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Thematic Time Period - Early Peoples, 10000 BCE - 1820 CE - Paleoindian, >7000 BCE

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Showing 1 - 14 of 14 (results per page: 10 | 25 | 50)


Artifact Collection from 14RY1627

Artifact Collection from 14RY1627
Date: Unknown
Shown is the complete collection of surface artifacts from 14RY1627 in Riley County. Other artifacts, not in the Kansas Historical Society's collection, indicate the site had multiple components or occupations including peoples of both the Kansas City Hopewell and Smoky Hill aspects. The spear point pictured here adds a late Paleolithic to early Archaic component. In addition to the projectile point fragment two bifaces and a mano (grinding stone) are shown.


Atlatl Weight from Brown County

Atlatl Weight from Brown County
Date: Unknown
This atlatl weight was found in Brown County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1981. Atlatl weights serve to increase the throwing power of an atlatl, a stick with an attachment that was used to throw a dart and spear.


Late Paleoindian Projectile Point from 14AT424

Late Paleoindian Projectile Point from 14AT424
Date: 9500-8500 BCE
Found on a gravel bar in Atchison County, this late Paleoindian projectile point was donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1979. The spear point is similar to a Plainview style projectile point and may have been used as a knife. The upper edges are beveled and the sides have been ground.


Obsidian Paleoindian Projectile Point from Morris County

Obsidian Paleoindian Projectile Point from Morris County
Date: 11000-7000 BCE
This nearly complete paleoindian point was found on the east side of the former Kaw Reservation in Morris County. There is no natural source of obsidian in Morris County, so it was likely traded from a volcanic source such as the Yellowstone region of Wyoming or Taos, New Mexico. The point would have functioned as a spear tip. The tip and one ear are missing. The artifact is a good example of oblique parallel flaking. Paleoindian people traveled in small groups, hunting large game, including now extinct bison. Stone tools help reveal how these people lived, traveled, and differed from other groups.


PaleoIndian projectile point

PaleoIndian projectile point
Date: 11000-7000 BCE
This Late Paleoindian point is called a Dalton and functioned as a spear tip. It was found along the Blue River in Kansas and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1925. Late Paleoindian people traveled in small groups, hunting large game, including now extinct bison. Stone tools help reveal how these people lived, traveled, and differed from other groups. Late Paleoindian points are typically long, thin, and narrow, and carefully made. Points with minor damage were often resharpened, altering their original shape.


Paleoindian Dart Point from the Kansas River Valley

Paleoindian Dart Point from the Kansas River Valley
Date: 8000-6000 BCE
This dart is similar to a Late Paleolithic-Early Archaic period point style called Scottsbluff. It was collected in the Kansas River valley and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1925. The dart point, made of Florence chert, has slight shoulders and a broad stem. Dart points would be mounted to the dart foreshaft, which would in turn be connected to the dart shaft. The assembled dart would then be thrown with an atlatl (spearthrower).


Paleoindian Projectile Point

Paleoindian Projectile Point
Date: 11000-7000 BCE
This Late Paleoindian point is called a Dalton and functioned as a spear tip. It was found in Allen County at a camp site that was occupied periodically during the Archaic and Early Ceramic Periods. The point was donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 2015. Paleoindian people traveled in small groups, hunting large game, including now extinct bison. Stone tools help reveal how these people lived, traveled, and differed from other groups. Late Paleoindian points are typically long, thin, and narrow, and carefully made.


Paleoindian Projectile Point

Paleoindian Projectile Point
Date: 11000-7000 BCE
This Late Paleoindian point is called a Dalton and functioned as a spear tip. It was found in Atchison County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1976. Late Paleoindian people traveled in small groups, hunting large game, including now extinct bison. Stone tools help reveal how these people lived, traveled, and differed from other groups. Late Paleoindian points are typically long, thin, and narrow, and carefully made. Points with minor damage were often resharpened, altering their original shape.


Paleoindian Projectile Point Base from 14DN402

Paleoindian Projectile Point Base from 14DN402
Date: 11000-7000 BCE
This Paleoindian projectile point base was collected from an archeological site in Dickenson County and donated in 2005 to the Kansas Historical Society. The point functioned as a spear tip. Other artifacts at the site indicated a Middle to Late Archaic period (6000 - 1 BCE) occupation. However, this broken projectile point base may date to the Early Paleoindian period (11000 - 7000 BCE). Early Paleoindian people are thought to have been highly mobile, small bands that hunted large game, including some now extinct species. Stone tools help reveal how these people lived, traveled, and differed from other groups.


Paleoindian Projectile Point Base from Dickinson County

Paleoindian Projectile Point Base from Dickinson County
Date: 11000-7000 BCE
This Paleoindian projectile point base was collected from Dickinson County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1917. It is made of Smoky Hill silicified chalk, a good quality knapping material that is exposed in linear beds in northwestern Kansas and western Nebraska. This spear point has ground edges at the base to protect the hafting. Paleoindian people traveled in small groups, hunting large game, including now extinct bison. Stone tools help reveal how these people lived, traveled, and differed from other groups.


Paleoindian Projectile Point Fragment from the Gardiner Site, 14CK320

Paleoindian Projectile Point Fragment from the Gardiner Site, 14CK320
Date: 11500-6000 BCE
This Paleoindian spear point fragment was discovered eroding out of a deeply buried kill site in Clark County during a pipeline excavation. The fragmentary nature of the spear point makes it difficult to tell if it was possibly a Clovis, Plainview, or Allen type point. The spear point was made of Florence B chert from the Flint Hills region and shows a base and edge portion with edge grinding.


Paleoindian Projectile Point from 14AT419

Paleoindian Projectile Point from 14AT419
Date: 11000-8500 BCE
This Paleoindian dart point fragment was collected from a gravel bar in Atchison County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1979. This spear point has ground edges at the base to protect the hafting. Paleoindian people traveled in small groups, hunting large game, including now extinct bison. Stone tools help reveal how these people lived, traveled, and differed from other groups.


Paleoindian Projectile Point from 14PO2

Paleoindian Projectile Point from 14PO2
Date: 11500 - 9000 BCE
This broken Early Paleoindian point functioned as a spear tip. It was recovered from archeological site 14PO2 in Pottawatomie County. Early Paleoindian people are thought to have been highly mobile, small bands that hunted large game, including some now extinct species. Stone tools help reveal how these people lived, traveled, and differed from other groups. Early Paleoindian points are often long, thin, and narrow, and have one or more short flakes called flutes removed from one or both sides of the point base.


Paleoindian projectile point

Paleoindian projectile point
Date: 11000-7000 BCE
This Late Paleoindian point is called a Dalton and functioned as a spear tip. It was found in Atchison County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1973. Late Paleoindian people traveled in small groups, hunting large game, including now extinct bison. Stone tools help reveal how these people lived, traveled, and differed from other groups. Late Paleoindian points are typically long, thin, and narrow, and carefully made. Points with minor damage were often resharpened, altering their original shape.


Showing 1 - 14

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