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This is a portrait of Catherine (Kate) Elizabeth German, who was taken captive with her younger sisters, Sophia, Julia, and Adelaide, by Cheyenne Indians after their family was killed. Kate was born on March 21, 1857. On September 11, 1874, the John German family, consisting of his wife and seven children, was attacked by a band of Cheyenne east of Ft. Wallace, Kansas. Only four of the children, Catherine, Sophia, Julia, and Adelaide, were spared and taken captive. The two youngest, Julia and Adelaide (aged 7 and 5), were subsequently abandoned on the prairie in what is now the Texas panhandle. Sophia and Catherine were kept by their Cheyenne captors. Fort Wallace received word of the killings and began the search to find the girls and to negotiate their release. They found Julia and Adelaide, who had survived on their own for 6 weeks, and on March 1, 1875, the Cheyennes formally released Catherine and Sophia German at the Darlington Agency in Indian Territory (Oklahoma). The two girls were reunited with their younger sisters at Ft. Leavenworth, Kansas in June of 1875.

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Roy Davis Seal, World War I soldier Roy Davis Seal, World War I soldier

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1951 flood in northeast Kansas

1951 flood in northeast Kansas
Date: 1951
Here are twelve photographs, possibly used to illustrate a publication, showing the 1951 flood in the towns of Topeka, Lecompton, Lawrence, and Perry.


3/4 Grooved Axe from Jefferson County

3/4 Grooved Axe from Jefferson County
Date: 7000 BCE-1 CE
This 3/4 grooved axe was collected from a sand bar in Jefferson County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 2015. While 3/4 grooved axes are frequently recovered from late Archaic sites, there use is not restricted to that time period. Axes like these are made by pecking a hard stone into a rough shape and then grinding and polishing it into its final state. As the axe was manufactured seven small concavities were revealed in the stone. Axes like this one get their name from the hafting groove the encircles 3/4 of its body.


Abstract of census returns

Abstract of census returns
Creator: Undersigned Citizens of Kansas Territory, John Stroup (first signature),
Date: 1859
This 1859 abstract of census returns shows information at the township level for most Kansas counties. Some counties are listed without data. The census lists the number of voters in three different ways--the number of votes cast June 7, 1859; number of voters on June 7, 1859 who were under 6 month provision; and number of voters under 3 month provision. It also lists the number of inhabitants. The election on June 7, 1859, was to elect delegates to the Wyandotte constitutional convention.


Address to the American People on the Affairs of Kansas, pamphlet

Address to the American People on the Affairs of Kansas, pamphlet
Date: 1857
This address recounted the history and purpose of the formation of the Kansas State Government of Topeka, in peaceful opposition to that of the Territory. The free state message accused the systems of the Territorial Government of encouraging influence from abroad in their election process, and indicated that they had nothing inherently against Missouri's citizens as a whole, but implored that they not attempt to violate the rights of Kansas settlers. The address stated that the Territory was "organized for defence" by a pledge from Governor Walker, and appealed that outsiders remain in their homes for the benefit of all.


Address to the Voters of Kansas

Address to the Voters of Kansas
Creator: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891
Date: September 25, 1867
The numerous authors of this pamphlet (Republicans) support the constitutional amendments to approve voting rights for blacks, for women, and to restrict voting rights to "loyal persons." They offer arguments for their position as well as criticizing the Democratic Party in Kansas for their opposition to these amendments. Forty five men signed the document, which was the result of a meeting in Lawrence. The following signed the document S. C. Pomeroy, Atchison; E. G. Ross, Lawrence; S. J. Crawford, Topeka; N. Green, Manhattan; Chas. Robinson, Lawrence; Geo T. Anthony, Leavenworth; Lewis Bodwell, Topeka; R. B. Taylor, editor Wyandotte Gazette; J. P. Root, Whandotte; James Rogers, Burlingame; S. Weaver, Editor Lecompton New Era; L. R. Elliott, Editor Atchison Daily Free Press; W. A. Starrett, Lawrence; Wm. Larimer, Jr., Leavenworth; John Ritchie, Topeka; John Ekin, Topeka; Sol. Miller, Editor White Cloud Chief; A. H. Foote, Lawrence; C. B. Lines, Wabaunsee; R. G. Elliott, Jefferson county; G. A. Crawford, Bourbon county; John Speer, Kansas Tribune; A. Low, Doniphan; R. W. Jenkins, Pottawatomie county; Ed. Russell, Leavenworth; J. H. Pillsbury, Editor Manhattan Independent; S. D. Houston, Manhattan; W. K. Marshall, Atchison; F. G. Adams, Kennekuk; P. L. Hubbard, Atchison; A. Hunting, Manhattan; J. B. Abbott, De Soto; Joseph Denison, Manhattan; T. H. Baker, Manhattan, H. W. Farnsworth, Topeka; I. H. Smith, Topeka; D. R. Anthony, Leavenworth; G. W. Higginbotham, Manhattan; John Pipher, Manhattan, R. L. Harford, Manhattan; Jas. Humphrey, Manhattan; Wm McKay, Manhattan; R. P. Duvall, Manhattan; Pardee Butler, Pardee; and L. F. Green, Baldwin City. Only the language restricting voting to "loyal" persons was passed in the election on November 5, 1867. Blacks and women were not given voting rights as a result of the 1867 election.


