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A Clock's Spring Mechanism from 14CT380

A Clock's Spring Mechanism from 14CT380
Date: 1900-1965
This clock's spring mechanism was recovered in 1995 during an archeological salvage project undertaken by Kansas Historical Society archeologists at a Chautauqua County farmstead. The clock spring controlled the wheels to keep accurate time. Such clocks required periodic winding. This mechanism would have been for a mantle or table top sized clock.


Affidavit from Homer W. Hunter to U.S. Attorney General Francis Biddle

Affidavit from Homer W. Hunter to U.S. Attorney General Francis Biddle
Creator: Hunter, Homer
Date: March 22, 1943
Affidavit from Homer Hunter of Coffeyville, Kansas, to U.S. Attorney General Francis Biddle. The affidavit describes the treatment endured by Melvin L. Jackson, F. Jerry Molohan, and Homer W. Hunter during World War II. The three men, all Jehovah's Witnesses and conscientious objectors, describe the harsh treatment and threats of violence they faced from some members of the American Legion due to their religious beliefs.


Alfred Fairfax

Alfred Fairfax
Creator: Martin, H. T.
Date: Between 1889 and 1890
A portrait of Alfred Fairfax, a politician, farmer and pastor of the New Hope Baptist Church in Parsons, Kansas, who resided near Peru, Kansas. He achieved political distinction in 1888 when he was elected to represent the 58th District, Chautauqua County, in the Kansas House of Representatives. Although few details regarding his single term are known, Representative Fairfax served as chairman of the House Committee on Immigration, and received praise for his service from both the white and black Kansas newspapers.


A Lithic Collection from 14CT312

A Lithic Collection from 14CT312
Date: 1-1000 CE
These three chipped stone tools were collected from an Early Ceramic period archeological site in Chautauqua County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1976. Shown from left to right is an alternately beveled knife, a scraper, and a large corner-notched dart point fragment. Repeated sharpening on the knife's alternate sides created the bevels. Scrapers, such as this one would have been hafted onto a handle and used to scrape hides. The scraper would have required periodic resharpening. The dart point and the alternately beveled knife get their pinkish color as a result of the material being carefully heated before manufacturing to improve the chert's knapping qualities. Dart points would be mounted to the dart foreshaft, which would in turn be connected to the dart shaft. The assembled dart would then be thrown with an atlatl (spearthrower).


An appeal for help in behalf of the colored refugees in Kansas

An appeal for help in behalf of the colored refugees in Kansas
Creator: Rust, Horatio Nelson, 1828-1906
Date: January 22, 1881
This flyer, distributed by the Southern Refugee Relief Association of Chicago, Illinois, describes the dire situation of the African-American refugees relocated in Kansas. The secretary of this association, Horatio N. Rust, had taken this opportunity to pass along information relayed to him by Elizabeth Comstock, an aid worker in Topeka. Comstock was thankful for the donations of food and other goods, but asked for more assistance in feeding, clothing, and sheltering these refugees. The flyer also includes short excerpts of letters by agents of the refugee association who had direct knowledge of the emigrants' situation.


Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway Company roadbed, Elgin, Kansas.

Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway Company roadbed, Elgin, Kansas.
Date: 1956
This photograph shows the abandoned roadbed of the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway Company in Elgin, Kansas.


B. B. Comer and George Scott, prisoners 9478 and 9508

B. B. Comer and George Scott, prisoners 9478 and 9508
Creator: Kansas State Penitentiary
Date: March 20, 1901
This photograph shows inmates, B. B. Comer, prisoner #9478 and George Scott, prisoner #9508. B.B. Comer was received at the Kansas State Penitentiary on October 2, 1900 from Chatauqua County, Kansas for murder. Inmate George Scott was received at the penitentiary on October 27, 1900 from Oklahoma for larceny.


Ben Cravens, prisoner 8003

Ben Cravens, prisoner 8003
Creator: Kansas State Penitentiary
Date: Date Unknown
This photograph shows inmate, Ben Cravens, prisoner #8003. He was received at the Kansas State Penitentiary on January 18, 1897 from Chatauqua County, Kansas for robbery. See also Unit ID 311826.


Bottles from a Chautauqua County Farmstead, 14CT374

Bottles from a Chautauqua County Farmstead, 14CT374
Date: 1885-1935
These two bottles were recovered from a farmstead in Chautauqua County during a 1995 salvage excavation by Kansas Historical Society archeologists. The clear glass bottle has an external small mouth threaded finish and an embossed "V" within a circle on each side. The embossed bottle maker's mark on the bottom may be from the Diamond Glass Company of Royersford, Pennsylvania (1885-1990). The brown glass bottle with an external small mouth threaded finish and a metal screw-on cap was possibly used as a condiment bottle. The bottle maker's mark embossed on the bottom of the bottle shows it is from the Owens-Illinois Glass Company of Toledo, Ohio, and based on the date mark, the bottle was made in either 1929, 1939, or 1949.


Boulanger baseball team in Elgin, Kansas

Boulanger baseball team in Elgin, Kansas
Date: Between 1910 and 1920
Here are four photographs of the Boulanger baseball team in Elgin, Kansas.


Branding a calf in a squeeze chute

Branding a calf in a squeeze chute
Creator: Kansas Farmer Magazine
Date: Between 1960 and 1969
View of men watching a demonstration of calf branding in Chautauqua County, Kansas. The calf is held in a squeeze chute.


