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Menninger Clinic East Campus and West Campus, Topeka , Kansas Menninger Clinic East Campus and West Campus, Topeka , Kansas

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Albert D. Searle's surveying chain

Albert D. Searle's surveying chain
Date: between 1852 and 1855
Brass and steel surveying chain. Albert D. Searle used this chain to survey town sites in Kansas Territory. He came to Kansas from Massachusetts in 1854. He apparently was associated with S.C. Pomeroy, agent for the New England Emigrant Aid Company that organized antislavery settlements in the territory. Searle laid out the city limits and streets of Lawrence, Kansas, in September 1854, and three months later conducted the first regular survey of Topeka. Later he surveyed Manhattan, Osawatomie, Burlington, El Dorado, and other Kansas towns.


Albert D. Searle's transit

Albert D. Searle's transit
Creator: Phelps & Gurley
Date: between 1845 and 1851
Solid brass Vernier transit on walnut tripod. Albert D. Searle used this transit to survey town sites in Kansas Territory. He came to Kansas from Massachusetts in 1854. He apparently was associated with S.C. Pomeroy, agent for the New England Emigrant Aid Company that organized antislavery settlements in the territory. Searle laid out the city limits and streets of Lawrence, Kansas, in September 1854, and three months later conducted the first regular survey of Topeka. Later he surveyed Manhattan, Osawatomie, Burlington, El Dorado, and other Kansas towns.


Albert Dwight Searl

Albert Dwight Searl
Creator: Storm, F. D.
Date: About 1900
This cabinet card shows Albert Dwight Searl, (1831-1902), a surveyor and Civil War solider. He arrived in Lawrence, Kansas, on September 15, 1854 with the second party of the New England Emigrant Aid Company. A surveyor by profession, Searl went to work laying out the entire city of Lawrence and the city of Topeka, Kansas. He also surveyed the Kansas towns of Manhattan, Burlington, El Dorado, and Osawatomie before the start of the Civil War. In 1861, Searl enlisted as a private in the Eighth Kansas Volunteers and within a short period of time he was promoted to second lieutenant and later a first lieutenant of Company D. During the final years of the war, Searl transferred to the 9th Kansas Calvary before he mustered out of service. After the war, Searl resumed his career by surveying towns along the Union Pacific Railroad and he became the chief engineer for the St. Louis, Lawrence & Denver Railroad and the St. Louis, Lawrence & Western Railroad. As construction on the railroad moved across Kansas and into the Colorado territory, Searl found himself moving from Lawrence in 1872 to Leadville, Colorado. In Colorado, he surveyed the Denver and Rio Grande Railroad and was engaged in a number of mining ventures. On October 20, 1902 Albert Dwight Searl died at his home in Leadville, Colorado, at the age of seventy-one. Burial was in Lawrence, Kansas.


Directing John Brown to the Free State Camp

Directing John Brown to the Free State Camp
Creator: Samuel J. Reader
Date: 1906
Abolitionist John Brown disguised himself as a surveyor to monitor the activities of proslavery forces in the Kansas Territory. This painting by Samuel J. Reader depicts Brown approaching a Free State camp on Pony Creek in Brown County, Kansas Territory, on August 3, 1856. Reader is the sentry approaching him.


