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Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe employee assisting in switching refrigerator cars in the Corwith yards, Chicago, Illinois Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe employee assisting in switching refrigerator cars in the Corwith yards, Chicago, Illinois

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196th Field Artillery Battalion's helicoper pad in South Korea

196th Field Artillery Battalion's helicoper pad in South Korea
Creator: Timken, Frank Darrell
Date: Between 1953 and 1954
Here are two photographs showing the 196th Field Artillery Battalion's helicopter pad. The ridge in the background contained the Kansas Line, a secondary defense line in case the North Koreans and Chinese broke through the front line. Minefields covered the hills leading to the ridge. These photographs were taken by Frank Darrell Timken of Cimarron, Kansas after the armistice was signed.


196th Field Artillery Battalion airstrip and observation plane in South Korea

196th Field Artillery Battalion airstrip and observation plane in South Korea
Creator: Timken, Frank Darrell
Date: Between 1953 and 1954
This is a photograph showing the 196th Field Artillery Battalion's airstrip and observation plane in South Korea after the armistice was signed. The photograph was taken by Frank Darrell Timken of Cimarron, Kansas.


45th Infantry Division's quad 50 caliber anti-aircraft half track

45th Infantry Division's quad 50 caliber anti-aircraft half track
Creator: Timken, Frank Darrell
Date: Between 1953 and 1954
This is a photograph of the 45th Infantry Division's quad 50 caliber anti-airraft half track. They were in place to provide defense for the 196th Field Artillery Battalion located on the Demilitarized Zone between North and South Korea after the armistice was signed. The photograph was taken by Frank Darrell Timken of Cimarron, Kansas.


American War Mothers Scrapbook

American War Mothers Scrapbook
Creator: American War Mothers. Topeka Chapter
Date: 1948-1952
This scrapbook of the Topeka Chapter of the American War Mothers includes newspaper clippings, photos, hand-lettering, memorial programs, and a VA schedule. The American War Mothers, a national organization founded in 1917 and incorporated by an act of Congress in 1925, is a perpetual, patriotic, non-profit, non-political, non-sectarian, non-partisan organization whose members are mothers of children who have served or are serving in the U.S. Armed Services during a time of conflict. The Topeka chapter was organized in 1927 and disbanded in 1976.


Back view of the front line in South Korea after the armistice was signed

Back view of the front line in South Korea after the armistice was signed
Creator: Timken, Frank Darrell
Date: Between 1953 and 1954
This is a photograph showing the back view of the front line in South Korea after the armistice was signed. The photograph was taken by Frank Darrell Timken of Cimarron, Kansas.


Children in Chuncheon, South Korea

Children in Chuncheon, South Korea
Creator: Timken, Frank Darrell
Date: Between 1953 and 1954
This is a photograph showing children in Chuncheon, South Korea. The photograph was taken through the barbed wire fence at the 52nd Replacement Depot on the demilitarized zone. The photograph was taken by Frank Darrell Timken of Cimarron, Kansas.


Children playing a game similar to jacks in Chuncheon, South Korea

Children playing a game similar to jacks in Chuncheon, South Korea
Creator: Timken, Frank Darrell
Date: Between 1953 and 1954
This is a photograph showing children playing a game similar to jacks in Chuncheon, South Korea. The children were playing outside the fence of the 52nd Replacement Depot in the Korean Demilitarized Zone. The photograph was taken by Frank Darrell Timken of Cimarron, Kansas.


Colonel Verena Zeller

Colonel Verena Zeller
Date: 1940-1960
Three photographs of Verena Zeller, the first appointed Chief of the U.S. Air Force Nursing Corps. She was born in 1912 in Paxico, Wabaunsee County, Kansas. She received her nursing training at the St. Francis Hospital School of Nursing in Topeka and graduated in 1934. Previous to joining the Air Force, she had worked for six weeks with the Red Cross in the Dust Bowl area of western Kansas, Oklahoma, and the Texas panhandle and held a civilian position at Fort Riley, Kansas. She then continued to work at Fort Riley with the rank of 2nd Lieutenant in the Army. She received many promotions during World War II and afterward and traveled extensively around the world because of her duties. In the inter-war years of the late 1940s she served as a flight nurse, assisting wounded soldiers who had been evacuated back to the United States. She is one of only three women with the rank of colonel during the military action in Korea. In 1949, Zeller married Marco J. Pettoruto. Following his death in 1976, she moved to Topeka, and in 1990, she married Dr. G. Herbert Seburg. Verena Seburg died in December 2007.


Entrance to a front line bunker at the 196th Field Artillery Battalion in South Korea

Entrance to a front line bunker at the 196th Field Artillery Battalion in South Korea
Creator: Timken, Frank Darrell
Date: July 1953
This is a photograph showing an entrance to a front line bunker and observation post 2 at the 196th Field Artillery Battalion in South Korea. The photograph was taken by Frank Darrell Timken of Cimarron, Kansas.