Buttons from 14CT380

Buttons from 14CT380
Date: 1900-1965
These buttons were recovered in 1995 during an archeological salvage project undertaken by Kansas Historical Society archeologists at a Chautauqua County farmstead. One metal button front advertises the "LAKIN MCKEY" company, manufacturers of work wear from 1908 to 1938. Another metal button front has the words "THE TOOTLE," though the reference is unknown. Also shown is a Bakelite (early synthetic plastic) two-hole sew through button and a plastic molded cut out shank button with a blue and gold geometric pattern. Another plastic blue speckled two-hole sew through button was recovered from the cistern at the farmstead.


Buttons from a Chautauqua County Farmstead, 14CT374

Buttons from a Chautauqua County Farmstead, 14CT374
Date: 1878-1935
These buttons were recovered from a farmstead in Chautauqua County during a 1995 salvage excavation by Kansas Historical Society archeologists. Shown are a bone 4-hole sew-through button, a glass 4-hole dish button, and a black cut-out shank button with a floral and geometric art deco decorative style, popular in the 1920s and 1930s.


B. W. Hiatt to Governor John St. John

B. W. Hiatt to Governor John St. John
Creator: Hiatt, B. W.
Date: May 09, 1880
In this letter, Kansas Governor St. John is invited to attend a mass temperance convention at Sedan in Chautauqua County. He is urged to bring other notable speakers with him.


B. W. Hiatt to Governor John St. John

B. W. Hiatt to Governor John St. John
Creator: Hiatt, B. W.
Date: June 13, 1880
A letter from B.W. Hiatt commenting that the prearranged June 24th mass temperance meeting is badly needed in his area and assures Kansas Governor St. John of a large turnout.


Carl Lester Cavenee, World War I soldier

Carl Lester Cavenee, World War I soldier
Date: 1918-1919
Around 1919, the Kansas State Historical Society and the American Legion solicited biographical information from returning veterans (primarily members of the 35th and 89th infantry divisions) and the families of those who died in service, notably from the Gold Star Mothers. Each veteran or family member was asked to provide letters, photographs, a biography, and military records. This file contains information on Carl Lester Cavenee, 353rd Infantry. Cavenee died a prisoner of war in 1918.


Ceramic Pipes from 14CT382

Ceramic Pipes from 14CT382
Date: 1860-1900
These four pipe fragments were recovered during 1995 archeological investigations at a farmstead in Chautauqua County. All are made of different colored clays and were manufactured using molds, with some of the mold seams yet visible. One red pipe bowl has partial lettering around the bowl. Three of the pipes were smoked prior to breaking as evidenced by visible traces of tobacco residue, called dottle.


Charles Andrews and James Walker, prisoners 8767 and 7854

Charles Andrews and James Walker, prisoners 8767 and 7854
Creator: Kansas State Penitentiary
Date: January 30, 1901
This photograph shows Charles Andrews, prisoner #8767 and James Walker, prisoner #7854. Charles Andrews was received at the Kansas State Penitentiary on December 1898 from Oklahoma for burglary. Inmate James Walker was received at the penitentiary on September 16, 1896 from Chatauqua County, Kansas for murder.


Chautauqua County livestock brand registrations

Chautauqua County livestock brand registrations
Creator: Kansas. State Planning Board
Date: 1876-1935
Records of livestock brands in Chautauqua County, Kansas, as compiled by workers on a project sponsored by the Kansas State Planning Board. The forms provide the owner's name and county in which he or she resided; date brand was registered; whether it was used for cattle, horses, sheep, or hogs; a brief description usually indicating where the brand was placed on the animal; and a copy of the brand design. The registrations in these folders are in chronological order by date filed.


Chautauqua street in Sedan, Kansas

Chautauqua street in Sedan, Kansas
Date: September 12, 1935
This postcard shows Chautauqua street looking north from Main street in Sedan, Kansas


City water and power works, Sedan, Kansas

City water and power works, Sedan, Kansas
Date: Between 1880 and 1900
This is a view of the city water and power works in Sedan, Kansas.


Clem Darnell, prisoner 9099

Clem Darnell, prisoner 9099
Creator: Kansas State Penitentiary
Date: Date Unknown
This photograph shows inmate Clem Darnell, prisoner #9099. He was received at the Kansas State Penitentiary on November 4, 1899 from Chatauqua County, Kansas for murder.


Dart Points from 14CT321

Dart Points from 14CT321
Date: 1-1000 CE
These two dart points were collected from an Early Ceramic period multicomponent (multiple occupations) site in Chautauqua County and were donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1976. The larger corner notched dart has been heat treated to improve the knapping quality of the chert. Both points are broken at the tip and both are corner-notched. Dart points would be mounted to the dart foreshaft, which would in turn be connected to the dart shaft. The assembled dart would then be thrown with an atlatl (spearthrower).


Dentate Stamped Pottery from 14CT313

Dentate Stamped Pottery from 14CT313
Date: 1-1000 CE
This rim sherd was collected from an archeological site in Chautauqua County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1976. The rim sherd has grit temper, and though difficult to see, a series of diagonal rows of dentate stamping above a horizontal tool trailed line and a possible boss. Dentate stamping is a decorating technique that leaves tooth-like impressions. Dentate stamping is associated not only with Cuesta phase pottery, but also Kansas City Hopewell and Schultz phase pottery.


Dick Gregg and Fred Leonard, prisoners 8642 and 8643

Dick Gregg and Fred Leonard, prisoners 8642 and 8643
Creator: Kansas State Penitentiary
Date: Bulk September 03, 1924-September 06, 1924
This photograph shows inmates Dick Gregg, prisoner #8642, and Fred Leonard, prisoners #8643. Dick Gregg was received at the Kansas State Penitentiary on September 3, 1924 from Chatauqua County, Kansas. Inmate Fred Leonard was received at the penitentiary on September 6, 1924 from Reno County, Kansas for burglary.


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