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This is a portrait of Catherine (Kate) Elizabeth German, who was taken captive with her younger sisters, Sophia, Julia, and Adelaide, by Cheyenne Indians after their family was killed. Kate was born on March 21, 1857. On September 11, 1874, the John German family, consisting of his wife and seven children, was attacked by a band of Cheyenne east of Ft. Wallace, Kansas. Only four of the children, Catherine, Sophia, Julia, and Adelaide, were spared and taken captive. The two youngest, Julia and Adelaide (aged 7 and 5), were subsequently abandoned on the prairie in what is now the Texas panhandle. Sophia and Catherine were kept by their Cheyenne captors. Fort Wallace received word of the killings and began the search to find the girls and to negotiate their release. They found Julia and Adelaide, who had survived on their own for 6 weeks, and on March 1, 1875, the Cheyennes formally released Catherine and Sophia German at the Darlington Agency in Indian Territory (Oklahoma). The two girls were reunited with their younger sisters at Ft. Leavenworth, Kansas in June of 1875.


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Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway Company's rumpus car Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway Company's rumpus car


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Four views of the government cemetery at Fort Wallace, Kansas

Four views of the government cemetery at Fort Wallace, Kansas
Date: Between 1920 and 1930
Four views of the government cemetery at Fort Wallace, Wallace County, Kansas.

Grave marker, Rawlins County, Kansas

Grave marker, Rawlins County, Kansas
Creator: Piper, William C.
Date: 1979
These four photographs show the grave marker of Egnac and Peter Janousek and Rodolph Springler, who were killed during the Northern Cheyenne attack on Sappa Creek in Rawlins County, Kansas on September 30, 1878. This is commonly referred to as the Last Indian Raid in Kansas.

Tax on Grave Lots Opposed

Tax on Grave Lots Opposed
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1915-1919: Capper)
Date: 1915
These two letters sent to Governor Capper oppose the proposed tax on grave lots. This is part of a bigger collection of Governor Arthur Capper correspondence.

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