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This is a portrait of Catherine (Kate) Elizabeth German, who was taken captive with her younger sisters, Sophia, Julia, and Adelaide, by Cheyenne Indians after their family was killed. Kate was born on March 21, 1857. On September 11, 1874, the John German family, consisting of his wife and seven children, was attacked by a band of Cheyenne east of Ft. Wallace, Kansas. Only four of the children, Catherine, Sophia, Julia, and Adelaide, were spared and taken captive. The two youngest, Julia and Adelaide (aged 7 and 5), were subsequently abandoned on the prairie in what is now the Texas panhandle. Sophia and Catherine were kept by their Cheyenne captors. Fort Wallace received word of the killings and began the search to find the girls and to negotiate their release. They found Julia and Adelaide, who had survived on their own for 6 weeks, and on March 1, 1875, the Cheyennes formally released Catherine and Sophia German at the Darlington Agency in Indian Territory (Oklahoma). The two girls were reunited with their younger sisters at Ft. Leavenworth, Kansas in June of 1875.

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Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway Company's rumpus car Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway Company's rumpus car

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Kansas Memory has been created by the Kansas State Historical Society to share its historical collections via the Internet. Read more.

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Thematic Time Period - World War II, 1939 - 1945

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10,000th Kaydet is delivered Friday to armed forces

10,000th Kaydet is delivered Friday to armed forces
Creator: Wichita Eagle
Date: July 29, 1944
This article from the Wichita Eagle covers the release of the 10,000 Boeing/Stearman Kaydet training airplane and the B-29 "X" airplane. Both airplanes had their production numbers painted on their fuselage to represent their respective milestones in aircraft production. The "X" on the B-29 denoted the fact that the official production numbers for the B-29 were classified during World War II.


1000 B-29's

1000 B-29's
Creator: Boeing Airplane Company
Date: 1945
This article, published in the March 1945 edition of the Boeing Magazine, covers the completion of the 1,000 B-29 Superfortress in Wichita, Kansas.


137th Infantry Regiment, 35th Division, Belgium, Luxemborg

137th Infantry Regiment, 35th Division, Belgium, Luxemborg
Creator: United States Army Signal Corps
Date: December 1944
This photograph shows troops from the 137th Infantry Regiment, 35th Division moving across a snow covered field near the Belgium- Luxemborg border.


137th Infantry Regiment, 35th Division, Germany

137th Infantry Regiment, 35th Division, Germany
Creator: United States Army Signal Corps
Date: February 06, 1945
This photograph shows members from the 137th Infantry Regiment, 1st Brigade of the 35th Division waiting to move on a reconnaissance mission between the German towns of Heinsberg and Unterbruch.


137th Infantry Regiment, 35th Division, Rheinberg, Germany

137th Infantry Regiment, 35th Division, Rheinberg, Germany
Creator: United States Army Signal Corps
Date: 1945
This photograph shows members from the 137th Infantry Regiment, the 35th Division of the 9th United States Army moving through the streets of Rheinberg, Germany as the city was under enemy mortar fire.


137th Infantry Regiment, 35th Division, Sainlez, Belgium

137th Infantry Regiment, 35th Division, Sainlez, Belgium
Creator: United States Army Signal Corps
Date: January 09, 1945
This photograph shows members of the 137th Infantry Regiment, 35th Division, laying down a harassing fire to give cover to advancing infantry men. The individuals have been identified from left to right as: Private Ken McKeever of Holton, Kansas and Private Lloyd Gottemyller from Vancouver, Washington.


137th Infantry Regiment, 35th Division, Tintange, Belgium

137th Infantry Regiment, 35th Division, Tintange, Belgium
Creator: United States Army Signal Corps
Date: December 27, 1944
This photograph shows members from the 137th Infantry Regiment of the 35th Division in Tintange, Belgium. The town was captured by the 35th Division and was still smoking from fires started by artillery shelling.


137th Infantry Regiment, 35th Division, Tintange, Belgium

137th Infantry Regiment, 35th Division, Tintange, Belgium
Creator: United States Army Signal Corps
Date: December 27, 1944
This black and white photograph shows members from the 137th Infantry Regiment, of the 35th Division, in Tintange, Belgium as they advance toward the Luxembourg border.


137th Infantry Regiment, 35th Division, Tintange, Belgium

137th Infantry Regiment, 35th Division, Tintange, Belgium
Creator: United States Army Signal Corps
Date: 1944
This photograph shows members from the 137th Infantry Regiment of the 35th Division standing near a war torn building in Tintange, Belgium.


137th Intantry Regiment, 35th Division, Nancy, France

137th Intantry Regiment, 35th Division, Nancy, France
Creator: United States Army Signal Corps
Date: September 22, 1944
This photograph shows members from the 137th Infantry Regiment of the 35th Division using radio equipment to report their situation to headquarters as troops prepare to cross a field near Nancy, France.


229th Platoon U.S. Marine Corps in San Diego, California

229th Platoon U.S. Marine Corps in San Diego, California
Date: 1943
A photograph showing members of the 229th Platoon United States Marine Corps in San Diego, California. Lewis Glynn Magouirk from Cimarron, Kansas, is second from the right in the second row.


2nd war loan

2nd war loan
Date: Between 1939 and 1945
This World War II era poster encourages citizen support of the war effort though the purchase of war bonds stating "They Give Their Lives - You Lend Your Money."


35th Division, Herne, Germany

35th Division, Herne, Germany
Creator: United States Army Signal Corps
Date: April 09, 1945
This photograph shows members from the United States 35th Division moving cautiously through the streets of Herne, Germany.


