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Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway Company depot, Medicine Lodge, Kansas

Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway Company depot, Medicine Lodge, Kansas
Date: Between 1950s and 1960s
This photograph shows the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway Company depot in Medicine Lodge, Kansas. The stucco style building, built in 1886, measured 24' x 100'. The station still stands and is used for railroad purposes.


Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway Company depot, Medicine Lodge, Kansas

Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway Company depot, Medicine Lodge, Kansas
Creator: Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railway Company
Date: May 20, 1931
This photograph shows the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway Company depot at Medicine Lodge, Kansas. Carts, cans, and a Chicago and Northwestern box car are also visible. Built in 1886, the depot measured 24' x 100'.


Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway Company depot, Milan, Kansas

Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway Company depot, Milan, Kansas
Creator: Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railway Company
Date: February 25, 1931
This photograph shows the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway Company depot in Milan, Kansas. Built in 1880, the depot measured 20' x 40'. The one-story wooden structure with batten siding is no longer standing.


Bank robbers in Medicine Lodge, Kansas

Bank robbers in Medicine Lodge, Kansas
Date: 1884
This photograph shows a group of robbers from Medicine Lodge, Kansas. The men in shackles are identified from left to right as: John Wesley, Henry Newton Brown, Billy Smith, and Ben Wheeler the would be robbers of the Medicine Valley Bank in Medicine Lodge, Kansas. Brown, a former member of Billy the Kid's Gang, and Wheeler a former outlaw and friend of Brown's, found themselves on the other side of the law with their appointments as marshals of Caldwell, Kansas. However, on April 30, 1884, Brown, Wheeler, Smith, and Wesley attempted to rob the Medicine Valley Bank. The robbery was unsuccessful and the robbers were eventually apprehended and brought back to Medicine Lodge, Kansas. Their time in jail was brief when pandemonium erupted over their capture, creating a diversion for escape. In a hail of bullets, Henry Brown was shot dead while an injured Wheeler was captured and hanged beside Wesley and Smith.


C. M. Ricker to Charles Morris

C. M. Ricker to Charles Morris
Creator: Ricker, C. M.
Date: November 6, 1874
Captain C. R. Ricker of the Kansas State Militia, Medicine Lodge, Kansas, writes to Adjutant General Charles Morris of Topeka concerning a band of Pawnee Indians. Ricker notes that the Indians are just east of Medicine Lodge and believes they intend to fight a band of Osage Indians. Though this band had not disturbed any person or property, they were burning the prairie. Ricker suggests that the burning is an attempt by the Indians to further destroy settler's rangeland already devastated by drought and grasshoppers. Ricker asks for instructions on dealing with this "friendly" band of Pawnee. The threat of an Indian uprising on Kansas' southern boarder in 1873 led Governor Thomas Osborn to employ the state militia and appeal to President Ulysses S. Grant for federal troops and arms.


Camp of the Peace Commissioners at Medicine Lodge Creek

Camp of the Peace Commissioners at Medicine Lodge Creek
Creator: Stieffel, Hermann
Date: 1867
A copy of the painting by Hermann Stieffel titled, Camp of the Peace Commissioners, which depicts the location of the Medicine Lodge Creek treaties with various Indian tribes in late October 1867. The original painting can be found at the Smithsonian Institution. Funds for digitization provided by Mr. Steve Peckel in memory of William Chalfant.


Captain Lewis Hanback's final report

Captain Lewis Hanback's final report
Creator: Hanback, Lewis
Date: 1875
This document is Captain Lewis Hanback's final report of an 1875 investigation into a conflict between Captain Ricker's company of state militia and a band of Osage Indians that occurred in 1874. The Osage Indians had filed a complaint with the Department of the Interior, claiming that the U. S. military had attacked a peaceful Indian encampment and stolen their horses and other property. Captain Lewis Hanback was ordered to take down testimonies and determine the circumstances surrounding the conflict. This final report summarizes these testimonies and includes a short history of Barbour County where the altercation took place.