Dr. H. C. Perdue's Neosho County Advertiser, Erie, Kansas

Dr. H. C. Perdue's Neosho County Advertiser, Erie, Kansas
Date: Between 1887 and 1889
This pamphlet titled The Neosho County Advertiser was published by Dr. H. C. Perdue, M. D., in Erie, Kansas. It contains approximately 50 pages of descriptions of medical cures and other advertising. Descriptions of Dr. Perdue's Ague Cure and other medical treatments are on pages 2-28, and other advertisements are on pages 29-49, plus the inside and outside of the back cover. Besides information on Dr. Perdue's medical practice, there are numerous advertisements for drug stores. Drug stores listed in the advertisements (and their town locations, all in Kansas) include: Palace Drug Store, Erie; Ira Steinberger Drug Store, Erie; New City Drug Store, Erie; Dr. C. E. Steadman, Druggist, Osage Mission; I. N. Wherrett General Merchandise and Drugs, Vietsburg; M. Devine, Druggist, Osage Mission; Baldwin House Drug Store, Thayer; W. R. Kramer, Druggist, Chanute; John McCarthy, Druggist, Galesburg; and Mrs. Samuel Whelpley, Druggist, Morehead. Druggists listed as references for Dr. Perdue include Charles H. Eaton and J. T. Brown, both of Erie. Other businesses and professions advertised include attorneys, real estate agents, merchants, banks, doctors, clothing stores, millinery and dress making stores, grocery stores, jewelry stores, candy stores, cigar stores, meat markets, bakeries, livery stables, abstracters, tree nurseries, buggy harness stores, carpenters, hardware stores, fur dealers, barber shops, lumber companies, monument dealers, dry goods, dentists, hotels, and furniture stores.


Field notes of the survey of the Cherokee Lands

Field notes of the survey of the Cherokee Lands
Creator: McCoy, John Calvin, 1811-1889
Date: September 21, 1837
This item contains the details of land surveys conducted by John C. McCoy on Cherokee Lands in 1836 and 1837. McCoy's field notes contains details such as the types of trees, topography, size and course of streams, soil condition, etc. According to the first entry, McCoy began the survey "in accordance with the instructions of Isaac McCoy" and "commenced at the N.W. corner of Quapau Lands on the East bank of the Neosho. River and run thence up with the meanders of the same."


Guide thru Ohio, Michigan, Indiana, Illinois, Missouri, Wisconsin, Iowa, Minnesota, Nebraska and Kansas Showing the Township lines of the United States Surveys

Guide thru Ohio, Michigan, Indiana, Illinois, Missouri, Wisconsin, Iowa, Minnesota, Nebraska and Kansas Showing the Township lines of the United States Surveys
Creator: J. H. Colton & Co.
Date: 1857
Map showing the township lines of the United States surveys by John Calvin Smith in Ohio, Michigan, Indiana, Illinois, Missouri, Wisconsin, Iowa, Minnesota, Nebraska, and Kansas. The map has an inset table of census statistics for 1850, including population, number of livestock, principal crops, products, and state finances. This map is provided through a co-operative project between the Lecompton Historical Society and the Kansas Historical Society. Partial funding was provided by the Ross and Margaret Wulfkuhle Charitable Trust and the Freedom's Frontier National Heritage Area.


Isaac Tichenor Goodnow to Edward Everett Hale

Isaac Tichenor Goodnow to Edward Everett Hale
Creator: Goodnow, Isaac Tichener, 1814-1894
Date: February 10, 1859
Isaac T. Goodnow wrote from Manhattan, Kansas Territory to Edward Everett Hale, member of the New England Emigrant Aid Company's Executive Committee. Goodnow informed Hale about plans to establish Bluemont Central College (predecessor to Kansas State University) just west of Manhattan, Kansas Territory. He asserted that the college would only add to Manhattan's other advantages -- being on the "natural route of the Pacific" railroad and on the shortest route to the Pike's Peak gold mines. Goodnow asked Hale for a contribution to the building fund for the college.


James Barnes Whitaker correspondence

James Barnes Whitaker correspondence
Date: 1855-1909
This collection includes materials related to all aspects of James Barnes Whitaker's professional life, including his real estate business and his legal career, particularly for the pensioners he helped. He came to Tecumseh, Shawnee County in 1856 and worked there as a surveyor. In 1857, he moved to Topeka where he remained, serving as county sheriff, surveyor, and Topeka city engineer. He owned an abstract and real estate business in Topeka and was an attorney, representing numerous Civil War veterans in obtaining disability pensions, many of whom served in Kansas units. The collection consists of Whitaker's correspondence (arranged chronologically) and Whitaker's 1857 certificate of appointment as a U.S. Deputy Marshal.