37th Infantry Regiment, 35th Division, Nancy, France

37th Infantry Regiment, 35th Division, Nancy, France
Creator: United States Army Signal Corps
Date: September 22, 1944
This photograph shows men and tanks from the 37th Infantry Regiment of the 35th Division moving across a field near Nancy, France.


383rd Army Air Force Band, Winfield, Kansas

383rd Army Air Force Band, Winfield, Kansas
Date: 1944
This image of the 383rd Army Air Force Band at Strother Field in Winfield, Kansas appeared in the March 3, 1944 issue of the Army airfield's newspaper, The Prairie Flyer. The members are identified as: Seated, left to right: Cpl. W.J. Doerflinger, S/Sgt. R.W. Stechmann, Cpl. A.B. Delabadia, Sgt. C.E. Lowery, Sgt. A.E. Davidson, Pfc. V.J. Insalaco, Pfc. R.E. Miller, Pfc. R.I Middleton, Cpl. S. Klein, Sgt. P.V. Oliver, T/Sgt. A.B. Calhoun. Standing, left to right: Cpl. C.L. Graves, Pfc. L.L. Romano, Cpl. L. Metch, Cpl. John J. Maloney, Jr., Cpl. H.W. Schnier, Pfc. S.J. Schillaci, Pfc. A.J. Belfiore, CWO William F. Baker, Pfc. R.J. Lucero, Pfc. H.R. Monges, Cpl. E.R. Thompson, Cpl. A.M. Faloon, Cpl. W.H. Steck, Sgt. C.W. Kininmonth. Not shown in picture: Pfc. A.R. Babbini, Pfc. W.H. Christofferson Jr., Pfc. J.E. Cunningham, Pvt. P. Enright. The band was scheduled to appear at the Wichita air show on March 4 and 5, 1944.


A.L. Foster to the manager of Kelly's Hotel in Iola, Kansas

A.L. Foster to the manager of Kelly's Hotel in Iola, Kansas
Creator: Foster, A.L.
Date: March 09, 1945
In this letter, from A.L. Foster of the Chicago Urban League to the manager of Kelly's Hotel in Iola, Kansas, details Foster's experiences at the hotel in the winter of 1945. Foster, a passenger on a bus from Ft. Scott to Wichita, was asked to sit in the rear section of the restaurant solely because he was an African American.


A.R. Sleeper to Senator Arthur Capper

A.R. Sleeper to Senator Arthur Capper
Creator: Sleeper, A.R.
Date: August 20, 1943
A letter from A.R. Sleeper of Iola, Kansas, to Kansas Senator Arthur Capper in Topeka. Sleeper, a member of the Allen County Selective Service Board, asks that the operation of Selective Service be reviewed by Congress. He states that there are not enough men left in the county to run the farms, businesses, and factories that drafted men had once filled and that action should be taken to fix this problem.


ATSF locomotive #3457 train derailment, Lecompton, Kansas

ATSF locomotive #3457 train derailment, Lecompton, Kansas
Date: 1941
Two views of the derailment of ATSF locomotive #3457, train #27, in Lecompton, Kansas. The Kansas River can be seen in the background.


Abel Alcala, World War II veteran

Abel Alcala, World War II veteran
Date: around 1980
This is a newspaper article on John Alcala and his father Abel G. Alcala of Topeka. Abel Alcala, a veteran of World War II, had a draft number of 25. This likely made him the first Mexican-American drafted in the United States. The 1966 book "Among the Valiant" by Raul Morin, however, cited Pete Aguilar Despart with a lottery number of 158 as the first drafted Mexican-American. Fourteen years later, John Alcala contacted the book's publisher and the Topeka Capital-Journal to set the record straight.


Abel Alcala in India during WWII

Abel Alcala in India during WWII
Date: 1940s
Here are two photographs of Abel Alcala in India during WWII.


A dance concert

A dance concert
Date: Between 1935 and 1943
This photo shows a dance band playing a concert as part of a Works Project Administration recreation program.


Address by Col. E.L. Wilbur

Address by Col. E.L. Wilbur
Creator: Wilbur, Colonel E.L.
Date: February 8-11, 1942
Delivered at six regional meetings in Kansas (Dodge City, Salina, Chanute, Hays, Topeka, and Wichita) during the winter of 1942, Col. E.L. Wilbur's remarks strike at the heart of the effort on the home front during World War II. Explaining that the present crisis required more than a military solution, Wilbur extols the virtues and importance of civilian involvement in defense matters.


Adjutant General of Kansas to Governor Andrew Schoeppel

Adjutant General of Kansas to Governor Andrew Schoeppel
Creator: Kansas. Adjutant General's Dept.
Date: Between 1943 and 1947
This memorandum, from the Adjutant General of Kansas to Governor Andrew Schoeppel, addresses the use of conscientious objectors on dairy farms. During World War II, thousands of men applied to the Selective Service as conscientious objectors to war based on their religious beliefs. Many, as this memo indicates, worked on farms during the war.


Adolph Hitler

Adolph Hitler
Date: Between 1940 and 1945
This is a postcard showing Adolph Hitler at an unidenitfied gathering.


Adult education class, Kansas City, Kansas

Adult education class, Kansas City, Kansas
Creator: United States. Works Progress Administration
Date: Between 1935 and 1943
Women and men attending an adult education class, in Kansas City, Kansas, as part of the Works Progress Administration's adult education program.


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