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Objects and Artifacts - Archeological Artifacts - Site Name - Thompson

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Arrow Points from the Thompson Site, 14RC9

Arrow Points from the Thompson Site, 14RC9
Date: 1500-1800 CE
These arrow points were among the many collected and excavated from the Thompson site in Rice County. The site, listed in the National Register of Historic Places, was a Great Bend aspect village occupied by ancestral Wichita people. The arrow point on the top right was excavated during the 1986 Kansas Archeology Training Program field school. All others were donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1971. The arrow point on the left of the top row is side-notched. The others are triangular or Fresno arrow points. Archeologists identify Fresno arrow points as being unnotched with a triangular shape. Though small and thin, they would have been extremely effective on the hunt.


Arrow Shaft Wrench from the Thompson Site, 14RC9

Arrow Shaft Wrench from the Thompson Site, 14RC9
Date: 1500-1800 CE
This bone arrow shaft wrench was recovered from the Thompson site in Rice County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1963. Arrow shaft wrenches were used to straighten a warped arrow shaft. This wrench was made on the left tibia of a deer. The site, listed in the National Register of Historic Places, was a Great Bend aspect village occupied by ancestral Wichita people.


Awl from the Thompson Site, 14RC9

Awl from the Thompson Site, 14RC9
Date: 1500-1800 CE
This awl was recovered during excavations at the 1986 Kansas Archeology Training Program field school at the Thompson site in Rice County. The right fibula of a raccoon was sharpened and polished to make the awl. Awls were used as a perforating tool in soft materials, like hides, and possibly in basket and pottery manufacture. The site, listed in the National Register of Historic Places, was a Great Bend aspect (ancestral Wichita) village.


Bone Awl from the Thompson Site, 14RC9

Bone Awl from the Thompson Site, 14RC9
Date: 1500-1800 CE
This awl was recovered during excavations at the 1986 Kansas Archeology Training Program field school at the Thompson site in Rice County. Awls were used as a perforating tool in soft materials, like hides, and possibly in basket and pottery manufacture. The site, listed in the National Register of Historic Places, was a Great Bend aspect (ancestral Wichita) village occupied during the Late Ceramic Period.


Chain Mail from the Thompson Site, 14RC9

Chain Mail from the Thompson Site, 14RC9
Date: 1541-1720 CE
These three chain mail fragments were recovered during excavations at the Thompson site in Rice County during the 1986 Kansas Archeology Training Program field school. The chain mail consists of several individual rings, series of several rings linked together, and small masses of rings rusted together. The chain mail was brought to Kansas by Spanish explorers in the sixteenth-century. The site, listed in the National Register of Historic Places, was a Great Bend aspect (ancestral Wichita) village occupied during the Late Ceramic Period.


Decorated Bone Tool from the Thompson Site, 14RC9

Decorated Bone Tool from the Thompson Site, 14RC9
Date: 1500-1800 CE
This bone tool was recovered during excavations at the 1986 Kansas Archeology Training Program field school at the Thompson site in Rice County. It is unknown if this decorated bone had a functional or decorative use. The bone is incised with a series of 12 opposed diagonals. One end has been cut and beveled, while the other has been cut and snapped. The site, listed in the National Register of Historic Places, was a Great Bend aspect (ancestral Wichita) village.


Drills from the Thompson Site, 14RC9

Drills from the Thompson Site, 14RC9
Date: 1500-1800 CE
These two drills were recovered from the Thompson site in Rice County during excavations at the 1986 Kansas Archeology Training Program field school with Kansas Historical Society archeologists and volunteers. Drills were used to bore holes in materials softer than the drill itself, such as hides, shell, wood, or soft stone. The two drills are made of Smoky Hill silicified chalk, a type of chert that outcrops in western Kansas and north into Nebraska. The site, listed in the National Register of Historic Places, was a Great Bend aspect (ancestral Wichita) village occupied during the Late Ceramic Period.


Elk Antler Scraper Handle from the Thompson Site, 14RC9

Elk Antler Scraper Handle from the Thompson Site, 14RC9
Date: 1500-1800 CE
This elk antler scraper handle was recovered from the Thompson site in Rice County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1963. The elk antler would have been smoothed and shaped and had a hide scraper attached to the base of the tine. A series of incised lines were added to the underside. The site, listed in the National Register of Historic Places, was a Great Bend aspect (ancestral Wichita) village occupied during the Late Ceramic Period.


Great Bend aspect Rim Sherd from the Thompson Site, 14RC9

Great Bend aspect Rim Sherd from the Thompson Site, 14RC9
Date: 1500-1800 CE
This rim sherd from a large jar was recovered during excavations at the 1986 Kansas Archeology Training Program field school at the Thompson site in Rice County. The rim sherd has grit temper with some charcoal inclusions, a smooth surface treatment and impressed punctates on the lip. The site, listed in the National Register of Historic Places, was a Great Bend aspect (ancestral Wichita) village occupied during the Late Ceramic Period.


Obsidian from the Thompson Site, 14RC9

Obsidian from the Thompson Site, 14RC9
Date: 1500-1800 CE
These two obsidian artifacts were excavated at the Thompson site in Rice County during the 1986 Kansas Archeological Training Program field school. There is no natural source of obsidian in Rice County, so it was likely traded from a volcanic source such as the Yellowstone region of Wyoming or Taos, New Mexico. The small artifact may be an arrow point, while the other may be either a knife tip or a biface. The site, listed in the National Register of Historic Places, was a Great Bend aspect (ancestral Wichita) village occupied during the Late Ceramic Period. Archeologists are interested in what the artifacts, even the smallest of artifacts, can tell about how people used resources, moved across their landscapes and interacted with other groups.


Tattoo Needle from the Thompson Site, 14RC9

Tattoo Needle from the Thompson Site, 14RC9
Date: 1500-1800 CE
This tattoo needle was recovered from the Thompson site in Rice County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1963. The fine tip on this bone tool suggests it may have been intended for use as a tattoo needle. However, the lack of dark stains on the tip indicate it was never used for that purpose. The site, listed in the National Register of Historic Places, was a Great Bend aspect (ancestral Wichita) village occupied during the Late Ceramic Period.


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