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Arthur Capper to Daniel C. Hall

Arthur Capper to Daniel C. Hall
Creator: Capper, Arthur, 1865-1951
Date: July 01, 1943
In this letter, Senator Capper responds to the letter sent to him by civilian detainee Daniel Hall of Topeka, Kansas, who was being held in a Japanese camp in Shanghai, China. Capper explains to Hall that he is actively working with the U.S. Department of State in an attempt to secure his release.


Asian clogs

Asian clogs
Date: between 1941 and 1945
Pair of Asian clogs with wooden soles. The soles are carved in a single piece and have low heels. Black leather strap across the instep. Owners initials are carved into the soles. Colonel James C. Hughes acquired the clogs while being held as a Japanese Prisoner of War during World War II. Born in Topeka, Kansas, in 1888, Hughes served in the Mexican Border Conflict, World War I, and World War II. During the latter conflict, he commanded a Philippine regiment (Filipino soldiers led by American officers), which surrendered in 1942 on the Bataan peninsula. Hughes spent the next 41 months in various Japanese P.O.W. camps. He was liberated by Russian forces at Camp Hoten, Manchuria, in 1945. Hughes died in 1964 and is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.


Aspirin wrapper

Aspirin wrapper
Date: between 1941 and 1945
Brown paper wrapper with the word "Aspirin" handwritten on one side. Colonel James C. Hughes acquired the aspirin while being held as a Japanese Prisoner of War during World War II. Born in Topeka, Kansas, in 1888, Hughes served in the Mexican Border Conflict, World War I, and World War II. During the latter conflict, he commanded a Philippine regiment (Filipino soldiers led by American officers), which surrendered in 1942 on the Bataan peninsula. Hughes spent the next 41 months in various Japanese P.O.W. camps. He was liberated by Russian forces at Camp Hoten, Manchuria, in 1945. Hughes died in 1964 and is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.


Bamboo sandals

Bamboo sandals
Date: between 1941 and 1945
Pair of natural fiber sandals. The strap on one of the sandals has been repaired with a piece of army green cotton fabric. Colonel James C. Hughes acquired the sandals while being held as a Japanese Prisoner of War during World War II. Born in Topeka, Kansas, in 1888, Hughes served in the Mexican Border Conflict, World War I, and World War II. During the latter conflict, he commanded a Philippine regiment (Filipino soldiers led by American officers), which surrendered in 1942 on the Bataan peninsula. Hughes spent the next 41 months in various Japanese P.O.W. camps. He was liberated by Russian forces at Camp Hoten, Manchuria, in 1945. Hughes died in 1964 and is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.


Board game set

Board game set
Date: between 1942 and 1945
Portable cardboard game board for playing Chinese Checkers, chess, and checkers. Colonel James C. Hughes received the game in a Red Cross box while being held as a Prisoner of War (POW) by the Japanese during World War II. Born in Topeka, Kansas, in 1888, Hughes served in the Mexican Border Conflict, World War I, and World War II. In 1942, he was captured by the Japanese on the Bataan peninsula and spent the next 41 months in various Japanese POW camps. He was liberated by Russian forces at Camp Hoten, Manchuria, in 1945. Hughes died in 1964 and is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.


Box part

Box part
Date: between 1942 and 1945
Part of a cardboard box that once held rations sent by the American Red Cross to Prisoners of War. Colonel James C. Hughes acquired this ration box while being held as a Prisoner of War (POW) by the Japanese during World War II. Born in Topeka, Kansas, in 1888, Hughes served in the Mexican Border Conflict, World War I, and World War II. In 1942, he was captured by the Japanese on the Bataan peninsula and spent the next 41 months in various Japanese POW camps. He was liberated by Russian forces at Camp Hoten, Manchuria, in 1945. Hughes died in 1964 and is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.


Camp Concordia, Cloud County, Kansas

Camp Concordia, Cloud County, Kansas
Date: Between 1943 and 1945
These five black and white photographs show Camp Concordia in Cloud County, Kansas. The facility was one of several camps built across Kansas during World War II to house German Prisoners of War.


Chopsticks

Chopsticks
Date: between 1942 and 1945
Pair of ebony chopsticks. Colonel James C. Hughes acquired the chopsticks while being held as a Prisoner of War (POW) by the Japanese during World War II. Born in Topeka, Kansas, in 1888, Hughes served in the Mexican Border Conflict, World War I, and World War II. In 1942, he was captured by the Japanese on the Bataan peninsula and spent the next 41 months in various Japanese POW camps. He was liberated by Russian forces at Camp Hoten, Manchuria, in 1945. Hughes died in 1964 and is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.


Chopsticks

Chopsticks
Date: between 1942 and 1945
Pair of ebony chopsticks. Colonel James C. Hughes acquired the chopsticks while being held as a Prisoner of War (POW) by the Japanese during World War II. Born in Topeka, Kansas, in 1888, Hughes served in the Mexican Border Conflict, World War I, and World War II. In 1942, he was captured by the Japanese on the Bataan peninsula and spent the next 41 months in various Japanese POW camps. He was liberated by Russian forces at Camp Hoten, Manchuria, in 1945. Hughes died in 1964 and is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.


