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In this reminiscence, Martha Valentine relates her experiences as a Kansas housewife during the early years of white settlement in Kansas. Valentine and her husband Daniel first came to Kansas in 1859 and eventually settled permanently in Peoria, Franklin County, in 1860. She describes how, in that same year, a severe drought hit Kansas and eleven months passed without rain. Her family suffered from the drought, having to subsist mostly on stored corn, small game animals, and wild vegetables. Many people in her neighborhood suffered during this time, sometimes requiring aid sent by Easterners. Copied from the Topeka Capitol, February 23, 1908.

Creator: Valentine, Martha
Date: February 23, 1908

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Home Life in Early Days - 13

This reminiscence presents a heart-wrenching portrait of the challenges settlers faced in this period. She discusses issues such as drought, starvation, and grasshoppers; this source would therefore work with a number of other sources selected for this standard.

KS:7th:3.7:Challenges of Settlement (2005)

Item Number: 211075
Call Number: Biographical Scrapbook V, v. 2
KSHS Identifier: DaRT ID: 211075

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