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Colonel James Clark Hughes

Colonel James Clark Hughes
Date: 1960
This is a photograph of James Clark Hughes probably taken in Long Beach, California shortly after he retired. He was born in Topeka in 1888. The timing of his birth, the influence of his military father, and the impact of world politics shaped his life. He began his military service as a member of the Kansas National Guard and was sent to the Texas border with the American Expeditionary Forces in 1916. The next year Hughes joined the U.S. Army and served from 1917 to 1948. After World War I, he continued his military career, and went to the South Pacific in World War II where he was captured by the Japanese and served time in a Japanese Prisoner of War camp. Hughes survived and retired as a colonel. The photographs behind Colonel Hughes are his parents General James White Frierson Hughes and Mary A. Clark Hughes.


Fighting Fred Funston Famous Kansan, is Dead

Fighting Fred Funston Famous Kansan, is Dead
Date: February 20, 1917
Headline on the front page of the Topeka Daily Capital, Topeka, Kansas, anouncing the death of Frederick Funston, February 20, 1917.


Frederick Funston

Frederick Funston
Creator: Harris & Ewing
Date: 1908
A portrait of Brigadier General Frederick Funston, who grew up in Iola, Kansas, and became one of America's most famous military figures. Because of his height and weight, Funston failed an admissions test to the United States Military Academy in 1884. He enrolled and attended the University of Kansas from 1885 to 1888 but did not graduate. While there he joined the Phi Delta Theta fraternity and became friends with future Pulitzer Prize winner William Allen White. After leaving the university, he worked as a trainman for the Santa Fe Railway and in 1890, took a reporter's job in Kansas City. After one year reporting the news, Funston moved into more scientific exploration, focusing primarily on botany. In the early 1890s, he participated in scientific expeditions in the Dakota Badlands, Death Valley, and in Alaska along the Klondike and Yukon Rivers. In 1896 he joined forces of Cubans who were fighting for independence from Spain. He was immediately promoted to captain of an artillery unit. Funston served eighteen months under Generals Maximo Gomez, Calixto Garcia, and others. During this time he was wounded three times, lost seventeen horses, and was captured once. Shortly after returning home, Kansas Governor Leedy appointed Funston colonel of the 20th Kansas Infantry, which was soon sent to the Philippine Islands. On February 4, 1899, the insurrection broke out. Because of his leadership Funston was promoted to brigadier general of volunteers and in 1901 was given that rank in the regular army where he spent the rest of his life. In 1906 he did much to keep law and order in San Francisco and to provide relief to sufferers of the great earthquake. In 1914 he was in command of American troops on the Texas border during the difficulties with Pancho Villa. Future general, John J. Pershing, was one of his subordinates. On November 17, 1914 Funston was made a major general. A heart attack took the life of the 51-year-old general on February 19, 1917. His college friend, William Allen White, called him "one of the most colorful figures in the American army from the day of Washington on down."


Frederick Funston

Frederick Funston
Date: between 1905 and 1908
A portrait of Brigadier General Frederick Funston, who grew up in Iola, Kansas, and became one of America's most famous military figures. Because of his height and weight, Funston failed an admissions test to the United States Military Academy in 1884. He enrolled and attended the University of Kansas from 1885 to 1888 but did not graduate. While there he joined the Phi Delta Theta fraternity and became friends with future Pulitzer Prize winner William Allen White. After leaving the university, he worked as a trainman for the Santa Fe Railway and in 1890, took a reporter's job in Kansas City. After one year reporting the news, Funston moved into more scientific exploration, focusing primarily on botany. In the early 1890s, he participated in scientific expeditions in the Dakota Badlands, Death Valley, and in Alaska along the Klondike and Yukon Rivers. In 1896 he joined forces of Cubans who were fighting for independence from Spain. He was immediately promoted to captain of an artillery unit. Funston served eighteen months under Generals Maximo Gomez, Calixto Garcia, and others. During this time he was wounded three times, lost seventeen horses, and was captured once. Shortly after returning home, Kansas Governor Leedy appointed Funston colonel of the 20th Kansas Infantry, which was soon sent to the Philippine Islands. On February 4, 1899, the insurrection broke out. Because of his leadership Funston was promoted to brigadier general of volunteers and in 1901 was given that rank in the regular army where he spent the rest of his life. In 1906 he did much to keep law and order in San Francisco and to provide relief to sufferers of the great earthquake. In 1914 he was in command of American troops on the Texas border during the difficulties with Pancho Villa. Future general, John J. Pershing, was one of his subordinates. On November 17, 1914 Funston was made a major general. A heart attack took the life of the 51-year-old general on February 19, 1917. His college friend, William Allen White, called him "one of the most colorful figures in the American army from the day of Washington on down."


Frederick Funston

Frederick Funston
Date: 1906
A photograph of Frederick Funston posed with the Reconstruction Committee in San Francisco, California. In 1906 he did much to keep law and order in San Francisco and to provide relief to sufferers of the great earthquake. Funston, who grew up in Iola, Kansas, became one of America's most famous military figures. He served with the Cubans who were fighting for independence from Spain, commanded the 20th Kansas Infantry during the Philippine Insurrection, and led American troops on the Texas border during the Punitive Expedition into Mexico.


