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This photograph captures the bustling main street in Nicodemus, Graham County, a settlement founded by Exodusters in 1877. It includes a number of townspeople and the Williams Mercantile store. The building on the far left is believed to be the First Baptist Church. The new First Baptist Church was built in 1907 around this church; once the new building was completed, Nicodemus residents demolished the original church. The new building is now part of the National Parks Service historic site.
This works in tandem with sources about the Exodusters' experiences once settled in Kansas and with documents concerning Nicodemus, including the certification of incorporation, articles from the Nicodemus Western Cyclone, census data, and the advertisements for the colony. In addition, it could be used to provide background before a field trip to the National Parks Service site.
Item Number: 526
Call Number: FK2.G4 N.1885c *1
KSHS Identifier: DaRT ID: 526
Built Environment - Areas of Significance - Ethnic Heritage - Black
Built Environment - Areas of Significance - Exploration/Settlement
Built Environment - Function - Commerce/Trade - Business
Built Environment - Function - Religion - Religious Facility - Church
Collections - Photograph
Community Life - Scenes and views - Business districts
Community Life - Town development - Town companies - Nicodemus Town Company
Curriculum - 7th Grade Standards - Kansas History Standards - 1860s to 1870s (Benchmark 3) - Exodusters (Indicator 5) - Emigrants' daily life in Kansas
Curriculum - 7th Grade Standards - Kansas History Standards - 1860s to 1870s (Benchmark 3) - Exodusters (Indicator 5) - Exoduster settlements
Curriculum - The Kansas Journey - Chapter 6: Welcome to Kansas: "Her Light Shall Shine"
Date - 1880s - 1885
Home and Family - Daily life - Settlement
Objects and Artifacts - Communication Artifacts - Documentary Artifact - Photograph
People - African Americans - Exodusters
Places - Cities and towns - Nicodemus
Places - Counties - Graham
Thematic Time Period - Immigration and Settlement, 1854 - 1890
Transportation - Non-motorized - Carriages
Transportation - Non-motorized - Riding animals
Transportation - Non-motorized - Wagons
Type of Material - Photographs