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Adaline Beedle Sorace

Adaline Beedle Sorace
Date: Between 1930 and 1939
These fifteen photographs show Adaline Beedle Sorace, author of Addie of the Flint Hills, at various periods in her life. The first photograph is Addie at age sixteen. While the next four images have her attending nursing school at Bell Memorial Hospital in Kansas City, Kansas. Images six through ten show Addie with her friends from Matfield Green, Kansas, and a view of the high school in Matfield Green. Images eleven and twelve show Addie with unidentified friends. The last three images have her with members from the Jr. Century Club in Matfield Green.


Albert Rogler & William Crouch at Rogler Ranch

Albert Rogler & William Crouch at Rogler Ranch
Date: Between 1896 and 1897
This black and white photograph shows Albert Rogler and William Crouch hauling slop to the sow pens on the Rogler Ranch in Chase County, Kansas. The pens were on the south side of the big hedge fence about 200 feet south of the Rogler house.


A Lithic Collection from the Elliott Site, 14GE303

A Lithic Collection from the Elliott Site, 14GE303
Date: 4250-2850 BCE
These eight lithic artifacts were collected from an archeological site in Geary County with a Munkers Creek component. They were donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1925. The artifacts shown here are eight large thick bifaces that may have been used as woodworking tools. The upper left artifact has silica gloss from use on plant materials. The Munkers Creek phase describes a stone tool technology restricted primarily to the Flint Hills. During this time most of North America was in a prolonged drought so severe that some archeologists thought people left the Plains. Munkers Creek artifacts show that people stayed, but they had to adapt by using many different types of animals and plants for food in a less productive environment.


Alternately Beveled Knives from the Radio Lane Site, 14CO385

Alternately Beveled Knives from the Radio Lane Site, 14CO385
Date: 1400-1725 CE
These alternately beveled knives were recovered at the Radio Lane site, a large Great Bend aspect (ancestral Wichita) village in Cowley County. The knives are made of local Florence chert from the Flint Hills region. The knives get their pinkish color as a result of the material being carefully heated before manufacturing to improve the chert's knapping qualities. Repeated sharpening on alternate sides created bevels. The two notches near the base of two knives indicates that they were likely hafted. Kansas Historical Society archeologists and crew excavated at the site during 1995.


Arrow Points from 14MY316

Arrow Points from 14MY316
Date: 700-1500 CE
These four arrow points were recovered from an archeological site along the Elk River in Montgomery County. All are made of Florence chert which outcrops in the Flint Hills of Kansas and Oklahoma. All were heat treated, a method to improve the knapping qualities of a chert which results in a pinkish color. Two of the arrow points are triangular and two are corner-notched. The site had house remains and is considered to be part of the Pomona focus of the Early and Middle Ceramic periods. Pomona focus sites are located in eastern Kansas and western Missouri.


Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railway Company depot, Florence, Kansas

Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railway Company depot, Florence, Kansas
Date: Between 1900 and 1910
This photograph shows people gathering in front of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway Company's passenger depot at Florence, Kansas. The one-story brick structure was a hub of activity for the small Flint Hills town. The depot is no longer in use but has been boarded up to protect it from vandalism.


Bazaar, Kansas

Bazaar, Kansas
Date: Between 1900 and 1909
This black and white photograph shows the town of Bazaar, Kansas. The community is located in the heart of the Flint Hills Region.


Beth Rogler

Beth Rogler
Date: Between 1900 and 1919
This black and white photograph shows Beth Rogler on a tricycle in front of the Rogler home. This homestead, known as "Pioneer Bluffs", is located on 160 acres of land along the South Fork of the Cottonwood River basin, in Bazaar Township of Chase County, Kansas. The Rogler family owned and operated the ranch from 1859 to 2006. In October 2006, the historic property, which included the home and 4,081 acres of land, was auctioned off at 6.9 million dollars. Today "Pioneer Bluffs" is a non-profit educational center that is dedicated to teaching the history of ranching and the diversity of the tall grass prairie.


