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1880 census of Farmer Township, Wabaunsee County, Kansas

1880 census of Farmer Township, Wabaunsee County, Kansas
Creator: United States. Census Office. 10th census, 1880
Date: June 1, 1880 through June 2, 1880
This excerpt of a census schedule provides details--including the name, age, race, and occupation--of settlers in Farmer Township in Wabaunsee County, Kansas. The county included a black population (B=Black) who had settled there in 1879 with the help of the Freedmen's Relief Association.


1880 census of Nicodemus Township, Graham County, Kansas

1880 census of Nicodemus Township, Graham County, Kansas
Creator: United States. Census Office. 10th census, 1880
Date: June 8, 1880 through June 23, 1880
This census schedule provides details--including the name, age, race, and occupation--of both white and black settlers in Nicodemus Township in Graham County, Kansas. This township had been settled by Exodusters in 1877 along the south fork of the Solomon River. Today, the town of Nicodemus is the only surviving Exoduster settlement west of the Mississippi River.


1880 census of Rock Creek Township, Wabaunsee County, Kansas

1880 census of Rock Creek Township, Wabaunsee County, Kansas
Creator: United States. Census Office. 10th census, 1880
Date: June 11, 1880
This excerpt of a census schedule provides details--including the name, age, race, and occupation--of settlers in Rock Creek Township in Wabaunsee County, Kansas. The county included a black population (B=Black) who had settled there in 1879 with the help of the Freedmen's Relief Association.


19th Annual Convention of the National Association of Colored Women

19th Annual Convention of the National Association of Colored Women
Creator: Dandridge, Deborah L., 1946-
Date: July 21-26, 1935
This panorama shows attendees of the convention of the National Association of Colored Women held July 21 to July 26, 1935. The signs on the building read "Mount Zion Temple" and "Mt. Zion Settlement School of Music, Kathleen Forbes." This appears to be Mt. Zion Congregational Church on E. 55th Street and Central Avenue in Cleveland, Ohio, where the organization held its 19th annual convention in 1935. Two women to the left side of the photo wear nursing uniforms. Three other women hold signs reading "Con" (presumably Connecticut), "Illinois," and "Ohio."


1st Kansas Colored Infantry flag

1st Kansas Colored Infantry flag
Date: between 1862 and 1864
Blue silk regimental flag of the 1st Kansas Colored Infantry, the first African American regiment from a northern state in the Civil War. Recruitment began August 1862, although they weren't mustered into Federal service until January 13, 1863. They saw their first action at Island Mound, Mo., October 29, 1862. The flag bears the names of eight battle honors. In 1864 the regiment was redesignated the 79th United States Colored Regiment.


$200 Reward! for runaway slaves

$200 Reward! for runaway slaves
Creator: Williams, G.D
Date: June 7, 1860
Wanted poster offering a reward of $200 for the capture of two slaves from Saline County, Missouri. It includes the names and descriptions of the two slaves.


20th Century Mothers Club

20th Century Mothers Club
Creator: Dandridge, Deborah L., 1946-
Date: around 1950
These photographs show two group portraits of members of the 20th Century Mothers Club in Wichita, Kansas.


