulon Pike trip and Pawnee Indian Village correspondence

Zebulon Pike trip and Pawnee Indian Village correspondence
Date: January 7, 1891-January 18, 1928
This correspondence addresses explorer Zebulon Pike's 1806 expedition to the West, particularly Pike's visit to the Pawnee village located in present-day Republic County, Kansas. The correspondence spans the years 1891 to 1928, and covers the details of the trip, as well as the most likely location of the Pawnee village. One of the correspondents, naturalist and historian Elliott Coues, edited a popular edition of the Journals of Lewis and Clark (1893) and published The Travels of Zebulon Pike in 1895.


Showing 1 - 13

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