Bifaces from Morris County

Bifaces from Morris County
Date: 4250-2850 BCE
These bifaces were collected from Morris County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1980. They are made of local chert from the Flint Hills region. Bifaces like these could have been used as a chopping tool or a blank intended to be turned into a specific tool at a later date. Munkers Creek sites often contain similar large, crude bifaces, but such artifacts are also found in other places and times. The Munkers Creek phase describes a stone tool technology restricted primarily to the Flint Hills. During this time most of North America was in a prolonged drought so severe that some archeologists thought people left the Plains. Munkers Creek artifacts show that people stayed, but they had to adapt by using many different types of animals and plants for food in a less productive environment.


Big bluestem at Rogler ranch

Big bluestem at Rogler ranch
Date: 1938
This black and white photograph shows an unidentified gentleman during the harvesting of big bluestem on the Henry Rogler ranch. The homestead, known as "Pioneer Bluffs", is located on 160 acres of land along the South Fork of the Cottonwood River basin, in Bazaar Township of Chase County, Kansas. The Rogler family owned and operated the ranch from 1859 to 2006. In October of 2006 the historic property, which included the home and 4,081 acres of land, was auction off at 6.9 million dollars Today, "Pioneer Bluffs" is a non-profit educational center that is dedicated to teaching the history of ranching and the diversity of the tall grass prairie.


Boy with calf, Rogler Ranch

Boy with calf, Rogler Ranch
Date: 1918
This black and white photograph shows an unidentified boy standing with a bull calf in front of the Pioneer Bluffs barn on the Rogler ranch in Chase County, Kansas. The homestead is located on 160 acres of land along the South Fork of the Cottonwood River basin in the Bazaar Township of Chase County, Kansas.


Cattle at Rogler Ranch

Cattle at Rogler Ranch
Date: Between 1900s and 1930s
This black and white photograph shows cattle eating out of troughs on the Rogler ranch. The homestead is located on 160 acres of land along the South Fork of the Cottonwood River basin in the Bazaar Township of Chase County, Kansas. From 1859 to 2006 the Rogler family owned and operated the property until October of 2006, when the historic property was sold at auction.


Cedar Point, Kansas

Cedar Point, Kansas
Date: Between 1880s and 1890s
This black and white photograph shows several store fronts in Cedar Point, Kansas. The town, named by abolitionist and former Kansas legislator Orlo H. Drinkwater, is located about fourteen miles west of Chase County, Kansas, on U.S Highway Fifty in the heart of the Flint Hills region.


Cedar Point, Kansas

Cedar Point, Kansas
Date: May 30, 1903
This black and white photograph shows a group of people escaping from rising waters in Cedar Point, Kansas. The extremely heavy rains from May 30th to June 1st of 1903 caused a great deal of flooding to the Kansas River Basin and to the Kansas and Missouri Republican River Basin.


Cedar Point Mill and Dam, Cedar Point, Kansas

Cedar Point Mill and Dam, Cedar Point, Kansas
Date: Between 1900 and 1920
This photograph shows the Cedar Point Mill and Dam in Cedar Point, Kansas. The three and a half story native limestone structure was built in 1875 by abolitionist Orlo. H. Drinkwater and his partner Peter Paul Schriver along the Cottonwood River. For a number of years flour was milled from the facility until operations came to a close in the early 1940s. In 2006, the site was nominated to the National Register of Historic Places.


Cedar Point Mill and Dam, Cedar Point, Kansas

Cedar Point Mill and Dam, Cedar Point, Kansas
Date: 1957
This photograph shows the Cedar Point Mill and Dam in Cedar Point, Kansas. The three and a half story native limestone structure was built in 1875 by abolitionist Orlo.H. Drinkwater and his partner Peter Paul Schriver along the Cottonwood River. For a number of years flour was milled from the facility until operations came to a close in the early 1940s. In 2006, the site was nominated to the National Register of Historic Places.


Cedar Point Mill and Dam, Cedar Point, Kansas

Cedar Point Mill and Dam, Cedar Point, Kansas
Date: Between 1900 and 1920
This photograph shows a view of the Cedar Point Mill and Dam in Cedar Point, Kansas. The three and a half story native limestone structure was built in 1875 by abolitionist Orlo H. Drinkwater and his partner Peter Paul Schriver along the Cottonwood River in the community of Cedar Point. For a number of years flour was milled from the facility until operations came to a close in the early 1940s. In 2006 the site was nominated to the National Register of Historic Places.


