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Anna Freud correspondence

Anna Freud correspondence
Creator: Freud, Anna, 1895-1982
Date: 1936-1971
These are handwritten and typed letters, mostly outgoing, from Anna Freud to Karl Menninger, Rudolph Ekstein, May D. Lee, and other Menninger Foundation staff. Anna Freud was the youngest child of psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud. Topics include publishing and requesting reprints, visits (or apologizing for not visiting), professional organizations and conferences, comments and critiques on writings, family deaths, and greeting cards. Anna Freud came to the Menninger Clinic in Topeka on multiple occasions during the 1960s. These papers are part of the historic psychiatry material in the Menninger Archives.


Anton T. Boisen papers

Anton T. Boisen papers
Creator: Boisen, Anton T. (Anton Theophilus), 1876-1965
Date: 1915 - 1965 (bulk 1930s-1940s)
These papers include correspondence with Professor Seward Hiltner of Princeton Theological School, hand-illustrated poetry written by various individuals, newsletters from the Elgin State Hospital, manuscripts, and course lectures. Boisen spent time in Wabaunsee, Kansas while surveying rural churches, including the Congregational Church. Boisen was secretary of the Wabaunsee Neighborhood Association and wrote about the "Health Conditions in the Wabaunsee Community." Also included are annual reports (1933-1935) to the directors of the Chicago Council for the Clinical Training of Theological Students which include several photographs of students at the Elgin State Hospital, where Boisen was the chaplain from 1932-1954.


Benjamin and Richard Rush papers

Benjamin and Richard Rush papers
Creator: Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813
Date: 1791-1856
Originals and copies, sometimes also with typed transcripts, of letters written either by Benjamin Rush or his son Richard Rush, Esq. Topics include yellow fever epidemics in Philadelphia, news about family and friends/acquaintances, current reading, real estate and other property matters, religion and church, advice on health matters, legal and fiscal matters, publishing and writing, the American Revolution, the 1848 revolution in France and Major Poussin, politics and political careers, etc. Also with the papers are some court and legal documents from Richard Rush, engraved prints of Benjamin Rush, articles and other writings (often reprints) by Benjamin Rush or about Benjamin Rush, including an elegiac poem upon his death, and other related materials. Correspondents include Benjamin's wife Julia, former pupils, businessmen and lawyers, and other individuals.


Clifford W. Beers papers

Clifford W. Beers papers
Creator: Beers, Clifford Whittingham, 1876-1943
Date: 1903-1955
Beers' papers, largely, consist of handwritten and typed incoming and outgoing letters, as well as some correspondence about Beers. Correspondents include some family members, such as his wife Clara's parents and Clifford's brother George, but mostly include friends and acquaintances, such as Erua Geuil Perriu, Marie O.Ley, Paul "Mac" McQuaid, Elizabeth Warner, Louise Gaffney, Dr. and Mrs. Toulouse, Mary Louise Bok, William and Alice James, and others. The subjects of the letters mostly concern Beers' efforts toward bettering the lives of patients with mental illnesses and the publication of his book, A Mind that Found Itself. The materials also include Beers' courtship letters to Miss Jepson (parts of which were removed by Clara before she donated them to the Menninger Foundation, as she deemed them too personal) and letters he wrote to her after they were married. Some letters are in French.


Dorothea Dix correspondence

Dorothea Dix correspondence
Creator: Dix, Dorothea Lynde, 1802-1887
Date: undated, circa 1826-1963 (bulk 1853-1860s)
Dorothea Dix's papers consist of correspondence from Miss Dix to various people, as well as some correspondence in which Miss Dix was concerned, but not directly involved. Dix was an advocate for social welfare, particularly supporting the establishment and maintenance of mental hospitals for the mentally ill, disabled, or poor. She was instrumental in the proposed legislation of the "Bill for the Benefit of the Indigent Insane." During the Civil War, Dix was appointed Superintendent of Army Nurses. Much of the correspondence concerns Dix's efforts to bring lifeboats and other help to Sable Island in Nova Scotia, an area known for shipwrecks and where many with mental illnesses were sent, sometimes against their will. These papers are part of the historic psychiatry material in the Menninger Archives.


