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130th Gun Pits

130th Gun Pits
Creator: Hughes, James Clark, 1888-1964
Date: November 8, 1917
Soldiers of the 130th Field Artillery digging gun pits at Fort Sill. Captain Hughes may be the soldier at the far right. One soldier is holding a pick ax. Others are working with shovels. In 1917 James C. Hughes was Captain of Battery C, 130th Field Artillery, Kansas National Guard. He was stationed at Camp Doniphan, Oklahoma, for field artillery training. Camp Doniphan is adjacent to Fort Sill which is just outside Lawton, Oklahoma. The 130th Field Artillery, Kansas National Guard, trained at both in 1917 and 1918 as part of the 35th Division. The 35th Division was constituted in 1917 as one of the 17 National Guard divisions authorized for service in World War I. The division was organized from the National Guard of Kansas and Missouri. The 35th included three machinegun battalions, three field artillery regiments, four infantry regiments, one engineer regiment and one signal battalion with a total strength of 26,373. A full biography of James Clark Hughes is available at the link below to Kansapedia.


75mm American, gun

75mm American, gun
Creator: Hughes, James Clark, 1888-1964
Date: 1919
This is a 75mm American gun which was photographed by Captain Hughes while with the Army of Occupation. James C. Hughes, as part of the 35th Division, left Fort Sill, Oklahoma, and traveled to Hoboken, New Jersey, where he boarded the troop ship "Ceramic" on May 18, 1918. Hughes arrived in Liverpool, England, on June 1, 1918 and then landed at Le Havre, France, on June 9, 1918. Hughes fought in the battles of St. Michael and the Meuse-Argonne. He was at Verdun on Armistice Day, November 11, 1918. He took no photos of the actual fighting. He did take many photographs after the war as part of the Army of Occupation until he left France on July 18, 1919. A full biography of James Clark Hughes is available at the link below to Kansapedia.


Asian clogs

Asian clogs
Date: between 1941 and 1945
Pair of Asian clogs with wooden soles. The soles are carved in a single piece and have low heels. Black leather strap across the instep. Owners initials are carved into the soles. Colonel James C. Hughes acquired the clogs while being held as a Japanese Prisoner of War during World War II. Born in Topeka, Kansas, in 1888, Hughes served in the Mexican Border Conflict, World War I, and World War II. During the latter conflict, he commanded a Philippine regiment (Filipino soldiers led by American officers), which surrendered in 1942 on the Bataan peninsula. Hughes spent the next 41 months in various Japanese P.O.W. camps. He was liberated by Russian forces at Camp Hoten, Manchuria, in 1945. Hughes died in 1964 and is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.


Aspirin wrapper

Aspirin wrapper
Date: between 1941 and 1945
Brown paper wrapper with the word "Aspirin" handwritten on one side. Colonel James C. Hughes acquired the aspirin while being held as a Japanese Prisoner of War during World War II. Born in Topeka, Kansas, in 1888, Hughes served in the Mexican Border Conflict, World War I, and World War II. During the latter conflict, he commanded a Philippine regiment (Filipino soldiers led by American officers), which surrendered in 1942 on the Bataan peninsula. Hughes spent the next 41 months in various Japanese P.O.W. camps. He was liberated by Russian forces at Camp Hoten, Manchuria, in 1945. Hughes died in 1964 and is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.


Bamboo sandals

Bamboo sandals
Date: between 1941 and 1945
Pair of natural fiber sandals. The strap on one of the sandals has been repaired with a piece of army green cotton fabric. Colonel James C. Hughes acquired the sandals while being held as a Japanese Prisoner of War during World War II. Born in Topeka, Kansas, in 1888, Hughes served in the Mexican Border Conflict, World War I, and World War II. During the latter conflict, he commanded a Philippine regiment (Filipino soldiers led by American officers), which surrendered in 1942 on the Bataan peninsula. Hughes spent the next 41 months in various Japanese P.O.W. camps. He was liberated by Russian forces at Camp Hoten, Manchuria, in 1945. Hughes died in 1964 and is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.


