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.50-70 Cartridges from Fort Wallace, 14WC303

.50-70 Cartridges from Fort Wallace, 14WC303
Date: 1865-1882
These .50-70 cartridges were recovered from Fort Wallace in Wallace County at the Enlisted Men's Barracks. Both were recovered in the vicinity of the Enlisted Men's Barracks. Fort Wallace was built in 1865 along the Smoky Hill Trail and abandoned in 1882. Archeologists from the Kansas Historical Society conducted excavations at the fort in 1997.


Barracks, Fort Wallace, Kansas

Barracks, Fort Wallace, Kansas
Date: 1868
This photograph shows the barracks building at Fort Wallace, Wallace County, Kansas.


Buildings at Fort Wallace, Kansas

Buildings at Fort Wallace, Kansas
Date: Between 1880 and 1885
A view of several buildings at Fort Wallace, Kansas, including the mess hall on the west side of the parade ground, the powder house which was southwest of the mess hall, and the guard house. The mess hall (the long building in the center of the picture) faces east. The fort was abandoned in 1882 and the mess hall was torn down by settlers in 1888.


Finial from Fort Wallace, 14WC303

Finial from Fort Wallace, 14WC303
Date: 1865-1882
This finial was recovered from Fort Wallace in Wallace County in the vicinity of the Officer's Quarters. A finial is an ornamental piece generally at the top of an object. This one may have been at the end of a flag staff. Fort Wallace was built in 1865 along the Smoky Hill Trail and abandoned in 1882. Archeologists from the Kansas Historical Society conducted excavations at the fort in 1997.


Fort Wallace

Fort Wallace
Creator: B. McDonald
Date: May 25, 1953
A drawing of Fort Wallace, Kansas as it appeared in 1879.


Fort Wallace, 1880's

Fort Wallace, 1880's
Date: 1880's
This sepia colored photograph captures the buildngs at Fort Wallace in the 1880's.


Four views of the government cemetery at Fort Wallace, Kansas

Four views of the government cemetery at Fort Wallace, Kansas
Date: Between 1920 and 1930
Four views of the government cemetery at Fort Wallace, Wallace County, Kansas.


General Service Button from Fort Wallace, 14WC303

General Service Button from Fort Wallace, 14WC303
Date: 1866-1882
This General Service button was found near the Enlisted Barracks at Fort Wallace in Wallace County. he button is of a size to have likely been used on a jacket cuff. Excavations took place at the fort in 1997 by archeologists from the Kansas Historical Society.


General Service Buttons From Fort Wallace, 14WC303

General Service Buttons From Fort Wallace, 14WC303
Date: 1865-1882
These buttons were recovered from Fort Wallace in Wallace County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 2005. They are of a size likely to have been used on a jacket front or cuff. The larger button has a back mark for the 1860s button manufacturers Horstmann and Company of New York and Philadelphia. The smaller button's back mark listed Scovill and Company of Waterbury, Connecticut (1840-1850). Fort Wallace was built in 1865 along the Smoky Hill Trail and abandoned in 1882.


Hackberry tree, old Fort Wallace, Wallace County, Kansas

Hackberry tree, old Fort Wallace, Wallace County, Kansas
Date: Between 1930 and 1940
This hackberry tree was the only remaining landmark of Fort Wallace, Wallace County, Kansas. It stood outside the officers' quarters at the fort.


Hole-in-top Can from Fort Wallace, 14WC303

Hole-in-top Can from Fort Wallace, 14WC303
Date: 1865-1882
This hole-in-top can fragment was recovered from Fort Wallace in Wallace County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 2005. The tin can was filled through a large hole in the top. After filling, a cap was soldered into place with lead and a pin-hole opening left for steam to vent. This final hole was also sealed with lead. Archeologists can learn much from a discarded can, such as the occupants eating habits, finances, and trading patterns. Fort Wallace was built in 1865 along the Smoky Hill Trail and abandoned in 1882.


H.P. Clark to George W. Martin

H.P. Clark to George W. Martin
Creator: Clark, H.P.
Date: March 28, 1907
A letter from H.P. Clark to George W. Martin, Kansas State Historical Society, Topeka, Kansas. Clark writes about sending a set of keys that once belonged to the buildings of Fort Wallace, to Mr. Martin as an addition to the collection of the Historical Society.


Insignia from Fort Wallace, 14WC303

Insignia from Fort Wallace, 14WC303
Date: 1865-1882
This brass insignia was recovered from Fort Wallace in Wallace County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 2005. Insignia are badge-like distinguishing marks of military rank or office. Fort Wallace was built in 1865 along the Smoky Hill Trail and abandoned in 1882.


