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Aerial view of Menninger Sanitarium East Campus, Topeka, Kansas, 1946

Aerial view of Menninger Sanitarium East Campus, Topeka, Kansas, 1946
Date: 1946
This aerial view looking directly west to Gage Park shows the growth in the number of buildings in the Menninger East Campus. According to the notes on the back of the photograph, Dr. C.F. had this one on his desk for a long time. This aerial view of the early Menninger Clinic in Topeka looks north west with the junction of Gage Blvd and Sixth Avenue in the upper left corner. This black and white aerial view is of the original Menninger Sanitarium. Dr. C.F. Menninger and his sons, Dr. Karl and Dr. Will, formed a group psychiatry practice in 1919. The Menninger Clinic as a sanitarium was established in 1925 with the purchase of a farm house and admittance of 12 patients. Their philosophy was that mental illness could be treated with an integrated medical, psychodynamic, and developmental approach for the total health of patients. The Dr. Menningers did not believe that the fate of mentally ill people was to be warehoused; they believed mental illness could be treated. The Menningers brought hope for troubled persons everywhere.


Aerial view of Menninger Sanitarium,  Topeka, Kansas, 1937

Aerial view of Menninger Sanitarium, Topeka, Kansas, 1937
Date: 1937
This aerial view of the early Menninger Clinic in Topeka looks north west with the junction of Gage Blvd and Sixth Avenue in the upper left corner. This black and white aerial view is of the original Menninger Sanitarium. Dr. C.F. Menninger and his sons, Dr. Karl and Dr. Will, formed a group psychiatry practice in 1919. The Menninger Clinic as a sanitarium was established in 1925 with the purchase of a farm house and admittance of 12 patients. Their philosophy was that mental illness could be treated with an integrated medical, psychodynamic, and developmental approach for the total health of patients. The Dr. Menningers did not believe that the fate of mentally ill people was to be warehoused; they believed mental illness could be treated. The Menningers brought hope for troubled persons everywhere..


Aerial view of Menninger Sanitarium in Topeka, Kansas, 1932

Aerial view of Menninger Sanitarium in Topeka, Kansas, 1932
Date: 1933
This black and white aerial view is of the original Menninger Sanitarium. The Menninger Clinic as a sanitarium was established in 1925 with the purchase of a farm house and admittance of 12 patients. Their philosophy was that mental illness could be treated with an integrated medical, psychodynamic, and developmental approach for the total health of patients. The Dr. Menningers did not believe that the fate of mentally ill people was to be warehoused; they believed mental illness could be treated. The Menningers brought hope for troubled persons everywhere.


Aerial view of the Menninger Clinic in Topeka, Kansas, 1953

Aerial view of the Menninger Clinic in Topeka, Kansas, 1953
Date: 1952
This aerial view shows the construction of the C.F. Menninger Memorial Hospital. Dr. C.F. Menninger and his sons, Dr. Karl and Dr. Will, founded the Menninger Clinic for mental-health treatment, education, research, and prevention in Topeka in 1925.


Aerial view of the Menninger Foundation in Topeka, Kansas, 1962

Aerial view of the Menninger Foundation in Topeka, Kansas, 1962
Date: 1962
This black and white aerial view shows the Menninger Clinic East Campus with the newly constructed Children's Division at the upper center of the photograph. The Menninger Clinic established the Southard School for children in 1926. The school fostered treatment programs for children and adolescents that were recognized worldwide. These buildings were added in the 1960's, following the advice to Dr. Karl from his mentor, Dr. Elmer Southard -- "Do not forget the children."


Arts and Crafts Building, Menninger East Campus, Topeka Kansas

Arts and Crafts Building, Menninger East Campus, Topeka Kansas
Creator: Menninger, Philip Bratton, 1928-
Date: 1954
This colored photograph shows the Arts and Craft Building in the Summer of 1954. It later became the Southeast Office. In 1925, the Menninger Sanitarium Corporation purchased a farmhouse on the west edge of Topeka, Kansas. The farmhouse became the inpatient clinic and the surrounding 20 acres were developed with buildings and gardens to become the "East Campus" of the Menninger Foundation. This was one of the nearby houses purchased and then converted for several different uses. In 1982, the "West Campus", a much larger area, was developed west of Topeka, a residential scale community of 28 structures on a 350 acre hilltop campus. In 2003, the Menninger Foundation was moved to Houston, Texas.


Bonner Spings. The Kansas Karlsbad

Bonner Spings. The Kansas Karlsbad
Creator: Shook, John Morgan
Date: About 1907
A pamphlet promoting Bonner Springs, Kansas, as a health resort. Includes photographs by Urbin Rudell. See also the Urbin Rudell photograph collection as item 210247.


