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Aaron Burr and Theodosia Prevost Burr letters

Aaron Burr and Theodosia Prevost Burr letters
Date: 1786-1830
This collection of handwritten letters and documents from Aaron Burr and Burr's wife, Theodosia Prevost Burr, are part of the William Treadway autograph collection at the Kansas Historical Society. The Aaron Burr letters (which include two undated documents) cover the time period 1788-1830 and primarily relate to political affairs and Burr's law practice. The May 9, 1800 letter is addressed to George Clinton, a fellow Democratic-Republican and future vice-president. The October 14, 1801 letter is addressed to Elbridge Gerry, another fellow Democratic-Republican and future vice-president and the namesake of the term "gerrymandering." The letter dated August 5 [no year given] is addressed to Thomas Hunt Flandrau, Burr's law partner. The letter dated November 6, 1786 is from Burr's wife, Theodosia Prevost Burr, to Burr's sister Sarah "Sally" Burr Reeve and concerns a set of china that Theodosia was sending to Sally in the care of a Mr. Leveret.


Adze or Axe from 14MN328

Adze or Axe from 14MN328
Date: 1500-1800 CE
This chipped stone tool, possibly either an adze or an axe, was most likely used for woodworking. A fossil embedded in the chert was not removed by the original flintknapper. It was excavated in 1986 by Kansas Historical Society archeologists from 14MN328, a Great Bend aspect (ancestral Wichita) site in Marion County.


Annals of Kansas

Annals of Kansas
Creator: Wilder, Daniel W. (Daniel Webster), 1832-1911
Date: 1886
Daniel Webster Wilder compiled a chronological history of Kansas from the first European contact (1541) to 1885. The early portion has entries for specific years but beginning in 1854, the entries are for specific days, providing detail about many events. The volume also contains charts with crop production, livestock holdings, precipitation, etc. An detailed index begins on page 1171.


Benjamin and Richard Rush papers

Benjamin and Richard Rush papers
Creator: Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813
Date: 1791-1856
Originals and copies, sometimes also with typed transcripts, of letters written either by Benjamin Rush or his son Richard Rush, Esq. Topics include yellow fever epidemics in Philadelphia, news about family and friends/acquaintances, current reading, real estate and other property matters, religion and church, advice on health matters, legal and fiscal matters, publishing and writing, the American Revolution, the 1848 revolution in France and Major Poussin, politics and political careers, etc. Also with the papers are some court and legal documents from Richard Rush, engraved prints of Benjamin Rush, articles and other writings (often reprints) by Benjamin Rush or about Benjamin Rush, including an elegiac poem upon his death, and other related materials. Correspondents include Benjamin's wife Julia, former pupils, businessmen and lawyers, and other individuals.


Catlinite Pipe from Jefferson County

Catlinite Pipe from Jefferson County
Date: 1350-1850 CE
This Catlinite pipe was found in Jefferson County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1925. In Kansas, these pipes generally were made by American Indians between 1350 to 1850. The soft fine grain material of Catlinite enabled the pipe's maker to carve it into its rectangular shape. Pipes were used during trade negotiations and to mark special occasions.


Colonel Don Estevan Miro to the Ioway Indians

Colonel Don Estevan Miro to the Ioway Indians
Date: March 15, 1784
This document was presented to Antoine Burada by his uncle, George Campbell. George Campbell was the "half-breed" son of Vance Murray Campbell, a fur trader and U. S. treaty interpreter, who fathered several children by the daughter of No Heart, an Ioway chief. Their daughter Emily (sister of George) married Michael T. Barada. Their son Antoine Barada (1863-1924) of White Cloud, Kansas, was one of several by that name in the Ioway and Omaha tribes, so he is not to be confused with his first cousin Antoine Barada (1807-1885) of Barada, Nebraska, a celebrated figure in that state's folklore. This is the Antoine Barada who signed the treaty between the United States and the Kansas Nation, at St. Louis, in 1815. The document is addressed to "de la Nacion Ayoas" - the Ioway nation - and was signed by Colonel Don Estevan Miro, who was the Spanish governor of Louisiana during the period when it was secretly deeded by the French to the Spanish. It was presented to the Iowa Nation at the Spanish Office of the Province of Louisiana, at New Orleans, March 15, 1784. This document was donated to the Kansas Historical Society circa 1905 according to the Transactions of KSHS, vol. 9 (1905-1906), p. 251, note 55.


