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1st Kansas Colored Infantry flag

1st Kansas Colored Infantry flag
Date: between 1862 and 1864
Blue silk regimental flag of the 1st Kansas Colored Infantry, the first African American regiment from a northern state in the Civil War. Recruitment began August 1862, although they weren't mustered into Federal service until January 13, 1863. They saw their first action at Island Mound, Missouri on October 29, 1862. The flag bears the names of eight battle honors. In 1864 the regiment was redesignated the 79th United States Colored Regiment.


20th Kansas Volunteer Infantry flag

20th Kansas Volunteer Infantry flag
Date: between 1898 and 1899
Silk regimental flag of the Twentieth Kansas Volunteer Infantry, which served in the Spanish-American War from 1898 to 1899. The flag is blue with the State Seal in the center. Gold fringe is attached to three sides. The regiment saw service in the Philippines, both in combat and as an occupation force at the conclusion of the fighting. Frederick Funston served as its commander. The Twentieth was the only of the four Kansas regiments to see action during the war.


2nd Kansas Colored Infantry flag

2nd Kansas Colored Infantry flag
Date: 1863
Blue silk regimental flag of the 2nd Kansas Colored Infantry. The flag bears the names of six battle honors. The 2nd Kansas Colored Infantry was organized in mid-1863 and saw action in Arkansas and Oklahoma. Its commander was Colonel Samuel J. Crawford, who later served as the governor of Kansas.


6th Kansas Cavalry flag

6th Kansas Cavalry flag
Date: 1861
This national flag was carried by the 6th Kansas Cavalry during the Civil War. Established at Fort Scott, Kansas, in July 1861, the unit started out as a "Home Guard," meant to protect citizens living in counties along the state's eastern border from guerilla raiders. In the spring of 1862, the unit was organized as a cavalry regiment. During the course of the war, the 6th Kansas fought in skirmishes in Missouri and Arkansas, preventing Confederate troops from moving farther north. The unit also participated in the Camden Expedition, a Union military campaign meant to secure Louisiana, Arkansas, and Texas in Northern hands. As part of the expedition, they fought in the Battle of Jenkins' Ferry and the Battle of Prairie Grove, among others. The 6th Kansas mustered out on August 27, 1865, at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.


8th Kansas Volunteer Infantry flag

8th Kansas Volunteer Infantry flag
Date: between 1862 and 1866
This flag belonged to Eighth Kansas Volunteer Regiment, which was recruited in 1862 and mustered out in 1866. The Eighth Kansas went farther east than any other Kansas unit, fighting in the battles of Chickmauga and Chattanooga, and taking part in the Atlanta campaign.


Admit Me Free flag

Admit Me Free flag
Date: 1856
In 1856 this cotton and wool flag was used by Walter Whitehead in a rally at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, for Republican presidential nominee John C. Fremont. The oversized 33rd star and the words, "Admit Me Free" in the canton of the flag are in support of Kansas admittance as a free state. It was also used in the 1860 presidential campaign for Abraham Lincoln and other political campaigns.


American flag

American flag
Creator: United States. Navy
Date: between 1940 and 1942
Wool forty-eight star U.S. flag. Appliqued stars. National Ensign from the USS Ralph Talbot, a destroyer in the U.S. Navy fleet. The Talbot was anchored at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, when the Japanese attacked, but made it out of the area with no damage or casualties. The Talbot was later involved in the Battle of the Marshalls and Gilberts in February of 1942 and the Battle of Wake and Marcus Islands in March of 1942. The flag was the USS Ralph Talbot's streaming colors, flying behind the smokestacks when the ship was underway. It was flown on the Talbot as it steamed out of Pearl Harbor. Sharitt Baker acquired the flag while serving on the USS Ralph Talbot during the war. Baker was born in Topeka in 1917 and enlisted in the Navy in 1938. He was assigned to the Talbot as a Third Class Petty Officer in 1939 or 1940. The flag was exchanged for a new one by the Quartermaster just before dawn on February 1, 1942, the morning of the raids on the Marshall and Gilbert Islands. While it was standard procedure to burn a flag once it was retired, Baker received tacit permission from the Quartermaster to keep the flag. While still on the Talbot, Baker stored the flag under his mattress to keep it flat.


