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People - American Indians - Prehistoric Cultures - Kansas City Hopewell

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Arrow Points from the Arrowhead Island Site, 14CF343

Arrow Points from the Arrowhead Island Site, 14CF343
Date: 1-1000 CE
These complete and fragmented dart points were collected from the Arrowhead Island site in Coffey County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1984. Shown, from left to right, is a side and basal notched arrow point and four corner notched arrow points. The notches aided in hafting the point to the arrow shaft. The Arrowhead Island site was a village of the Early Ceramic Period and the Kansas City Hopewell culture.


Artifact Collection from 14RY1627

Artifact Collection from 14RY1627
Date: Unknown
Shown is the complete collection of surface artifacts from 14RY1627 in Riley County. Other artifacts, not in the Kansas Historical Society's collection, indicate the site had multiple components or occupations including peoples of both the Kansas City Hopewell and Smoky Hill aspects. The spear point pictured here adds a late Paleolithic to early Archaic component. In addition to the projectile point fragment two bifaces and a mano (grinding stone) are shown.


Axe or Celt from the Trowbridge Site, 14WY1

Axe or Celt from the Trowbridge Site, 14WY1
Date: 1-250 CE
This partial axe or celt was found at the Trowbridge archeological site in Wyandotte County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1973. Trowbridge is a Kansas City Hopewell site from the Early Ceramic Period. During this time archeologists find evidence of houses, cultivated plants, and decorated pottery. Without the poll end of the artifact it is impossible to tell if it was an axe or a celt. Either way, this woodworking tool would have been made by grinding or pecking it into a general shape followed by polishing. It would have been hafted onto a handle and required periodic resharpening.


Cedar Creek Site Rim Sherds from The Cedar Creek Site, 14DP1318

Cedar Creek Site Rim Sherds from The Cedar Creek Site, 14DP1318
Date: 2100 BCE-750 CE
Shown are three of many pottery sherds collected from the Cedar Creek site, in Doniphan County. They were donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1925. The Cedar Creek site was a multicomponent site, having both Kansas City Hopewell and Nebraska Aspect/Upper Republican occupations. The site had the remains of at least one house. The rim sherd on the far left is decorated with a cord wrapped stick impressed design with four bosses below. The rim sherd in the center has a crenellated rim and is like pottery of the Late Woodland or post-classic Kansas City Hopewell. The rim sherd on the right has a zoned area of cord marking. All the rim sherds are sand tempered.


Ceramic Rim Sherd from 14EK304

Ceramic Rim Sherd from 14EK304
Date: 4000-2000 BCE
This rim sherd was recovered from the surface of a Late Archaic camp site in Elk County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1975. The sherd is decorated with two zones of dentate stamping above and below a zone of triangular punctates. Dentate stamping is a decorating technique that leaves tooth-like impressions. Dentate stamping is associated with Cuesta phase, Kansas City Hopewell, and Schultz phase pottery.


Ceramic Sherds from Arrowhead Island, 14CF343

Ceramic Sherds from Arrowhead Island, 14CF343
Date: 1-1000 CE
These nine rim and body sherds were collected from the Arrowhead Island site in Coffey County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1982. The Arrowhead Island site was a village of the Early Ceramic Period and the Kansas City Hopewell culture. The pottery, one with a repair hole, has a variety of decoration: bosses, diagonal and horizontal incised lines, diagonal tool trails, and dentate stamping. Some of the sherds were reconstructed by the donor.


Drills from the Trowbridge Site, 14WY1

Drills from the Trowbridge Site, 14WY1
Date: 1-250 CE
These five drills were collected from the Trowbridge archeological site, in Wyandotte County, and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1973. Drills were used to bore holes in softer material. The two drills on the left were possibly modified (reworked) from a dart point and a hafted alternately beveled knife. Trowbridge is a Kansas City Hopewell site from the Early Ceramic Period. During this time archeologists find evidence of houses, cultivated plants, and decorated pottery.


Early Ceramic Period Dart Points from the Trowbridge Site, 14WY1

Early Ceramic Period Dart Points from the Trowbridge Site, 14WY1
Date: 1-250 CE
These dart points were found at the Trowbridge archeological site in Wyandotte County, and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1973. These broad dart points were knapped from non-local chert, mounted to the dart foreshaft, which would in turn be connected to the dart shaft. The assembled dart would then be thrown with an atlatl (spearthrower). Trowbridge is a Kansas City Hopewell site from the Early Ceramic Period. During this time archeologists find evidence of houses, cultivated plants, and decorated pottery.