23rd Regimental Band, Kansas

23rd Regimental Band, Kansas
Date: 1898
This is a group of formal portraits of the members of the 23rd Regimental Band. The band began in 1890 as Jackson's Dispatch Band of Topeka, Kansas, then enlisted during the Spanish-American War as the regimental band for the all-black 23rd Kansas Volunteer Infantry. The captions give their name, musical instrument, and hometown. Lieutenant Colonel James Beck was the regimental commander of the 23rd Regiment. The band was commanded by 2nd Lieutenant and Adjutant, Samuel T. Jones, and directed by Professor George W. Jackson. First row, left to right: Sergeant Elijah E. Davis, E flat trumpet, Kansas City, Kansas; Charles A. Brown, Quartermaster Sergeant, Solo B flat cornet, Topeka; Samuel T. Jones, 2nd Lt & Adjutant, Kansas City, Kansas; Professor George W. Jackson, band master, solo slide trombone, Topeka; Andrew W. Washington, 1st Principal Musician, baritone, Kansas City, Kansas; Samuel M. Holt, Principal Musician & C.T. 2nd Tenor Slide Trombone, Wathena. Second row: Unknown, E flat clarinet, Topeka; Thomas Jackson, 1st B flat clarinet, Topeka; Horace G. Wilder, piccolo, Wichita; Dana Moore, drum major, Kansas City, Kansas; Albert Buford, flute, Wichita; Leander W. Northington, solo B flat cornet, Topeka; Henry R. Davis, 1st B flat cornet, Parsons. Third row: Charles D. Rhodes, 2nd B flat cornet, Bonner Springs; Z. Van Ewing, B flat cornet, Leavenworth; Thomas P. Shelton, solo alto, Kansas City, Kansas; William Vaughn, 2nd Alto, Topeka; Jasper Thornton, 1st tenor slide trombone, Atlanta, Georgia; Robert Parks, 2nd tenor slide trombone, Ft. Scott. Fourth row: Hollie E. Searcie, baritone, Topeka; Lester F. Kennedy, 1st tenor, Kansas City, Kansas; William A. Brooks, B flat bass, Topeka; Simeon E. McCarroll, tuba, Topeka; Prentice Griffin, tuba, Fort Scott; Marcus J. Owens, snare drum, Topeka; Wallace Bernal.


8,000 students affected, state officials see no trouble adjusting schools to new rule

8,000 students affected, state officials see no trouble adjusting schools to new rule
Creator: Topeka Journal
Date: May 17, 1954
This article discusses how the state of Kansas will work to conform to the ruling made in the Brown v. Board of Education decision on May 17, 1954. The U.S. Supreme Court had ruled that the segregation of schools based on race was unconstitutional. Many cities in Kansas, including Topeka, Atchison, Salina, Wichita, and Pittsburg were already working to integrate their schools. Topeka had an estimated 625 African American students who would be affected by the court's ruling, and the article lists the numbers for other cities and towns in the state.


9th & 10th Cavalry 116th Anniversary

9th & 10th Cavalry 116th Anniversary
Date: 1986
Two men and a woman are shown sitting at a table in evening dress at the 9th & 10th Cavalry's 116th Anniversary banquet in Wichita, Kansas. The man seated at the far right is identified as Charles Scott.


9th & 10th Cavalry 116th Anniversary

9th & 10th Cavalry 116th Anniversary
Date: 1986
This photograph shows Senator Eugene Adams addressing the 116th Anniversary of the 9th and 10th Cavalry.


9th & 10th Cavalry 116th Anniversary

9th & 10th Cavalry 116th Anniversary
Date: 1986
Shown in this photograph is United State Air Force Lieutenant Colonel M. Jordan addressing the 9th & 10th Cavalry's 116th anniverary in Wichita, Kansas.


9th & 10th Cavalry 116th Anniversary

9th & 10th Cavalry 116th Anniversary
Date: 1986
Shown in this photograph is a speaker for the 9th & 10th Cavalry's 116th anniversary banquet in Wichita, Kansas. On the reverse of the photo it calls the speaker the "Parlimentian" which may have been misspelling to represent a parliamentarian, a member of parliament.


9th & 10th Cavalry 116th Anniversary

9th & 10th Cavalry 116th Anniversary
Date: 1986
This photograph shows a Chaplain addressing the 9th & 10th Cavalry at their 1116th Anniversary in Wichita, Kansas.


9th & 10th Cavalry 116th Anniversary

9th & 10th Cavalry 116th Anniversary
Date: 1986
This photograph represents Chief Warrant Officer George Johnson receiving the Distinguished Flying Cross award for his service in Vietnam at the 116th anniversary for the 9th and 10th Cavalry in Wichita, Kansas. Johnson served in Korea and Japan from 1962 to 1965 and was transferred to Vietnam where he was the first African American to receive the award.


9th & 10th Cavalry 116th Anniversary

9th & 10th Cavalry 116th Anniversary
Date: 1986
This photograph shows men standing on stage at the 9th and 10th Calvary's 116th Anniversary in Wichita, Kansas.