Deed with corrections from George and Martha Washington to John Parke Custis for land in Stratton Major Parish, King and Queen County, Virginia

Deed with corrections from George and Martha Washington to John Parke Custis for land in Stratton Major Parish, King and Queen County, Virginia
Date: 1778
This is a draft of a 1778 deed with corrections from George and Martha Washington to John Parke Custis for 1981 acres of land in Stratton Major Parish, King and Queen County, Virginia, unsigned.


Dismal River Vessel from El Cuartelejo, 14SC1

Dismal River Vessel from El Cuartelejo, 14SC1
Date: 1575-1625 CE
This Dismal River pottery vessel was recovered from the El Cuartelejo site in Scott County. The micaeous (mica in the clay) pot was reconstructed from many individual sherds, with the spaces filled in with plaster. It stands 16 cm high. The El Cuartelejo site is the only known Plains Apache Pueblo in the Kansas and is further east than any other Pueblo.


Dismal River Vessel from El Cuarteljo, 14SC1

Dismal River Vessel from El Cuarteljo, 14SC1
Date: 1675-1725 CE
This Dismal River pottery vessel was recovered from the El Cuartelejo site in Scott County. The micaeous (mica in clay) pot was reconstructed from many individual sherds, with the spaces filled in with plaster. The El Cuartelejo site is the only known Plains Apache Pueblo in the Kansas and is further east than any other Pueblo.


Effigy Pipe from Atchison County

Effigy Pipe from Atchison County
Date: 1350-1850 CE
This partial effigy pipe was found in Atchison County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1925. The soft, fine-grained material of the pipestone enabled the carver to shape and smooth the pipe, carve the effigy on the bottom and drill holes for the bowl and stem. The bowl and part of the effigy have been broken off. In Kansas, these pipes generally were carved by American Indians between 1350 to 1850 CE, though they continue to be made today. Pipes were used during trade negotiations and to mark special occasions.


Fresno Arrow Point from the Mem Site, 14MN328

Fresno Arrow Point from the Mem Site, 14MN328
Date: 1500-1800 CE
Archeologists identify Fresno arrow points as being unnotched with a triangular shape. Though small and thin, it would have been extremely effective on the hunt. The Mem site, in Marion County, was a Great Bend aspect (ancestral Wichita) site occupied periodically from late in the Late Ceramic Period to the Protohistoric Period.


George Washington to Nathan Chapman

George Washington to Nathan Chapman
Date: 1774
This is a note from George Washington authorizing payment of 1 pound, 15 shillings, and 10 pence to Mr. Nathan Chapman for his portion of the expenses of exploring, surveying, and patenting a parcel of land, dated January 25, 1774.


Great Bend aspect Vessel from 14MN328

Great Bend aspect Vessel from 14MN328
Date: 1500-1800 CE
These fragments of a Great Bend aspect (ancestral Wichita) vessel were discovered at an archeological site in Marion County. The fragments were recovered from a bell-shaped pit feature and refitted later. The lugs protruding from below the rim may have been used as decoration or to suspend the vessel over a fire. The lugs were attached using rivets made of clay, one of which can be seen at the broken edge of the vessel. The site was excavated in 1986 by Kansas Historical Society archeologists and Kansas Anthropological Association volunteers.


Hematite Artifact from Greenwood County

Hematite Artifact from Greenwood County
Date: 1350-1850 CE
This hematite artifact was found in Greenwood County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1984. The broken artifact still shows four grooved lines, though what its original function was is unknown. Hematite is a relatively soft and fine-grained mineral form of iron oxide. It is easily carved and polished.


Hetzel biface

Hetzel biface
Date: Unknown
This large biface was found in Shawnee County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1886. It may have been stored for future use (what Archeologists call a cache), meant for trade, or had some other significance we today do not know. It was broken prior to its donation. It is made from a large slab of Smoky Hill Jasper, which outcrops in north central and northwestern Kansas.


