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Date - 1830s - 1831

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Austin Smith to Jedediah Smith

Austin Smith to Jedediah Smith
Creator: Smith, Jedediah Strong, 1799-1831
Date: September 24, 1831
This letter is from Austin Smith to his father, Jedediah Smith, Sr. In the letter, Austin informs his father of the death of his brother, Jedediah Strong Smith, who was killed by Comanche Indians on May 27, 1831, near the Cimarron River.


Charles T. Sherman to Lewis Allen Alderson

Charles T. Sherman to Lewis Allen Alderson
Creator: Sherman, Charles Taylor, 1811-1879
Date: June 20, 1831
In the letter to Lewis Allen Alderson, Charles Taylor Sherman, the oldest brother of General William Tecumseh Sherman and Senator John "The Ohio Icicle", explains to Alderson that he believed that Native Indians owned the best land in the state of Ohio. However, the Indian Removal Act of 1830 was beginning to change that, as it required most Native Indians to move to the newly created Indian Territory that was located west of the Mississippi.


G.W. Kelly to Creigh, Arbuckle, and Lewis Allen Alderson

G.W. Kelly to Creigh, Arbuckle, and Lewis Allen Alderson
Creator: Kelly, G.W.
Date: February 23, 1831
In this letter to his friends, G.W. Kelly describes life at the Andover Theological Seminary in Newton, Massachusetts. In addition, Kelly discusses the Indian Removal Bill which was being deliberated by the United States Congress at time, as well as its effect on the students and faculty at Andover Theological Seminary. The letter also addresses turmoil in Europe at the time, including the execution of students in Warsaw, Poland, the Marquis de La Feyette's troubles in France, and the death of Latin American military hero Simon Bolivar.


George Alderson to Lewis Allen Alderson

George Alderson to Lewis Allen Alderson
Date: March 5, 1829-July 16, 1831
Two letters written by George Alderson to Lewis Allen Alderson. Lewis Allen Alderson later moved to Atchison, Kansas, in 1858 and was a prominent Baptist minister. He died in Atchison in 1881.


Jedediah Smith to Ralph Smith

Jedediah Smith to Ralph Smith
Creator: Smith, Jedediah Strong, 1799-1831
Date: February 28, 1831
This letter is from Jedidiah Strong Smith (1799-1831) to his brother Ralph Smith (1794-1867) who was living in Wayne County, Plaine Township, Ohio at the time the letter was written from St. Louis, Missouri. The letter is written months prior to Jedidiah's death by Comanche Indians on the Santa Fe Trail near the Cimarron River. In the letter, Jedidiah writes about his travels, their Father and his anticipation of receiveing a letter from his family back home soon.


Jedediah Smith to Ralph Smith

Jedediah Smith to Ralph Smith
Creator: Smith, Jedediah Strong, 1799-1831
Date: January 26, 1831
This letter is from Jedidiah Strong Smith (1799-1831) to his brother Ralph Smith (1794-1867) who was living in Wayne County, Ohio at the time of the letter in 1831. This letter is written from St. Louis, Missouri months before Jedidiah Smith was killed by Comanche Indians in May of 1831 on the Cimaron Cutoff of the Santa Fe Trail near the Cimarron River. In the letter, Jedidiah writes about his travels and people he encounters and interacts with including children and doctors.


United States Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, St. Louis, Missouri. Volume 21, Accounts

United States Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, St. Louis, Missouri. Volume 21, Accounts
Creator: United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Central Superintendency
Date: 1822-1834
This volume contains the expenditure accounts of Indian agents for the upper Missouri River, including Benjamin O'Fallon, George H. Kennerly, and John Dougherty, as recorded by the Superintendent of Indian Affairs, William Clark (of the Lewis and Clark Expedition). Some of the expenditures include interpreter and agent salaries, supplies, and presents, such as beads and tobacco.


United States Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, St. Louis, Missouri. Volume 22, Accounts

United States Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, St. Louis, Missouri. Volume 22, Accounts
Creator: United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Central Superintendency
Date: 1828-1834
This volume contains the accounts of John F.A. Sanford, Indian agent for the upper Missouri River as recorded by the Superintendent of Indian Affairs, William Clark (of the Lewis and Clark Expedition). Some of the expenditures include interpreter and agent salaries, supplies, and presents, such as beads and tobacco.


