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1853 - Sac and Fox Agency

1853 - Sac and Fox Agency
Creator: Green, Charles R.
Date: September 1, 1853
This item lists tribes under the Superintendency of Indians Affairs in St. Louis headed by B.A. James and Colonel Alfred Cummings. In particular, the item lists the Ottawas, Chippewas of Swan Creek, and the Black River Sacs and Foxes.


A brief sketch of Indian tribes in Franklin County, Kansas in 1862-1906

A brief sketch of Indian tribes in Franklin County, Kansas in 1862-1906
Creator: Romig, Joseph
Date: 1906
This item, written by missionary Reverend Joseph Romig of Franklin County, Kansas, contains a detailed history of the Native American tribes of Franklin County, Kansas, from 1862-1906. The cover indicates it is "for the benefit of the future generation of the county."


Chippewa Indian cemetery, Franklin County, Kansas

Chippewa Indian cemetery, Franklin County, Kansas
Date: Between 1930 and 1955
These are four photos of the Chippewa Indian cemetery near Ottawa and one photo of the Ottawa Indian cemetery. All photos were taken by the Kansas State Historical Society.


Chippewa, Ottawa and Munsee Indian cemeteries in Franklin County Kansas

Chippewa, Ottawa and Munsee Indian cemeteries in Franklin County Kansas
Date: 1939
Four photographs from the Chippewa, Ottawa and Munsee Indian Cemeteries.


Chippewa cemetery

Chippewa cemetery
Creator: Romig, Joseph
Date: June 15, 1909
These two items concern the Chippewa cemetery in Ottawa, Kansas. In the letter to H.F. Sheldon, Reverend Joseph Romig explains that he made the drawing of the cemetery when he was in Ottawa, Kansas, in March and April of 1909. The second item, a depiction of the Chippewa cemetery in Ottawa, Kansas, shows the birth and death dates of those interred at the cemetery.


Die Indianer der Vereinigten Staaten

Die Indianer der Vereinigten Staaten
Creator: Hunnius, Ado, 1842-1923
Date: 1870-1900
This item contains an article on the Indians of the United States written by Carl Julius Adolph Hunnius. Known as Ado to his friends and colleagues, Hunnius was a Civil War veteran, Indian Wars veteran, artist, writer, and long time resident of Kansas. The article, printed entirely in German, contains information compiled by Hunnius on the Native American tribes in the United States. Details include the branch of the tribe (Stamm), place of residence (Wohnsitz), county, and the total number of men, women and children (Manner, Weiber, und Kinder) for each tribe. The information provided in the article was taken from the offical reports of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs. The article also mentions that there were a total of 100,000 civilized Indians, 135,000 half-civilized Indians, and 81,000 "Wild" Indians.


Evelyn Ramirez video interview on experiences in World War II (transcript)

Evelyn Ramirez video interview on experiences in World War II (transcript)
Creator: Ramirez, Evelyn
Date: February 8, 2007
Evelyn Ramirez enlisted in the WAVE: Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service (U.S. Navy) in March 1944 and served until September 1945. She was stationed at the Great Lakes Naval Base and then the Fleet Hometown News Center in downtown Chicago. She was born January 1, 1923, in St. John, North Dakota. She is a Turtle Mountain Chippewa. She completed the two year commercial course at Haskell University, Lawrence, Kansas. Before and after the war, she worked for the Bureau of Indian Affairs in Horton, Kansas. Her husband Greg Ramirez was also interviewed as part of this project (Kansas Memory item 218612). She was interviewed by Debra Dee White Eyes on Feb 8, 2007. The 2005 Kansas Legislature passed a bill funding the WWII Veterans Oral History grant program. This transcript is from one of the community institutions receiving grants. The transcript of the interview is presented here; the original video copy of the interview is available through the Doniphan County Historical Society (Troy) and through the Kansas State Historical Society.