Battery C Officers

Battery C Officers
Creator: Hughes, James Clark, 1888-1964
Date: 1917
Five officers of Battery C standing around a tripod. One officer, who looks like James C. Hughes, is peering through the field glasses attached to the top of the tripod. In 1917 James C. Hughes was Captain of Battery C, 130th Field Artillery, Kansas National Guard and stationed at Camp Doniphan, Oklahoma, where this photograph was taken. A full biography of James Clark Hughes is available on Kansapedia.


Besancon: N. E. and down from Citadel, France

Besancon: N. E. and down from Citadel, France
Creator: Hughes, James Clark, 1888-1964
Date: February 25, 1919
Captain Hughes photographed a view of Besancon, France from the citadel, high over the city. James C. Hughes, as part of the 35th Division, left Fort Sill, Oklahoma, and traveled to Hoboken, New Jersey, where he boarded the troop ship "Ceramic" on May 18, 1918. Hughes arrived in Liverpool, England, on June 1, 1918 and then landed at Le Havre, France, on June 9, 1918. Hughes fought in the battles of St. Michael and the Meuse-Argonne. He was at Verdun on Armistice Day, November 11, 1918. He took no photos of the actual fighting. He did take many photographs after the war as part of the Army of Occupation until he left France on July 18, 1919. A full biography of James Clark Hughes is available at the link below to Kansapedia.


Board game set

Board game set
Date: between 1942 and 1945
Portable cardboard game board for playing Chinese Checkers, chess, and checkers. Colonel James C. Hughes received the game in a Red Cross box while being held as a Prisoner of War (POW) by the Japanese during World War II. Born in Topeka, Kansas, in 1888, Hughes served in the Mexican Border Conflict, World War I, and World War II. In 1942, he was captured by the Japanese on the Bataan peninsula and spent the next 41 months in various Japanese POW camps. He was liberated by Russian forces at Camp Hoten, Manchuria, in 1945. Hughes died in 1964 and is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.


Box part

Box part
Date: between 1942 and 1945
Part of a cardboard box that once held rations sent by the American Red Cross to Prisoners of War. Colonel James C. Hughes acquired this ration box while being held as a Prisoner of War (POW) by the Japanese during World War II. Born in Topeka, Kansas, in 1888, Hughes served in the Mexican Border Conflict, World War I, and World War II. In 1942, he was captured by the Japanese on the Bataan peninsula and spent the next 41 months in various Japanese POW camps. He was liberated by Russian forces at Camp Hoten, Manchuria, in 1945. Hughes died in 1964 and is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.


C & D Battery Officers

C & D Battery Officers
Creator: Hughes, James Clark, 1888-1964
Date: 1917
Nine officers of Battery C and D of the 130th Field Artillery, Kansas National Guard, posing in front of an ivy covered brick building at Camp Doniphan. James Clark Hughes is fourth from the right. In 1917 James C. Hughes was Captain of Battery C, 130th Field Artillery, Kansas National Guard and stationed at Camp Doniphan, Oklahoma, where this photograph was taken. A full biography of James Clark Hughes is available on Kansapedia.


C & D Battery Officers

C & D Battery Officers
Creator: Hughes, James Clark, 1888-1964
Date: 1917
Nine officers of Battery C and D of the 130th Field Artillery, Kansas National Guard, posing in front of an ivy covered brick building at Camp Doniphan. James Clark Hughes is fifth from the right. In 1917 James C. Hughes was Captain of Battery C, 130th Field Artillery, Kansas National Guard and stationed at Camp Doniphan, Oklahoma, where this photograph was taken. A full biography of James Clark Hughes is available on Kansapedia.


Chopsticks

Chopsticks
Date: between 1942 and 1945
Pair of ebony chopsticks. Colonel James C. Hughes acquired the chopsticks while being held as a Prisoner of War (POW) by the Japanese during World War II. Born in Topeka, Kansas, in 1888, Hughes served in the Mexican Border Conflict, World War I, and World War II. In 1942, he was captured by the Japanese on the Bataan peninsula and spent the next 41 months in various Japanese POW camps. He was liberated by Russian forces at Camp Hoten, Manchuria, in 1945. Hughes died in 1964 and is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.


