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Type of Material - Art objects - Original art - Ledger art

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Cheyenne Indian drawing

Cheyenne Indian drawing
Creator: Northern Cheyenne
Date: Between 1870 and 1880
This is a colored pencil drawing created by a Cheyenne Indian, possibly Wild Hog. The drawings may be related to the 1878 escape of a band of Northern Cheyenne from Indian Territory and their attempt to return to their homeland north of Kansas. The incident is commonly known as the Dull Knife raid and is regarded as the last major conflict between whites and Indians in Kansas.


Cheyenne Indian drawing

Cheyenne Indian drawing
Creator: Northern Cheyenne
Date: Between 1870 and 1880
This is a colored pencil drawing created by a Cheyenne Indian, possibly Wild Hog. The item is a single sheet of paper with drawings on both sides. The tipi drawing appears on one side, the horse on the other. The drawings may be related to the 1878 escape of a band of Northern Cheyenne from Indian Territory and their attempt to return to their homeland north of Kansas. Six Cheyenne were confined to jail in Dodge City and charged with murder in 1879. The incident is commonly known as the Dull Knife raid and is regarded as the last major conflict between whites and Indians in Kansas.


Drawings by Northern Cheyenne Indians

Drawings by Northern Cheyenne Indians
Creator: Northern Cheyenne
Date: About May 1879
This small notebook contains drawings by Northern Cheyenne Indians who were confined in jail in Dodge City, Kansas, in 1879. The State of Kansas was trying the six Indians (Wild Hog, Run Fast, Frizzly Head, Young Man, Old Man, and Crow) for a murder committed the previous year. In September 1878, chiefs Dull Knife and Little Wolf left Indian Territory with some 300 Cheyenne bound for their homeland north of Kansas. Atrocities committed during the band's trek through the state prompted a severe response from authorities, culminating in a standoff in Nebraska. The so-called "Dull Knife Raid" of 1878 proved the last major conflict between whites and Indians in Kansas. These drawings are often called ledger art. Sallie Straughn of Denver, Colorado, donated the notebook to the Kansas Historical Society in 1922. Mrs. Straughn was matron of the Dodge City jail in 1878 during the Cheyenne's incarceration when her husband, John W. Straughn, was the Dodge City jailer. Within the notebook, the images are arranged like a flip book. Left-facing images are right side up, while right-facing images are upside down. To preserve this original arrangement, we show all pages from cover to cover, then turn the book over and present all pages cover to cover again. This preserves the relationship between the images and allows all images to be viewed right side up.


Pictures drawn by Wild Hog and other Cheyenne Indians

Pictures drawn by Wild Hog and other Cheyenne Indians
Creator: Wild Hog, Cheyenne chief
Date: About May 1879
This small notebook contains drawings by Northern Cheyenne Indians who were confined in jail in Dodge City (Ford County) in 1879. The State of Kansas was trying the six Indians (Wild Hog, Run Fast, Frizzly Head, Young Man, Old Man, and Crow) for murders committed the previous year. In September 1878, chiefs Dull Knife and Little Wolf left Indian Territory with some 300 Cheyenne bound for their homeland north of Kansas. Atrocities committed during the band's trek through the state prompted a severe response from authorities, culminating in a standoff in Nebraska. The so-called "Dull Knife Raid" of 1878 proved the last major conflict between whites and Indians in Kansas. These drawings are often called ledger art. Dora A. Clayton of Denver, Colorado, donated this notebook to the Kansas Historical Society in 1939. Her husband, James Clayton, was clerk of the Indian Claims Commission created by the Kansas legislature in 1879 to investigate the losses resulting from the 1878 raid. The drawings appear upside down in the original beginning with pages 28-29 to the end. We rotated the images of these pages 180 degrees to make viewing easier.


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