History of Kansas and emigrant's guide

History of Kansas and emigrant's guide
Creator: Chapman, J. Butler
Date: 1855
The title page of the printed volume indicated that it contained "a description geographical and topographical--also climate, soil, productions and comparative value with other states and territories, including its political history, officers-candidates-emigrant colonies-election, abolition, squatter and pro-slavery contentions and inquisitions; with the prospects of the territory for freedom or slavery." Mr. Chapman was a resident of the territory and the information in the booklet was compiled by traveling through Kansas Territory in 1854. The description covers most of the territory and includes information about Native American tribes and lands.


Joesph Romig to George W. Martin

Joesph Romig to George W. Martin
Creator: Romig, Joseph
Date: May 13, 1907
In this letter to George W. Martin of the Kansas State Historical Society, Moravian missionary Joseph Romig, who was a missionary in Franklin County, Kansas, from 1862-1871 and 1900-1905, discusses historical events related to Moravian missionaries. In particular, Romig discusses the history of the "Christian" Indians who lived in the area that became Kansas Territory in 1854. In addition, Romig discusses the Chippewas and their chief Francis McCoouse, a French Canadian who "was one of twenty one delegates who visited their Great Father King George of England."


Jospeh Romig to George W. Martin letter and illustration

Jospeh Romig to George W. Martin letter and illustration
Creator: Romig, Joseph
Date: October 1, 1907
A letter from Reverend Jospeh Romig to George W. Martin of the Kansas State Historical Society, contains details regarding the Moravian Mission in Franklin County, Kansas, where Romig served from 1862-1871 and again, from 1900 to 1905. The accompanying illustration, completed by Reverend/Major John G. Pratt in 1907, depicts the Delaware/Moravian Mission in Franklin County, Kansas.


Jotham Meeker to Rev. Lucius Bolles

Jotham Meeker to Rev. Lucius Bolles
Creator: Meeker, Jotham, 1804-1855
Date: July 8, 1840
In this fascinating letter, Jotham Meeker updated Reverend Lucius Bolles (of the Baptist Board of Foreign Missions) on his missionary efforts among the Ottawa Indians in Kansas Territory. Meeker included excerpts from his journal to describe the turmoil among the Ottawa over Indian conversions to Christianity. On March 13, 1840, Meeker and his fellow missionary David Green, attended a council of the Ottawa and Chippewa that had been called to protest their missionary work. The Ottawa and Chippewa chiefs were concerned about the breakdown of their tribal society, customs, etc... and placed the blame squarely on the missionary's shoulders. The Ottawa Mission was located near present-day Ottawa, Kansas.


Map of Eastern Kansas

Map of Eastern Kansas
Creator: Jewett, J.P. & Company
Date: 1856
A map of Eastern Kansas by E.B. Whitman and A.D. Searl, General Land Agents, Lawrence, Kansas. The map illustrates a portion of Eastern Kansas which depicts trading posts, post offices, missions, government forts, Indian villages, roads, trails and Indian boundaries. The Indian boundaries that are featured included: the Kickappo, Pottawatomie, Kansa, Sax and Fox, Shawnee, Miami, Ottawa, Chippewa, Peoria, Kaskaskia, Iowa, Delaware, Wyandotte, Piankashaw, and the Wea. The map includes illustrations of the Eldridge House in Lawrence and the Constitution Hall in Topeka. The land discussed above was originally given to Native Americans following the passage of the Indian Removal Act in 1830.


Names and numbers of Indian tribes which must have possessions in the Indian Territory

Names and numbers of Indian tribes which must have possessions in the Indian Territory
Creator: McCoy, Isaac, 1784-1846
Date: November 1, 1832
Isaac McCoy, a Baptist missionary and surveyor, compiled this list of Indian tribes and their estimated populations. McCoy advocated Indian removal to western lands because he believed that the white man's influence on natives was corrupting. On this chart he listed about 45 tribes from all over the eastern United States. Only some of these tribes were relocated to Indian Territory (present-day Kansas). "Do" is an abbreviation for "ditto."