Chopsticks

Chopsticks
Date: between 1942 and 1945
Pair of ebony chopsticks. Colonel James C. Hughes acquired the chopsticks while being held as a Prisoner of War (POW) by the Japanese during World War II. Born in Topeka, Kansas, in 1888, Hughes served in the Mexican Border Conflict, World War I, and World War II. In 1942, he was captured by the Japanese on the Bataan peninsula and spent the next 41 months in various Japanese POW camps. He was liberated by Russian forces at Camp Hoten, Manchuria, in 1945. Hughes died in 1964 and is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.


Chopsticks

Chopsticks
Date: between 1942 and 1945
Bundle of ten chopsticks held together by a piece of metal wire. Most of the chopsticks are bamboo; one is made of ebony. Colonel James C. Hughes acquired the chopsticks while being held as a Prisoner of War (POW) by the Japanese during World War II. Born in Topeka, Kansas, in 1888, Hughes served in the Mexican Border Conflict, World War I, and World War II. In 1942, he was captured by the Japanese on the Bataan peninsula and spent the next 41 months in various Japanese POW camps. He was liberated by Russian forces at Camp Hoten, Manchuria, in 1945. Hughes died in 1964 and is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.


Cigarette pack

Cigarette pack
Date: between 1943 and 1945
Unopened package of cigarettes. The label on the package is printed in Japanese. Colonel James C. Hughes acquired this pack of cigarettes while being held as a Prisoner of War (POW) by the Japanese during World War II. Born in Topeka, Kansas, in 1888, Hughes served in the Mexican Border Conflict, World War I, and World War II. In 1942, he was captured by the Japanese on the Bataan peninsula and spent the next 41 months in various Japanese POW camps. He was liberated by Russian forces at Camp Hoten, Manchuria, in 1945. Hughes died in 1964 and is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.


Cigarette pack

Cigarette pack
Date: between 1943 and 1945
Unopened package of cigarettes. The label on the package is printed in Japanese. Colonel James C. Hughes acquired this pack of cigarettes while being held as a Prisoner of War (POW) by the Japanese during World War II. Born in Topeka, Kansas, in 1888, Hughes served in the Mexican Border Conflict, World War I, and World War II. In 1942, he was captured by the Japanese on the Bataan peninsula and spent the next 41 months in various Japanese POW camps. He was liberated by Russian forces at Camp Hoten, Manchuria, in 1945. Hughes died in 1964 and is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.


Cigarette pack

Cigarette pack
Date: 1934
Package of Porto Rican American Tobacco Company cigarettes. A tax stamp on the package indicates that they were sold in 1934. These cigarettes belonged to Colonel James C. Hughes. Born in Topeka, Kansas, in 1888, Hughes served in the Mexican Border Conflict, World War I, and World War II. In 1942, he was captured by the Japanese on the Bataan peninsula and spent the next 41 months in various Japanese POW camps. He was liberated by Russian forces at Camp Hoten, Manchuria, in 1945. Hughes died in 1964 and is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.


Comb

Comb
Date: between 1941 and 1945
Small black plastic comb. Colonel James C. Hughes used this comb while being held as a Japanese Prisoner of War during World War II. Born in Topeka, Kansas, in 1888, Hughes served in the Mexican Border Conflict, World War I, and World War II. During the latter conflict, he commanded a Philippine regiment (Filipino soldiers led by American officers), which surrendered in 1942 on the Bataan peninsula. Hughes spent the next 41 months in various Japanese P.O.W. camps. He was liberated by Russian forces at Camp Hoten, Manchuria, in 1945. Hughes died in 1964 and is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.


Deck of cards

Deck of cards
Date: between 1942 and 1945
Standard deck of playing cards. Colonel James C. Hughes acquired these cards, possibly in a Red Cross box, while being held as a Prisoner of War (POW) by the Japanese during World War II. Born in Topeka, Kansas, in 1888, Hughes served in the Mexican Border Conflict, World War I, and World War II. In 1942, he was captured by the Japanese on the Bataan peninsula and spent the next 41 months in various Japanese POW camps. He was liberated by Russian forces at Camp Hoten, Manchuria, in 1945. Hughes died in 1964 and is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.


