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Aeolus, Brest Harbor, France

Aeolus, Brest Harbor, France
Creator: Hughes, James Clark, 1888-1964
Date: July 1919
The USS Aeolus is in the harbor at Brest, France. This Navy transport ship brought 27,000 healthy and wounded men back to the United States after World War I. Hughes, a member of the 13th Field Artillery of the 4th Division, took this photo in July 1919. James C. Hughes, as part of the 35th Division, left Fort Sill, Oklahoma, and traveled to Hoboken, New Jersey, where he boarded the troop ship "Ceramic" on May 18, 1918. Hughes arrived in Liverpool, England, on June 1, 1918 and then landed at Le Havre, France, on June 9, 1918. Hughes fought in the battles of St. Michael and the Meuse-Argonne. He was at Verdun on Armistice Day, November 11, 1918. He took no photos of the actual fighting. He did take many photographs after the war as part of the Army of Occupation until he left France on July 18, 1919. A full biography of James Clark Hughes is available at the link below to Kansapedia.


Antwerp - Harbor, Aerial view. Belgium

Antwerp - Harbor, Aerial view. Belgium
Creator: Hughes, James Clark, 1888-1964
Date: 1919
Large military ships lie in the harbor at Antwerp, Belgium. Captain Hughes photographed the harbor in 1919 while part of the Army of Occupation at the end of World War 1. James C. Hughes, as part of the 35th Division, left Fort Sill, Oklahoma, and traveled to Hoboken, New Jersey, where he boarded the troop ship "Ceramic" on May 18, 1918. Hughes arrived in Liverpool, England, on June 1, 1918 and then landed at Le Havre, France, on June 9, 1918. Hughes fought in the battles of St. Michael and the Meuse-Argonne. He was at Verdun on Armistice Day, November 11, 1918. He took no photos of the actual fighting. He did take many photographs after the war as part of the Army of Occupation until he left France on July 18, 1919. A full biography of James Clark Hughes is available at the link below to Kansapedia.


Attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii

Attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii
Creator: Joint Intelligence Center, Pacific Ocean Areas
Date: December 7, 1941
These seventeen photographs shows the bombing and destruction at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. The surprise attack by Japanese aircraft brought the United States into World War II. The attack demolished two U.S. Navy battleships, one mine layer, two destroyers, 188 aircraft, and killed 2,388 and wounded 1,178 personnel. Damaged warships included three cruisers, a destroyer, and six battleships. The Japanese losses were minimal.


Brest Harbor - Headlands, France

Brest Harbor - Headlands, France
Creator: Hughes, James Clark, 1888-1964
Date: 1919
In July 1919, Captain Hughes photographed some of his fellow soldiers aboard the USS Zeelandia. The USS Zeelandia was leaving Brest Harbor, France, headed to America after the Army of Occupation ended. At this time Hughes was a member of the 13th FA, 4th Division. James C. Hughes, as part of the 35th Division, left Fort Sill, Oklahoma, and traveled to Hoboken, New Jersey, where he boarded the troop ship "Ceramic" on May 18, 1918. Hughes arrived in Liverpool, England, on June 1, 1918 and then landed at Le Havre, France, on June 9, 1918. Hughes fought in the battles of St. Michael and the Meuse-Argonne. He was at Verdun on Armistice Day, November 11, 1918. He took no photos of the actual fighting. He did take many photographs after the war as part of the Army of Occupation until he left France on July 18, 1919. A full biography of James Clark Hughes is available at the link below to Kansapedia.


Brest Harbor - Zeelandia, France

Brest Harbor - Zeelandia, France
Creator: Hughes, James Clark, 1888-1964
Date: 1919
In July 1919, Captain Hughes photographed fellow soldiers resting on the deck of the USS Zeelandia which made seven voyages between Europe and the United States returning American troops home after the war. During those voyages, she repatriated 15,737 American soldiers. James C. Hughes, as part of the 35th Division, left Fort Sill, Oklahoma, and traveled to Hoboken, New Jersey, where he boarded the troop ship "Ceramic" on May 18, 1918. Hughes arrived in Liverpool, England, on June 1, 1918 and then landed at Le Havre, France, on June 9, 1918. Hughes fought in the battles of St. Michael and the Meuse-Argonne. He was at Verdun on Armistice Day, November 11, 1918. He took no photos of the actual fighting. He did take many photographs after the war as part of the Army of Occupation until he left France on July 18, 1919. A full biography of James Clark Hughes is available at the link below to Kansapedia.