Carry Amelia Nation diary and scrapbook

Carry Amelia Nation diary and scrapbook
Creator: Nation, Carry Amelia Moore, 1846-1911
Date: 1870-1900
Although difficult to read due to considerable water damage, Carry Nation's diary and scrapbook records her concern for her family, fear for her marriage to David Nation, and worry for her daughter's health. The book also contains information on the family's economic life with lists of purchases and farm commodities sold, descriptions of their work to establish hotels in Texas, and several moves for health or economic reasons. The diary has two distinct parts. The first part (pages 1-200) is primarily a scrapbook pasted over a hand written ledger. The second part (pages 201-320) is primarily a journal that includes some accounts and copies of songs. Each part includes many unnumbered pages. Each unnumbered page is identified with a lowercase letter. The letters return to "a" again for the second part. Each part also includes many missing pages. The first part is missing pages 29-32, 75-138, 147-154, 172-174, 185-188 and 191-192. The second part is missing pages 213-214, 253-254, 269-274 and 279-282. The Carry Nation Memorial Home of Medicine Lodge, Kansas, donated the diary and scrapbook to the Kansas Historical Society in 1990. The diary forms series one of the Carry Amelia Nation papers, Manuscript coll. 744. A transcription of pages 201-320 is available by clicking on Text Version below. In the early 20th century, Carry Nation championed women's rights and the prohibition of alcoholic beverages and gained international attention for opposing illegal saloons by smashing them with a hatchet. A complete description of the entire collection is available through a link below.


Carry Nation's dress

Carry Nation's dress
Date: 1909
Ivory-colored wool dress worn by Carry A. Nation, an internationally recognized leader in the Temperance movement. A resident of Medicine Lodge, Kansas, Nation was known to enter alcohol-serving establishments and attack the bar with a hatchet in order to discourage drinking. Nation was frequently jailed for her acts of vandalism.


Carry Nation home, Medicine Lodge, Kansas

Carry Nation home, Medicine Lodge, Kansas
Date: Between 1905 and 1906
Multiple views of Carry Nation's home in Medicine Lodge, Kansas. She and her husband bought this home in 1889 and lived there for thirteen years.


Children, Medicine Lodge, Kansas

Children, Medicine Lodge, Kansas
Date: 1913
This black and white photograph shows children watching puppies eat from a pail in Medicine Lodge, Kansas.


Cowboys herding cattle in Barber County, Kansas

Cowboys herding cattle in Barber County, Kansas
Date: Between 1890 and 1900
This is black and white photograph shows a group of cowboys herding cattle near Medicine Lodge, Kansas.


Governor George Anthony Dull Knife's Raid correspondence received

Governor George Anthony Dull Knife's Raid correspondence received
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1877-1879: Anthony)
Date: 1878
Governor George Anthony received these telegrams and letters from various people concerning raids by a group of Cheyenne Indian in Kansas in 1878. The incident is often labeled Dull Knife's Raid. The correspondence request assistance and other actions on the part of the Governor. Letters and telegrams were received from the following Kansas communities: Cimarron, Dodge City, Leavenworth, Ellis, Medicine Lodge, Cherokee, and Topeka. One letter is from Congressman W. A. Phillips, who represented Kansas in Washington, D. C. Many letters include a reference to the governor's reply in letterpress books. A complete transcription is available by clicking "Text Version" below.


Henry Newton Brown's rifle

Henry Newton Brown's rifle
Creator: Winchester Repeating Arms Company
Date: between 1879 and 1884
2nd Model 1873 Winchester rifle. Citizens of Caldwell, Kansas, presented the rifle to Henry N. Brown on January 1, 1883, in appreciation for his services as their marshal. With personal debts weighting heavily on his mind, on April 30,1884, Brown used the rifle in an attempted bank robbery in Medicine Lodge and killed the bank's president in the process. Brown was captured and secured in the Medicine Lodge jail. When a lynch mob later broke into the jail, Brown attempted to flee and was shot to death.