African American school, Grasshopper Falls, Kansas

African American school, Grasshopper Falls, Kansas
Date: Between 1920s and 1930s
This photograph shows a group of African American students and their teachers standing in front of the "first black school in Kansas," according to the handwritten caption on the back of the image. (This statement is incorrect.) The structure was located in Grasshopper Falls which is present day Valley Falls, Kansas.


Albert E. Brosa, Valley Falls, Kansas

Albert E. Brosa, Valley Falls, Kansas
Date: Between 1930 and 1939
A photograph of Albert E. Brosa standing next to an automobile, near Valley Falls, Kansas.


Albert E. Brosa and his pet collies, Valley Falls, Kansas

Albert E. Brosa and his pet collies, Valley Falls, Kansas
Date: Between 1950 and 1959
A photograph of Albert E. Brosa and his pet collies near Valley Falls, Kansas.


Albert G. Patrick

Albert G. Patrick
Date: Between 1865 and 1869
This is an engraving of Albert G. Patrick, who came to Leavenworth, Kansas Territory, on February 12, 1856. He became involved in the free-state party. Patrick joined Captain Wright's Stranger Creek company and participated in the Hickory Point engagement on September 14, 1856. He was captured by United States troops and sent to Lecompton where he was held by Governor Geary under indictment for murder. He was later acquitted. In the summer of 1857, he was elected clerk of the Supreme Court and, in the fall of that year, was elected to the Council of the first Free-state Legislature, serving two years. Although a free-state man, he was elected to the Senate under the Lecompton constitution. In 1867 he was elected to the legislature from Marshall County. Patrick moved to Jefferson County in 1868 and, in 1869, he was elected clerk of the county, serving two years. He owned and published the Valley Falls New Era newspaper.


Albert and Jerry Brosa with a calf on the Brosa farm in Jefferson County, Kansas

Albert and Jerry Brosa with a calf on the Brosa farm in Jefferson County, Kansas
Date: Between 1950 and 1953
This is a photograph showing Albert Brosa and Jerry Brosa with a calf. Jerry is seated on the calf. The photograph was taken on the Brosa farm located near Valley Falls in Jefferson County, Kansas.


Alice Gardiner Sennrich

Alice Gardiner Sennrich
Creator: Sennrich, Alice G.
Date: Between 1898 and 1900
This black and white photograph shows Alice Gardiner Sennrich, (1878-1968), photographer from Valley Falls, Kansas. The daughter of Tom Gardiner and Mattie Kirkpatrick Gardiner of Winchester, Kansas, she moved in 1880 with her family to Valley Falls where her father established the Valley Falls Register newspaper. As a young woman growing up in a small Kansas community, Alice choose an unconventional career in photography. On January 1, 1902, she purchased the C.S. Edington photography studio in Valley Falls and within a few years was making a name for herself as a Kansas photographer. In 1909, the Photographers Association of Kansas awarded her a first prize medal for her photos of children. She also received a gold medal and a prize of five dollars for her style of retouching photos. In 1915 as her business began to flourish, she married John Sennrich a carpenter and painter from Valley Falls. After their marriage, the couple remained in Valley Falls so Alice could continue to operate her business. For a number of years Alice's artistic eye captured life in a typical northeast Kansas community until she began to loose her eyesight in the 1950s. As her eyesight deteriorated, she could no longer maintain her studio and donated her equipment and props to the Kansas Historical Society. She was blind the last ten years of her life. In 1968, Alice Gardiner Sennrich passed away at the age of ninety at a nursing home in Valley Falls, Kansas.