Brest Harbor - fishing smacks, France

Brest Harbor - fishing smacks, France
Creator: Hughes, James Clark, 1888-1964
Date: July 1919
Captain James Hughes, a member of the 13th Field Artillery of the 4th Division at the time of his departure aboard the USS Zeelandia from Brest, France in July, 1919, photographed some fishing smacks in the harbor. James C. Hughes, as part of the 35th Division, left Fort Sill, Oklahoma, and traveled to Hoboken, New Jersey, where he boarded the troop ship "Ceramic" on May 18, 1918. Hughes arrived in Liverpool, England, on June 1, 1918 and then landed at Le Havre, France, on June 9, 1918. Hughes fought in the battles of St. Michael and the Meuse-Argonne. He was at Verdun on Armistice Day, November 11, 1918. He took no photos of the actual fighting. He did take many photographs after the war as part of the Army of Occupation until he left France on July 18, 1919. A full biography of James Clark Hughes is available at the link below to Kansapedia.


Brest Harbor - fishing smacks, France

Brest Harbor - fishing smacks, France
Creator: Hughes, James Clark, 1888-1964
Date: July 1919
Captain James Hughes, a member of the 13th Field Artillery of the 4th Division, photographed these French fishermen on smacks as the Navy transport, USS Zeelandia sailed out of Brest Harbor, France in July,1919. James C. Hughes, as part of the 35th Division, left Fort Sill, Oklahoma, and traveled to Hoboken, New Jersey, where he boarded the troop ship "Ceramic" on May 18, 1918. Hughes arrived in Liverpool, England, on June 1, 1918 and then landed at Le Havre, France, on June 9, 1918. Hughes fought in the battles of St. Michael and the Meuse-Argonne. He was at Verdun on Armistice Day, November 11, 1918. He took no photos of the actual fighting. He did take many photographs after the war as part of the Army of Occupation until he left France on July 18, 1919. A full biography of James Clark Hughes is available at the link below to Kansapedia.


Brest Harbor - going out, France

Brest Harbor - going out, France
Creator: Hughes, James Clark, 1888-1964
Date: 1919
The French shore is in the background in this photo taken by Captain James Hughes, a member of the 13th Field Artillery of the 4th Division, as the Navy transport, USS Zeelandia, sailed out of Brest Harbor. The ship was loaded with American soldiers returning after the Army of Occupation duty had ended. From 11 November 1918 to 31 July 1919, the USS Zeelandia made seven voyages between Europe and the United States returning American troops home after the war. During those voyages, she repatriated 15,737 American soldiers. This photo was taken in July, 1919. James C. Hughes, as part of the 35th Division, left Fort Sill, Oklahoma, and traveled to Hoboken, New Jersey, where he boarded the troop ship "Ceramic" on May 18, 1918. Hughes arrived in Liverpool, England, on June 1, 1918 and then landed at Le Havre, France, on June 9, 1918. Hughes fought in the battles of St. Michael and the Meuse-Argonne. He was at Verdun on Armistice Day, November 11, 1918. He took no photos of the actual fighting. He did take many photographs after the war as part of the Army of Occupation until he left France on July 18, 1919. A full biography of James Clark Hughes is available at the link below to Kansapedia.