Historic Psychiatry original miscellaneous documents

Historic Psychiatry original miscellaneous documents
Date: 1751 - 1961
These are a variety of handwritten and typed letters, lectures, autographs, news clippings, biographical information, images and sketches, court documents, and other documents related to the history of psychiatry. These documents are housed in four boxes and the folders within are arranged alphabetically by surname or title, and they are included in the larger collection of historic psychiatry material in the Menninger Archives. Authors come from such fields as medicine, religion, prison and other reform and advocacy movements, politics, the military, etc. The documents themselves sometimes provide significant information, and sometimes they were collected because their authors were significant historical figures. Some of the individuals found in Box 1 include James Mark Baldwin, Ludwig Binswanger, Eugen Bleuler, Jean-Martin Charcot, Elizabeth Fry, Oliver Wendell Holmes, and Carl Jung. Some of the individuals found in Box 2 include Alfred Adler, Robert Frost, and Washinton Irving. This box also includes a 68-page handwritten notebook by Dr. W.W. Reed entitled "Reminiscenses About the Treatment of the Insane." Some of the individuals found in Box 3 include Amariah Brigham and Frederick van Eeden. This box also includes a correspondence file (1883-1888) on Ellen Kehoe, a patient at the Worcester Lunatic Hospital in Massachusetts, and a series of drawings from the 1920s and 1930s by a Belgian patient suffering from paranoia named Andreas at the Kankakee State Hospital in Illinois. The drawings were donated by Dr. J.B. Gier, formerly of the Topeka Veteran's Administration Hospital, who knew the patient and encouraged his work. Box 4 includes a miscellaneous folder regarding insane asylums and contains legal documents, postcard images, and receipts for services. Languages include English, German, French and Italian, and transcriptions or translations follow some of the documents.


King George III materials

King George III materials
Creator: George III, King of Great Britain, 1738-1820
Date: 1741-1855, 1941-1970 not inclusive
This collection of materials consists of miscellaneous handwritten and printed copies and originals of documents directed and/or signed by the Hanoverian kings of England of the mid-18th through early 19th centuries. Most of the documents are related to the regulation of madhouses or the insanity of specific individuals, including King George III himself. Other documents are of more general interest, including engraved images of King George III and some of his physicians, two letters from May 1801 regarding troop deployment in Egypt, a 1773 document regarding duties on candle-making and other taxes in Scotland, and the formation of a court martial system.


Map of Louisiana from D'Anville's atlas

Map of Louisiana from D'Anville's atlas
Date: April 19, 1788
This is a map of Louisiana from the atlas of cartographer Jean Baptiste Bourguignon D'Anville.


Metal Arrow Point

Metal Arrow Point
Date: 1540-1850 CE
This metal arrow point was recovered from Kingman County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1966. The notched or serrated stem may have made it easier to haft the point onto the arrow shaft. Some metal points were made by Indians from scraps of metal such as barrel bands. Others were manufactured and traded to them by Europeans and Americans.


Metal Arrow Point

Metal Arrow Point
Date: 1540-1850 CE
This metal arrow point was recovered from Shawnee County in 1991. The notched or serrated stem may have made it easier to haft the point onto the arrow shaft. Some metal points were made by Indians from scraps of metal such as barrel bands. Others were manufactured and traded to them by Europeans and Americans.


Metal Arrow Point

Metal Arrow Point
Date: 1540-1850 CE
This metal arrow point was recovered from Kingman County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1966. The notched or serrated stem may have made it easier to haft the point onto the arrow shaft. Some metal points were made by Indians from scraps of metal such as barrel bands. Others were manufactured and traded to them by Europeans and Americans.


Metal Arrow Point

Metal Arrow Point
Date: 1540-1850 CE
This is a metal arrow point that was donated in 1962 to the Kansas Historical Society. It is thought to have been made from a serving fork with two of the tines removed.


Metal Arrow Point from Russell County

Metal Arrow Point from Russell County
Date: 1540-1850 CE
This metal arrow point was recovered from Russell County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1902. The notched stem may have made it easier to haft the point onto the arrow shaft. Some metal points were made by Indians from scraps of metal such as barrel bands. Others were manufactured and traded to them by Europeans and Americans.


Pawnee Indian Village Museum earthlodge floor with artifacts

Pawnee Indian Village Museum earthlodge floor with artifacts
Date: Unknown
Drafted map of the excavated floor of House 5 at 14RP1, now exposed beneath the museum at Pawnee Indian Museum State Historic Site. House 5 was excavated in 1967 by Kansas Historical Society archeologists.


Pipestone Pendant

Pipestone Pendant
Date: 1350 CE-1850
This pipestone or Catlinite pendant was found in Jefferson County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1999. The soft fine grain material enabled the pendant's carver to shape and smooth the piece, drill two holes for suspending the pendent, and to incise the fine lines that partially depict an image.


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