James Barnes Whitaker legal documents

James Barnes Whitaker legal documents
Date: 1855-1899
These legal documents belonging to James Barnes Whitaker include mortgages, leases, quitclaim deeds, indentures, warrants issued to the Marshal's office, tax and other receipts regarding Whitaker's real estate business. There are also Internal Revenue licenses for various occupations, records on pension and war claims, including forms from the War Department, Treasury Office, and Department of the Interior Pension Office. Bound volumes include a notebook of war claims and a county surveyor field notebook. James Barnes Whitaker had a long association with the territory and state of Kansas. He came to Tecumseh, Shawnee County, Kansas, in 1856 from Boston, Massachusetts, and worked as a surveyor there. In 1857, he moved to Topeka where he remained, serving as county sheriff, surveyor, and Topeka city engineer. He was also commissioned a deputy U.S. Marshal. He owned an abstract and real estate business in Topeka and was an attorney, representing numerous Civil War veterans in obtaining disability pensions, many of whom served in Kansas units.


John Brown surveyor's compass

John Brown surveyor's compass
Creator: Phelps & Gurley
Date: between 1845 and 1851
While in Kansas John Brown was employed as a surveyor, an occupation which allowed him to move around freely to locate and observe proslavery camps. This compass was part of a surveying kit made by Phelps and Gurley of Troy, New York. According to a 1915 Omaha Sunday Bee newspaper article, Brown sold the compass kit to his neighbor, Simon B. McGrew, in 1858. McGrew lived in Mound City at the time. The compass was used to survey Linn, Anderson, and Bourbon counties.


Map Illustrating the General Geological Features of the Country West of the Mississippi River

Map Illustrating the General Geological Features of the Country West of the Mississippi River
Creator: Sarony, Major & Knapp
Date: Between 1830-1860
Map illustrating the geological features west of the Mississippi River. The map was compiled from the surveys of W. H. Emory and from the Pacific Railroad surveys by James Hall (1811-1898) with assistance from J. Peter Lesley (1819-1903). This map is provided through a co-operative project between the Lecompton Historical Society and the Kansas Historical Society. Partial funding was provided by the Ross and Margaret Wulfkuhle Charitable Trust and the Freedom's Frontier National Heritage Area.


Map of Kanzas and Nebraska from the original surveys

Map of Kanzas and Nebraska from the original surveys
Creator: Phillips, Sampson & Co.
Date: 1854
Map of Kanzas Territory and Nebraska Territory drawn and engraved for Salma Hale's History of the United States of America. Landmarks include the Spanish Peaks, Pike's Peak, Col. Fremont's expedition route, Bent's Fort, Chimey Rock, and the Pacific Railroad. This map is provided through a co-operative project between the Lecompton Historical Society and the Kansas Historical Society. Partial funding was provided by the Ross and Margaret Wulfkuhle Charitable Trust and the Freedom's Frontier National Heritage Area.


Mark W. Delahay certificate of appointment

Mark W. Delahay certificate of appointment
Creator: United States. President (1861-1865 : Lincoln)
Date: July 17, 1861
This certificate appoints Mark W. Delahay, Surveyor General of the United States for the District of Kansas and Nebraska. The certificate is signed by Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States, and Caleb B. Smith, Secretary of the Interior.


Mark W. Delahay certificate of appointment

Mark W. Delahay certificate of appointment
Creator: United States. President (1861-1865 : Lincoln)
Date: April 29, 1861
This certificate appoints Mark W. Delahay, Surveyor General of the United States for the District of Kansas and Nebraska. The certificate is signed by Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States, and Caleb B. Smith, Secretary of the Interior.


Mitchell's Sectional Map of Kansas

Mitchell's Sectional Map of Kansas
Creator: Middleton, Strobridge & Co.
Date: 1859
A sectional map of eastern portions of Kansas Territory. The map was compiled from the field notes in the Surveyor Generals Office by David T. Mitchell, a U. S. Surveyor and Land Agent in Lecompton, Kansas. Towns, county boundaries, and Indian reservations are identified on the map. This map is provided through a co-operative project between the Lecompton Historical Society and the Kansas Historical Society. Partial funding was provided by the Ross and Margaret Wulfkuhle Charitable Trust and the Freedom's Frontier National Heritage Area. Copies of this map are available for viewing at both the Kansas Historical Society and Lecompton Historical Society.