Elmer Ernest Southard correspondence

Elmer Ernest Southard correspondence
Creator: Southard, Elmer Ernest, 1876-1920
Date: 1917-1919
Elmer Ernest Southard's papers primarily consist of handwritten and typed letters he sent to Norman Fenton. Southard, the first Director of Boston Psychopathic Hospital, was Karl Menninger's first significant mentor. Southard and Fenton collaborated on researching case studies and publishing about shell shock in World War I. There is also a course syllabus for his second year neuropathology course at Harvard Medical School. These papers are part of the historic psychiatry material in the Menninger Archives.


Florence Nightingale correspondence

Florence Nightingale correspondence
Creator: Nightingale, Florence, 1820-1910
Date: 1856 - 1897 (bulk 1877-1897)
These are original handwritten letters to and from Florence Nightingale, famous for being a pioneer English nurse. Topics include her health, her work and her interests in India and its irrigation systems, her mother's death, her correspondents' work and affairs (particularly Mr. Burton's children's institute), and other topics. Correspondents include, among others, Colonel James Fife, Alice Hepworth, F. H. Butler, and Mr. Burton. Also amongst the materials are dried flowers gathered from Cathcart's Hill in the Crimea. This correspondence is part of the historic psychiatry material in the Menninger Archives.


Frankwood E. Williams Papers

Frankwood E. Williams Papers
Creator: Williams, Frankwood E. (Frankwood Earl), b. 1883
Date: 1905 - 1942, undated
This collection of materials consists of biographical sketches, correspondence (both personal and professional), lecture notes, bibliographies, and tributes for Frankwood E. Williams, director of the National Committee for Mental Hygiene. Much of the correspondence is between Marion Kenworthy and Norman Fenton regarding Fenton potentially writing a biography of Williams after his death (this never came to pass). A photograph of Williams is included in folder 12. This correspondence is part of the historic psychiatry material in the Menninger Archives. A searchable, full-text transcription is forthcoming.


Harry Guntrip manuscripts

Harry Guntrip manuscripts
Creator: Guntrip, Harry
Date: 1901 - 1962
These documents are a draft of the first twelve chapters of Guntrip's autobiography, annotated and marked up by hand. The chapters cover the years 1901-1948 in Guntrip's life. Also included are letters, notes, and other manuscript material regarding Guntrip's analyses with Drs. Fairbairn and Winnicott in the 1950s and 1960s.


Henry Havelock Ellis papers

Henry Havelock Ellis papers
Creator: Ellis, Havelock, 1859-1939
Date: undated, 1881, 1912-1952 (bulk 1920s-1930s)
Ellis' papers largely consist of handwritten letters from him to others and annotated handwritten or typed manuscripts, often with editing marks. The main correspondents represented include O. Kyllam of Constable & Co. and John F. Kendrick. Topics of both letters and manuscripts include but are not limited to Freud, eugenics, sexuality, racial characterizations of nations, Ellis' own biographical information, publishing and writing/editing (especially Ellis' Art of Life and Sex and Marriage, published posthumously), birth control, Thomas Hardy, John Middleton Murray, Eleanor Marx, and William Morris. Includes both original materials and photocopies, and the bulk of the materials date from the 1920s and 1930s. Ellis' handwriting can be difficult to read.


Hermon S. Major papers

Hermon S. Major papers
Creator: Major, Hermon S. (Hermon Samuel), 1876-1961
Date: circa 1892 - 1955
Hermon S. Major (1876-1961) owned and directed the Major Clinic in Kansas City, Missouri, from 1921-1955. This clinic, originally known as the Southwest Sanatorium, was a private psychiatric facility devoted to the treatment of alcoholics. Photographs of the exterior and interior at the Simpson-Major clinic and photographs of students at the Scarritt Collegiate Institute are included. The Keeley Institute was created by Dr. Leslie Keeley in Dwight, Illinois, to cure alcoholism; this Kansas volume includes accounts from Topeka, Leavenworth, Wichita, Marysville, and Kansas City, Kansas. This collection is part of the historic psychiatry material in the Menninger Archives. These materials represent a selection of items from the Hermon S. Major papers. Access to some materials has been restricted due to potential violations of state and federal records law.