United States Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, St. Louis, Missouri. Volume 23, Accounts

United States Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, St. Louis, Missouri. Volume 23, Accounts
Creator: United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Central Superintendency
Date: 1822-1834
This volume contains the account expenditures of Indian agent Lawrence Taliaferro from September 30, 1822 - September 30, 1834. It contains quarterly abstracts of disbursements, and reasons for payment, such as salaries for laborers and interpreters, transportation costs, stationary, and medical services, including one entry for milk given to Chippewa Indians in the hospital at Fort Snelling.


United States Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, St. Louis, Missouri. Volume 26, Accounts

United States Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, St. Louis, Missouri. Volume 26, Accounts
Creator: United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Central Superintendency
Date: 1826-1836
This volume contains records of accounts of Indian agents as recorded by the Superintendent of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, at St. Louis, Missouri. These Indian agents included John F. Hamtramck, Lawrence Taliaferro, Pierre Menard, Jonathan L. Bean, John Dougherty, and John F.A. Sanford. Several pages in this volume are empty or missing. This volume also includes expenditures relating to the Treaty of Prairie du Chien of July 15, 1830. Such expenditures include the support of blacksmiths, the purchase of agricultural implements, and the education of Indian children from several tribes.


United States Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, St. Louis, Missouri. Volume 27, Accounts

United States Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, St. Louis, Missouri. Volume 27, Accounts
Creator: United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Central Superintendency
Date: 1831-1834
This volume contains the records of current accounts of Seneca Indian agents, including Henry C. Brish, Augustin Kennerly and Lieutenant J. Van Horne. They participated in the removal of Seneca Indians from Sandusky County, Ohio to St. Louis and further west and similar emigration of Delaware Indians from Muncie, Indiana to the west. The records show cash amounts received for services and expenditures such as the purchase of wagons and horses. Partial funding for the digitization of these records was provided by the National Park Service.


United States Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, St. Louis, Missouri. Volume 29, Accounts

United States Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, St. Louis, Missouri. Volume 29, Accounts
Creator: United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Central Superintendency
Date: 1826-1831
This volume contains records of purchases made and cash advances as recorded by the Superintendent of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, at St. Louis, Missouri. This includes accounts for several people, such as Dr. Oliver Bangs, agriculturist for the Ioway Tribe, Dr. David Bailey and Dr. B.R. Brannen, agriculturists for the Osage Nation, Dr. Daniel M. Boon, agriculturist for the Kansas Indians, Robert Dunlap, blacksmith for the Osage Nation, James Poole, blacksmith for the Delawares, Gabriel Philliberre, blacksmith for the Kansas Indians, several Indian agents, and one contractor, Dr. K.J.C. Paddock, who was responsible for building houses for Osage chiefs. Partial funding for the digitization of these records was provided by the National Park Service.


United States Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, St. Louis, Missouri. Volume 32, Claims under 1824 Sac and Fox Treaty

United States Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, St. Louis, Missouri. Volume 32, Claims under 1824 Sac and Fox Treaty
Creator: United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Central Superintendency
Date: 1828-1837
This volume of miscellaneous papers from the United States Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, St. Louis, Missouri, includes a record of documents and correspondence relating to claims of half-breed Indians, under the Sac & Fox treaty of 1824, to a tract of land between the Des Moines River and the Mississippi River. A searchable, full-text version of this volume is available by clicking "Text Version" below. Partial funding for the digitization of these records was provided by the National Park Service.


United States Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, St. Louis, Missouri. Volume 4, Correspondence

United States Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, St. Louis, Missouri. Volume 4, Correspondence
Creator: United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Central Superintendency
Date: 1829-1832
This volume includes copies of some outgoing letters sent by William Clark (of the Lewis and Clark Expedition) who served as Indian superintendent for the central superintendency from 1807 until his death in 1838. Many of these letters were sent to the Secretary of War, John H. Eaton and Lewis Cass, and United States Treasury Department. A searchable, full-text version of this volume is available by clicking "Text Version" below. Partial funding for the digitization of these records was provided by the National Park Service.


United States Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, St. Louis, Missouri. Volume 6, Correspondence

United States Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, St. Louis, Missouri. Volume 6, Correspondence
Creator: United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Central Superintendency
Date: 1830-1832
Correspondence received by the Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency in St. Louis, Missouri. William Clark (of the Lewis and Clark Expedition) was the Superintendent of Indian Affairs until his death in 1838. His correspondence with Indian agents covered many topics, including small pox and other diseases, struggles between tribes, the activities of tradesmen, and the disbursement of annuities. Also included are statements showing the number of American citizens robbed or killed by Indians while engaging in the fur trade to Mexico and the Rocky Mountain region. A searchable, full-text (PDF) transcription is available under "External Links" below.


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