Plan of the Public Surveys in Kansas & Nebraska

Plan of the Public Surveys in Kansas & Nebraska
Creator: United States. Surveyor General of Kansas and Nebraska
Date: 1856
Map showing the plan of the public surveys in Kansas Territory and Nebraska Territory as submitted by the Surveyor Generals Office in Wyandott, Kansas Territory on October 20, 1856. This map is provided through a co-operative project between the Lecompton Historical Society and the Kansas Historical Society. Partial funding was provided by the Ross and Margaret Wulfkuhle Charitable Trust and the Freedom's Frontier National Heritage Area. Copies of this map are available for viewing at both the Kansas Historical Society and Lecompton Historical Society.


Prairie Band of Potawatomie Indians

Prairie Band of Potawatomie Indians
Creator: Connelley, William Elsey, 1855-1930
Date: 1917
This item was written by William Elsey Connelley of the Kansas State Historical Society It covers the history of the Prairie Band of Potawatomie Indians then located on the reservation in Jackson County, Kansas.


Senator Charles Curtis to Ida M. Ferris

Senator Charles Curtis to Ida M. Ferris
Creator: Curtis, Charles, 1860-1936
Date: December 18, 1909
In this letter to Ida M. Ferris, Senator Charles Curtis of Kansas provides information on the Sac and Fox tribe that Ferris had requested at an earlier date for an article that she was writing. The information provided by Senator Curtis, chairman of the Senate's Committee on Indian Depredations, contains a brief list of treaties made between the Sac and Fox tribe and the United States.


Sketch of the Public Surveys in Kansas and Nebraska

Sketch of the Public Surveys in Kansas and Nebraska
Creator: United States. Surveyor General of Kansas and Nebraska
Date: 1855
Map showing the public surveys in Kansas and Nebraska by the first surveyor-general of Kansas, John Calhoun. This map is provided through a co-operative project between the Lecompton Historical Society and the Kansas Historical Society. Partial funding was provided by the Ross and Margaret Wulfkuhle Charitable Trust and the Freedom's Frontier National Heritage Area. Copies of this map are available for viewing at both the Kansas Historical Society and Lecompton Historical Society.


Territorial Census, 1855, District 4

Territorial Census, 1855, District 4
Creator: Donalson, C. B.
Date: January and February, 1855
This census was taken in order to determine eligible voters for elections to be held as proclaimed by Governor Andrew Reeder on November 10, 1854. The categories for information in the census were name, occupation, age, gender, emigrated from, native of United States, naturalized citizen, declarant (intention to become a citizen), Negro, slave, and voter. Only white males over twenty-one were eligible to vote. The districts used for the census were the same as the election districts. A statistical summary of the census followed the enumeration pages. For District 4, the place of election was the house of Dr. Chapman. The boundaries of each district were described in Governor Reeder's proclamation, and it is difficult to determine what counties were in each district. The description of the Fourth District follows: "Commencing at the Missouri State line, in the middle of the Santa Fe road; thence along the middle of said road to Rock Creek, near the sixty-fifth mile of said road; thence south to the line of the late Shawnee reservation ceded by the treaty of 1854; thence due east along the south line of said reservation and the north line of the existing reservations of the Sacs and Foxes, the existing reservations of the Chippewas and Ottawas and the late reservations of the Piankesaws, Weas, Peorias and Kaskaskias to the Missouri State line; thence up the Missouri State line to the place of beginning."


United States Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, St. Louis, Missouri. Volume 13, Accounts

United States Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, St. Louis, Missouri. Volume 13, Accounts
Creator: United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Central Superintendency
Date: 1840-1843
This volume contains records of current accounts of the Superintendent of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, at St. Louis, Missouri. Joshua Pilcher (1839-1841) and David D. Mitchell (1841-1844) held this position following the death of William Clark (of the Lewis and Clark Expedition) in 1838. Expenditures are recorded for several sub-agencies, including Fort Leavenworth, Upper Missouri, Council Bluffs, Great Nemaha and Osage River, and the various Indian tribes in each region. These expenditures included salaries for blacksmiths and interpreters and agricultural implements. Volumes 12 and 13 are bound together. Partial funding for the digitization of these records was provided by the National Park Service.