Logan County history

Logan County history
Creator: Ruppenthal, J. C. (Jacob Christian), 1869-1964
Date: 1914
This is a listing and description of various locations and points of interest in Logan County. Castle Rock, the Butterfield/Wallace trail, Russell Springs, and a story on General George Custer are included.


Map of Kansas, with parts of neighboring states and territories

Map of Kansas, with parts of neighboring states and territories
Creator: Hunnius, Ado, 1842-1923
Date: 1870
This map was drawn by Ado Hunnius at the request of Major General J. M. Schofield. It was compiled under the direction of 1st Lieutenant Henry Jackson of the 7th U.S. Cavalry in March 1870. It includes the location of forts in Kansas, southern Nebraska, eastern Colorado, and northern portions of Indian Territory (Oklahoma), as well as noting natural features (rivers, hills, etc.), trails, and Indian reservations.


Pipe Fragment from Fort Wallace, 14WC303

Pipe Fragment from Fort Wallace, 14WC303
Date: 1865-1882
This pipe stem and bowl fragment was recovered from Fort Wallace in Wallace County at the Enlisted Men's Barracks. Pipes like this one were mass produced using molds. Fort Wallace was built in 1865 along the Smoky Hill Trail and abandoned in 1882. Archeologists from the Kansas Historical Society conducted excavations at the fort in 1997.


Pistol Ammunition from Fort Wallace, 14WC303

Pistol Ammunition from Fort Wallace, 14WC303
Date: 1865-1882
This lead shot (ammunition) was recovered from Fort Wallace in Wallace County near the magazine, an area used for ammunition storage. The lead shot is an appropriate size to have been used in a pistol. Fort Wallace was built in 1865 along the Smoky Hill Trail and abandoned in 1882. Archeologists from the Kansas Historical Society conducted excavations at the fort in 1997.


Plan of Fort Wallace, Wallace County, Kansas

Plan of Fort Wallace, Wallace County, Kansas
Date: Between 1865 and 1875
A hand drawn plan of Fort Wallace in Wallace County, Kansas, showing the locations of the buildings on the post.


Spencer Cartridge from Fort Wallace, 14WC303

Spencer Cartridge from Fort Wallace, 14WC303
Date: 1866-1882
This 50-56 caliber Spencer cartridge, manufactured by the Sage Ammunition Works of Middleton, Connecticut, was found near the guardhouse at Fort Wallace in Wallace County. Excavations took place at the fort in 1997 by archeologists from the Kansas Historical Society.


Spenser Cartridges from Fort Wallace, 14WC303

Spenser Cartridges from Fort Wallace, 14WC303
Date: 1865-1882
These Spenser cartridges were recovered from Fort Wallace in Wallace County at the Enlisted Men's Barracks. All are unfired, but each cartridge has been sliced open, suggesting the powder may have been used as fire starters. Fort Wallace was built in 1865 along the Smoky Hill Trail and abandoned in 1882. Archeologists from the Kansas Historical Society conducted excavations at the fort in 1997.


Table of Distances Between Fort Harker, Kansas, and Denver City, Colorado Territory

Table of Distances Between Fort Harker, Kansas, and Denver City, Colorado Territory
Date: Between 1861 and 1876
This undated table lists the distances, in both miles and yards, between key stations on the route from Fort Harker, Kansas, to Denver, Colorado Territory. Fort Harker was located in present day Kanopolis, Kansas. It also lists additional information in the right column, such as whether each branch of the route had an accessible (and healthy) water supply.


Toy Wheel from Fort Wallace, 14WC303

Toy Wheel from Fort Wallace, 14WC303
Date: 1865-1882
This toy wheel was recovered from Fort Wallace in Wallace County in the vicinity of the Officer's Quarters. As this toy testifies, some officers and enlisted men brought not only their wives, but also their children to the frontier forts. Fort Wallace was built in 1865 along the Smoky Hill Trail and abandoned in 1882. Archeologists from the Kansas Historical Society conducted excavations at the fort in 1997.


U. S. Express Overland stage starting for Denver from Hays City, Kansas. 580 miles west of St. Louis, Mo.

U. S. Express Overland stage starting for Denver from Hays City, Kansas. 580 miles west of St. Louis, Mo.
Creator: Gardner, Alexander, 1821-1882
Date: 1867
This stereograph shows a U. S. Express Overland stage with African-American soldiers on guard against attack. Gardner identified the stage as starting for Denver, Colorado, from Hays City, Kansas. The image was taken from Alexander Gardner's series, "Across the Continent on the Union Pacific Railway, Eastern Division."


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