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Kansas Memory has been created by the Kansas State Historical Society to share its historical collections via the Internet. Read more.



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Objects and Artifacts - Archeological Artifacts - Material/Stone Type - Quartzite

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Abrader from the Paint Creek Site, 14MP1

Abrader from the Paint Creek Site, 14MP1
Date: 1500-1800 CE
This Sioux quartzite abrader was excavated at the Paint Creek village in McPherson County. Archeologists call abraders groundstone tools as they are shaped by grinding. This abrader has been used to sharpen another tool, such as a bone needle or awl. The Paint Creek site is what archeologists call part of the Little River Focus of the Great Bend Aspect (ancestral Wichita), whose people practiced fishing, hunting, gathering, and agriculture.

Artifact Collection from 14GL431

Artifact Collection from 14GL431
Date: 1-1000 CE
Shown is the artifact collection from an Early Ceramic camp site in Greeley County collected by Kansas Historical Society archeologists during a survey. The lithic materials include basalt, quartzite, and an unknown type of stone.

Hammerstones from the Garrett Site, 14TO327

Hammerstones from the Garrett Site, 14TO327
Date: 2000 BCE-1000 CE
These two hammerstones were recovered during the 1997 Kansas Archeology Training Program field school at the Garrett Site in Trego County. The artifacts are made of quartz and were used as hammers during flintknapping and other tasks. The battered surfaces show the contact points with what was hammered.

Mano from Blue Earth Village, 14PO24

Mano from Blue Earth Village, 14PO24
Date: 1790-1830
This mano was recovered from the Blue Earth village site and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1880. Manos were used as the upper, hand-held millstone for grinding foods and pigments. This one was made of Sioux City quartzite. Blue Earth village was a Kansa Indian village in Pottawatomie County. Many lodge depressions were still visible on the surface in the 1880s.

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