Frederick Funston

Frederick Funston
Date: between 1905 and 1908
A portrait of General Frederick Funston, who grew up in Iola, Kansas, and became one of America's most famous military figures. Because of his height and weight, Funston failed an admissions test to the United States Military Academy in 1884. He enrolled and attended the University of Kansas from 1885 to 1888 but did not graduate. While there he joined the Phi Delta Theta fraternity and became friends with future Pulitzer Prize winner William Allen White. After leaving the university, he worked as a trainman for the Santa Fe Railway and in 1890, took a reporter's job in Kansas City. After one year reporting the news, Funston moved into more scientific exploration, focusing primarily on botany. In the early 1890s, he participated in scientific expeditions in the Dakota Badlands, Death Valley, and in Alaska along the Klondike and Yukon Rivers. In 1896 he joined forces of Cubans who were fighting for independence from Spain. He was immediately promoted to captain of an artillery unit. Funston served eighteen months under Generals Maximo Gomez, Calixto Garcia, and others. During this time he was wounded three times, lost seventeen horses, and was captured once. Shortly after returning home, Kansas Governor Leedy appointed Funston colonel of the 20th Kansas Infantry, which was soon sent to the Philippine Islands. On February 4, 1899, the insurrection broke out. Because of his leadership Funston was promoted to brigadier general of volunteers and in 1901 was given that rank in the regular army where he spent the rest of his life. In 1906 he did much to keep law and order in San Francisco and to provide relief to sufferers of the great earthquake. In 1914 he was in command of American troops on the Texas border during the difficulties with Pancho Villa. Future general, John J. Pershing, was one of his subordinates. On November 17, 1914 Funston was made a major general. A heart attack took the life of the 51-year-old general on February 19, 1917. His college friend, William Allen White, called him "one of the most colorful figures in the American army from the day of Washington on down."


Frederick Funston

Frederick Funston
Date: Between 1898 and 1917
A view of Frederick Funston, 1865-1917, with troops. Funston is shown right of center with his left hand on the automobile.


Frederick Funston

Frederick Funston
Date: Between 1906 and 1910
A photograph showing General Frederick Funston with his wife Eda Blankhart Funston, seated at the piano, and two unidentified women at the Funston home in the Presidio of San Francisco, California


Frederick Funston

Frederick Funston
Date: between 1905 and 1908
A portrait of General Frederick Funston, who grew up in Iola, Kansas, and became one of America's most famous military figures. Because of his height and weight, Funston failed an admissions test to the United States Military Academy in 1884. He enrolled and attended the University of Kansas from 1885 to 1888 but did not graduate. While there he joined the Phi Delta Theta fraternity and became friends with future Pulitzer Prize winner William Allen White. After leaving the university, he worked as a trainman for the Santa Fe Railway and in 1890, took a reporter's job in Kansas City. After one year reporting the news, Funston moved into more scientific exploration, focusing primarily on botany. In the early 1890s, he participated in scientific expeditions in the Dakota Badlands, Death Valley, and in Alaska along the Klondike and Yukon Rivers. In 1896 he joined forces of Cubans who were fighting for independence from Spain. He was immediately promoted to captain of an artillery unit. Funston served eighteen months under Generals Maximo Gomez, Calixto Garcia, and others. During this time he was wounded three times, lost seventeen horses, and was captured once. Shortly after returning home, Kansas Governor Leedy appointed Funston colonel of the 20th Kansas Infantry, which was soon sent to the Philippine Islands. On February 4, 1899, the insurrection broke out. Because of his leadership Funston was promoted to brigadier general of volunteers and in 1901 was given that rank in the regular army where he spent the rest of his life. In 1906 he did much to keep law and order in San Francisco and to provide relief to sufferers of the great earthquake. In 1914 he was in command of American troops on the Texas border during the difficulties with Pancho Villa. Future general, John J. Pershing, was one of his subordinates. On November 17, 1914 Funston was made a major general. A heart attack took the life of the 51-year-old general on February 19, 1917. His college friend, William Allen White, called him "one of the most colorful figures in the American army from the day of Washington on down."


Frederick Funston

Frederick Funston
Date: Between 1898 and 1917
Frederick Funston, 1865-1917, dealing with the Mexican border troubles. Also visible are three other men, two of whom are soldiers, and two railway cars.


Frederick Funston

Frederick Funston
Date: Between 1898 and 1917
An informal portrait of Frederick Funston, 1865-1917, dealing with the Mexican border troubles.


Frederick Funston

Frederick Funston
Date: Between 1899 and 1917
An informal portrait of Frederick Funston, 1865-1917, standing outside of his residence in San Antonio, Texas.


Frederick Funston

Frederick Funston
Date: 1883
A portrait of Frederick Funston, 1865-1917.


