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This is a portrait of Catherine (Kate) Elizabeth German, who was taken captive with her younger sisters, Sophia, Julia, and Adelaide, by Cheyenne Indians after their family was killed. Kate was born on March 21, 1857. On September 11, 1874, the John German family, consisting of his wife and seven children, was attacked by a band of Cheyenne east of Ft. Wallace, Kansas. Only four of the children, Catherine, Sophia, Julia, and Adelaide, were spared and taken captive. The two youngest, Julia and Adelaide (aged 7 and 5), were subsequently abandoned on the prairie in what is now the Texas panhandle. Sophia and Catherine were kept by their Cheyenne captors. Fort Wallace received word of the killings and began the search to find the girls and to negotiate their release. They found Julia and Adelaide, who had survived on their own for 6 weeks, and on March 1, 1875, the Cheyennes formally released Catherine and Sophia German at the Darlington Agency in Indian Territory (Oklahoma). The two girls were reunited with their younger sisters at Ft. Leavenworth, Kansas in June of 1875.

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Blanche Parks, Washburn University President Jerry Farley, and South Korea President Kim Dae Jung Blanche Parks, Washburn University President Jerry Farley, and South Korea President Kim Dae Jung

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A Lithic Collection from 14CT312

A Lithic Collection from 14CT312
Date: 1-1000 CE
These three chipped stone tools were collected from an Early Ceramic period archeological site in Chautauqua County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1976. Shown from left to right is an alternately beveled knife, a scraper, and a large corner-notched dart point fragment. Repeated sharpening on the knife's alternate sides created the bevels. Scrapers, such as this one would have been hafted onto a handle and used to scrape hides. The scraper would have required periodic resharpening. The dart point and the alternately beveled knife were heat treated, a method to improve the knapping qualities of a chert which results in the pinkish color. Dart points would be mounted to the dart foreshaft, which would in turn be connected to the dart shaft. The assembled dart would then be thrown with an atlatl (spearthrower).


Affidavit from Homer W. Hunter to U.S. Attorney General Francis Biddle

Affidavit from Homer W. Hunter to U.S. Attorney General Francis Biddle
Creator: Hunter, Homer
Date: March 22, 1943
Affidavit from Homer Hunter of Coffeyville, Kansas, to U.S. Attorney General Francis Biddle. The affidavit describes the treatment endured by Melvin L. Jackson, F. Jerry Molohan, and Homer W. Hunter during World War II. The three men, all Jehovah's Witnesses and conscientious objectors, describe the harsh treatment and threats of violence they faced from some members of the American Legion due to their religious beliefs.


Alfred Fairfax

Alfred Fairfax
Creator: Martin, H. T.
Date: Between 1889 and 1890
A portrait of Alfred Fairfax, a politician, farmer and pastor of the New Hope Baptist Church in Parsons, Kansas, who resided near Peru, Kansas. He achieved political distinction in 1888 when he was elected to represent the 58th District, Chautauqua County, in the Kansas House of Representatives. Although few details regarding his single term are known, Representative Fairfax served as chairman of the House Committee on Immigration, and received praise for his service from both the white and black Kansas newspapers.


An appeal for help in behalf of the colored refugees in Kansas

An appeal for help in behalf of the colored refugees in Kansas
Creator: Rust, Horatio Nelson, 1828-1906
Date: January 22, 1881
This flyer, distributed by the Southern Refugee Relief Association of Chicago, Illinois, describes the dire situation of the African-American refugees relocated in Kansas. The secretary of this association, Horatio N. Rust, had taken this opportunity to pass along information relayed to him by Elizabeth Comstock, an aid worker in Topeka. Comstock was thankful for the donations of food and other goods, but asked for more assistance in feeding, clothing, and sheltering these refugees. The flyer also includes short excerpts of letters by agents of the refugee association who had direct knowledge of the emigrants' situation.


Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway Company roadbed, Elgin, Kansas.

Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway Company roadbed, Elgin, Kansas.
Date: 1956
This photograph shows the abandoned roadbed of the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway Company in Elgin, Kansas.


B. B. Comer and George Scott, prisoners 9478 and 9508

B. B. Comer and George Scott, prisoners 9478 and 9508
Creator: Kansas State Penitentiary
Date: March 20, 1901
This photograph shows inmates, B. B. Comer, prisoner #9478 and George Scott, prisoner #9508. B.B. Comer was received at the Kansas State Penitentiary on October 2, 1900 from Chatauqua County, Kansas for murder. Inmate George Scott was received at the penitentiary on October 27, 1900 from Oklahoma for larceny.


