Captain Hughes took this picture of the crowd in the grandstand watching a Gas Demonstration. The date and location of this photo is not mentioned but it appears to have been taken at Camp Holabird. It is assumed the demonstrations are taking place with inert gases not the deadly materials used in actual chemical warfare. Captain Hughes, who had been with the Army of Occupation, returned to the U.S. with the13th Field Artillery and was stationed at Camp Holabird, Maryland until February 14,1920 after six months training in the Motor Transport School. James C. Hughes, as part of the 35th Division, left Fort Sill, Oklahoma, and traveled to Hoboken, New Jersey, where he boarded the troop ship "Ceramic" on May 18, 1918. Hughes arrived in Liverpool, England, on June 1, 1918 and then landed at Le Havre, France, on June 9, 1918. Hughes fought in the battles of St. Michael and the Meuse-Argonne. He was at Verdun on Armistice Day, November 11, 1918. He took no photos of the actually fighting. He did take many photographs after the war as part of the Army of Occupation until he left France on July 18, 1919. James Clark Hughes was born in Topeka, Kansas, in 1888, and served in the Mexican Border Conflict, World War I, and World War II. He used an autographic camera to take pictures of friends, family, and places in the United States and Europe during World War I. During the latter conflict, he commanded a Philippine regiment (Filipino soldiers led by American officers), which surrendered in 1942 on the Bataan peninsula. Hughes spent the next 41 months in various Japanese P.O.W. camps. He was liberated by Russian forces at Camp Hoten, Manchuria, in 1945. Hughes died in 1964 and is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.
Creator: Hughes, James Clark, 1888-1964
Date: [Date Unknown]
Item Number: 314977
Call Number: James C. Hughes Collection, negative 374B
KSHS Identifier: DaRT ID: 314977
Collections - Photograph - Hughes, James C.
Military - Facilities - Camps - Camp Holabird, Maryland
Military - Service - Army
Military - Service - Army - Artillery - 13th Field Artillery
Military - Service - Army - Motor Transport School
Military - Weapons - Artillery
Objects and Artifacts - Communication Artifacts - Documentary Artifact - Photograph - Negatives - Nitrate
Thematic Time Period - World War I, 1914 - 1919
Type of Material - Photographs - Format - Negatives, Film - Nitrate