Havana Cord Roughened Rim Sherd from the Cedar Creek Site, 14DP1318

Havana Cord Roughened Rim Sherd from the Cedar Creek Site, 14DP1318
Date: 50 BCE-200 CE
This rim sherd was collected from 14DP1318, the Cedar Creek site, in Doniphan County. The rim sherd is sand tempered, decorated with impressed diagonal lines on the lip, and vertical cord wrapped stick impressions below the lip, with horizontal cord marking below. Archeologists call this type of ware Havana Cord Roughened. It was donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1925. The Cedar Creek site was a multicomponent site, having both Kansas City Hopewell and Nebraska Aspect/Upper Republican occupations. The site had the remains of at least one house.


Kansas City Hopewell Early Ceramic Period Vessel from Arrowhead Island, 14CF343

Kansas City Hopewell Early Ceramic Period Vessel from Arrowhead Island, 14CF343
Date: 1-1000 CE
Pieces of this pottery vessel were found at the Arrowhead Island archeological site in Coffey County. Holes were drilled in the pot by its original owner so that cracks could be laced to mend the pot. Later archeologists reconstructed what was possible and then used plaster to fill in for the missing pieces. The Arrowhead Island site is a Early Ceramic period and Kansas City Hopewell culture village.


Kansas City Hopewell Early Ceramic Vessel from Arrowhead Island, 14CF343

Kansas City Hopewell Early Ceramic Vessel from Arrowhead Island, 14CF343
Date: 1-1000 CE
Pieces of this pottery vessel were found at the Arrowhead Island archeological site in Coffey County. Archeologists reconstructed what was possible and then completed the vessel with plaster. Holes were drilled in the pot by its original owner so that cracks could be laced to mend it. The Arrowhead Island site was a village site of the Early Ceramic Period and the Kansas City Hopewell culture.


Kansas City Hopewell Rim Sherd

Kansas City Hopewell Rim Sherd
Date: 1 CE-250 CE
This rim sherd was found at the Trowbridge archeological site (14WY1), in Wyandotte County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1973. The Trowbridge site is a Kansas City Hopewell site from the Early Ceramic Period. During this time archeologists find evidence of houses, cultivated plants, the bow and arrow, and decorated pottery. This rim sherd shows crosshatching above two rows of punctates. A single small boss appears in the crosshatching, most readily apparent by the indentation on the back of the sherd.


Kansas City Hopewell Rim Sherd from the Trowbridge Site, 14WY1

Kansas City Hopewell Rim Sherd from the Trowbridge Site, 14WY1
Date: 1-250 CE
This rim sherd was found at the Trowbridge archeological site in Wyandotte County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1973. This rim sherd shows cross-hatching below the lip with a row of punctates beneath, an incised line below this, and rocker stamping beneath the line. The Trowbridge site is a Kansas City Hopewell site from the Early Ceramic Period. During this time archeologists find evidence of houses, cultivated plants, the bow and arrow, and decorated pottery.


Kansas City Hopewell Rim Sherd from the Trowbridge Site, 14WY1

Kansas City Hopewell Rim Sherd from the Trowbridge Site, 14WY1
Date: 1-250 CE
This rim sherd was found at the Trowbridge archeological site, in Wyandotte County, and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1973. This rim sherd shows cord marking, an incised line, embossing, and trailed lines. The Trowbridge site is a Kansas City Hopewell site from the Early Ceramic Period. During this time archeologists find evidence of houses, cultivated plants, the bow and arrow, and decorated pottery.


Kansas City Hopewell Rim Sherds from the Cedar Creek Site, 14DP1318

Kansas City Hopewell Rim Sherds from the Cedar Creek Site, 14DP1318
Date: 250-500 CE
Shown are four Kansas City Hopewell style rim sherds collected from 14DP1318, the Cedar Creek site, in Doniphan County. All four sherds have incised cross hatched lines below the lip of the sherd. Additionally, below the cross hatching one rim has a series of fingernail impressions, another rim has a row of punctates and the final two rims have incised tool impressions. They were donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1925. The Cedar Creek site was a multicomponent site, having both Kansas City Hopewell and Nebraska Aspect/Upper Republican occupations. The site had the remains of at least one house.


Kansas City Hopewell Rim Sherds from the Trowbridge Site, 14WY1

Kansas City Hopewell Rim Sherds from the Trowbridge Site, 14WY1
Date: 1-250 CE
These rim sherds were found at the Trowbridge archeological site (14WY1), in Wyandotte County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1973. These two rim sherds show slightly different styles of punctate decoration. The Trowbridge site is a Kansas City Hopewell site from the Early Ceramic Period. During this time archeologists find evidence of houses, cultivated plants, the bow and arrow, and decorated pottery.


Kansas City Hopewell Rim Sherds from the Trowbridge Site, 14WY1

Kansas City Hopewell Rim Sherds from the Trowbridge Site, 14WY1
Date: 1-250 CE
These rim sherds were found at the Trowbridge archeological site in Wyandotte County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1973. These rim sherds show slightly different styles of crosshatching and punctate decoration. The Trowbridge site is a Kansas City Hopewell village site from the Early Ceramic Period. During this time archeologists find evidence of houses, cultivated plants, the bow and arrow, and decorated pottery.