Devastation Nr. Vitry, France

Devastation Nr. Vitry, France
Creator: Hughes, James Clark, 1888-1964
Date: 1919
As part of the Army of Occupation after the end of World War I, Captain Hughes had the opportunity to photograph many places. He labeled the photo of this area taken in 1919 near Vitry-sur-Seine, a southeastern industrial and residential suburb of Paris as devastated. James C. Hughes, as part of the 35th Division, left Fort Sill, Oklahoma, and traveled to Hoboken, New Jersey, where he boarded the troop ship "Ceramic" on May 18, 1918. Hughes arrived in Liverpool, England, on June 1, 1918 and then landed at Le Havre, France, on June 9, 1918. Hughes fought in the battles of St. Michael and the Meuse-Argonne. He was at Verdun on Armistice Day, November 11, 1918. He took no photos of the actual fighting. He did take many photographs after the war as part of the Army of Occupation until he left France on July 18, 1919. A full biography of James Clark Hughes is available at the link below to Kansapedia.


Entrenching shovel

Entrenching shovel
Date: between 1914 and 1919
World War I-era German trenching spade that was found near Les Eparges, France. Les Esparges is a village in northeastern France that experienced a fierce battle in 1915 and saw fighting throughout the war. James C. Hughes found the spade while serving in France in 1918. Born in Topeka, Kansas, in 1888, Hughes served in the Mexican Border Conflict, World War I, and World War II. In 1942, he was captured by the Japanese on the Bataan peninsula and spent the next 41 months in various Japanese P.O.W. camps. He was liberated by Russian forces at Camp Hoten, Manchuria, in 1945. Hughes died in 1964 and is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.


Eyeglasses

Eyeglasses
Date: Unknown date
Pair of eyeglasses in a protective case. Col. James C. Hughes wore these eyeglasses while being held as a Japanese Prisoner of War during World War II. Born in Topeka, Kansas, in 1888, Hughes served in the Mexican Border Conflict, World War I, and World War II. During the latter conflict, he commanded a Philippine regiment (Filipino soldiers led by American officers), which surrendered in 1942 on the Bataan peninsula. Hughes spent the next 41 months in various Japanese P.O.W. camps. He was liberated by Russian forces at Camp Hoten, Manchuria, in 1945. Hughes died in 1964 and is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.


Fenton, Lull, Hu

Fenton, Lull, Hu
Creator: Hughes, James Clark, 1888-1964
Date: 1917
Three men pose in front of wooden building in swim suits. James Clark Hughes identified himself in his photographs as either "self" or "Hu." Hughes is the man on the far right. The other men are probably also soldiers. This photograph was possibly taken around Camp Doniphan. In 1917 James C. Hughes was Captain of Battery C, 130th Field Artillery, Kansas National Guard. He was stationed at Camp Doniphan, Oklahoma, for field artillery training. A full biography of James Clark Hughes is available at the link below to Kansapedia.


French garrison cap

French garrison cap
Date: between 1914 and 1918
Horizon blue garrison cap with gold cord trim. The French army wore caps like this during World War I. When the war began, the French wore uniforms comprised of bright red pants and dark blue coats. Because the uniforms were highly visible on the battlefield, the army switched to horizon blue. Its creators thought the color would make soldiers less visible against the skyline or horizon. The "13" on the cap indicates that the wearer was a member of the 13th Army Corps, part of the First Army of France. James C. Hughes of Topeka, Kansas, acquired the cap while serving in France in 1918. Born in Topeka, Kansas, in 1888, Hughes served in the Mexican Border Conflict, World War I, and World War II.


Gare - Arras, France

Gare - Arras, France
Creator: Hughes, James Clark, 1888-1964
Date: 1919
Captain Hughes photographed the train station (gare) in the city of Arras, located in Nord-Pas de Calais, France. There appears to be some damage to the building, however, persons are seen in front of the building as if they are awaiting a train. He was traveling with the Army of Occupation in 1919, when he took this photo. James C. Hughes, as part of the 35th Division, left Fort Sill, Oklahoma, and traveled to Hoboken, New Jersey, where he boarded the troop ship "Ceramic" on May 18, 1918. Hughes arrived in Liverpool, England, on June 1, 1918 and then landed at Le Havre, France, on June 9, 1918. Hughes fought in the battles of St. Michael and the Meuse-Argonne. He was at Verdun on Armistice Day, November 11, 1918. He took no photos of the actual fighting. He did take many photographs after the war as part of the Army of Occupation until he left France on July 18, 1919. A full biography of James Clark Hughes is available at the link below to Kansapedia.


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