Frederick Funston

Frederick Funston
Creator: Iola Art Studio, N.W. Cor. Sqr.
Date: Between1896 and 1917
A studio portrait of Frederick Funston, 1865-1917, in the uniform of the Cuban Insurgent Army. This was probably a promotional gimmick coincident with the publication of his lecture "On the inside of the Cuban Revolution."


Frederick Funston

Frederick Funston
Date: May 20, 1899
An illustration depicting Frederick Funston, 1865-1917, as published on the cover of the May 20, 1899 issue of "Harper's Weekly." The caption reads "Brigadier-General Frederick Funston, U.S.V. The fighting colonel of the 20th Kansas Volunteers, who has been promoted for bravery."


Frederick Funston

Frederick Funston
Date: Between 1898 and 1917
A portrait of Brigadier-General Frederick Funston, 1865-1917.


Frederick Funston

Frederick Funston
Date: November 11, 1899
A portrait of Brigadier-General Frederick Funston, 1865-1917, as printed in the November 11, 1899 issue of "Harper's Weekly." The caption reads "On board the transport "Tartar" on the day of his arrival at San Francisco from Manila."


Frederick Funston

Frederick Funston
Date: Between 1913 and 1914
This is a portrait of General Frederick Funston. Funston was appointed colonel of the 20th Kansas Infantry and was soon sent to the Philippine Islands. On February 4, 1899, the insurrection broke out. Because of his leadership, Funston was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor and promoted to the rank of Brigadier General Volunteers. Although the 20th Kansas served only a year, Funston returned to the Philippines in late December, 1899. He personally led the small troop of American soldiers and Macabebe scouts in the capture of the famed Filipino insurrectionist, Emilio Aguinaldo. Criticized by some for the unethical posing as a spy to bring about the capture, Funston was nevertheless awarded a commission as a Brigadier General, Regular Army, June, 1901. At the time, Funston was 35 years old and the youngest general in the army. In 1906 he did much to keep law and order in San Francisco and to provide relief to sufferers of the great earthquake. In 1914 he was in command of American troops on the Texas border during the difficulties with Pancho Villa. Future general, John J. Pershing, was one of his subordinates. On November 17, 1914, Funston was made a Major General. A heart attack took the life of the 51-year-old general on February 19, 1917.


Frederick Funston

Frederick Funston
Date: Between 1899 and 1917
A studio portrait of Frederick Funston, 1865-1917, in uniform.


Frederick Funston

Frederick Funston
Date: Between January 01, 1875 and December 31, 1885
Studio protrait of Frederick Funston as a young man.


Frederick Funston

Frederick Funston
Date: Between 1895 and 1899
A studio portrait of Colonel Frederick Funston, 1865-1917, dressed in his 20th Kansas Volunteer uniform.


Frederick Funston

Frederick Funston
Creator: Miller, Grant H.
Date: Between January 01, 1898 and February 20, 1917
Studio portrait of Brigadier-General Frederick Funston. The photographer's studio was located at Iola Art Studios, Iola, KS.


Guy B. Pawling

Guy B. Pawling
Creator: Lutes Studio
Date: 1918
This is a photograph of Guy B. Pawling, the son of Frank F. Pawling and Eva L. Pawling, who was born November 9, 1890 on a farm in Bourbon County, Kansas. After graduating from Fort Scott High School, he attended Kansas State Manual Training Normal College in Pittsburg, Kansas, where he graduated with a Bachelor of Science. He taught school for one year before starting a career as an industrial chemist. Pawling joined the Kansas National Guard where he worked his way up the ranks. In the summer of 1916, Sergeant Pawling's regiment was sent to Eagle Pass during the Mexican Expedition. He was mustered out of Federal Service on October 30, 1916 and returned home with his company in November. When the United States entered World War I, his National Guard Company recommended him for appointment to an officer's training camp. He completed the course and was commissioned Second Lieutenant on August 5, 1917 and was assigned to the Fourth Nebraska Infantry which later became the 127th Field Artillery, U. S. A. Pawling was promoted to First Lieutenant on May 7, 1918 and won an appointment to the Artillery School of Fire at Fort Sill, Oklahoma. Shortly after completing the course, he resigned because of eye problems. After receiving treatment for his eye problem, he was inducted into the Army on October 24, 1918. He was a member of the 37th Company, 165th Depot Brigade. Pawling was recommended for the Officers Training Corps, but before reporting for this assignment, he was stricken with the Spanish Influenza which was followed by pneumonia and on November 7, 1918, he died at Camp Travis, Texas.


Heroic deeds for Funston yet to perform

Heroic deeds for Funston yet to perform
Date: 1899
A magazine illustration playing on Frederick Funston's recent notoriety as a war hero. Copied from the Journal (Minneapolis).


Illustration of Frederick Funston captioned "Uncle Sam: 'Just When I Can't Spare Him!'"

Illustration of Frederick Funston captioned "Uncle Sam: 'Just When I Can't Spare Him!'"
Date: 1917
Illustration of Uncle Sam looking at a portrait of "Fighting Fred Funston." The illustration is captioned "Uncle Sam: 'Just When I Can't Spare Him!'"


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