Henry Newton Brown and Ben Wheeler

Henry Newton Brown and Ben Wheeler
Creator: Siringo, Charlie
Date: Between 1882 and 1884
This sepia colored post card shows the portraits of Henry Newton Brown and Ben Wheeler. Brown, a former member of Billy the Kid's Gang, and Wheeler, a former outlaw and friend of Brown's, found themselves on the other side of the law with their appointments as marshals of Caldwell, Kansas. In this south central Kansas community Brown and Wheeler, with their quick draw on the gun, turned the once lawless cowtown into a safe and peaceful place to live. They were trusted as lawmen until the unthinkable happened on April 30, 1884, when Brown and Wheeler and two of their outlaw friends John Wesley and Billy Smith attempted to rob the Medicine Valley Bank. The robbery was unsuccessful, and the robbers were eventually apprehended and brought back to Medicine Lodge, Kansas. Their time in jail was brief when pandemonium erupted over their capture creating a diversion for escape. In a hail of bullets Henry Brown was shot dead while an injured Wheeler was captured and hung beside Wesley and Smith.


Herbert E. Magnison, World War I soldier

Herbert E. Magnison, World War I soldier
Date: 1918-1922
Around 1919, the Kansas State Historical Society and the American Legion solicited biographical information from returning veterans (primarily members of the 35th and 89th infantry divisions) and the families of those who died in service, notably from the Gold Star Mothers. Each veteran or family member was asked to provide letters, photographs, a biography, and military records. This file contains information on Herbert E. Magnison, Machine Gun Company, 43rd Infantry. Herbert died on May 13, 1918 in New Orleans, Louisiana.


Home Defender button

Home Defender button
Date: 1898
Small white "Home Defender" button worn by a resident of Topeka, Kansas. Followers of Carry A. Nation, a devout Christian and nationally recognized temperance advocate wore these buttons. Nation, a resident of Medicine Lodge, Kansas, achieved infamy for attacking saloons with a hatchet to discourage drinking. She was frequently jailed for vandalism. She considered a home defender to be anyone who fought to protect his or her home from the ravages of alcohol. Those that shared Nation's temperance sentiment were encouraged to wear these buttons signaling their allegiance. In 1901, Nation herself donated this pin to the Kansas Historical Society.


Indian lodge at Medicine Creek, Kansas

Indian lodge at Medicine Creek, Kansas
Creator: Howland, J.
Date: October 1867
This illustration portrays Indian dwellings at Medicine Lodge Creek. In October 1867, the United States government signed peace treaties with the Kiowa, Comanche, Apache, Arapaho, and Cheyenne Indians, removing these tribes to reservations. This illustration was published in Harper's Weekly. Funds for digitization provided by Mr. Steve Peckel in memory of William Chalfant.


Interview on experiences in World War II

Interview on experiences in World War II
Creator: Rickard, Laurel "Dub" H.
Date: 26 July 2006
Other Rickard was drafted into the Army (Other/Unspecified) in 1942 and served until 1945 in the 42nd Station Hospital; 91st Infantry Evacuation Hospital. Interviewed by David Fasgold on Jul 26, 2006, Rickard talked about military experiences in the Second World War. The 2005 Kansas Legislature passed a bill funding the WWII Veterans Oral History grant program. This transcript is from one of the nine community institutions that received these grants. The transcript from the interview is presented here; the original video copy of the interview is available through the Greater Barber County Historical Action Assn and through the Kansas State Historical Society.