Chopsticks

Chopsticks
Date: between 1942 and 1945
Bundle of ten chopsticks held together by a piece of metal wire. Most of the chopsticks are bamboo; one is made of ebony. Colonel James C. Hughes acquired the chopsticks while being held as a Prisoner of War (POW) by the Japanese during World War II. Born in Topeka, Kansas, in 1888, Hughes served in the Mexican Border Conflict, World War I, and World War II. In 1942, he was captured by the Japanese on the Bataan peninsula and spent the next 41 months in various Japanese POW camps. He was liberated by Russian forces at Camp Hoten, Manchuria, in 1945. Hughes died in 1964 and is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.


Cigarette pack

Cigarette pack
Date: between 1943 and 1945
Unopened package of cigarettes. The label on the package is printed in Japanese. Colonel James C. Hughes acquired this pack of cigarettes while being held as a Prisoner of War (POW) by the Japanese during World War II. Born in Topeka, Kansas, in 1888, Hughes served in the Mexican Border Conflict, World War I, and World War II. In 1942, he was captured by the Japanese on the Bataan peninsula and spent the next 41 months in various Japanese POW camps. He was liberated by Russian forces at Camp Hoten, Manchuria, in 1945. Hughes died in 1964 and is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.


Cigarette pack

Cigarette pack
Date: between 1943 and 1945
Unopened package of cigarettes. The label on the package is printed in Japanese. Colonel James C. Hughes acquired this pack of cigarettes while being held as a Prisoner of War (POW) by the Japanese during World War II. Born in Topeka, Kansas, in 1888, Hughes served in the Mexican Border Conflict, World War I, and World War II. In 1942, he was captured by the Japanese on the Bataan peninsula and spent the next 41 months in various Japanese POW camps. He was liberated by Russian forces at Camp Hoten, Manchuria, in 1945. Hughes died in 1964 and is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.


Comb

Comb
Date: between 1941 and 1945
Small black plastic comb. Colonel James C. Hughes used this comb while being held as a Japanese Prisoner of War during World War II. Born in Topeka, Kansas, in 1888, Hughes served in the Mexican Border Conflict, World War I, and World War II. During the latter conflict, he commanded a Philippine regiment (Filipino soldiers led by American officers), which surrendered in 1942 on the Bataan peninsula. Hughes spent the next 41 months in various Japanese P.O.W. camps. He was liberated by Russian forces at Camp Hoten, Manchuria, in 1945. Hughes died in 1964 and is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.


Dachau concentration camp upon liberation by U.S. soldiers

Dachau concentration camp upon liberation by U.S. soldiers
Creator: Kunkle, Lawrence Eugene
Date: 1945
Here are five photographs of Dachau concentration camp taken during World War II by Lawrence E. Kunkle. He served in 30th Field Artillery, APO 403, U. S. Army and was involved in liberating Dachau concentration camp. The photographs show bodies of the men and women killed in this Nazi death camp. Poles constituted the largest ethnic group in the camp during the war, followed by Russians, French, Yugoslavs, Jews, and Czechs.


Deck of cards

Deck of cards
Date: between 1942 and 1945
Standard deck of playing cards. Colonel James C. Hughes acquired these cards, possibly in a Red Cross box, while being held as a Prisoner of War (POW) by the Japanese during World War II. Born in Topeka, Kansas, in 1888, Hughes served in the Mexican Border Conflict, World War I, and World War II. In 1942, he was captured by the Japanese on the Bataan peninsula and spent the next 41 months in various Japanese POW camps. He was liberated by Russian forces at Camp Hoten, Manchuria, in 1945. Hughes died in 1964 and is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.


Eyeglasses

Eyeglasses
Date: Unknown date
Pair of eyeglasses in a protective case. Col. James C. Hughes wore these eyeglasses while being held as a Japanese Prisoner of War during World War II. Born in Topeka, Kansas, in 1888, Hughes served in the Mexican Border Conflict, World War I, and World War II. During the latter conflict, he commanded a Philippine regiment (Filipino soldiers led by American officers), which surrendered in 1942 on the Bataan peninsula. Hughes spent the next 41 months in various Japanese P.O.W. camps. He was liberated by Russian forces at Camp Hoten, Manchuria, in 1945. Hughes died in 1964 and is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.


Garrison cap

Garrison cap
Date: Unknown date
Khaki-colored cotton garrison cap. Col. James C. Hughes wore this cap while serving in the United States Army during World War II. Born in Topeka, Kansas, in 1888, Hughes served in the Mexican Border Conflict, World War I, and World War II. During the latter conflict, he commanded a Philippine regiment (Filipino soldiers led by American officers), which surrendered in 1942 on the Bataan peninsula. Hughes spent the next 41 months in various Japanese P.O.W. camps. He was liberated by Russian forces at Camp Hoten, Manchuria, in 1945. Hughes died in 1964 and is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.