Historic Psychiatry original miscellaneous documents

Historic Psychiatry original miscellaneous documents
Date: 1751 - 1961
These are a variety of handwritten and typed letters, lectures, autographs, news clippings, biographical information, images and sketches, court documents, and other documents related to the history of psychiatry. These documents are housed in four boxes and the folders within are arranged alphabetically by surname or title, and they are included in the larger collection of historic psychiatry material in the Menninger Archives. Authors come from such fields as medicine, religion, prison and other reform and advocacy movements, politics, the military, etc. The documents themselves sometimes provide significant information, and sometimes they were collected because their authors were significant historical figures. Some of the individuals found in Box 1 include James Mark Baldwin, Ludwig Binswanger, Eugen Bleuler, Jean-Martin Charcot, Elizabeth Fry, Oliver Wendell Holmes, and Carl Jung. Some of the individuals found in Box 2 include Alfred Adler, Robert Frost, and Washinton Irving. This box also includes a 68-page handwritten notebook by Dr. W.W. Reed entitled "Reminiscenses About the Treatment of the Insane." Some of the individuals found in Box 3 include Amariah Brigham and Frederick van Eeden. This box also includes a correspondence file (1883-1888) on Ellen Kehoe, a patient at the Worcester Lunatic Hospital in Massachusetts, and a series of drawings from the 1920s and 1930s by a Belgian patient suffering from paranoia named Andreas at the Kankakee State Hospital in Illinois. The drawings were donated by Dr. J.B. Gier, formerly of the Topeka Veteran's Administration Hospital, who knew the patient and encouraged his work. Box 4 includes a miscellaneous folder regarding insane asylums and contains legal documents, postcard images, and receipts for services. Languages include English, German, French and Italian, and transcriptions or translations follow some of the documents.


King George III materials

King George III materials
Creator: George III, King of Great Britain, 1738-1820
Date: 1741-1855, 1941-1970 not inclusive
This collection of materials consists of miscellaneous handwritten and printed copies and originals of documents directed and/or signed by the Hanoverian kings of England of the mid-18th through early 19th centuries. Most of the documents are related to the regulation of madhouses or the insanity of specific individuals, including King George III himself. Other documents are of more general interest, including engraved images of King George III and some of his physicians, two letters from May 1801 regarding troop deployment in Egypt, a 1773 document regarding duties on candle-making and other taxes in Scotland, and the formation of a court martial system.


Lucio Bini 's Electroconvulsive therapy records

Lucio Bini 's Electroconvulsive therapy records
Creator: Bini, Lucio, 1908-1964
Date: circa 1935-1964 (bulk 1930s-1940s)
Lucio Bini's papers, largely, consist of incoming handwritten and typed correspondence; blueprints and related documentation for electro-convulsive therapy (ECT) equipment. They also include product information for selling equipment, records related to international patents, research notes from early experiments on animals (dogs), and from tracking early patients undergoing electroshock therapy. Newspaper clippings, photographs (both in color and black and white), and other miscellaneous materials are available. Correspondents include Lothar Kalinowsky and other professional colleagues, as well as some patients. The second box of materials are all xeroxed photocopies from Bini's materials and is not well organized. The materials also include correspondence related to the acquisition of Bini's papers by the Menninger Foundation.


Nina Ridenour papers

Nina Ridenour papers
Creator: Ridenour, Nina
Date: 1926 - 1977 (bulk 1950s-1960s)
Nina Ridenour's papers consist of correspondence; press releases and other publicity materials; book reviews (both those for her own books and reviews written by her); manuscripts and draft versions, sometimes with annotations and corrections; comments and critiques; biographical data; bibliographies; reading and research notes; reference materials; a grant application; outlines and lecture notes; invitations; newspaper clippings; scripts; books, pamphlets, and other publications; and other related materials. Some correspondents include Menninger family members and Menninger Clinic staff, Aldous Huxley, Clara Beers (Clifford Beers' widow), and Abraham and Bertha Maslow, among others. Topics in these materials include publications and publishing (especially Ridenour's books Mental Health in the United States--a 50-Year History, Mental Health Education: Principles in the Effective Use of Materials, and Health Supervision for Young Children); mental health education; the play "My Name is Legion" (based off Clifford Beers' autobiography and co-written by Ridenour and Nora B. Stirling); the American Theatre Wing's community plays, for which Ridenour wrote numerous discussion guides; children's mental health; term papers Ridenour wrote while in school; professional organizations and professional positions with which Ridenour was associated, especially the Ittelson Family Foundation; consciousness; extra sensory perception (ESP)/parapsychology; and other related topics. The materials span Ridenour's career, though the bulk come from the 1950s and 1960s and provide an excellent overview of her work and professional interests and concerns.