Alice Gardiner Sennrich

Alice Gardiner Sennrich
Date: Between 1920s and 1940s
This black and white photograph shows Alice Gardiner Sennrich, (1878-1968), photographer from Valley Falls, Kansas. The daughter of Tom Gardiner and Mattie Kirkpatrick Gardiner of Winchester, Kansas, she moved in 1880 with her family to Valley Falls where her father established the Valley Falls Register newspaper. As a young woman growing up in a small Kansas community, Alice choose an unconventional career in photography. On January 1, 1902, she purchased the C.S. Edington photography studio in Valley Falls and within a few years was making a name for herself as a Kansas photographer. In 1909, the Photographers Association of Kansas awarded her a first prize medal for her photos of children. She also received a gold medal and a prize of five dollars for her style of retouching photos. In 1915 as her business began to flourish, she married John Sennrich a carpenter and painter from Valley Falls. After their marriage, the couple remained in Valley Falls so Alice could continue to operate her business. For a number of years Alice's artistic eye captured life in a typical northeast Kansas community until she began to loose her eyesight in the 1950s. As her eyesight deteriorated, she could no longer maintain her studio and donated her equipment and props to the Kansas Historical Society. She was blind the last ten years of her life. In 1968, Alice Gardiner Sennrich passed away at the age of ninety at a nursing home in Valley Falls, Kansas.


Annie B. Campbell to Governor John St. John

Annie B. Campbell to Governor John St. John
Creator: Campbell, Annie B.
Date: May 28, 1880
This is a letter to Kansas Governor St. John from Annie Campbell, a medical and temperance lecturer from out of state, who seeks the Governor's endorsement. She has been unsuccessful with her temperance work because, as she states, "the people seem afraid of me". She hopes his endorsement would help her get lecture commitments. She had worked in Indiana for ten years. The letter was written in Newman, Jefferson County, Kansas.


Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway Company depot, Nortonville, Kansas

Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway Company depot, Nortonville, Kansas
Date: Between 1890 and 1909
This photograph shows a group of men gathering in front of the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway Company depot in Nortonville, Kansas. In the foreground a stack of boxes are on a rail cart


Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway Company depot, Nortonville, Kansas

Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway Company depot, Nortonville, Kansas
Date: Between 1890 and 1919
This photograph shows a group of people gathered beside two passenger cars in Nortonville, Kanas. In the background the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway Company depot is visible.


Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway Company depot, Nortonville, Kansas

Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway Company depot, Nortonville, Kansas
Date: Between 1905 and 1915
This black and white photograph shows the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway Company depot at Nortonville, Kansas. There are people waiting for the train as it pulls up to the station.


Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway Company depot, Oskaloosa, Kansas

Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway Company depot, Oskaloosa, Kansas
Date: Between 1880s and 1890s
This photograph shows the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway Company depot in Oskaloosa, Kansas. The two-story wooden structure with batten siding is no longer standing.


Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad time table number 28

Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad time table number 28
Creator: Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railway Company
Date: April 20, 1873
This timetable was for the exclusive use of the employees of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad and included the eastern, Arkansas Valley and Wichita divisions.


Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway Company depot, Meriden, Kansas

Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway Company depot, Meriden, Kansas
Creator: Gladfelter, George
Date: Between 1910 and 1915
This photograph shows a group of women and small child gathered in front of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway depot in Meriden, Kansas.


Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway Company depot, Meriden, Kansas

Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway Company depot, Meriden, Kansas
Creator: Killam, H.
Date: October 20, 1960
This photograph shows the second Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway Company depot in Meriden, Kansas. The one-story structure was part of the Eastern Lines, Eastern Division, Atchison District at milepost 39.4. The depot no longer stands.


Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway Company depot, Meriden, Kansas

Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway Company depot, Meriden, Kansas
Date: Between 1880s and 1900s
This photograph shows the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway Company depot in Meriden, Kansas. The one-story structure with batten siding no longer stands.


Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway Company depot, Meriden, Kansas

Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway Company depot, Meriden, Kansas
Creator: Killam, H.
Date: February 12, 1956
This photograph shows the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway Company depot in Meriden, Kansas. The one-story wooden structure was part of Eastern Lines, Eastern Division, Atchison District at milepost 39.4. The depot no longer stands.


Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway Company depot, Nortonville, Kansas

Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway Company depot, Nortonville, Kansas
Creator: Killam, H.
Date: January 15, 1956
This photograph shows the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway Company depot in Nortonville, Kansas. The one-story wooden structure was once part of the Eastern Lines, Eastern Division, Atchison District at milepost 16.8. The depot no longer stands.


Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway Company depot, Valley Falls, Kansas

Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway Company depot, Valley Falls, Kansas
Creator: Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railway Company
Date: Between 1900 and 1910
This photograph shows a group of women at the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway Company depot at Valley Falls, Kansas. The passenger cars and a milk wagon are visible in the background.


Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway Company depot, Valley Falls, Kansas

Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway Company depot, Valley Falls, Kansas
Creator: Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railway Company
Date: 1916
This photograph shows the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway Company depot in Valley Falls, Kansas. A dolly, wagon and two men are also visible.


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