B. W. Hiatt to Governor John St. John

B. W. Hiatt to Governor John St. John
Creator: Hiatt, B. W.
Date: June 13, 1880
A letter from B.W. Hiatt commenting that the prearranged June 24th mass temperance meeting is badly needed in his area and assures Kansas Governor St. John of a large turnout.


B. W. Hiatt to Governor John St. John

B. W. Hiatt to Governor John St. John
Creator: Hiatt, B. W.
Date: May 09, 1880
In this letter, Kansas Governor St. John is invited to attend a mass temperance convention at Sedan in Chautauqua County. He is urged to bring other notable speakers with him.


Ben Cravens, prisoner 8003

Ben Cravens, prisoner 8003
Creator: Kansas State Penitentiary
Date: Date Unknown
This photograph shows inmate, Ben Cravens, prisoner #8003. He was received at the Kansas State Penitentiary on January 18, 1897 from Chatauqua County, Kansas for robbery. See also Unit ID 311826.


Boulanger baseball team in Elgin, Kansas

Boulanger baseball team in Elgin, Kansas
Date: Between 1910 and 1920
Here are four photographs of the Boulanger baseball team in Elgin, Kansas.


Branding a calf in a squeeze chute

Branding a calf in a squeeze chute
Creator: Kansas Farmer Magazine
Date: Between 1960 and 1969
View of men watching a demonstration of calf branding in Chautauqua County, Kansas. The calf is held in a squeeze chute.


Carl Lester Cavenee, World War I soldier

Carl Lester Cavenee, World War I soldier
Date: 1918-1919
Around 1919, the Kansas State Historical Society and the American Legion solicited biographical information from returning veterans (primarily members of the 35th and 89th infantry divisions) and the families of those who died in service, notably from the Gold Star Mothers. Each veteran or family member was asked to provide letters, photographs, a biography, and military records. This file contains information on Carl Lester Cavenee, 353rd Infantry. Cavenee died a prisoner of war in 1918.


Charles Andrews and James Walker, prisoners 8767 and 7854

Charles Andrews and James Walker, prisoners 8767 and 7854
Creator: Kansas State Penitentiary
Date: January 30, 1901
This photograph shows Charles Andrews, prisoner #8767 and James Walker, prisoner #7854. Charles Andrews was received at the Kansas State Penitentiary on December 1898 from Oklahoma for burglary. Inmate James Walker was received at the penitentiary on September 16, 1896 from Chatauqua County, Kansas for murder.


Chautauqua County livestock brand registrations

Chautauqua County livestock brand registrations
Creator: Kansas. State Planning Board
Date: 1876-1935
Records of livestock brands in Chautauqua County, Kansas, as compiled by workers on a project sponsored by the Kansas State Planning Board. The forms provide the owner's name and county in which he or she resided; date brand was registered; whether it was used for cattle, horses, sheep, or hogs; a brief description usually indicating where the brand was placed on the animal; and a copy of the brand design. The registrations in these folders are in chronological order by date filed.


Chautauqua street in Sedan, Kansas

Chautauqua street in Sedan, Kansas
Date: September 12, 1935
This postcard shows Chautauqua street looking north from Main street in Sedan, Kansas


City water and power works, Sedan, Kansas

City water and power works, Sedan, Kansas
Date: Between 1880 and 1900
This is a view of the city water and power works in Sedan, Kansas.


Clem Darnell, prisoner 9099

Clem Darnell, prisoner 9099
Creator: Kansas State Penitentiary
Date: Date Unknown
This photograph shows inmate Clem Darnell, prisoner #9099. He was received at the Kansas State Penitentiary on November 4, 1899 from Chatauqua County, Kansas for murder.


Dart Points from 14CT321

Dart Points from 14CT321
Date: 1-1000 CE
These two dart points were collected from an Early Ceramic period multicomponent (multiple occupations) site in Chautauqua County and were donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1976. The larger corner notched dart has been heat treated to improve the knapping quality of the chert. Both points are broken at the tip and both are corner-notched. Dart points would be mounted to the dart foreshaft, which would in turn be connected to the dart shaft. The assembled dart would then be thrown with an atlatl (spearthrower).


Dentate Stamped Pottery from 14CT313

Dentate Stamped Pottery from 14CT313
Date: 1-1000 CE
This rim sherd was collected from an archeological site in Chautauqua County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1976. The rim sherd has grit temper, and though difficult to see, a series of diagonal rows of dentate stamping above a horizontal tool trailed line and a possible boss. Dentate stamping is a decorating technique that leaves tooth-like impressions. Dentate stamping is associated not only with Cuesta phase pottery, but also Kansas City Hopewell and Schultz phase pottery.