Sigmund Freud correspondence

Sigmund Freud correspondence
Creator: Freud, Sigmund, 1856-1939
Date: 1891, 1907-1991
These are handwritten and typed letters by Sigmund Freud, the Austrian psychoanalyst. Main correspondents include Emil Oberholzer, Dr. T. Schnierer, and Karl Menninger, among others. These letters are written in German and English and some translations are included. Correspondence relating to Freud's departure from Vienna in 1938 is also included. Material not made available online includes articles and publications under copyright about Freud and his work. These letters are part of the historic psychiatry material in the Menninger Archives. Many of the items in this portion of the Menninger Archives were purchased.


Silas Weir Mitchell papers

Silas Weir Mitchell papers
Creator: Mitchell, S. Weir (Silas Weir), 1829-1914
Date: undated, circa 1875-1911
These papers include two handwritten and undated poems (by Silas Weir Mitchell) "Evening" and "Good Night," as well as miscellaneous correspondence. The correspondence is largely undated and is both handwritten and typed. Correspondents include Cassy Meredith (regarding Mitchell's future wife, Mary Cadwalader) and various others. Mitchell was an American physician specializing in neurology, and he was the author of many short stories, scholarly articles, and novels. The collection also includes a picture postcard of "The late Dr. S. Wier Mitchell at Bar Harbor, Maine." These papers are part of the historic psychiatry material in the Menninger Archives.


The History of Hermon Samuel Major, M. D.

The History of Hermon Samuel Major, M. D.
Date: Between 1958 and 1959
This is a written history of Hermon Samuel Major (1876-1961) who owned and directed the Major Clinic in Kansas City, Missouri from 1921-1955. This clinic was originally known as the Southwest Sanatorium, was a private psychiatric facility devoted to the treatment of alcoholics. This collection is part of the historic psychiatry material in the Menninger Archives.


Walker Winslow correspondence

Walker Winslow correspondence
Creator: Winslow, Walker, 1905-1969
Date: circa 1943 - 1969, undated (bulk 1948-1951)
This handwritten and typed correspondence is between Walker Winslow (also under the name Harold Maine) and his third wife, Edna Manley Winslow. The letters can be chatty and newsy, providing details about each of their daily lives and activities, what they were reading or music to which they were listening, their work (his writing and therapy, her writing and painting), and other related topics. The letters can be very self-reflective and analytical regarding their relationship to each other, relationships with others, their health and various injuries and illnesses they each had, money, their mutual loneliness, Edna's drinking, and other topics. There is also correspondence with friends and relatives of Winslow and/or Edna, Winslow family photographs, some sketches Edna drew, and extensive correspondence between Winslow and Dr. Karl Menninger. Walker Winslow was the author of "The Menninger Story" and "If A Man Be Mad." Some of the letters were written while Winslow was working at and writing in Topeka, Kansas. They were also written while the Winslows lived separately in Santa Fe, New Mexico; various parts of California (especially Big Sur or Oakland); various parts of New York (especially Rochester and New York City); and in Kansas. The letters document the rise and fall of their brief and intense relationship. Given the nature of some of the content, several pieces of correspondence have not been made available on Kansas Memory, but they are still available to researchers.


William James (psychologist) correspondence

William James (psychologist) correspondence
Creator: James, William, 1842-1910
Date: 1889-1910
Primarily consists of originals and copies of handwritten letters, postcards, and one manuscript written by James. Correspondents include cousin Anne Edwards, Professor W. Lutoslawski, Susan Goldmark, Thomas Sergeant Perry, Guy Waring, and others. Topics include James' writing, his health, the 1906 San Francisco earthquake (James and his family were at Stanford University when it happened), lecturing and travel, care of the insane, the change in Harvard University's presidency in 1910, and other topics. Also included is a letter from Alice James, William's wife, to Guy Waring after William's death; Karl Menninger's reading notes from James' San Francisco earthquake manuscript; and a 1970 article on James' life.


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