Mr. O. Leroy Sedgwick

Mr. O. Leroy Sedgwick
Date: Between 1874 and 1881
A photograph of Mr. O. Leroy Sedgwick. He established the Pottawatomi Land Office in St. Marys in 1870, and four years later began publishing a newspaper. In August 1878, he moved his land office to Rossville. The newspaper, The Kansas Valley Times, was moved to Rossville from St. Marys in February 1879. It was published until his death in 1881, and in June of 1882 was sold to the Kansas Valley Publishing Company in Topeka. This photograph is provided through a pilot project to host unique cultural heritage materials from local libraries on Kansas Memory and was accomplished by mutual agreement between the Northeast Kansas Library System, the Rossville Community Library, and the Kansas Historical Society.


Mr. Vanpelt, Kearny County, Kansas

Mr. Vanpelt, Kearny County, Kansas
Date: 1888
This is a portrait of Mr. Vanpelt, a Kearny County, Kansas, surveyor. The photograph was possibly taken by Ada McColl.


Planning move to Menninger West Campus in Topeka, Kansas

Planning move to Menninger West Campus in Topeka, Kansas
Date: 1990
These three photographs show the Menninger planning committee focusing on the move of the Children's Division to West Campus, and surveyors at work. In May, 1925, The Menninger Sanitarium Corporation purchased the 20 acre farm and the farmhouse became the clinic and the surrounding 20 acres were developed with buildings and gardens to become the "East Campus" of the Menninger Foundation. In 1982, the "West Campus", a much larger area was developed west of Topeka. In 2003, the Menninger Foundation moved to Houston, Texas.


Rush County Courthouse, La Crosse, Kansas

Rush County Courthouse, La Crosse, Kansas
Date: Between 1889 and 1919
This photograph shows H. A. Russell, county superintendent and surveyor of Rush County, at his desk inside the county courthouse in La Crosse, Kansas.


Surveying crew in camp

Surveying crew in camp
Creator: Steele, F. M. (Francis Marion), 1866-1936
Date: Between 1900 and 1910
This is a photograph of a surveying party in camp. The identification of the surveying party members and the location of the camp is unknown.


Surveying marker

Surveying marker
Date: 1856
Irregularly shaped piece of red sandstone, carved on one side. This is a piece of the original red sandstone marker placed in 1856 to mark the initial point of the 6th Principal Meridian, one mile northwest of Mahaska, Kansas. The ^th Principal Meridian is the reference point for land surveys conducted in Kansas and Nebraska, as well as parts of Colorado, Wyoming, and South Dakota. It was established in 1855 to survey Kanas and Nebraska territories.


Surveying party in Arkansas City, Kansas

Surveying party in Arkansas City, Kansas
Date: 1868
This is a photograph showing the first surveying party sent to Indian Territory, later Oklahoma. The surveyors are the four civilians at the right. In the fall of 1868, the United States government sent Edgar Demming, Daniel Short, Robert Poole, and Charles Daris to survey the northern part of Indian Territory. Shortly after this photograph was taken in Arkansas City, the four men were killed and scalped. A rescue party found the bodies on the banks of a small creek 20 miles south of the Kansas border. The bodies are buried in a cemetery in Arkansas City, Kansas.


Surveyors at the Great Reservoir in Finney County, Kansas

Surveyors at the Great Reservoir in Finney County, Kansas
Creator: Steele and Hoke
Date: Between 1900 and 1910
A photograph showing surveyors at the Great Reservoir in Finney County, Kansas. This photograph was taken six months before two surveyors drowned in the reservoir.


Surveyors possibly in Seward County, Kansas

Surveyors possibly in Seward County, Kansas
Creator: Steele, F. M. (Francis Marion), 1866-1936
Date: Between 1905 and 1910
This is a photograph showing surveyors, teams of horses, automobiles, and a group of unidentified people. The photograph was taken, possibly, in Seward County, Kansas. It appears one of the teams is hooked to a plow. This group may have been involved in the construction of canals across southwest Kansas.


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