Interview on experiences in World War II

Interview on experiences in World War II
Creator: Shmidl, Forrest Charles
Date: 5 July 2006
Shmidl was drafted into the Army (Armored) in 1942 and served until 1946 in the 7th Armored Flame Throwers; 11th Armored Division, 42nd Regiment, 713th Battalion, Company C . Interviewed by David Fasgold on Jul 5, 2006, Shmidl talked about military experiences in the Second World War. The 2005 Kansas Legislature passed a bill funding the WWII Veterans Oral History grant program. This transcript is from one of the nine community institutions that received these grants. The transcript from the interview is presented here; the original video copy of the interview is available through the Greater Barber County Historical Action Assn and through the Kansas State Historical Society.


Interview on experiences in World War II

Interview on experiences in World War II
Creator: Siegrist, Lesley "Les" C.
Date: 1 October 1999
Siegrist was drafted into the Army (Infantry) in 1942 and served until 1946 in the 3rd Army, Anti-Tank Battalion. Interviewed by James Johnston on Oct 1, 1999, Siegrist talked about military experiences in the Second World War. The 2005 Kansas Legislature passed a bill funding the WWII Veterans Oral History grant program. This transcript is from one of the nine community institutions that received these grants. The transcript from the interview is presented here; the original video copy of the interview is available through the Greater Barber County Historical Action Assn and through the Kansas State Historical Society.


Interview on experiences in World War II

Interview on experiences in World War II
Creator: Sinkbeil, Raymond F.
Date: 13 June 2006
Sinkbeil enlisted in the Army (Infantry) in 1941 and served until 1945 in the 164th N. Dakota Nat'l Guard; Radio Comm. Hdqrs, 2nd Battalion, Americal Div.. Interviewed by David Fasgold on Jun 13, 2006, Sinkbeil talked about military experiences in the Second World War. The 2005 Kansas Legislature passed a bill funding the WWII Veterans Oral History grant program. This transcript is from one of the nine community institutions that received these grants. The transcript from the interview is presented here; the original video copy of the interview is available through the Greater Barber County Historical Action Assn and through the Kansas State Historical Society.


Interview on experiences in World War II

Interview on experiences in World War II
Creator: Sternberger, Robert
Date: 1 October 1999
Sternberger was drafted into the Army (Infantry) in 1942 and served until 1945 in the 634th Tank Destroyer Battalion, 1st Infantry Division. Interviewed by James Johnston on Oct 1, 1999, Sternberger talked about military experiences in the Second World War. The 2005 Kansas Legislature passed a bill funding the WWII Veterans Oral History grant program. This transcript is from one of the nine community institutions that received these grants. The transcript from the interview is presented here; the original video copy of the interview is available through the Greater Barber County Historical Action Assn and through the Kansas State Historical Society.


Interview on experiences in World War II

Interview on experiences in World War II
Creator: Tatera, Arthur P.
Date: 5 July 2006
Technical Sergeant Tatera enlisted in the Army (Air Force) in 1942 and served until 1945 in the 381st Bomb Group, 535th Squadron Engineers. Interviewed by David Fasgold on Jul 5, 2006, Tatera talked about military experiences in the Second World War. The 2005 Kansas Legislature passed a bill funding the WWII Veterans Oral History grant program. This transcript is from one of the nine community institutions that received these grants. The transcript from the interview is presented here; the original video copy of the interview is available through the Greater Barber County Historical Action Assn and through the Kansas State Historical Society.


Interview on experiences in World War II

Interview on experiences in World War II
Creator: Vannaman, Cecil LeRoy
Date: 1 October 1999
Staff Sergeant Vannaman enlisted in the Marine Corps in 1942 and served until 1946 in the Aircraft Mechanic, VMJ-1 Squadron One, 3rd Marine Air Wing. Interviewed by James Johnston on Oct 1, 1999, Vannaman talked about military experiences in the Second World War. The 2005 Kansas Legislature passed a bill funding the WWII Veterans Oral History grant program. This transcript is from one of the nine community institutions that received these grants. The transcript from the interview is presented here; the original video copy of the interview is available through the Greater Barber County Historical Action Assn and through the Kansas State Historical Society.


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