Dick Gregg and Fred Leonard, prisoners 8642 and 8643

Dick Gregg and Fred Leonard, prisoners 8642 and 8643
Creator: Kansas State Penitentiary
Date: Bulk September 03, 1924-September 06, 1924
This photograph shows inmates Dick Gregg, prisoner #8642, and Fred Leonard, prisoners #8643. Dick Gregg was received at the Kansas State Penitentiary on September 3, 1924 from Chatauqua County, Kansas. Inmate Fred Leonard was received at the penitentiary on September 6, 1924 from Reno County, Kansas for burglary.


Eighth biennial report of the Kansas State Board of Agriculture, 1891-1892

Eighth biennial report of the Kansas State Board of Agriculture, 1891-1892
Creator: Kansas State Board of Agriculture
Date: 1893
This biennial report from the Kansas State Board of Agriculture contains two parts and the page numbering starts over at the beginning of Part II. The volume contains a section on each county, providing summary information about the history of the county, a description of the landscape, crops, livestock, schools, and churches. A large number of tables with statistics about Kansas residents and crop yields, broken down by county, are also included. Other chapters are devoted to interesting subjects such as apiculture, artificial forests, loco weeds, and chinch bugs.


Electors of Chautauqua County to Governor Lyman Humphrey

Electors of Chautauqua County to Governor Lyman Humphrey
Creator: Electors of La Fayette Township, Chatauqua County
Date: December 20, 1889-[n.d.], 1890
The Grafton and Center [Farmers'] Alliances of Chautauqua County petition Governor Lyman Humphrey to call a special session of the state legislature to provide farmers relief from mortgages. The Farmers' Alliance and Labor's Union of America of Kansas produced the petition form and accompanying resolution circular. The circular claims that legislation is needed immediately since the financial failure of many farmers is imminent. The circular also claims other states have prospered with such legislation and the laws will not discourage financial institutions from operating in the state. According to the circular, farmers bear an unfair tax burden and their requests for financial relief are reasonable. G. W. Roberts, Chairman Committee, Bed Rock Alliance, Elk Falls, Kansas, produced the circular. See Governor Lyman Humphrey to John Hughes, December 11, 1889.


Eleventh biennial report of the Kansas State Board of Agriculture, 1897-98

Eleventh biennial report of the Kansas State Board of Agriculture, 1897-98
Creator: Kansas State Board of Agriculture
Date: 1899
This biennial report from the Kansas State Board of Agriculture includes information on beef and pork production, farm poultry, Kansas mineral products, livestock, and other agricultural topics. Also covered are county statistics for population, acreages, productions, livestock, assessed valuation of property, and a listing of churches for each county. Proceedings and other activities of the Kansas State Board of Agriculture are included.


Fayetteville road

Fayetteville road
Date: Between 1900 and 1910
These letters, maps, and reminiscences relate to the Fayetteville road, also known as the Fayetteville Emigrant Trail. This trail started at Arkansas Post in Arkansas, then headed towards the northeast corner of Oklahoma, crossing the Neosho River, entering the state of Kansas in what is now Montgomery County. The trail crossed the Verdigris River about two miles north of the Kansas state line, went through the present-day site of Coffeyville making its way northwest, finally meeting with the Santa Fe Trail at Turkey Creek in McPherson County, Kansas. In total, this trail crossed the following Kansas counties: Montgomery, Chautauqua, Elk, Butler, Harvey, Marion and McPherson.


Fifteenth biennial report of the Kansas State Board of Agriculture, 1905-1906

Fifteenth biennial report of the Kansas State Board of Agriculture, 1905-1906
Creator: Kansas State Board of Agriculture
Date: 1907
This biennial report from the Kansas State Board of Agriculture includes information on the selection, cultivation, and harvesting of Indian corn, ideas for improving the conditions of farm life, and information on commercial fertilizers. There are various kinds of statistics for each county that include population, acreages, livestock, and assessed valuation of property. There are also a number of tables listing statistics for all counties. The proceedings and activities of the Kansas State Board of Agriculture are included beginning on page 977. Please see the table of contents on image 8 to determine appropriate page numbers. Page numbering starts over after page 1264. This section contains compiled statistics from the 1905 Kansas decennial census but individuals are not listed. A general index starts on page 61 of the Decennial Census section at the back of the volume.


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