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This is a portrait of Catherine (Kate) German, who was taken captive with her sisters, Sophia, Julia, and Adelaide, by Cheyenne Indians after their family was killed. On September 11, 1874, the John German family, consisting of his wife and seven children, was attacked by a band of Cheyenne east of Ft. Wallace, Kansas. Only the four youngest, Sophia, Catherine, Julia, and Adelaide, were spared and taken captive. The two youngest, Julia and Adelaide (aged 7 and 5), were subsequently abandoned on the prairie in what is now the Texas panhandle. Sophia and Catherine were kept by their Cheyenne captors. Fort Wallace received word of the killings and began the search to find the girls and to negotiate their release. They found Julia and Adelaide, who had survived on their own for 6 weeks, and on February 26, 1875, the Cheyennes released Catherine and Sophia. The two girls were reunited with their younger sisters at Ft. Leavenworth, Kansas.

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Smokestack on the Menninger Foundation campus in Topeka, Kansas Smokestack on the Menninger Foundation campus in Topeka, Kansas

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Total images: 494,727
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Registered users: 9,145

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Kansas Memory has been created by the Kansas State Historical Society to share its historical collections via the Internet. Read more.

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Teachers

This page provides links to content selected specifically to be used in teaching various Kansas curricular standards. Each indicator will have at least 20 items and curriculum notes in addition to the standard item description. Most of the indicators will provide sub-groupings of items that correspond to the specifics in the standard. We will continue to add content to this page, including moving beyond the initial selections for Kansas and U.S. History standards to additional subjects. The Information Network of Kansas provided financial support of the creation of this content for teachers.

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