Gear bag

Gear bag
Date: between 1942 and 1945
Olive green cotton bag with flap closure. Hand lettered "H" characters on front and back of bag; Japanese characters handprinted on back. The bag belonged to Colonel James C. Hughes, whom the Japanese held as a prisoner of war (POW) during World War II. Hughes had few possessions while in the camps; this bag was among them. He used it to carry his cup, bowls, and other personal items. Born in Topeka, Kansas, in 1888, Hughes served in the Mexican Border Conflict, World War I, and World War II. In 1942, he was captured by the Japanese on the Bataan peninsula and spent the next 41 months in various Japanese POW camps. He was liberated by Russian forces at Camp Hoten, Manchuria, in 1945. Hughes died in 1964 and is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.


General Jonathan Mayhew Wainwright IV, Salina, Kansas

General Jonathan Mayhew Wainwright IV, Salina, Kansas
Date: 1946
These photographs show General Johnathan Mayhew Wainwright IV, prisoner of war and hero of the Pacific War during World War II, in Salina, Kansas. One is a photograph of a parade on a Salina street. The other image shows General Wainwright and unidentified Shriners.


Geta

Geta
Date: between 1941 and 1945
Pair of geta (traditional Japanese footwear). Flat wooden sole on two raised narrow wooden platforms, one at heel and the other at ball of foot. Sole is pierced with three holes through which are threaded a V-style toe thong. Col. James C. Hughes acquired the geta while being held as a Japanese Prisoner of War during World War II. Born in Topeka, Kansas, in 1888, Hughes served in the Mexican Border Conflict, World War I, and World War II. During the latter conflict, he commanded a Philippine regiment (Filipino soldiers led by American officers), which surrendered in 1942 on the Bataan peninsula. Hughes spent the next 41 months in various Japanese P.O.W. camps. He was liberated by Russian forces at Camp Hoten, Manchuria, in 1945. Hughes died in 1964 and is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.


Handkerchief

Handkerchief
Date: between 1942 and 1945
Olive drab handkerchief with Japanese characters embroidered in one corner. The handkerchief belonged to Colonel James C. Hughes, whom the Japanese held as a prisoner of war during World War II. Born in Topeka, Kansas, in 1888, Hughes served in the Mexican Border Conflict, World War I, and World War II. In 1942, he was captured by the Japanese on the Bataan peninsula and spent the next 41 months in various Japanese P.O.W. camps. He was liberated by Russian forces at Camp Hoten, Manchuria, in 1945. Hughes died in 1964 and is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.


Handmade cap

Handmade cap
Date: 1945
Blue flannel cap with two buttons sewn to the front. Colonel James C. Hughes made the cap in 1945 while being held as a prisoner of war in Cheng Chia Tun Camp, Manchuria. In an attempt to find some relief from the cold Manchurian weather, Hughes made the cap from the lining of a storage bag and used the pattern for a British Royal Air Force cap. Born in Topeka, Kansas, in 1888, Hughes served in the Mexican Border Conflict, World War I, and World War II. In 1942, he was captured by the Japanese on the Bataan peninsula and spent the next 41 months in various Japanese P.O.W. camps. He was liberated by Russian forces at Camp Hoten, Manchuria, in 1945. Hughes died in 1964 and is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.


Hand mirror

Hand mirror
Date: between 1941 and 1945
Small mirror in celluloid case. Hinged metal stand attached to the back. The mirror has a Japanese label on the back. It was housed in a wooden Red Cross box, presumably to transport it without breaking it. Colonel James C. Hughes acquired this mirror while being held as a Prisoner of War (POW) by the Japanese during World War II. The label on the back indicates that he probably purchased it at an exchange or canteen in one of the camps. Born in Topeka, Kansas, in 1888, Hughes served in the Mexican Border Conflict, World War I, and World War II. In 1942, he was captured by the Japanese on the Bataan peninsula and spent the next 41 months in various Japanese POW camps. He was liberated by Russian forces at Camp Hoten, Manchuria, in 1945. Hughes died in 1964 and is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.


Knife

Knife
Date: between 1942 and 1945
Simple homemade knife constucted of a razor blade mounted in a wooden handle. Col. James C. Hughes made or acquired the knife while being held as a Japanese Prisoner of War during World War II. Born in Topeka, Kansas, in 1888, Hughes served in the Mexican Border Conflict, World War I, and World War II. During the latter conflict, he commanded a Philippine regiment (Filipino soldiers led by American officers), which surrendered in 1942 on the Bataan peninsula. Hughes spent the next 41 months in various Japanese P.O.W. camps. He was liberated by Russian forces at Camp Hoten, Manchuria, in 1945. Hughes died in 1964 and is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.


Knife

Knife
Date: between 1942 and 1945
Simple homemade knife constucted of a razor blade mounted in a wooden handle. Col. James C. Hughes made or acquired the knife while being held as a Japanese Prisoner of War during World War II. Born in Topeka, Kansas, in 1888, Hughes served in the Mexican Border Conflict, World War I, and World War II. During the latter conflict, he commanded a Philippine regiment (Filipino soldiers led by American officers), which surrendered in 1942 on the Bataan peninsula. Hughes spent the next 41 months in various Japanese P.O.W. camps. He was liberated by Russian forces at Camp Hoten, Manchuria, in 1945. Hughes died in 1964 and is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.


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