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This steel broad ax was given to Carry A. Nation, a devout Christian and nationally recognized temperance advocate. Nation, a resident of Medicine Lodge, Kansas, achieved infamy for attacking saloons with a hatchet to discourage drinking and was frequently jailed for vandalism. In January 1901, Nation embarked on a highly publicized trip to Topeka, Kansas, to attend a meeting of the Kansas Temperance Union. During her trip, she assaulted multiple saloons while brandishing axes. According to Robert Scott, an employee of a Kansas Avenue hardware store, Nation entered the store during a raid on a nearby saloon and asked, "Mr. Scott, have you a hatchet I could use?" Scott provided Nation with this axe. William Beatty and Son, a long-established tool company located in Chester, Pennsylvania, produced the axe.
Creator: William Beatty & Son
Item Number: 224700
KSHS Identifier: 1933.3.1
Collections - Museum
Community Life - Clubs and organizations - Reform/Advocacy - Kansas State Temperance Union
Date - 1900s - 1901
Government and Politics - Reform and Protest - Prohibition and temperance
Objects and Artifacts - Tools & Equipment for Materials - Woodworking - Broadax
People - Notable Kansans - Nation, Carry Amelia,1846-1911
Places - Cities and towns - Topeka
Places - Counties - Shawnee
Type of Material - Objects and Artifacts