Brest Harbor - left, France

Brest Harbor - left, France
Creator: Hughes, James Clark, 1888-1964
Date: July 1919
Captain Hughes of the 13th F.A., 4th Division is on his way home after serving several months in Europe during World War I and as part of the Army of Occupation after the armistice. He is aboard the USS Zeelandia and leaving Brest Harbor, July 1919. France can be seen on the left of the ship. James C. Hughes, as part of the 35th Division, left Fort Sill, Oklahoma, and traveled to Hoboken, New Jersey, where he boarded the troop ship "Ceramic" on May 18, 1918. Hughes arrived in Liverpool, England, on June 1, 1918 and then landed at Le Havre, France, on June 9, 1918. Hughes fought in the battles of St. Michael and the Meuse-Argonne. He was at Verdun on Armistice Day, November 11, 1918. He took no photos of the actual fighting. He did take many photographs after the war as part of the Army of Occupation until he left France on July 18, 1919. A full biography of James Clark Hughes is available at the link below to Kansapedia.


Brest Harbor - right, France

Brest Harbor - right, France
Creator: Hughes, James Clark, 1888-1964
Date: July 1919
The Navy transport ship, the Zeelandia, is leaving Brest Harbor, France in July, 1919. Captain Hughes of the 13th F.A., 4th Division, along with several other soldiers are aboard. In the harbor are several large Navy vessels. France can be seen in the distance. James C. Hughes, as part of the 35th Division, left Fort Sill, Oklahoma, and traveled to Hoboken, New Jersey, where he boarded the troop ship "Ceramic" on May 18, 1918. Hughes arrived in Liverpool, England, on June 1, 1918 and then landed at Le Havre, France, on June 9, 1918. Hughes fought in the battles of St. Michael and the Meuse-Argonne. He was at Verdun on Armistice Day, November 11, 1918. He took no photos of the actual fighting. He did take many photographs after the war as part of the Army of Occupation until he left France on July 18, 1919. A full biography of James Clark Hughes is available at the link below to Kansapedia.


Brest Harbor, France

Brest Harbor, France
Creator: Hughes, James Clark, 1888-1964
Date: 1919
Captain James Hughes, a member of the 13th Field Artillery of the 4th Division, took this photo showing the French shore, as he sailed out of Brest Harbor on the Navy transport USS Zeelandia. This photo was taken in July, 1919. Several naval ships are visible in the harbor. James C. Hughes, as part of the 35th Division, left Fort Sill, Oklahoma, and traveled to Hoboken, New Jersey, where he boarded the troop ship "Ceramic" on May 18, 1918. Hughes arrived in Liverpool, England, on June 1, 1918 and then landed at Le Havre, France, on June 9, 1918. Hughes fought in the battles of St. Michael and the Meuse-Argonne. He was at Verdun on Armistice Day, November 11, 1918. He took no photos of the actual fighting. He did take many photographs after the war as part of the Army of Occupation until he left France on July 18, 1919. A full biography of James Clark Hughes is available at the link below to Kansapedia.


Clayton Herr video interview on experiences in World War II

Clayton Herr video interview on experiences in World War II
Creator: Herr, Clayton Christopher
Clayton Herr enlisted in the Navy on June 12, 1942, and served until November 13, 1945, aboard the U. S. S. SANTEE, a converted escort carrier (CVE-29). He was trained to be an airplane mechanic and worked on planes on the ship. The ship was part of a convoy to Africa and later Scotland. It also spent time off the coast of South America, with the plane looking for German submarines. The SANTEE went through the Panama Canal and became part of the battle of Leyte Gulf. The ship was damaged during this battle. He was interviewed by Suzette McCord-Rogers. He was born in Craig, Missouri, on May 11, 1921 and the family moved to a farm near Oregon, Missouri, when he was young. After the war he used the G. I. Bill of Rights to attend agricultural agent school in Kansas City. However, he did not farm and moved to Wathena, Kansas in 1947. He worked in a packing house for a number of years. The 2005 Kansas Legislature passed a bill funding the WWII Veterans Oral History grant program. This transcript is from one of the nine community institutions that received these grants. The transcript from the interview is presented here; the original video copy of the interview is available through the Doniphan County Historical Society (Troy) and through the Kansas State Historical Society.