Banner

Banner
Date: 2001
This red, white, and blue patriotic banner was displayed in reaction to the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center in New York City. In October 2001, shortly after the attack, the banner was produced by the fourth grade class of McCarter Elementary School in Topeka, Kansas, and used in a local Halloween parade. The banner was related to a school policy banning traditional garb in favor of patriotic-themed costumes as a reaction to the events of September 11.


Bible

Bible
Creator: National Publishing Company
Date: 1892
Markings on the title page indicate this large family bible was given to the Third Presbyterian Church of Topeka by Catherine Brosamer Briar in memory of her mother, Mary M. Brosamer. The bible was published during the temperance movement of the 1890s and contains a blank page printed with an alcohol abstinence pledge. Mary Brosamer, who was born in Germany in 1876 and immigrated to the United States, most likely used the book. She eventually arrived in Kansas where she resided with her husband George Brosamer and children until her death in 1947.


Carry Nation's bible

Carry Nation's bible
Creator: American Bible Society
Date: 1903
Inscribed black leather Bible once owned by Carry A. Nation, a devout Christian and nationally recognized temperance advocate. Nation gave this Bible to her nephew, Joseph Moore. Nation, a resident of Medicine Lodge, Kansas, was known to enter establishments that served alcohol illegally and attack the bar with a hatchet to discourage drinking. She was frequently jailed for vandalism. The Bible's inscription reads, "To my dear nephew Joe from Aunt Carry A. Nation. Remember dear who gave you this in other days to come. When she who penned there lives sleeps in her narrow home. This is the way of life, walk in it."


Carry Nation's bible

Carry Nation's bible
Creator: Oxford University Press
Date: 1908
Inscribed black leather Bible that belonged to Carry A. Nation, a devout Christian and nationally recognized temperance advocate. The Scottish Home-Workers Association presented this Bible to Nation on December 23, 1908, while she traveled through Great Britain on a speaking tour. Nation, a resident of Medicine Lodge, Kansas, was internationally known for attacking drinking establishments with a hatchet to discourage drinking. Nation was frequently jailed for her acts of vandalism. The inscription in this Bible reads, "Scottish Home-workers Association. Presented to Mrs. Carry Nation at the opening of the first annual Home-workers Exhibition in Glasgow. For services rendered in the interests of Home Industry." On the back pages, Nation made penciled notes regarding certain passages that reference infidels, woman, the curse of wealth, and the Republican Party. Callie Moore, Nation's niece and protégé, accompanied Nation on the British speaking tour and later owned this Bible.


Confederate States of America flag

Confederate States of America flag
Date: between 1861 and 1863
A cotton and wool Confederate States of America flag, it's history has been lost. The phrase, "Emblem of the Lost Cause," was added after the war. The flag is based on the Confederate First National pattern. The flag was received by the Historical Society from Alfred J. Diehl, a color sergeant in the 86th Illinois Infantry.


Coronado flag

Coronado flag
Date: 1941
This red and yellow wool flag commemorates the 400th anniversary of Coronado's journey through Kansas in 1541, during his expedition of the southwestern United States. Coronado traveled with a large group of Spaniards, Native Americans, and Father Juan Padilla. Both Coronado and Padilla are depicted on the flag.


David C. Buffum's tombstone

David C. Buffum's tombstone
Date: 1856
Tombstone of David C. Buffum, a free-stater from Massachusetts, who was killed by the pro-slavery Kickapoo Rangers on September 17, 1856. Buffum was plowing a field on his farm near Lawrence, Kansas, when the Rangers (including Charles Hays) confronted him. Hays shot Buffum in the stomach when Buffum refused to surrender his horse. Before he died, Buffum was heard to express the sentiment chiseled on his tombstone: "I am willing to die for the cause of Freedom in Kansas."


Exchange of Flags Between Kansas & Philadelphia

Exchange of Flags Between Kansas & Philadelphia
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1915-1919: Capper)
Date: 1915
This file includes general correspondence relating to the exchange of flags between Kansas and Philadelphia. Topics included, but not limited to, in the correspondence is Kansas Statehood birthday, exchanging state flags with Philadelphia to commemorate the work of President Abraham Lincoln, and arrangements organizing the flag exchange. This file is part of a bigger collection of Governor Arthur Capper correspondence.