Eula Gentzler papers

Eula Gentzler papers
Creator: Gentzler, Eula (Eula A.), 1910-1992
Date: 1942-1957 (bulk 1943-1945)
This collection consists of letters written by Eula Gentzler to her parents in Topeka, Kansas, and official military correspondence as a U.S. Army nurse. Miss Gentzler referred to hospital ship activities, places she visited, and family references. Occasionally Eula expressed her thoughts on the war. Eula A. Gentzler was born November 10, 1910, in Belleville, Kansas. Her father Ernest T. Gentzler was a fireman for the Union Pacific Railroad. The family moved to Topeka when Eula was, approximately, thirteen years old. She graduated from Topeka High School and, later, the Asbury Hospital School of Nursing in Salina, Kansas, in 1937. She enlisted in the U. S. Army Nurse Corps in October, 1942. She was discharged in Octorber, 1945, but was recalled during the Korean conflict serving from 1951 to 1957. Miss Gentzler was sent to Europe in the fall of 1943. She was assigned to duty on the hospital ships Shamrock and Arcadia, working in surgery as well as the wards. Both carried approximately 800 patients. The ships carried injured servicemen from North Africa and Europe to the U. S., requiring six weeks to make a trip across, pick up a load of patients, and return. When in the war zone, they would get patients during battles and would then work extended shifts. Miss Gentzler recalled that during the battle at Enzio, they started surgery at 1 p.m. and operated until 5 a.m. the next morning. On another occasion, they picked up a load of British sailors whose mine sweeper had been bombed and the hospital crew worked all night until they ran out of supplies. Eula Gentzler died on April 13, 1992.


Frank Darrell Timken

Frank Darrell Timken
Date: August, 1953
This is a photograph showing Frank Darrell Timken, a member of the 196th Field Artillery Battalion, standing by a sign during the Korean War. The sign give directions to the (CP) Command Post, (MSG CEN) Message Center, FDC (Fire Direction Control), (S-2) Intennigence Section, and (S-3) Operations Section. Frank Darrell Timken was from Cimarron, Kansas.


Frank Darrell Timken at the 196th Field Artillery Battalion in South Korea

Frank Darrell Timken at the 196th Field Artillery Battalion in South Korea
Date: Between 1953 and 1954
This is a photograph showing Frank Darrell Timken in the 196th Field Artillery Battalion in South Korea. Frank Darrell Timken was from Cimarron, Kansas.


Frank Darrell Timken back from noon chow in Korea

Frank Darrell Timken back from noon chow in Korea
Date: 1953
This is a photograph of Frank Darrell Timken, a member of the 196th Field Artillery Battalion, back from chow. Timken served during the Korean War. He took his carbine, cartridge belt and steel helmet to all meals. Frank Darrell Timken was from Cimarron, Kansas.


Frank Darrell Timken by a bunker during the Korean War

Frank Darrell Timken by a bunker during the Korean War
Date: August 1953
This is a photograph showing Frank Darrell Timken kneeling by the entrance to the Fire Direction Control bunker. Timken was a member of the 196th Field Artillery Battalion during the Korean War. Frank Darrell Timken was from Cimarron, Kansas.


Frank Darrell Timken in Kyoto, Japan

Frank Darrell Timken in Kyoto, Japan
Date: April 1954
This is a photograph of Frank Darrell Timken, who served in the 196th Field Artillery Battalion during the Korean War. The photograph was taken while he was on R&R in Kyoto, Japan. Frank Darrell Timken was from Cimarron, Kansas.


Frank Darrell Timken standing by a bunker in the Korean War

Frank Darrell Timken standing by a bunker in the Korean War
Date: Between 1953 and 1954
This is a photograph showing Frank Darrell Timken standing by a 196th Field Artillery Battalion bunker near the North and South Korean border during the Korean War. This is where (S-2) Intelligence Section, (S-3) Operations Section, (FDC) Fire Direction Control and telephone swtichboard were located. Frank Darrell Timken was from Cimarron, Kansas.


Frank Darrell Timken with the 7th Infantry Division Artillery Headquarters in South Korea

Frank Darrell Timken with the 7th Infantry Division Artillery Headquarters in South Korea
Date: Between 1953 and 1954
This is a photograph of Frank Darrell Timken who served in troop information and education with the 7th Infantry Division Artillery Headquarters in South Korea. Frank Darrell Timken was from Cimarron, Kansas.


Front line artillery observation post bunker in South Korea

Front line artillery observation post bunker in South Korea
Creator: Timken, Frank Darrell
Date: Between 1953 and 1954
This is a photograph showing the 196th Field Artillery Battalion's front line artillery observation post bunker being dismantled after the cease fire. It was reassembled on the DMZ (Demilitarized Zone) line. The photograph was taken by Frank Darrell Timken of Cimarron, Kansas.


General Lewis Walt

General Lewis Walt
Date: 1969
Twenty-one photographs of General Lewis "Lew" William Walt and his family at a reception honoring his military service held at the Wabaunsee County Historical Society. Walt was born in Wabaunsee County, Kansas on Febraury 16, 1913 and served in World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam War.