Chapel, Topeka State Hospital, Topeka, Kansas

Chapel, Topeka State Hospital, Topeka, Kansas
Date: Between 1900 and 1930
A view of the chapel of the Topeka State Hospital in Topeka, Kansas. The institution provided care and treatment for the mentally ill.


Construction of Keys Manual Arts Shop, Menninger Clinic, Topeka

Construction of Keys Manual Arts Shop, Menninger Clinic, Topeka
Date: 1941
These six black and white photographs show the construction of the Keys Manual Arts Shop on the East Campus of the Menninger Clinic in Topeka. It was opened in 1942, the gift of Mrs. Lucy Stearns McLaughlin to promote research into the use of occupational therapy techniques in treatment and to train therapists in such techniques. The building was named for the donor's first husband. In 1925, the Menninger Sanitarium Corporation purchased a farmhouse on the west edge of Topeka, Kansas. The farmhouse became the inpatient clinic and the surrounding 20 acres were developed with buildings and gardens to become the "East Campus" of the Menninger Foundation. These photographs document the construction of an important building in the Menninger philosophy of treatment. In 1985, the "West Campus", a much larger area, was developed west of Topeka. In 2003, the Menninger Foundation was moved to Houston, Texas.


Drawing of the Menninger Foundation grounds in Topeka, Kansas

Drawing of the Menninger Foundation grounds in Topeka, Kansas
Date: 1952
This drawing shows the Menninger Foundation as it would appear in an aerial view in 1952. The Menninger Clinic remains one of the primary North American settings supporting psychodynamically informed research on clinical diagnosis, assessment, and treatment. It was located in Topeka, Kansas from 1925-2003, then moved to Houston, Texas.


Early mental care treatment at Menninger in Topeka, Kansas

Early mental care treatment at Menninger in Topeka, Kansas
Creator: Wolfe, Harold B., 1898-1966
Date: 1925
These three black and white photographs show various hydra therapy methods. Wet sheet packs and shower and spray treatments were used instead of drugs or mere custodial care. These photographs were used in some publicity about the early Menninger Clinic. Dr. C.F. Menninger and his sons, Dr. Karl and Dr. Will, formed a group psychiatry practice in 1919. The Menninger Clinic as a sanitarium was established in 1925 with the purchase of a farm house and admittance of 12 patients. The major contribution of Menninger may be that at a time when custodial care or the asylum were the only alternatives for the mentally ill, the Menningers brought a positive commitment to psychiatry. They did not believe that the fate of mentally ill people was to be warehoused; they believed mental illness could be treated.


Early photographs of Topeka State Hospital, Kansas

Early photographs of Topeka State Hospital, Kansas
Date: Between 1895 and 1899
These twelve black and white photographs show the buildings and some of the staff at Topeka State Hospital around the turn of the century. Images include views of staff and/or patients and various structures including a green house. There is an interior of a theater and a photograph of the "State Insane Asylum Band."


East and West Lodges, Menninger Clinic, Topeka, Kansas

East and West Lodges, Menninger Clinic, Topeka, Kansas
Creator: Wolfe, Harold B., 1898-1966
Date: 1931
These black and white photographs show the East and West Lodges and connecting pergola of the early Menninger Clinic while under construction in December 1930 and then completed in 1931. The Menninger Clinic as a sanitarium was established in 1925 with the purchase of a farm house and admittance of 12 patients. Their philosophy was that mental illness could be treated with an integrated medical, psychodynamic, and developmental approach for the total health of patients. This was the first construction in the development of the clinic.


Governor Clyde M. Reed correspondence, Norton Sanitorium applications

Governor Clyde M. Reed correspondence, Norton Sanitorium applications
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1929-1931 : Reed)
Date: 1929-1931
This file includes subject correspondence relating to applications of employment with the Norton Sanatorium. The Sanatorium opened their doors in 1914 to help those suffering from tuberculosis. This file is part of a bigger collection of Governor Clyde M. Reed correspondence.


Governor Clyde M. Reed correspondence, asylums and hospitals

Governor Clyde M. Reed correspondence, asylums and hospitals
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1929-1931 : Reed)
Date: 1929-1930
This file includes subject correspondence relating to asylums which is part of a bigger collection of Governor Clyde M. Reed correspondence.


Governor Clyde M. Reed correspondence, asylums and hospitals

Governor Clyde M. Reed correspondence, asylums and hospitals
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1929-1931 : Reed)
Date: 1929-1930
This file includes subject correspondence relating to asylums which is part of a bigger collection of Governor Clyde M. Reed correspondence.