United States Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, St. Louis, Missouri. Volume 15, Accounts

United States Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, St. Louis, Missouri. Volume 15, Accounts
Creator: United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Central Superintendency
Date: 1844-1849
This volume contains records of current accounts of the Superintendent of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, at St. Louis, Missouri. Thomas H. Harvey held this position from 1844-1849. Expenditures are recorded for several sub-agencies, including Fort Leavenworth, Upper Missouri, Council Bluffs, Great Nemaha and Osage River, and the various Indian tribes in each region. These expenditures included salaries for blacksmiths and interpreters, annuities, and provisions. Partial funding for the digitization of these records was provided by the National Park Service. Volumes 14 and 15 are bound together.


United States Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, St. Louis, Missouri. Volume 18/19, Property returns and accounts

United States Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, St. Louis, Missouri. Volume 18/19, Property returns and accounts
Creator: United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Central Superintendency
Date: 1839-1840
These volumes contain records of current accounts and property returns as recorded by the Superintendent of Indian Affairs, Joshua Pilcher, at the Central Superintendency in St. Louis, Missouri. Property listed includes office furniture, stationery supplies, and other provisions granted by treaty stipulations. Expenditures are recorded for several sub-agencies, including Fort Leavenworth, Upper Missouri, Council Bluffs, Great Nemaha and Osage River, and the various Indian tribes in each region. These expenditures included salaries for blacksmiths and interpreters and agricultural implements. Partial funding for the digitization of these records was provided by the National Park Service.


United States Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, St. Louis, Missouri. Volume 1, Field notes

United States Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, St. Louis, Missouri. Volume 1, Field notes
Creator: United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Central Superintendency
Date: 1830-1838
This volume includes field notes and surveys of Indian lands and some treaties made between the U. S. and various Indian tribes (1830-1838). Included are several maps of Indian reservations in Kansas. William Clark (of the Lewis and Clark Expedition) served as Indian Superintendent for the central superintendency until his death in 1838. Partial funding for the digitization of these records was provided by the National Park Service.


United States Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, St. Louis, Missouri. Volume 2, Miscellaneous letters and documents

United States Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, St. Louis, Missouri. Volume 2, Miscellaneous letters and documents
Creator: United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Central Superintendency
Date: 1813-1825
This volume includes a few letters sent by William Clark; some from Indian agents; articles of several Indian treaties; various permits and statements in no consistent chronological order. William Clark (of the Lewis and Clark Expedition) served as Indian superintendent for the central superintendency from 1807 until his death in 1838. This volume concludes with the "Trial of the Winnebagoe Murderers." Three Winnebago tribesmen, named Jerago, Whorahjirka, and Chewacahra, give testimony about the murders of two American soldiers. Volumes 2 and 3 are bound together. A searchable, full-text version of this volume is available by clicking "Text Version" below. Partial funding for the digitization of these records was provided by the National Park Service.


United States Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, St. Louis, Missouri. Volume 34, Correspondence

United States Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, St. Louis, Missouri. Volume 34, Correspondence
Creator: United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Central Superintendency
Date: 1836-1839
This volume of received correspondence from the Central Indian Superintendency at St. Louis, Missouri, includes holograph copies of letters received primarily from agents providing information about agency operations and contacts with various Indian nations, requests, and answers to questions of the Superintendent of Indian Affairs. Included in the correspondence are reports of Indian warfare and murders, alcohol abuse, conflicts between employees, the treaty with and emigration of the Potawatomi, supply requisitions, and smallpox. A searchable, full-text version of this volume is available by clicking "Text Version" below. Partial funding for the digitization of these records was provided by the National Park Service.


United States Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, St. Louis, Missouri. Volume 3, Miscellaneous letters and documents

United States Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, St. Louis, Missouri. Volume 3, Miscellaneous letters and documents
Creator: United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Central Superintendency
Date: 1815-1817
This volume includes claims for Indian depredations, licenses to traders, two lists of Indian traders, and one long, unidentified letter on Indian conditions in the upper Mississippi area. William Clark (of the Lewis and Clark Expedition) served as Indian superintendent for the central superintendency from 1807 until his death in 1838. A searchable, full-text version of this volume is available by clicking "Text Version" below. Partial funding for the digitization of these records was provided by the National Park Service.


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