Col. Wright Smith, Zeelandia

Col. Wright Smith, Zeelandia
Creator: Hughes, James Clark, 1888-1964
Date: July 27, 1919
Captain Hughes photographed Colonel Wright Smith on the USS Navy Transport Zeelandia, July 27, 1919. Hughes, Colonel Smith and many other soldiers were on their way back to the United States. James C. Hughes, as part of the 35th Division, left Fort Sill, Oklahoma, and traveled to Hoboken, New Jersey, where he boarded the troop ship "Ceramic" on May 18, 1918. Hughes arrived in Liverpool, England, on June 1, 1918 and then landed at Le Havre, France, on June 9, 1918. Hughes fought in the battles of St. Michael and the Meuse-Argonne. He was at Verdun on Armistice Day, November 11, 1918. He took no photos of the actual fighting. He did take many photographs after the war as part of the Army of Occupation until he left France on July 18, 1919. A full biography of James Clark Hughes is available at the link below to Kansapedia.


Commissioning of the U.S.S. Oregon City at Boston, Massachusetts

Commissioning of the U.S.S. Oregon City at Boston, Massachusetts
Date: February 15, 1946
Here are two photographs showing the commissioning of the U.S.S. Oregon City at Boston, Massachusetts.


Eula Gentzler papers

Eula Gentzler papers
Creator: Gentzler, Eula (Eula A.), 1910-1992
Date: 1942-1957 (bulk 1943-1945)
This collection consists of letters written by Eula Gentzler to her parents in Topeka, Kansas, and official military correspondence as a U.S. Army nurse. Miss Gentzler referred to hospital ship activities, places she visited, and family references. Occasionally Eula expressed her thoughts on the war. Eula A. Gentzler was born November 10, 1910, in Belleville, Kansas. Her father Ernest T. Gentzler was a fireman for the Union Pacific Railroad. The family moved to Topeka when Eula was, approximately, thirteen years old. She graduated from Topeka High School and, later, the Asbury Hospital School of Nursing in Salina, Kansas, in 1937. She enlisted in the U. S. Army Nurse Corps in October, 1942. She was discharged in Octorber, 1945, but was recalled during the Korean conflict serving from 1951 to 1957. Miss Gentzler was sent to Europe in the fall of 1943. She was assigned to duty on the hospital ships Shamrock and Arcadia, working in surgery as well as the wards. Both carried approximately 800 patients. The ships carried injured servicemen from North Africa and Europe to the U. S., requiring six weeks to make a trip across, pick up a load of patients, and return. When in the war zone, they would get patients during battles and would then work extended shifts. Miss Gentzler recalled that during the battle at Enzio, they started surgery at 1 p.m. and operated until 5 a.m. the next morning. On another occasion, they picked up a load of British sailors whose mine sweeper had been bombed and the hospital crew worked all night until they ran out of supplies. Eula Gentzler died on April 13, 1992.


Firing a gun from the USS New Orleans

Firing a gun from the USS New Orleans
Date: Between 1914 and 1919
A photograph showing sailors firing a gun from the USS New Orleans, a PG-34 protected cruiser. It was commissioned in 1898, decommissioned in 1922, and served during both the Spanish-American War and World War I.


Flag

Flag
Date: between 1937 and 1945
United States jack flag flown on the USS Wichita battleship, a heavy cruiser launched in 1937. Nicknamed "The Wicked Witch," the USS Wichita served in the North Atlantic and Pacific oceans during World War II. Margaret Ayres Weigester, the ship's honorary sponsor, acquired this item. Margaret was the daughter of William A. Ayres, a Congressman from Wichita, Kansas.


Gordon Lee Coats interview, WWII oral history, Kinsley, Kansas

Gordon Lee Coats interview, WWII oral history, Kinsley, Kansas
Creator: Coats, Gordon Lee
Date: December 29, 2009
This is an interview with Gordon Coats, part of an oral history project entitled "Patchwork of Dependency: The Effects of WWII on Edwards County, Kansas" conducted by the Kinsley Public Library. The project was supported by a Kansas Humanities Council Heritage Grant. Gordon talks of his family, education, military career, and the home front during WWII.