General Lewis Walt at the opening of the General Walt Boy Scout Trail

General Lewis Walt at the opening of the General Walt Boy Scout Trail
Date: 1974
Photograph of General Lewis William Walt speaking to a group of Boy Scouts and adults at the opening of the General's Boy Scout Trail across Wabaunsee County, Kansas. Lew Walt was born in 1913 near Harveyville, Kansas. He had served in World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam War.


George Seanor Robb and Stanley T. Adams

George Seanor Robb and Stanley T. Adams
Date: Between 1954 and 1956
A photograph of George Seanor Robb and Lt. Stanley Adams, both Congressional Medal of Honor winners. Robb from Assaria, Kansas, entered the army in 1917 after graduating from Columbia University and teaching briefly in Great Bend, Kansas. He was assigned to the 369th Infantry Regiment, an African American regiment comprised of New York National Guardsmen from Harlem. On the night of September 29th, 1918, Robb was wounded while leading an assault near Sechault, France. His actions that evening displayed such heroism that, along with the Congressional Medal of Honor, Robb was awarded the Purple Heart. In 1935, Robb was appointed to Kansas State Auditor and served until 1961. Lt. Stanley Adams, from Desoto, Kansas, was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor during the Korean War. Then Sergeant Adams led his platoon into a fierce battle with 250 well-armed North Korean troops. He was hit in the leg by a bullet but continued only to be knocked down four more times by the concussion of exploding grenades. Adams got up and charged the Communist positions, swinging his rifle butt and using his bayonet. After nearly an hour of hand-to hand combat, the Chinese retreated, leaving behind more than 50 dead. Adams remained in the Army until 1970, retiring as a lieutenant colonel. He later held an administrative position with the Internal Revenue Service in Alaska.


Harbor in Pusan, South Korea

Harbor in Pusan, South Korea
Creator: Timken, Frank Darrell
Date: Between 1953 and 1954
This is a photograph of Pusan harbor in Pusan, South Korea. The photograph was taken from a boat leaving South Korea carrying soldiers for R&R in Japan. The tugboat in the harbor followed the soldiers to a United States troop ship. The photograph was taken by Frank Darrell Timken of Cimarron, Kansas.


Harold Lee Zimmerman video Interview on experiences in World War II (transcript)

Harold Lee Zimmerman video Interview on experiences in World War II (transcript)
Creator: Zimmerman, Harold Lee
Date: November 2, 2007
Harold Zimmerman enlisted in the Merchant Marine in 1943 and served on the Joseph Simon, Alcoa Pennant, Scagway Victory , Marin Hills. Interviewed by Nancy L. Porter on Nov 2, 2007, Zimmerman talked about military experiences in the Second World War. Zimmerman, usually called Lee, was born in Eudora Kansas on November 30, 1925. He graduated from Eudora High School in 1943. He provides good descriptions of life on his various ships. He also served during the Korean War. He is involved in the Zimmerman Steel Company, Lawrence. The 2005 Kansas Legislature passed a bill funding the WWII Veterans Oral History grant program. This transcript is from one of the community institutions receiving grants. The transcript of the interview is presented here; the original video copy of the interview is available through the Watkins Community Museum of History (Lawrence) and through the Kansas State Historical Society.


Hillman Hull video interview on experiences in World War II (transcript)

Hillman Hull video interview on experiences in World War II (transcript)
Creator: Hull, Hillman
Date: 7 February 2007
Hillman Hull was drafted into the Navy in 1944 and served until 1946, primarily in the military government on Guam. He was recalled for the Korean War and served on the USS Bradford, a destroyer. He was interviewed by Suzette McCord-Rogers on Feb 7, 2007, and Hull talked about his military experiences in the Second World War and the Korean War. He was born in Morrison, Oklahoma, on August 20, 1025. His father worked for Skelly Oil so he lived in various places in Kansas growing up. He graduated from Troy High School. He used the G. I. Bill to attend Highland Junior College and taught in rural schools for several years. He joined the staff of the 1st Bank of Troy in 1959 and worked there until 1990. The 2005 Kansas Legislature passed a bill funding the WWII Veterans Oral History grant program. This transcript is from one of the nine community institutions that received these grants. The transcript from the interview is presented here; the original video copy of the interview is available through the Doniphan County Historical Society (Troy) and through the Kansas State Historical Society.


Irma Law to Governor Frank Hagaman

Irma Law to Governor Frank Hagaman
Creator: Law, Irma
Date: December 15, 1950
Irma Law, Executive Secretary of the Kansas State Nurses' Association (KSNA), of Topeka, Kansas writes Governor Frank L. Hagaman, also of Topeka, concerning the founding of a state civilian defense program. Law volunteers the services of the KSNA and its 2900 members in support of civilian defense. Law encloses a letter she wrote to Dr. F. C. Beelman, Director of the Kansas State Board of Health on the same issue. Law's letter follows the initiation of a United Nations' police action against North Korea in which the United States military played a dominant role. The Korean conflict further strained the already fragile relations between the U. S. and the communist Soviet Union and China. This "cold war" increased fears of a possible atomic world war and renewed interest in domestic programs for civilian defense.


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