9th & 10th Cavalry 116th Anniversary

9th & 10th Cavalry 116th Anniversary
Date: 1986
Sergeant at Arms Riley Banks is shown addressing the 9th and 10th Cavalry at their 116th Anniversary held in Wichita, Kansas in this photograph.


9th & 10th Cavalry 116th Anniversary, Buffalo Soldier's awards

9th & 10th Cavalry 116th Anniversary, Buffalo Soldier's awards
Date: 1986
This photograph shows Senator Billy McCray (1927-2012) who served in public office from 1966 to 1993 presenting awards at the 116th anniversary of the 9th and 10th Cavalry for Buffalo Soldiers. Buffalo Soldiers were part of the 10th Cavalry Regiment established in 1866 at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.


9th & 10th Cavalry 116th Reunion, Wichita, Kansas

9th & 10th Cavalry 116th Reunion, Wichita, Kansas
Date: 1986
This photographs shows one of the guest speakers at the 9th & 10th Cavalry's 116th reunion in Wichita, Kansas in 1986.


9th & 10th Cavalry 116th anniversary

9th & 10th Cavalry 116th anniversary
Date: 1986
Shown in this photograph in Senator Billy McCray (1927-2012) who served in public office from 1966 to 1993 speaking at the 9th & 10th Cavalry's 116th anniversary in Wichita, Kansas.


9th & 10th Cavalry 116th anniversary dinner

9th & 10th Cavalry 116th anniversary dinner
Date: 1986
This photographs shows a dinner for the 9th & 10th Cavalry's 116th anniversary event in Wichita, Kansas in 1986.


A. F. Daniels and James McClarey, prisoners 8111 and 9292

A. F. Daniels and James McClarey, prisoners 8111 and 9292
Creator: Kansas State Penitentiary
Date: February 4, 1901
This photograph shows inmates, A. F. Daniels, prisoner #8111 and James McClarey, prisoner #9292. A.F. Daniels was orginially received at the Kansas State Penitentiary on April 16, 1897 from Neosho County, Kansas for larceny. Variant spelling of inmate James McClarey's last name includes McClary.


A. G. Brown and Moses Chambers, prisoners 9178 and 3250

A. G. Brown and Moses Chambers, prisoners 9178 and 3250
Creator: Kansas State Penitentiary
Date: January 30, 1901
This photograph shows inmates, A. G. Brown, prisoner #9178 and Moses Chambers, prisoner #3250. A.G. Brown was received at the Kansas State Penitentiary on December 22, 1899 from Oklahoma for forgery. Inmate Moses Chambers was received on May 14, 1884 from Leavenworth County, Kansas for murder and sentenced to death by hanging.


A. M. Thomas portrait

A. M. Thomas portrait
Date: Around 1913
A. M. Thomas served as attorney for the Topeka branch of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) at the time of its founding in March 1913. He was also a member and lay leader of Saint Simon's Episcopal Church in Topeka.


A. Pierse to Eli Thayer

A. Pierse to Eli Thayer
Creator: Pierse, A.
Date: March 31, 1857
A. Pierse wrote from Washington, D.C. to Eli Thayer in Worcester, Massachusetts. Pierse was born in North Carolina and lived most of his life in the South but had been living in Minnesota Territory for the past seven years. He told Thayer that he planned to move to Kansas in the spring of 1857. Pierse offered Thayer his opinion on what free state supporters should do in Kansas Territory. He informed Thayer that, although he had "Southern opinions on the subject of slavery" and believed the federal government had no right to prohibit slavery in the territories, he was "without prejudice for or against either side" in the debate over slavery in Kansas Territory. Pierse suggested that the best course for free staters to take would be to accept the Dred Scott decision, actively participate in the political process in Kansas Territory, and work for the admission of Kansas as a state with or without slavery. Once Kansas was admitted, he contended, free state supporters would be on firmer legal ground to advocate for the prohibition of slavery, since it was generally accepted that "the people have the power to prohibit slavery in their state." He concluded by stating that once Kansas was a state, free staters could make the case that property would be worth 3 or 4 times more if slavery was prohibited in the state.


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