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Vivian Scales was born March 11, 1922, in Winfield, Cowley County, Kansas, where she attended an integrated grade school. After her family moved to Topeka she became a student at the segregated McKinley Elementary, which was an adjustment for her and her siblings. She later attended Curtis Junior High and Topeka High School. Her interview discusses how extracurricular activities at Topeka High were segregated on the basis of race. After she married and started a family she joined the Topeka chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), where she became a plaintiff in the Brown v. Board case that called for the desegregation of Topeka grade schools. Scales had attempted to enroll her daughter, Ruth Ann, in fourth grade at Parkdale Elementary, which was only two blocks from their home. Her request was denied. Ruth Ann had attended the segregated Washington and Monroe Elementary schools, which were both located far from the Scales' home. In 1954 the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that segregated educational facilities were unconstitutional. The interview was conducted by Jean VanDelinder.
Creator: Scales, Vivian M.
Date: October 30, 1991
This source provides the perspective of a plaintiff in the Brown case. It also provides useful information about the NAACP's strategy to build their case against the school board by encouraging NAACP members to attempt to enroll their children in a white school. It could be grouped with the other oral interviews of those associated with the Brown case, or it could be grouped with sources that discuss the NAACP (such as the newspaper article announcing Lucinda Todd and McKinley Burnett's reactions to the Brown decision).
KS:11th:3.1:Brown v. Board (2005)
Item Number: 211838
Call Number: Brown v. Board Oral History Coll. 251, Box 3, Folder 2
KSHS Identifier: DaRT ID: 211838
Collections - Audio-visual
Collections - Manuscript - Brown v. Board Oral History
Community Life - Clubs and organizations - Reform/Advocacy - National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
Curriculum - 11th Grade Standards - Kansas History Standards - 1945-1990 (Kansas_Benchmark 3) - Brown v. Board (Indicator 1) - Plaintiffs in the court cases
Curriculum - 11th Grade Standards - Kansas History Standards - 1945-1990 (Kansas_Benchmark 3) - Brown v. Board (Indicator 1) - Segregated schools
Date - 1990s - 1991
Education - Primary - Students
Education - Secondary - Activities
Education - Secondary - Students
Education - Segregation and desegregation - Brown v. Board
Government and Politics - Reform and Protest - Civil rights - National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
Objects and Artifacts - Communication Artifacts - Documentary Artifact - Transcript
People - African Americans - Discrimination - Segregation
People - Children
People - Women
Places - Cities and towns - Topeka
Places - Cities and towns - Winfield
Places - Counties - Cowley
Places - Counties - Shawnee
Thematic Time Period - Eisenhower Years, 1946-1961 - Civil Rights Movement
Type of Material - Unpublished documents - Transcript