Inspection on the U.S.S. Oregon City

Inspection on the U.S.S. Oregon City
Date: Between 1946 and 1947
This is a photograph showing a shake down inspection on the U.S.S. Oregon City at Guantanamo Bay Cuba.


Japanese air attacks following the Guadalcanal landings

Japanese air attacks following the Guadalcanal landings
Creator: Baker, Sharitt
Date: August 1942
Here are 10 photographs showing Japanese air attacks following the Guadalcanal landings during World War II. The photographs were taken from the U.S.S. Ralph Talbot. The destroyer was assigned to Task Group 62.6 (TG 62.6), and it sailed to Guadalcanal, arriving on the morning of August 7. On the 8th the destroyer took up patrol station north of Savo Island and on the 9th received word of three enemy ships inside Savo Island. Soon the shelling started, the Ralph Talbot was hit by a friendly destroyer, but within minutes an enemy cruiser appeared. Both ships opened fire and the Ralph Talbot took a hit in the chart house which destroyed radar equipment, cut fire control circuits, and ignited fires. Three more shells came in close succession, hitting the wardroom, the starboard quarter, and the underside of gun Number 4. Among the twelve dead were the doctor and the chief pharmacist's mate. When the enemy disappeared, the crew started dealing with damage caused by the shelling. Fire enveloped the bridge and the ship listed heavily to starboard. Slowing to one-third speed, the ship turned toward Savo. All radio communications to and from the vessel ceased, and twenty minutes later it stood in close to the shore where the crew worked to save the destroyer. With fires and flooding under control repair work began. Soon after communications were reestablished and repairs, including mattress patches on the hull, were sufficient to begin the journey back to the United States for repairs.


Jim Stokes video interview on experiences in World War II (transcript)

Jim Stokes video interview on experiences in World War II (transcript)
Creator: Stokes, Jim (James, Jr.)
Date: June 15, 2007
Jim Stokes enlisted in the Navy in 1943 and served until 1947 on the USS Erben, Third Fleet. He was originally classified 1-E, which meant that he could not be drafted or enlist. He wanted to be in the Navy and the interview describes what he had to go through to get his draft status changed. He also describes these confusion about being drafted into the Army at the same time his Navy enlistment was being processed. He trained at Tufts College, Medford, Massachusetts, and Cornell in Ithaca, New York. He was sent to San Francisco because he assigned to the USS Erben, a destroyer. He participated in campaigns in Okinawa and Tokyo, Japan. Interviewed by Brian Grubbs on Jun 15, 2007, Stokes talked about military experiences in the Second World War. Stokes was born in Charlotte, North Carolina, August 11, 1922, and was attending North Carolina State University in engineering when the war began. He used the G. I. Bill to finish college. The 2005 Kansas Legislature passed a bill funding the WWII Veterans Oral History grant program. This transcript is from one of the community institutions receiving grants. The transcript of the interview is presented here; the original video copy of the interview is available through the Watkins Community Museum of History (Lawrence) and through the Kansas State Historical Society.


Ken Sherbert and the USS Yorktown

Ken Sherbert and the USS Yorktown
Date: Between 1964 and 1968?
A photograph of Ken Sherbert and the USS Yorktown, taken during the Vietnam War.


Ken Sherbert on the USS Yorktown during the Vietnam War

Ken Sherbert on the USS Yorktown during the Vietnam War
Creator: Sherbert, Kenneth
Date: Between 1964 and 1968
Scrapbook photographs of Ken Sherbert on the USS Yorktown during the Vietnam War.


Ken Sherbert on the USS Yorktown during the Vietnam War

Ken Sherbert on the USS Yorktown during the Vietnam War
Date: Between 1964 and 1968
Scrapbook photographs of Ken Sherbert on the USS Yorktown during the Vietnam War.


Launching of the Battleship Kansas

Launching of the Battleship Kansas
Date: Unknown
United States Navy-Launching of the battleship Kansas with Gov. Hoch. Postcard


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