Father Kapaun prayer card

Father Kapaun prayer card
Date: between 1990 and 2000
Emil Joseph Kapaun was born on a farm near Pilsen, Marion County, Kansas, in 1916. His parents were Czech immigrants. At the end of World War II, Kapaun served as a chaplain in the Burma Theater. During the Korean War, he was the chaplain of the 3rd Battalion, 8th Cavalry Regiment. He was known for both his devotion to the spiritual lives of soldiers and his bravery in refusing to leave a man behind in times of great danger. The Chinese captured Kapaun at the Battle of Unsan near Unsan, North Korea, in 1950. He died of malnutrition and pneumonia in a North Korean prison camp on May 23, 1951. After his death, accounts of his bravery, kindness, and humility were shared by his fellow soldiers, and Catholics began offering devotional prayers to Kapaun. In 1993, Pope John Paul II declared him a Servant of God, the first step on the path to canonization. Between 2006 and 2011, three possible miracles were attributed to Kapaun. At the present, the Catholic Church is reviewing his elegibility for sainthood, as well as the possibility of naming him a martyr. Kapaun was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor in 2013.


Filipino flag

Filipino flag
Date: between 1898 and 1899
Tattered red, white, and blue Filipino flag. The flag was found in a footlocker that belonged to Claude Spurlock (1877-1953), who was born in Perry, Kansas. Spurlock probably acquired the flag while fighting with the 20th Kansas Infantry Regiment in the Philippines during the Spanish-American War. While there, Spurlock worked as an instructor to Filipino forces. He later returned to Kansas and worked in the meatpacking industry in Kansas City.


Flag

Flag
Date: between 1937 and 1945
United States jack flag flown on the USS Wichita battleship, a heavy cruiser launched in 1937. Nicknamed "The Wicked Witch," the USS Wichita served in the North Atlantic and Pacific oceans during World War II. Margaret Ayres Weigester, the ship's honorary sponsor, acquired this item. Margaret was the daughter of William A. Ayres, a Congressman from Wichita, Kansas.


Fremont Club banner

Fremont Club banner
Date: 1856
Banner was used in the Presidential campaign of 1856 by the Fremont Club of Lancaster, New Hampshire to show support for Kansas.


General James G. Blunt's flag

General James G. Blunt's flag
Date: between 1861 and 1864
This flag was presented to General Blunt by a group of ladies from Leavenworth. This group purchased the banner from a New York firm.


Japanese flag

Japanese flag
Date: 1944
White silk inscribed Japanese flag. These flags were given to Japanese soldiers during World War II. Carried for good luck, the flags were adorned with patriotic phrases by family and friends. Allied soldiers in the Pacific Theater often captured the flags and brought them home as trophies. Markings indicate this flag belonged to a Japanese Naval officer stationed at Nanjing, China, and Kure Naval Base, Japan. The flag was acquired in Leyte, Philippines, site of a major battle between Japanese and Allied forces in 1944.


Kansas Redeemed. Populism Dead.

Kansas Redeemed. Populism Dead.
Date: 1894
Cloth banner celebrating the demise of the Populist Party in the political of 1894. The banner was likely produced by the Topeka Daily Capital (newspaper).


Kansas state banner

Kansas state banner
Creator: Dettra Flag
Date: 1955
This Kansas state banner was donated by the office of Governor Mark Parkinson following renovations of the Statehouse. This version of the State Banner, designed by Adjutant General Joe Nickell, was adopted in 1953. First established in 1925, the state banner was an official alternative to the state flag. This banner was manufactured by the Dettra Flag Company of Oaks, Pennsylvania, and had hung in the Governor and Lieutenant Governor's offices since 1955.


Kansas state flag

Kansas state flag
Date: 1984
A small Kansas state flag carried on the first mission of Space Shuttle Discovery by Steven Hawley. Hawley was born in 1951 in Ottawa, Kansas, but grew up in Salina. After graduating from Salina High School, Hawley attended the University of Kansas where he graduated with honors in 1973 with degrees in physics and astronomy. He received a doctor of philosophy in astronomy and astrophysics from the University of California in 1977. Dr. Hawley was selected to join NASA's astronaut program in 1978 and flew on five missions.


Kaw Drum

Kaw Drum
Date: 1900
This drum was presented to Kaw tribal member Jessie Mehojah during a ceremony in 1900. In 1962 his children and grandchildren donated the drum to the Kansas Historical Society. The drum is a hollow wooden cylinder with hide covered ends lashed with raw hide. It is approximately 13.5" high with oval shaped ends measuring 11" by 9 7/8."


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