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Monroe Elementary, completed in 1927, was one of four segregated black schools operating in Topeka. In 1951 a student of Monroe, Linda Brown, and her father, Oliver Brown, became plaintiffs in a legal battle over racial segregation. The case reached the Supreme Court, where it gained the name Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka. In 1954 the Supreme Court determined that the segregation of schools was unconstitutional. In 1992 the Monroe School was designated a National Historic Landmark. Now it is a National Parks Service site committed to educating the public about this landmark case in the struggle for civil rights.
Creator: Wolfe, Harold B., 1898-1966
Date: Between 1927 and 1929
This source can be used within discussions about why Topeka was chosen as the lead case; Monroe had nearly equal facilities to white schools, which allowed the prosecution to argue that segregation was detrimental to the development of black youth regardless of their facilities because it made black children feel inferior to their white peers.
KS:11th:3.1:Brown v. Board (2005)
Item Number: 9338
Call Number: FK2.S5 T.76 MRS *1
KSHS Identifier: DaRT ID: 9338
Built Environment - Areas of Significance - Education
Built Environment - Areas of Significance - Ethnic Heritage - Black
Built Environment - Function - Education - School - Grammar School
Collections - Photograph
Curriculum - 11th Grade Standards - Kansas History Standards - 1945-1990 (Kansas_Benchmark 3) - Brown v. Board (Indicator 1) - Segregated schools
Date - 1920s - 1927
Date - 1920s - 1928
Date - 1920s - 1929
Education - Primary
Education - Segregation and desegregation - Brown v. Board
Objects and Artifacts - Communication Artifacts - Documentary Artifact - Photograph
People - African Americans - Discrimination - Segregation
Places - Cities and towns - Topeka
Places - Counties - Shawnee
Type of Material - Photographs