Governor Clyde M. Reed correspondence, tuberculosis sanitorium

Governor Clyde M. Reed correspondence, tuberculosis sanitorium
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1929-1931 : Reed)
Date: 1929-1931
This file includes subject correspondence relating to the tuberculosis sanitorium. Topics in the correspondence cover but is not limited to sanitorium administration, reports comparing Kansas sanitoriums to other states, and supplies required by the sanitorium. This file is part of a bigger collection of Governor Clyde M. Reed correspondence.


Greenhouse on Menninger East Campus, Topeka, Kansas

Greenhouse on Menninger East Campus, Topeka, Kansas
Creator: Wolfe Commercial Photo Service
Date: 1960
A greenhouse was built in 1960 to provide gardening activities and projects for patients under the direction of the Adjunctive Therapies Department. The Menninger Sanitarium Corporation purchased a 20 acre farm and the farmhouse became the clinic. The surrounding 20 acres were developed with buildings and gardens to become the "East Campus" of the Menninger Foundation. In 1982, the "West Campus", a much larger area, was developed west of Topeka. In 2003, the Menninger Foundation was moved to Houston, Texas.


Hermon S. Major papers

Hermon S. Major papers
Creator: Major, Hermon S. (Hermon Samuel), 1876-1961
Date: circa 1892 - 1955
Hermon S. Major (1876-1961) owned and directed the Major Clinic in Kansas City, Missouri, from 1921-1955. This clinic, originally known as the Southwest Sanatorium, was a private psychiatric facility devoted to the treatment of alcoholics. Photographs of the exterior and interior at the Simpson-Major clinic and photographs of students at the Scarritt Collegiate Institute are included. The Keeley Institute was created by Dr. Leslie Keeley in Dwight, Illinois, to cure alcoholism; this Kansas volume includes accounts from Topeka, Leavenworth, Wichita, Marysville, and Kansas City, Kansas. This collection is part of the historic psychiatry material in the Menninger Archives. These materials represent a selection of items from the Hermon S. Major papers. Access to some materials has been restricted due to potential violations of state and federal records law.


Hillcrest Tuberculosis Sanatorium, Topeka, Kansas

Hillcrest Tuberculosis Sanatorium, Topeka, Kansas
Creator: Wolfe, Harold B., 1898-1966
Date: 1930
A photograph of the Hillcrest Tuberculosis Sanatorium located at 1800 East 21st Street in Topeka, Kansas. In November 1944, after an agreement between the city of Topeka, the Topeka Tuberculosis Association, and the Kansas State Board of Social Welfare, Hillcrest became a division of the Kansas Sanatorium for Tuberculosis at Norton, Kansas.


Hillcrest Tuberculosis Sanatorium, Topeka, Kansas

Hillcrest Tuberculosis Sanatorium, Topeka, Kansas
Date: 1928
A photograph of the Hillcrest Tuberculosis Sanatorium, Topeka, Kansas.


Interior views of Menninger Clinic Lodges, Topeka, Kansas

Interior views of Menninger Clinic Lodges, Topeka, Kansas
Date: 1934
These two black and white photographs show the entry way and a patient's room in the East and West Lodges of the Menninger Clinic in Topeka, Kansas.


Interior views of the early Menninger Sanitarium in  Topeka, Kansas

Interior views of the early Menninger Sanitarium in Topeka, Kansas
Creator: Wolfe Commercial Photo Service
Date: 1925-1929
These black and white photographs show the rooms in the first Menninger Sanitarium, a former farmhouse, purchased in 1925 by the Menninger Sanitarium Corporation. A major contribution of the Menningers was that at a time when custodial care or the asylum were the only alternatives for the mentally ill, they brought a positive commitment to psychiatry. The farmhouse became the clinic and the surrounding 20 acres were developed with buildings and gardens over the next years to become the "East Campus" of the Menninger Foundation. In 1985, the "West Campus", a much larger area, was developed west of Topeka. In 2003, the Menninger Foundation moved to Houston, Texas.


Kansas State Hospital employees

Kansas State Hospital employees
Creator: Woodsworth; Garnett, KS.
Date: Between 1890 and 1919
A group portrait of nine employees of the Kansas State Hospital in Topeka, Kansas.


Kansas State Insane Asylum

Kansas State Insane Asylum
Creator: Haskell & Wood Architects
Date: 1880
A building and grounds map of the Kansas State Insane Asylum in Topeka, Kansas. Created by the Haskell & Wood, Architects firm of Topeka, the map is copied from the Radges 1880 Topeka City directory.


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