Kansas City Hopewell Rim Sherds from the Trowbridge Site, 14WY1

Kansas City Hopewell Rim Sherds from the Trowbridge Site, 14WY1
Date: 1-250 CE
These two rim sherds were found at the Trowbridge archeological site in Wyandotte County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1973. The sherds are decorated with rows of dentate stamping below prominent bosses. The interior of the largest sherd shows charred residue. This rim sherd was also glued by the donor prior to donation. The Trowbridge site is a Kansas City Hopewell site from the Early Ceramic Period. During this time archeologists find evidence of houses, cultivated plants, the bow and arrow, and decorated pottery.


Kansas City Hopewell Rim Sherds from the Trowbridge Site, 14WY1

Kansas City Hopewell Rim Sherds from the Trowbridge Site, 14WY1
Date: 50 BCE-200 CE
These four rim sherds were found at the Trowbridge archeological site, in Wyandotte County, and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1973. Each rim is decorated with a series of vertical cord wrapped stick impressions along the rim with a row of bosses below. Trowbridge is a Kansas City Hopewell site from the Early Ceramic Period. During this time archeologists find evidence of houses, cultivated plants, and decorated pottery.


Kansas City Hopewell Sherds from Arrowhead Island, 14CF343

Kansas City Hopewell Sherds from Arrowhead Island, 14CF343
Date: 1-1000 CE
These sherds were collected from the Arrowhead Island site in Coffey County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1982 and 1984. Two of the sherds were refit by the donor. They all show a variety of decorations that include bosses, punctates made by circular objects, incised scallops and cross hatching. The Arrowhead Island site is a village site of the Early Ceramic Period and the Kansas City Hopewell culture.


Kansas City Hopewell Sherds with Rocker Stamping from the Trowbridge Site, 14WY1

Kansas City Hopewell Sherds with Rocker Stamping from the Trowbridge Site, 14WY1
Date: 1-250 CE
These sherds were found at the Trowbridge archeological site in Wyandotte County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1973. Both the rim sherd and the body sherd show rocker stamping. Rocker stamping is created by impressing an implement, into the still wet clay, that is rocked back and forth. The Trowbridge site is a Kansas City Hopewell occupation from the Early Ceramic period. During this time archeologists find evidence of houses, cultivated plants, the bow and arrow, and decorated pottery.


Kansas City Hopewell Vessel Fragment from the Trowbridge Site, 14WY1

Kansas City Hopewell Vessel Fragment from the Trowbridge Site, 14WY1
Date: 1-250 CE
These vessel sherds were found at the Trowbridge archeological site in Wyandotte County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1973. The donor glued the pottery together prior to donating it. The vessel, a large jar, is decorated with a series of slightly scalloped horizontal dentate stamping. Dentate stamping is a decorating technique that leaves tooth-like impressions. Above the dentate stamping is a row of bosses and vertical tool impressions on the rim. Archeologists call this style of pottery Naples Stamped. Trowbridge is a Kansas City Hopewell site from the Early Ceramic Period. During this time archeologists find evidence of houses, cultivated plants, and decorated pottery.


Notched Dart Points from the Trowbridge Site, 14WY1

Notched Dart Points from the Trowbridge Site, 14WY1
Date: 1-250 CE
These dart points were found at the Trowbridge archeological site, in Wyandotte County, and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1973. After knapping, these corner and side notched dart points were mounted to the dart fore shaft, and then thrown with an atlatl. Trowbridge is a Kansas City Hopewell site from the Early Ceramic Period. During this time archeologists find evidence of houses, cultivated plants, and decorated pottery.


Petroglyps from the Ward Petroglyph Site, 14EW17

Petroglyps from the Ward Petroglyph Site, 14EW17
Date: 1979
These three images from slides show just a few of the many petroglyphs carved into a series of bluff faces at the Ward site in Ellsworth County. The site includes several anthropomorphic (shamanistic) glyphs, many quadrupeds (four-legged) glyphs, a single shield motif (heavily defaced), geometric glyphs, "turkey tracks" and tool sharpening grooves, in addition to modern graffiti. The petroglyph site is also a habitation site, possibly recording multiple occupations of Kansas City Hopewellian and Great Bend aspect peoples.


Pottery from 14DP321

Pottery from 14DP321
Date: 1-1000 CE
Shown are three decorated body sherds and one decorated rim that were collected from a Kansas City Hopewell site in Doniphan County. The largest sherd, the rim sherd, has pyrite or mica temper with a row of slightly triangular punctates. The buff colored body sherd has a row of finger nail impressions. The smallest sherd is decorated with triangular punctates and incised cross hatches. The final sherd, is cord marked with a line of linear punctates above triangular punctates. During this time archeologists find evidence of houses, cultivated plants, the bow and arrow, and decorated pottery.


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