Cedar Point Mill and Dam, Cedar Point, Kansas

Cedar Point Mill and Dam, Cedar Point, Kansas
Date: Between 1900 and 1920
This black and white photographs shows a view of the Cottonwood River and the Cedar Point Mill and Dam in Cedar Point, Kansas. The three and a half story native limestone structure was built in 1875 by abolitionist Orlo H. Drinkwater and his partner Peter Paul Schriver along the Cottonwood River. For a number of years flour was milled from the facility until operations came to a close in the early 1940s. In 2006, the site was nominated to the National Register of Historic Places.


Cedar Point Mill and Dam, Cedar Point, Kansas

Cedar Point Mill and Dam, Cedar Point, Kansas
Date: 1957
This black and white photograph shows the Cedar Point Mill and Dam in Cedar Point, Kansas. The three and a half story native limestone structure was built in 1875 by abolitionist Orlo H. Drinkwater and his partner Peter Paul Schriver along the Cottonwood River. For a number of years flour was milled from the facility until operations came to a close in the early 1940s. In 2006, the site was nominated to the National Register of Historic Places.


Charles W. Rogler cabin

Charles W. Rogler cabin
Date: Between 1870 and 1890
This black and white photograph shows the Charles W. Rogler cabin. Built in 1859, the cabin was located on 160 acres of land on the South Fork of the Cottonwood River basin in the Bazaar Township of Chase County, Kansas.


Chase County High School football team, Cottonwood Falls, Kansas

Chase County High School football team, Cottonwood Falls, Kansas
Date: 1910
This black and white photograph shows the Chase County High School football team from Cottonwood Falls, Kansas. The members have identified according to their respected rows. Front row- left to right: Carl White, Bill Stewart, Kirk Hilton. Second row- left to right: Geo. Holmes, Claude, Yeager, Bill Selves, Merton Whitcomb, Eugene Gamer. Back row- left to right: Lloyd Darrah, Mr. Clyde I. Blanchard, Raymond Barrett, Glen Harmon, Karl Anderson, Jay Errett, Wesley Leason, June Smith.


Chickens at Rogler Ranch

Chickens at Rogler Ranch
Date: Between 1900s and 1930s
This black and white photograph shows a piano box made into an incubator to hatch chickens on the Rogler Ranch. The homestead is located on 160 acres of land along the South Fork of the Cottonwood River basin, in the Bazaar Township of Chase County, Kansas, and was owned and operated by the Rogler family from 1859 to 2006.


Children at Roger Ranch

Children at Roger Ranch
Date: October 08, 1916
This black and white photograph shows a group of children gathered on the south side of the Rogler home in Chase County, Kansas. Pictured are: Helen R., Harry Stauffer, Majorie S., (?), Wayne. Irene is third from right on first row.


Chipped Stone Axe from the Grouse Creek Site, 14CO120

Chipped Stone Axe from the Grouse Creek Site, 14CO120
Date: 4250-2850 BCE
This axe, made of local Florence chert from the Flint Hills of Kansas and Oklahoma, may have been used for wood working. The axe was collected from an Archaic site in Cowley County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 2013. The site was associated with both Calf Creek (a distinctive dart point style that is generally found in eastern Kansas and states to the east and south during the late Paleoindian Period) and Munkers Creek (a stone tool technology restricted primarily to the Flint Hills from 4000 to 3800 BCE).


Chipped Stone Axe or Gouge from 14CS375

Chipped Stone Axe or Gouge from 14CS375
Date: 4250-2850 BCE
This chipped stone tool was collected from the surface of an archeological site in Chase County that may have had a Munkers Creek phase occupation. Like this possible axe or gouge, Munkers Creek artifacts can often have a chunky appearance with patches of crusty cortex present. The Munkers Creek phase describes a stone tool technology restricted primarily to the Flint Hills. During this time most of North America was in a prolonged drought so severe that Archeologists thought people left the Plains. Munkers Creek artifacts show that people stayed, but they may have chosen their habitats carefully.


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